Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Ordinal Logistic Regression Model On The Factors Affecting Students Perfomance In Statistics: A Case Study Of Maasai Mara University

ABSTRACTAs a result of poor performance in statistics introductory course among the students in the universities; the study wanted to find out the factors that influence the performance of students.The purpose of the study was to conceptualize and empirically test ordinal logistic model on the factors affecting students’ statistics performance in public universities. Students’ performance was indicated by the grades they scored in the past statistical courses they undertook. The predictor...

Effects Of Rainfall Variability On Farming Activities In Machakos Sub County, Kenya

ABSTRACTVarying climatic conditions with increased uncertainty mainly in rainfall and temperature aresalient features in marginal areas globally, adversely affecting farming activities particularly inAfrica. Kenya experiences variations of annual rainfall with considerable uncertainty. Thesevariations ranging from below 500mm to above 2000mm annually, cause droughts and floodsrespectively, affecting farming activities and yields. This study focused on Machakos subCounty, a semi arid area, Eas...

An Assessment Of Adoption Of Tissue Culture Bananas In The Semi-Arid Areas Of Lower Eastern Region Of Kenya

ABSTRACTThe importance of bananas cannot be underestimated worldwide. The main study objective was to assess the adoption and commercialization of tissue culture bananas in the riverine areas of the semi-arid areas of Lower Eastern region of Kenya. The specific objectives included determining respondents socio-economic, environmental and policy factors affecting adoption of tissue culture bananas in the region. This study was necessary due to the fact that there were many production gaps that...

Water Pollution In A Riparian Community: The Case Of River Athi In Makueni County, Kenya

vABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to determine the effects of water pollution on riparian community along River Athi in Makueni County. Specific objectives included; documenting the causes of pollution of the River Athi in Kathonzweni Sub County, to establish the health effects resulting from the pollution of the River Athi and finally to assess and document interventions put in place by the government and residents in the study area to control the pollution of the River Athi. Data was colle...

Influence Of Risk Management Strategies On Completion, Cost And Quality Of Road Infrastructure Development Projects In Nairobi City County, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe World Bank estimates a 10% rise in infrastructure assets through major infrastructure like road projects. Road infrastructure development projects however have a history of problems which are caused by; cost overruns, delays, failed procurements, or unavailability of private financing. In Kenya, many road construction projects are not completed within the initial set time which negatively affects the cost and quality of road construction projects. Effective risk management strateg...

A GIS and Remote Sensing based modelling for landfill site selection. A case of City of Gweru, Midlands Province, Zimbabwe

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine suitable sites for locating a landfill in Gweru city. The study also sought to analyze the social impacts of the current disposal site to the local residents. Interviews with the City of Gweru and EMA were used to get the results on the social impacts of the current disposal site. Questionnaires and observations were also used to complement the interviews. The impacts of the disposal site on soil quality was determined in this research. GIS...

Assessment Of Environmental Management Practices Amongst Tobacco Farmers In Kuria West Sub-County, Migori County

ABSTRACTKenya is one of the tobacco growing countries in Africa with most tobacco being produced in South Nyanza, Eastern and Western parts of Kenya. Despite the increasing deterioration of the environment caused by tobacco farming, very little is known about the measures in place to manage the situation. It is not clear to what extent the environmental management practices are employed in tobacco growing zones.Furthermore, it is not known how widespread the environmental degradation and envi...

Credit Access And Growth Of Youth Owned Enterprises In Homa-Bay Town Constituency, Homa-Bay County

ABSTRACTNational youth funds are financial resources allocated and reflected in national budgets by governments either as grants or loans for youth (18-35) years to start new or expand existing businesses. In developed countries, youth entrepreneurship has thrived for decades due to conducive business environments, adequate government regulation, enabling mechanisms such as availability of funding from both government and private sectors and good youth entrepreneurship training programs. In d...

The Relative Decline of Interest in Regional Geography as a Geographical Study Methodology Compared with Alternative Methods

Abstract A strategic plan is a management tool that is used to transform organizational objectives into actions. Public Service managers have a responsibility to ensure that strategic plans are developed to stir the organization in the desired direction. However, crafting the best strategy is not the end in itself but the ultimate result will only be realized once the plan is successfully implemented, hence the need for effective communication during strategy formulation and implementation. T...

Solid Waste Management Practices in High Density Suburds of Zimbabwe A Focus on Budiriro 3 Harare

AbstractThe disposal of soild is a major environmental challenge in most developing countries including Zimbabwe Empirical data on peoples perceptions and attitudes towards solid waste and its associated environmental and public health.

The Impact Of Mercury Use In The Small-Scale Gold Mining Sector On Women Of Reproductive Age: A Case Study Of Kadoma

Abstract The aim of the study was to analyse the impact of mercury use in the small-scale gold mining sector on women of reproductive age in Kadoma, Zimbabwe. A mixed research design was used for this study, whereby both quantitative and qualitative data collection techniques were applied. Purposive sampling technique was used to determine a cohort of 85 respondents and data was collected through self-administered questionnaires, interviews with key respondents from Small Scale Miner`s ...

Assessment Of Safety Culture For Occupational Radiation Protection In Medical Practices: A Case Study Of Parirenyatwa Group Of Hospitals, Harare, Zimbabwe

TABLE OF CONTENTSContentsAPPROVAL FORM ............................................................................................................................... 2DEDICATION ........................................................................................................................................ 3DECLARATION .................................................................................................................................... 4ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ....................

An Assessment Of The Contribution Of Apiculture To Household Income And Food Security. Case Study Of Ward 20, Chirumhanzu District, Zimbabwe

AbstractThe study assesses the contribution of apiculture to household income and food security in Ward 20, Chirumhanzu District. A mixture research design was adopted that is it used both qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques. Data was collected through the use of questionnaires, observations and interviews. Questionnaires were administered to all participants that is a target population of fifty households constituting both males and females who were participating in apicu...

The Community Share Ownership Trust Initiative as a Rural Development Solution in Zimbabwe: The Tongogara Experience in Shurugwi District

AbstractIn answer to debilitating sanctions and paralysis of rural development amid a rich geological endowment ofprecious minerals being siphoned by foreign companies, the Government of Zimbabwe introduced communityshare-ownership trusts as a panacea to rural poverty. The study assessed socio-economic benefits of TongogaraCommunity Share Ownership Trust (TCSOT) to the Tongogara community. Questionnaires were distributed to 64randomly selected households in wards 8, 10, 12 and 14. Interviews ...

Land Use And Land Cover Changes Detection In Abakilikimetropolis And Its Environs From 1986 To 2014 Using Remote Sensing And Geographic Information System.

ABSTRACTThis project examines the use of GIS and Remote Sensing in mapping Land Use LandCover in Abakiliki between 1986 and 2014 so as to detect the changes that has taken placebetween these periods. Subsequently, an attempt was made at overlaying the observed landuse land cover in those epoch time. In achieving this, Land Consumption Rate and LandAbsorption Coefficient were introduced to aid in the quantitative assessment of the change.The result of the work shows rapid growths in built-up l...


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