Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Grain price seasonality

ABSTRACTRecent studies on food prices in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) found that food price seasonality in SSA remains an issue. In addition to it causing price risk, and, hence, limiting market participation among farmers and traders, the continued existence of substantial price seasonality implies that interventions that improve food market development are needed. Using a dataset that is unique for Nigeria, we contribute to this literature through measurement of the extent o...

Grain Storage and Marketplace Characteristics in Kebbi State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTWhile there are many aspects to agricultural market modernization that are linked and mutually affect andreinforce each other, we argue in this paper that investment in Nigeria in physical market infrastructure,such as storage units, remains relatively neglected, especially in rural areas. That this is the case undermines successful agricultural development in the country. We examine the transactions cost, spatial market equilibrium, and industrial policy literatures to prov...

The Impact of Human Immuno-deficiency Virus/Acquired Immuno-deficiency Syndrome Scourge on Farm Labour Productivity and Welfare of Infected and Non Infected Farmers in Federal Capital Territo

ABSTRACTThis study was undertaken to assess the impact of Human Immuno-deficiency virus/Acquired Immuno-deficiency syndrome scourge on   Farm labour productivity and welfare of infected and non infected farmers in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. A multistage selection involving purposive and stratified random sampling techniques was used in selecting respondents. A total sample size of 180 respondents was purposively selected from four communities. Data were collected using a well...

SOCIO-ECONOMICS DETERMINANT OF MULTI-DIMENTIONAL POVERTY AMONG YAM FARMERS IN SAKI WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT, OYO STATE.

Abstract             The research work examined the socio-economics determinant  of multidimensional poverty among yam farmer. This study attempted to establish the multidimensional poverty among yam farmer on residents of Saki West local government area of Oyo state.  Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentage while hypothesis were tested using inferential statistics such as logit regression model....

Susceptibility of Some Servicing Wood Species to Subterranean Termites in Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.

AbstractTermites are well known for their ability to damage wood and various types of wood-derived products. This study evaluated the susceptibility of six servicing wood species (Tectonagrandis, Khayaspp, Daniella oliveri, Gmelina arborea, Parkia biglobosa and Vitallaria paradox) to the activity of subterranean termites. It was conducted on two testing sites, termitaria and the Timber Grave Yard both of the Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Ecotourism, Nasarawa State University Keffi,...

SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMEs) IN NIGERIA: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

ABSTRACTThis study, Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria: Problemsand Prospects, was undertaken to find out if the SME sub-sector in Nigeria hasperformed its critical role of driving the country’s industrial transformation anddevelopment as it has done in other developed countries; and if not, why, andalso to identify remedial measures.The study thus investigated the performance of the Small and MediumEnterprises sub-sector of the Nigerian economy, its problems and prospects...

Effect of phosphate fertilizer application on manganese adsorption by some soils in Borno state

Abstract-The  study  was  carried  out  to  investigate  the effect  of  phosphate  fertilizer  application  on  manganese (Mn)  adsorption.  Composite  sandy  loam  and  loam  soil samples  (0-20  cm)  were  collected  from  Dalori  and Gongulong  and  analysed  for  their  texture  and  chemical properties.  Mn  adsorption  experiment  was  carried  out. Loamy soil  collected  at  Gongulong was  moderately acidic in  reaction,  moderate  in  e...

Effect of Cadmium on Incubation

ABSTRACT Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most dangerous of soil pollutants because this heavy metal may easily move from soil to food plants through root absorption, and fairly large amounts can accumulate in their tissues without showing stress. The CEC increase from 175.554 to 105.331 and 95.502 respectively for decrease in concentration of cadmium metal, this is due to isomorphic substitution of the cadmium from the metal in cation exchange capacity (Ca, Mg, K and Na). Nitrogen als...

RENAL TISSUE AND SERUM IMMUNOGLOBULIN G OF HYPERTHYROID RATS

ABSTRACT There are several interactions between thyroid and kidney functions in health and disease states. Thyroid hormones affect renal development and physiology. Thyroid hormones have pre-renal and intrinsic renal effects by which they increase the renal blood flow and the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Hyperthyroidism results in increase GFR as well as increased renin-angiotensin-aldosterone activation. This study was carried out to investigate changes in renal tissue and...

Assessment of Rural Youth Migration in Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State

The study assessed rural youth migration in Ovia north east local government area of Edo State. This study specifically described socio-economic characteristics of rural households obtained, information on migrant youth, examined the level of youth participation in agricultural and rural development activities and the effect of youth migration on these activities in the study area between 2012 2017. A two stage sampling procedure was used to select eighty (80) respondents who were house...

A REVIEW OF AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMMES AND POLICIES IN NIGERIA

This study analyzed the effects of government agricultural reforms on Nigeria’s Agricultural Development with the specific objectives of assessing agricultural programmes and policies in Nigeria, identifying the challenges impeding the implementation of these programmes, determining the contribution of agriculture to the country’s economy over the last three decades (1980-2018), examining the trend in agriculture budgetary allocation over the last three decades (1980-2018) and proff...

Linking Smallholder Farmers to Markets Enhances Productivity Growth: A Case Study of Rice Farmers in Ghana

ABSTRACTSmallholder farmers are the major players in agricultural production and food supply systems in Africa. However, poor access to market limits their productivity growth. This brings into focus the need to support smallholders to become less subsistence-based and more entrepreneurial by tailoring production to market forces.Agriculture is one of Ghana's most important economic sector, employing almost half the population on a formal and informal basis and accounting ...

CHANGES IN ORGANIC CARBON FRACTIONS AND MICROAGGREGATION ON A SOIL TREATED WITH RICE HUSK COMPOST PREPARED USING CATTLE URINE AND WATER AS SOURCES OF MOISTURE

Soil organic matter is the decomposed and partially decomposed remains of plants and animals in the soil and this help in nutrient recycling. This work evaluated the effect of compost types on various organic carbon fractions and microaggregation. Soil samples collected at 0-20 cm depth were analyzed for total organic carbon (TOC), free particulate organic carbon (fPoC), occluded particulate organic carbon (oPOC), acid-hydrolzable organic carbon (AHOC) and non-acid hydrolysable organic carbon...

IMPACTS OF PESTICIDE TOXICITY ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE USA

Toxicity arising from the breakdown of the active ingredient of pesticide poses a considerable threat to the health of the environment as well as living being within ecological spaces. The situation is exacerbated by the overuse or improper application of pesticides by farmers who primarily use these chemicals to control animal pests. Hence, it is essential that regulatory bodies such as the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) not only make recommendations on the types of pesticid...


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