Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

IMPACT OF NYPA PALM (Nypa fruticans Wurmb) AND MANGROVES ON THE PLANKTON AND BENTHIC COMMUNITIES OF THE RIVER ANDONI, NIGERIA.

ABSTRACT The impact of Nypa fruticans (Wurmb) and mangroves on the plankton and benthic communities of Andoni river was carried out between January and August, 2017. Four stations were chosen based on Nypa palm and native mangrove species’ presence and absence. Water quality parameters include; pH 6.99±0.16, Temperature 28.20±0.050C, D.O 4.71±0.18mg/L, Conductivity 19.52±0.20µm/s, Salinity 10.76±0.07ppt, TDS 13.45±0.27ppt.  Mean values of the physico-chemical param...

INTRASPECIFIC HYBRIDIZATION AND RECIPROCAL CROSS BETWEEN CULTURED AND WILD Clarias gariepinus; AND EVALUATION OF THEIR PROGENIES

AbstractStudies of intraspecific hybridization and reciprocal cross between cultured and wild Clarias gariepinus and evaluation of their progenies was carried out, with aim of evaluating the progenies of the crosses hatchability, survival, growth etc. Pure strains of cultured and wild Clarias gariepinus broodstock were used. Incubation, hatching, and post hatching activities were monitored in 50 litres plastic bowls. Cultured Male Clarias gariepinus (CCG♂) x Wild Female ...

Proximate and Macro Element Composition of Four Fish Species from Lower River Benue Makurdi Benue State Nigeria

A study was conducted on four fresh water fish species: Protopterus annectens, Labeo coubie, Auchenoglanis occidentalis and Mormyrus rume from lower river Benue, Makurdi to determine the proximate and macro elements composition of these fish species from lower river Benue Makurdi. A total of 600 fish samples were collected, 50 samples from each species for the period of three months. Fish samples were collected and transported to the University of Agriculture Makurdi, Department of Fis...

Determination of heavy metals in water and Clariasgariepinus from River Ngadda

Abstract  Water and fish samples were collected monthly from each of the four sampling Sites from August to September 2019 with the aid plastic bottles, hook and line and a gura trap from river Ngadda, Maiduguri, Borno state. A total of 16 fishes belonging to Clarias garipienus were sampled throughout the sampling periods. One fish from each station was dried before digestion and other was digested in its fresh form. The samples were transported to Soil Science Laboratory, Faculty of Agricul...

Emergence potential and growth characteristic of paliside grass (Brachiara murandu) as influence by different NPK fertilizer rate AT NAPRI, SHIKA

ABSTRACTThe experiment was conducted using Brachiara murandu (paliside grass) to determine the Emergence potential of Brachiara murandu as influence by different fertilizer rates in northern guinea savanna of Nigeria. The experiment consisted of six treatments NPK 0-0-0 Kg ha-1 (control),  NPK 20 Kg ha-1, NPK 40 Kg ha-1, NPK 60 Kg ha-1, NPK 80 Kg ha-1, and NPK 100 Kg ha-1. The treatments was replicated three time making up 18 plots, and assign using Complete Randomise Block Design (CRBD)...

Influence of Tamarind Pulp on Growth and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens

A study  was conducted to  determine the influence  of  an  aqueous  solution  of  tamarind  pulp  on  growth  and carcass characteristics of  broiler chickens.  One  hundred  and  sixty,  one  week  old broilers were  divided into  4 treatment  groups replicated  4  times in  a completely  randomized design.  The control  group  was  given  0g/L tamarind pulp (TP) while  the other groups  received 20g/L,  30g/L  and 40g/L  tamarind pulp in  drinking  wa...

THE IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA

The research observes that although rising government expenditure has relatively significant on economic growth. It has not translated to meaningful development as Nigeria still ranks among world's poorest counties. In an attempt to investigate the impact of government expenditure on economic growth, we adopted a dis-aggregated analysis using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) econometric methodology. The regression result shows that recurrent government expenditure, and capital government expe...

