Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

AN INVESTIGATION OF AGROCHEMICAL TRANSPORT MECHANISMS IN SOME CULTIVATED SOILS IN GHANA

ABSTRACT The study basically examined the movement of agrochemical compounds in soil. Four different soil samples made up of three sandy loams and a sandy clay were used in the study. Potassium chloride solution and chlorpyrifos were used as infiltration solutions in a horizontal infiltration study under laboratory conditions. At the end of each experiment, the infiltration column was sectioned and the moisture content as well as the solution concentration of the agrochemical compound (...

IMPACT OF FADAMA- II PROJECT ON INCOME INEQUALITY AND POVERTY REDUCTION OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Efforts to reduce rural inequality and poverty in Nigeria have no appreciable impact partly due to their supply-driven approach. In recent times emphasis is shifting to demand driven approach through Community Driven Development (CDD) projects with focus on bottom-up development. Fadama-II (2004 and 2009), one of the CDD projects invested mainly in agricultural assets to increase the income of the users. However, the impact of the project on Income Inequality (IE) and poverty h...

THE ADOPTION OF THE PAVE IRRIGATION TECHNOLOGY (PIT) AND FINANCIAL VIABILITY OF SMALLHOLDER VEGETABLE FARMING IN THE NORTHERN AND UPPER EAST REGIONS, GHANA

ABSTRACTThe prevalence of climatic events, such as drought and floods in northern Ghana has contributed significantly to food shortages in the area. This prompted the need for appropriate alternatives to enhance food production and improve rural livelihoods. The PAVE Irrigation Technology (PIT) is rainwater harvesting technology being promoted by Conservation Alliance (CA), International Fertilizer Development Centre (IFDC) and International Water Management Institute (IWMI) in Northern Ghana...

DISTRIBUTION AND ECOLOGY OF NESTING SEA TURTLES IN GHANA

ABSTRACTInformation on the occurrence and reproductive biology of sea turtles in Ghana is veryscanty, therefore there is a need for detailed scientific studies on which their conservationand protection could be based. The present study has shown that the Olive ridley,Leatherback and Green turtles are the three main species that continue to nest on the beachesalong the coast of Ghana. The Olive ridley having the highest relative abundance o f 91% atthe intensive study area followed by the Leat...

ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND WOOD HARVESTING IN OMO FOREST RESERVE OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe depletion of the notion's forest reserves through improper wood harvesting methods is alarming and threatening. The trend has been giving all stakeholders serious concern and it has become imperative for a research to be undertaken to find an alternative and better logging method that is environmentally sound and acceptable. A work study was therefore carried out to assess and compare damages md productivity in both Conventional Logging System (CLS) and Reduced lmpact Logging ...

PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF SALMONELLA SP., SHIGELLA SP. AND ESCHERICHIA COLI IN FRESH RETAIL CHICKEN IN THE ACCRA METROPOLIS

BSTRACTPrevalence and antibiotic resistance (ABR) profiles of selected food borne pathogens in retailed fresh chicken, sold in the Accra Metropolis, were investigated. Fifty (50) fresh whole chicken carcasses, purchased from commercial cold stores, open markets, meat shops and local poultry farms, in the Accra metropolis, were used. Samples for evaluation were swabs from the breast, wing and vent area of the chicken carcasses. Target pathogens, Salmonella sp., Shigella sp. and E. coli were is...

NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION, BACTERIAL LOAD AND ORGANOLEPTIC QUALITY OF FARM-RAISED CATFISH (Clarias gariepinus, Burchell, 1822) FROM THE DORMAA MUNICIPALITY, GHANA.

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional composition, bacterial load andorganoleptic quality of farm-raised African catfish (Clarias gariepinus; Burchell, 1822) inthe Dormaa Municipality. Thirty (30) specimen of freshly harvested fish Clariasgariepinus of average weight 912.78 ± 16.43 g obtained from a fish farm and an equalnumber of smoked farm-raised fish of average weight 769.19 ± 6.48 g were used for thestudy. Proximate analysis, bacterial and organoleptic quality a...

Determinants of proportions of household land used for forestry practice in Southeast Nigeria

ABSTRACT Forestry activities if properly planned, designed and executed can provide significant economic, social and environmental benefits. But land availability and more importantly size, determines the level of investment in forestry. The growing scarcity and social issues surrounding land acquisition necessitate identifying opportunities to enhance forestry development at the household level. Thus, this study investigated the determinants of the proportion of a household land that c...

