Agriculture

Agriculture Research Papers/Topics

Validation Of Herbal Medicine (Luwine) For The Control Of African Swine Fever In Upper East Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious viral disease that affect domestic pigs and it is characterized by fever, blotching of skin, and haemorrhage of the lymph nodes, internal organs and the gastrointestinal tract. The prevention and cure of ASF will depend on management practices by farmers, observance of biosecurity measures, the immune system of the pig, and the control of secondary infections. This study was therefore, carried out to determine the knowledge and manage...

Analysis of Post Harvest Losses in The Mango Marketing Channel in Sothern Ghana

ABSTRACT National data on post-harvest loss of mango fruits is estimated to be between 20% to 60%. This constitutes a huge financial loss to all actors. The major obstacles in dealing with this challenge are little knowledge of the nature of the marketing channels, absence of exact estimates, stages along the marketing channel where the losses occur as well as the socio-economic factors that lead to the losses. The study assessed the nature of the marketing channel, estimated losses at each ...

Assessing The Soil Carbon Sequestration Potential of Different Plant Residues

Abstract Carbon is a major constituent of all living things and the cycling o f carbon between the atmosphere and the biosphere is one of the bases for life on earth. However, as a result of m an’s exploitative activities such as deforestation, automobile emission and power generation to increase productivity to m eet energy demands, the quality of the natural environment has and continues to deteriorate in many parts o f the world at a time when the human population is growing at an accele...

Spatial Price Transmission And Market Integration Analysis: The Case of Maize Market in Ghana

ABSTRACT This study presents an analysis of spatial price transmission and market integration of major maize markets in Ghana over the period 1995-2013. Monthly wholesale maize prices for the various markets were used for the analysis. The Augmented-Dickey Fuller test was used to test for the stationarity of individual price series and was confirmed by the KPSS test. All the price series data that were used tested for Unit Root. They were found to be non-stationary at levels but stationary a...

An Optimization Analysis of Maize-Based Farming Systems in the Central Region of Ghana

Abstract Maize, the most important cereal in Ghana, is consum ed in alm ost all parts of the country. To ensure food security in Ghana, adequate availability of m aize m ust be ensured. However, w hether or not farm ers should devote their resources to the production of more maize is a question to be addressed. Since food security has more to do with availability than with production or self-sufficiency in the product, it was necessary to investigate w hether it is better for farm ers to gro...

Genetic Differences in Resistance to Newcastle Disease Virus in Three Local Chicken Ecotypes of Ghana

ABSTRACT The potential benefits of local chickens to the rural economy is compromised annually by regular outbreaks of Newcastle Disease (ND). Every year over 80% of the local chicken population is lost to ND, depriving the rural people of the much needed protein and income from chicken. In an effort to reduce the effect of Newcastle Disease on local chicken production, this study was conducted to determine if there is variation in the genetic resistance to NDV in three local chicken ecotype...

Determinants Of Microcredit Access And F Farmers’ Investment In Small Scale Peri-urban Agriculture: A Case Study Of Dzorwulu Vegetable Farmers

Agriculture accounts for a lot of land use in most of the developing countries; hence it is probably the single most powerful influence on environmental quality. Agriculture remains the principal livelihood of the rural poor (Malik, 1999). Agriculture has been the backbone of the Ghanaian economy. Agriculture is very vital to society. It helps to alleviate poverty, provide food security and economic growth. It is the backbone of many African economies especially Ghana (World Development ...

Management Of Urea Supergranule (Usg) Application To Improve Growth And Yield Of Rice (Oryza Sativa L) In Some Paddy Soils Of Togo And Ghana

Nitrogen (N) is known to be a major limiting crop nutrient which is required in large amounts as compared with other major nutrients. In rice (Oryza sativa L.) cropping, urea is the main source of N which is applied to the crop because of its relatively low cost and its high N concentration (46%). However, low N use efficiency is always associated with urea application under paddy fields because of its high N loss, mostly through ammonia (NH3) volatilization. The split application of pri...

Economic Analysis Of Cowpea Preservation Technologies With Special Focus On The Hydrothermal Treatm Ent Technology

The need to increase and sustain the production of cowpea in Ghana has been recognised. It is a cheaper source of protein and thus has the potential to alleviate protein malnutrition. Specifically, the study determines the various storage and preservation technologies that are known n and/or used by cowpea farmers, the profitability of cowpea preservation by means of the newly introduced technology called the hydrothermal treatment technology, and also identifies the characteristics tha...

Assessing The Current Status Of Greenhouse Industry In Selected Regions In Ghana

The greenhouse technology is a booming segment of agriculture in the world, because it offers a favorable climate conditions which increase plants growth as the plants are grown in a controlled environment. This research assessed the present conditions of the Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) in Ghana and emphasized on issues that are paramount to Greenhouse vegetable production effectiveness. The general objective was to evaluate the current status for greenhouses in Ghana and p...

Crossbreeding, Additive And Heterotic Effects On Production Traits In Jersey Crossbred Cattle At Agricultural Research Station , Legon.

ABSTRACT Relative performance of breed groups, additive and heterotic effects on milk production, reproduction and calf growth traits in Jersey x West African Shorthorn (WAS) and Jersey x Sokoto Gudali (GUD) crossbred cattle were studied using sixteen years field records kept at the Agricultural Research Station, Legon. The genotypes consisted of WAS; 1/2 Jersey, 1/2 WAS (WAS Fj); 3/4 Jersey, 1/4 WAS (WAS Be); GUD; 1/2 Jersey, 1/2 GUD (GUD Fj) ; 3/4 Jersey, 1/4 GUD (GUD Be). Milk production t...

Socio-economic Determinants Of Diversification Behaviour Of Cocoa Producers In The Ashanti Region

The study analyses the effect of the socio-economic determinants on diversification behaviour of cocoa producers herein referred to as ‘producers, ’ in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The Logit model was employed in the study, which identifies the reasons for diversification into other perennial and annual crops, animal production and off-farm activities. The constraints faced by producers in diversifying, as ranked by the producers, are also analysed. Three hundred and four producers ...

Studies On Oil Palm Based Cropping Systems In Ghana

A survey was conducted in 1994 to gather information on the practice of intercropping food crops in oil palm on small-scale farms in the oil palm zones of southern Ghana. The objective was to identify and study intercropping systems used in oil palm production. Data was collected by interviewing a total of 72 oil palm farmers from the oil palm growingregions,(Eastern, Central,Western,Ashanti,Brong-Ahafo,and Volta) at their farm locations. The responses indicated that the small-scale...

Effective Use Of Bacillus Thuringiensis Berliner Subsp. Kurstaki For Control Of Diamondback Moth (Plutella Xylostella) (L .) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) On Cabbage

Two field experiments were carried out at W eija Irrigation Company (Ghana), from February to November 1995 on the effective use of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner subsp. kurstaki (Dipel 2X) against the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella on cabbage (Brassica oleraceu var. capitata (L.). In the first experiment, different concentrations (0.25 g/1, 0.5 g/1, 1.0 g/1 and 2.0 g/1) of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (B.t.) were applied at weekly and fortnightly intervals on cabbage p...

Genetic Analysis Of Host Plant Resistance To The Cassava Mosaic Disease

The genetic control of resistance to the cassava mosaic disease (CMD) in some African landraces, their relationship with the widely used resistant genetic stock, clone 58308, and molecular markers associated with resistance to CMD in the landraces were evaluated in this study. The F-i progenies of 54 cassava crosses and their parents (clone 58308, six improved clones and 15 African landraces) were evaluated in two genetic experiments in three environments in Nigeria. Genetic analysis re...


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