Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Influence of rock dust-based soil re- mineralisation on root-knot disease of organic watermelon plants

Deplorable soil fertility characterising resource-poor agrarian communities remain amajor constraint for sustainable global food security. Re-mineralisation through appli-cation of rock dust encourages maintainable productivity of degraded soils. Thisstudy was planned to appraise the effect of rock dust on root-knot disease ofCitrullus lanatus caused by Meloidogyne incognita (Mi). The experiment was laidout in Randomised Complete Block Design with three replications. Soil and rootpopulations ...

RESPONSE OF GROWING RABBITS (ORYCTOLAGUS CUNICULUS) FED DIETS CONTAINING RAW TALLOW (DETARIUM MICROCARPUM) SEED MEAL

A 12-week study was conducted to determine the effect of gradedlevels of raw tallow seed meal (RTSM) on growth performance, haematologicaland biochemical parameters and organoleptic qualities of growing rabbits. Fiveexperimental diets were compounded to contain 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% RTSMreplacing the palm kernel cake weight for the weight designated as T1, T2, T3, T4and T5, respectively. Forty-five (45) weaned rabbits between 5 and 6 weeks withan average body weight ranging from 500 to 600 g...

Effects of Packaging Material and the Use of Essential Lemon Oil (Citrus limon) on the Proximate Composition of Sardine (Sardinella Maderensis)

ABSTRACTThe effects of packaging material and the use of essential lemon oil(Citrus limon) on the proximate composition of sardine (Sardinella maderensis) was studied. The freshly smoked sardine (Sardinella maderensis) were purchased and preserved with lemon(Citrus limon) essential oil (Citrus limon) and was packaged very well, they were divided into four different groups. The first group was preserved with lemon essential oil and was put in the nylon, the second group was also...

EFFECTS OF CHARCOAL PRODUCTION ON TREE DENSITY COVER AND WOOD VOLUME IN YEREGI MALETE KWARA STATE

ABSTRACTAfter clearing for crops, logging is the most important human-driven factor responsible for the reduction of forest cover in sub-Saharan Africa. In general, wood represents about 86% of household energy consumption and the demand is expected to rise to 45% over the next 30 years due to the population growth and increasing needs in this part of the world. Charcoal is widely used as a domestic fuel for cooking in many towns and cities in developing countries as it is cleaner and easier ...

Risk Analysis of Water Quality in Aquaculture. A case study of Ilorin metropolis, Kwara State, Nigeria

Agricultural products were among the primary export commodities together with petroleum products during the pre-independence era which made the Nigerian economy fairly stable then, contributing about 95% of the total Gross Domestic Product (GDP). After independence, there has been a steady and consistent decline in the value of agricultural products such that as at year 2002, it was estimated to be 32% of the nation’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) which shows that economic growth in Nigeria ...

The impact of monetary policy of central bank of Nigeria on development of National economy

CHAPTER ONE1.0.  INTRODUCTIONMonetary   policy   of   the   central   bank   of   Nigeria   are   betterdelivered as full package since fiscal and monetary policies areextricable, except in terms of the instruments and more potent incorrection short term macroeconomic maladjustment because ofthe frequency in applying and altering the policy fools relativeease of its decision process and the sheer na...

NITROGEN MANAGEMENT FOR RICE (Oryza sativa L.) USING LEAF COLOUR CHART IN SAMARU

ABSTRACT The research experiment was conducted at the Institute of Agricultural Research Greenhouse, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. The treatments used were USG @ 45,08KgN/ha, USG @ 72.22KgN/ha, USG @ 117.30KgN/ha and PU @ 117.30KgN/ha, LCC at critical level and control (without amendment) laid out in a Completely Randomized Design repeated three times. The data was subjected to statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA) and means were separated using New Duncan’s Multiple Rang...

THE IMPACT OF ADOPTION OF IMPROVED MAIZE VARIETIES ON FARMERS LIVELIHOOD IN SUMAILA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KANO STATE

Increasing the productivity of maize-based cropping systems has strategic importance for food security and socio-economic stability. This study assessed the impact on adoption of improved maize varieties on farmers‟ livelihood in Sumaila Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria. The study examined the socio-economic characteristics of the maize farmers, determined adoption rate of improved maize varieties by the farmers, determined the factors influencing adopti...

AWARENESS AND PERCEPTION OF POULTRY FARMERS ABOUT GOVERNMENT POLICY ON SITING POULTRY FARMS IN RESIDENTIAL AREAS OF IBADAN METROPOLIS

ABSTRACTProblems from poultry facilities and waste products still remain a serious environmental problem confronting both the producers and consumers. This study examined the awareness and perception of poultry farmers about government policy on siting poultry farms in residential areas of Ibadan metropolis. One hundred and sixty respondents were selected for the study and the data obtained were analyzed using Descriptive statistics and Likert scale model.Analysis of the socio-economic...

THE EFFECT OF ENZYME (YEMZIM) INCLUSION IN CASSAVA- BASED DIET ON PERFOMANCE AND EGG QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS IN LAYERS (2)

ABSTRACTA study was conducted to evaluate the effect of 20% inclusion replacement of maize with peeled cassava root meal and unpeeled cassava root meal with and without enzyme inclusion. A total of 90, 42 weeks old black Harco layers were divided into 6 groups with 3 replicate for each group. Each replicate had 5 birds. The 6 diets comprise of control, peeled cassava root meal and unpeeled cassava root meal, with and without enzyme. Each diet was offered ad libitum to the birds for a pe...

Assessment of the Management of Sanda Kyarimi Park, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

Abstracts The aim of the study is to assess the management of Sanda Kyarimi Park, Maiduguri, Borno State. The objective of the study is to examine the welfare of the animals in captivity, identify the problems in managing visitors and animals and to investigate the staff welfare and their capabilities in managing the park. Data collection for the study were accomplished using questionnaire and on the spot assessment during repetitive visits. Three different categories of questionnaire we...

IMPACT OF GINGER (Zingiber official) on the intestinal, caeca microbial load and growth performance of broilers.

AbstractA study using ninety-nine day old Marshal Broiler chicks was conducted to investigate the effect of ginger root meal on growth, carcass and microbial population of broiler birds. The birds were randomly assigned to three treatments replicated three times in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Each treatment consisted of 33 birds with 11 birds per replicate. The birds were fed ginger root meals supplemented at 0%, 1.5% and 3.0% representing diets 1, 2 and 3 respec...

Grain Market Characteristics in Kebbi State, Nigeria

Abstract: Market characteristics vary between one season and another as such the variation inhibits effective marketing of grain. This paper assess grains market characteristics in 17 selected grain markets in the area using markets characteristics survey conducted in two seasons of dry and rainy within the fiscal year of 2018. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test. The results show that there were fewer people participating in the market (about 7markets reported)...

Grain price seasonality

ABSTRACTRecent studies on food prices in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) found that food price seasonality in SSA remains an issue. In addition to it causing price risk, and, hence, limiting market participation among farmers and traders, the continued existence of substantial price seasonality implies that interventions that improve food market development are needed. Using a dataset that is unique for Nigeria, we contribute to this literature through measurement of the extent o...

Grain Storage and Marketplace Characteristics in Kebbi State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTWhile there are many aspects to agricultural market modernization that are linked and mutually affect andreinforce each other, we argue in this paper that investment in Nigeria in physical market infrastructure,such as storage units, remains relatively neglected, especially in rural areas. That this is the case undermines successful agricultural development in the country. We examine the transactions cost, spatial market equilibrium, and industrial policy literatures to prov...


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