Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Effect of Cadmium on Incubation

ABSTRACT Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most dangerous of soil pollutants because this heavy metal may easily move from soil to food plants through root absorption, and fairly large amounts can accumulate in their tissues without showing stress. The CEC increase from 175.554 to 105.331 and 95.502 respectively for decrease in concentration of cadmium metal, this is due to isomorphic substitution of the cadmium from the metal in cation exchange capacity (Ca, Mg, K and Na). Nitrogen als...

RENAL TISSUE AND SERUM IMMUNOGLOBULIN G OF HYPERTHYROID RATS

ABSTRACT There are several interactions between thyroid and kidney functions in health and disease states. Thyroid hormones affect renal development and physiology. Thyroid hormones have pre-renal and intrinsic renal effects by which they increase the renal blood flow and the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Hyperthyroidism results in increase GFR as well as increased renin-angiotensin-aldosterone activation. This study was carried out to investigate changes in renal tissue and...

Assessment of Rural Youth Migration in Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State

The study assessed rural youth migration in Ovia north east local government area of Edo State. This study specifically described socio-economic characteristics of rural households obtained, information on migrant youth, examined the level of youth participation in agricultural and rural development activities and the effect of youth migration on these activities in the study area between 2012 2017. A two stage sampling procedure was used to select eighty (80) respondents who were house...

A REVIEW OF AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMMES AND POLICIES IN NIGERIA

This study analyzed the effects of government agricultural reforms on Nigeria’s Agricultural Development with the specific objectives of assessing agricultural programmes and policies in Nigeria, identifying the challenges impeding the implementation of these programmes, determining the contribution of agriculture to the country’s economy over the last three decades (1980-2018), examining the trend in agriculture budgetary allocation over the last three decades (1980-2018) and proff...

Linking Smallholder Farmers to Markets Enhances Productivity Growth: A Case Study of Rice Farmers in Ghana

ABSTRACTSmallholder farmers are the major players in agricultural production and food supply systems in Africa. However, poor access to market limits their productivity growth. This brings into focus the need to support smallholders to become less subsistence-based and more entrepreneurial by tailoring production to market forces.Agriculture is one of Ghana's most important economic sector, employing almost half the population on a formal and informal basis and accounting ...

CHANGES IN ORGANIC CARBON FRACTIONS AND MICROAGGREGATION ON A SOIL TREATED WITH RICE HUSK COMPOST PREPARED USING CATTLE URINE AND WATER AS SOURCES OF MOISTURE

Soil organic matter is the decomposed and partially decomposed remains of plants and animals in the soil and this help in nutrient recycling. This work evaluated the effect of compost types on various organic carbon fractions and microaggregation. Soil samples collected at 0-20 cm depth were analyzed for total organic carbon (TOC), free particulate organic carbon (fPoC), occluded particulate organic carbon (oPOC), acid-hydrolzable organic carbon (AHOC) and non-acid hydrolysable organic carbon...

IMPACTS OF PESTICIDE TOXICITY ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE USA

Toxicity arising from the breakdown of the active ingredient of pesticide poses a considerable threat to the health of the environment as well as living being within ecological spaces. The situation is exacerbated by the overuse or improper application of pesticides by farmers who primarily use these chemicals to control animal pests. Hence, it is essential that regulatory bodies such as the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) not only make recommendations on the types of pesticid...

Economic Analysis of post-hervest losses of Arable crop in Isin LGA, Kwara State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study examined the Economic Analysis of Post-Harvest Losses of Arable Crops in IsinLocal Government Area of Kwara State. Multistage random sampling technique was used.Stage one involved the random selection of six communities which includes Oponda, Alla,Owu – Isin, Ijara – Isin, Edidi and Igbesi. Stage two involved the random selection of 20respondents from each of the households of these communities making 120 respondents. Thestudy estimated the technical efficiency of...

EVALUATION OF NON-MARKET BENEFITS OF FOREST RESOURCES IN OVIA NORTH EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

ABSTRACTThis study was carried out to evaluate the non market benefit of forest resources in Ovia North East local Government of Edo State, Nigeria. The objective of the study was to identify the non-market benefits of forest resources, estimate use of non-market benefits, determine various method of evaluation, and access the benefits available to the evaluation method in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State. Twenty percent sampling intensity was used to randomly select 10 comm...

Morphometric and Meristic features and Length-Weight Relationship as indicators of quality of Brycinus macrolepidotus in Lower River Ogun, Nigeria

ABSTRACTOne Hundred And Eighty samples of True big-scale fish (Brycinus macrolepidotus Valenciennes, 1850) were collected bi-monthly from June  November, 2017, from River Ogun, Nigeria. Total length and body weight of all samples measured and samples were grouped based on length into sizes: juveniles (10-14.9 cm), sub-adults (15.1-19.9 cm), and adults (20.2-26.3 cm). Significant differences (p

Analysis of Resource Used Efficiency in Small Scale Broiler Farmers in Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau State

       ABSTRACTThe study examined the  analysis of resource use efficiency of small scale broiler farmers in  Jos north L.G.A of Plateau state, Nigeria. Data were collected randomly from 80 respondents.  Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, efficiency model and gross margin analysis. The result showed that 61.25% of the respondents were male, 53.75% fall between 26-30 years of age,63.75% were married,33.75% has the household size of 1-3 per...

FEEDING VALUE OF CASSAVA ROOT MEAL BASED DIET SUPPLEMENTED WITH ACTIVATED CHARCOAL ON THE SERUM BIOCHEMISTRY OF LAYING CHICKEN IN LAUTECH TEACHING AND RESEARCH FARM OGBOMOSO OF OYO STATE

ÑABSTRACT  A 14 week feeding trial was conducted using one hundred and twenty eight point of lay Isa brown strain of pullets (16 weeks old) to evaluate the effect of feeding diets containing cassava root meal (CRM) with activated charcoal supplementation on their serum biochemical indices. Four experimental diets were formulated. The CRM was included at the rate of 25, 50, and 75% levels respectively to replace maize of the control diet. The birds were randomly allotted to four dietary ...

PHYTOPLANKTON COMPOSITION IN TWO WATER BODIES OF THE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AKURE, ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

The phytoplanktons found in the Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA) was studied from April to August 2017 which spanned for 5 months which took place in two sampling sites, the Fisheries and Aquaculture Technology Research Farm pond (FAT pond) was the first sampling station while Crop Science and Pest Management water body was the second sampling water body where samples were collected at different sampling depths ranging between 16-30cm. A hundred and fifty (150cl) of FUTA water sa...

Effect of Different Energy Source on the Nutritional Composition and Acceptability of Clarias Gariepinus

CHAPTER ONE1.0 INTRODUCTION1.1 Background InformationFish  is   an  important   source of cheap   first   class   protein, providing essential   amino   acids(Aremu et al., 2014), it is an indispensable source of micronutrients (Okonji et al., 2016) andother elements for the maintenance of healthy body (Ravichandran et al., 2012; Ehigiator etal., 2015). The results of a study conducted by Sipe (2008) have shown a ...

Silage Characteristics and Nutritional Quality of Panicum Maximum Ensiled with or without Browse Seeds (Enterolobuum Cyclocarpum and Albizia Saman

The present study evaluated the silage characteristics and nutritive quality of panicum maximum ensiled with or without browse seeds. The study was a 7 x 2 factorial experiment, constituting of panicum maximum harvested at different maturity stages ensiled with two browse plant seeds (Enterolobium cyclocarpum and albizia saman) at different proportions(100:0, 75:25, 50:50, and25:75).Data o pH,  Temperature and physical characteristics of the silage were recorded. There no significant (p


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