ASSESSMENT OF SOME OTHER TRADITIONAL USES OF ACCEPTED AGROFORESTRY FUELWOOD SPECIES IN AKINYELE AND IDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS, OYO STATE, NIGERIA

Abstract This study was carried out in order to assess some other traditional uses that some woody species can be put to, apart from their usefulness as fuelwood, using Akinyele and Ido Local Government Areas (LGAs), Oyo State, Nigeria, as a case study. Woody species found in agroforestry plots/farms in the study area, were compiled from questionnaires retrieved from 179 respondents, then prioritised using the respondents' ranking, from which twelve species that top the ranking were sel...

Conversion Efficiency in Re-Saw Wood Processing Mills of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThis study assesses the technical conversion efficiency (TeE) of thirty (30) wood re-saw mills purposively selected and grouped into six (6) locations in Akwa Ibom State. Three hundred (300) flitches obtained from fifteen (15) species of wood from Akwa Thorn State, Nigeria were examined. Variables such as wood species, flitch dimensions, saw blade thickness, sawyers' experiences and working environment factors were examined for efficiency determination. Information on operation an...

FISH CONSUMPTION BEHAVIOR OF LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS IN URBAN AREAS OF GREATER ACCRA AND NORTHERN REGIONS OF GHANA

ABSTRACTThe study set out to assess the fish consumption behavior of low-income households residing in urban areas of Greater Accra and Northern regions of Ghana. The study examined the factors influencing household preferences for fish products (fresh, processed fish or both) and also analyzed socio-economic and geographic factors affecting household income allocation decisions. The study employed the multinomial logit model to analyse the factors influencing household preferences for fish p...

ADOPTION OF OYSTER MUSHROOM PRODUCTION AMONG BENEFICIARIES OF THE PROMUSH PROJECT IN THE ADENTAN MUNICIPALITY OF GHANA

ABSTRACTMushroom farming is being promoted by governments, national and other international development organisations to reduce rural and urban poverty, creating employment and improving food security. The main objective of this study was to assess the adoption of oyster mushroom farming among beneficiaries of the PROMUSH Project implemented by the Adentan Municipal Assembly in 2015. Specifically, the study sought to, i) determine the knowledge level of PROMUSH trainees of oyster mushroom far...

CONTRACT FARMING AND RICE QUALITY UPGRADING: ASSESSING SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ MOTIVATION, PERFORMANCE AND CONSTRAINTS UNDER THE BUSINESS SERVICES AND FARMERS’ ORGANISATION (ESOP) IN TOGO

ABSTRACTContract farming is emerging as a promising way to upgrade domestic rice quality inTogo. The Non-Government Organisation ‘Entreprise Territoir et Développement’(ETD) has started promoting a kind of contract farming scheme called ’Entreprise deService et Organisation de Producteurs’ (ESOP) in the country. The rewards fromcontract farming could be substantial for smallholder farmers; yet there is a seriousconcern about the farmers’ ability to stay in the partnership for long ...

INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT N SOURCES ON THE GROWTH, LEAF YIELD AND QUALITY OF MULBERRY

ABSTRACTThe influence of inorganic N sources on growth, leaf yield and quality of mulberry (Morus alba) was studied under field conditions before (Experiment 1) and after (experiment 2) pruning. The treatments consisted of three mulberry varieties (Kanva-2, S-36 and Mysore local) and three N sources (urea, Sulphate of Ammonia and NPK) and a control. The experimental design used was a split plot design. Varieties formed the main plot and N sources the sub-plot factors. The N sources had signif...

RELEVANCE OF THE TRAINING AND VISIT EXTENSION MESSAGES IN THE MULTIPLE CROPPING SYSTEM IN WA DISTRICT OF THE UPPER WEST REGION, GHANA

ABSTRACTSSub-Saharan Africa depends on agriculture for economic growth and the well beingof its people. The sub-region, and indeed the whole of Africa, has been losing arunning battle to make agricultural production meet the ever-increasing population.To make food production cope with the population growth and to achieve economicdevelopment, many extension models have been tried. Currently the pre-dominantextension system in Africa is the Training and Visit extension system.In Ghana the syste...


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