Implication (project)

ABSTRACTThis study examined implications of Visitors’ Perception, Reaction on the management of zoological gardens; a case study of University of Ilorin zoo, Nigeria. Structured questionnaire was designed to elicit relevant information on the socio-economic characteristics of respondents, perception and motivation of visitors to the zoological garden, visitors experience and how the zoo has changed their mindset. The study was qualitative and quantitative as it had to analyze the beh...

Sea Horse: A Case Study

INTRODUCTIONSeahorses (Hippocampus spp.) are among the many genera whose life histories might render them vulnerable to overfishing or other disruptions such as habitat damage. They are generally characterized by a sparse distribution, low mobility, small home ranges, low fecundity, lengthy parental care and mate fidelity (Foster and Vincent 2004). In addition, the male seahorse, rather than the female, becomes pregnant. Indeed, curiosity about this phenomenon explains why currently more is k...

450 Questions on Animal science, Climatology and Forestry

1. The study system circulation has a study name ____ and chief structures ______ and _______a) Arthrology, Joint, Tissueb) Angiology, Heart, Bloodc) Angiology, Capillaries, Blood tissued) Angiology, Heart, Vessels e) None of the above2. The study system sensory has a study name____ and chief structures ___, ____, ____and ____a) Integromentry, Eye, Ear, Tongue, Skin b) Esthiology, Eye, Nose, Mouth, Skinc) Splanchnology, Eye, Nerves, Tongue, Skind) Myology, Eye, Ear, Tongue, Skin, Mo...

Evaluation of Cassava Growth and Yield as Influence by Varieties, Age and Portion

ABSTRACTThis experiment was conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm of Federal University of Technology Akure, to determine influence of variety, stem age and portion on growth and stem yield of cassava. The experiment was a 3 by 2 by 3 factorial in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Stems of three different ages (12 months, 9 months and 6 months) of two portions (hard wood and semi-hard wood) from the three varieties (TMEB419, TMEB693 and I011371) were used....

The Micro Nucleus, Haematology and Toxicity effects of Glyphosate-based Herbicide 'Glysate' on post juveniles of African Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus) Burchell 1822

Glyphosate (N-phosphonomethyl glycine) is a broad spectrum systemic herbicide used extensively in weed control. The present study was designed to evaluate the toxicity effect of glyphosate on 300 post juveniles (50g±0.96g; 22cm±0.02) of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) after exposure to acute concentration levels of 31, 33, 35, 37 and 39 mg glyphosate/L of clean water. The experiment was completely randomized as each treatment were all replicated thrice. Glyphosate toxicity (96 hr LC50) ...

PARTICIPATION OF RURAL WOMEN IN EXPLOITATION OF NON-TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS AS A MEANS OF SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT. The study examined the participation of rural women in exploitation of non-timber forest products (NTFPs), as a means of sustainable livelihoodinSouthwesternNigeria.A number of 320 respondents were interviewed through pre-tested structured interview schedule in the four purposively selected forest reserves using a multistage sampling procedure. Data collected were presented using appropriate descriptive and i...

Molecular Mechanisms of Natural Carotenoid-based Pigmentation of Queen Loach, Botia dario

The genetic basis and expression patterns of key genes are important aspects of study to understandthe colouration. This trait differs between wild and domesticated fish which is a matter of research.Botia dario is an indigenous fish, having ornamental and aesthetic value, which shows faded appearancein terms of colour in domesticated condition than wild. In the present study the carotenoid-fed B. dariowere examined through incorporation of marigold petal meal in the diets at the rate of 5, 1...

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF LIPIDS ON THE GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND SERUM INDICES OF AFRICAN CATFISH (Clarias gariepinus).

ABSTRACTSA ten weeks feeding trial was carried out in order to examine the effect of including different types of lipids in the diets fed to African catfish fingerlings (Clarias gariepinus) on their growth performance and serum biochemistry. A total of one hundred (100) African catfish fingerlings with weight range of 129-130g per one 50litres circular plastic bowl containing ten (10) fingerlings were randomly allotted to five (5) experimental diets (CP: 40%) on 3% inclusion levels of differe...


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