Environmental & Physical Sciences

Browse Environmental & Physical Sciences Topics/papers by subfields

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

ENERGY SUPPLY FOR DOMESTIC USE AND IMPACT ON THE URBAN POOR IN MAKURDI NIGERIA

In Nigeria, as many developing countries, providing energy for the population has proven to be a great challenge thereby increasing dependence on other sources of energy such as fuel-wood. The consumption of forest product such as wood in Nigeria exceeds its regeneration rate thereby resulting in environmental problems such as deforestation, desert encroachment, soil erosion and habitat loss. The aim of the research is to investigate household’s fuel-wood consumption pattern and its i...

ASSESSMENT_OF_HEAVY_METAL_POLLUTANTS_IN_ROMI_RIVER_QUEEN

Heavy metals are known to be carcinogenic when consumed by humans above certain permissible limits over a long period of time. This study assessed the concentrations of some heavy metal contaminants in River Romi, Kaduna and the consequences of these heavy metals on human health. The Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) technique was employed to assess the concentration of Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe, Cr and Ni in surface water samples from River Romi.  The results of the finding show that ...

PG Paper

ABSTRACT Rapid increase in population, in conjunction with increase in the rate of urbanization, has led to unplanned and uncontrolled expansion of Minna town. These have also resulted in the gradual loss of open spaces in the city, due to quest for built up area. The aim of the research is to assess the rate and pattern of urban green space conversion in Minna metropolis, with a view to generating adequate information that would facilitate and improve urban land management. The ...

Roles of government agencies in housing delivery

ABSTRACTThere is a continuous exacerbation of environmental problems in cities of today’sworld, thereby, diminishing the quality of life in them. This research, therefore, evaluated urbangovernance through housing administration in the state capital. It examines the extent ofhousing problems in the town, the causal factors and the culpability of government agenciesstatutorily responsible for the provision, control and management of housing development inOndo state. The systematic approach w...

FACTORS AFFECTING ESTIMATING ACCURACY IN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

ABSTRACT The importance of estimating process when dealing with construction projects cannot be over- emphasized. That is why, the greatest problem facing Quantity Surveying practice globally is that of achieving a correlation between conceptual estimate and the final project cost which is often used by some employers to determine the efficiency of the Quantity Surveyor. This study was geared towards showing how different factors affect estimating process, the techniques used for su...

Impact Of Cash Flow And Resource Control In Construction Projects And Delivery

ABSTRACTConstruction projects are complex and risky. According to the literature, even profitable construction companies can fail due to poor cash flow. In order to survive in this rapidly changing environment, effective cash flow management is essential. Many unforeseen factors affect a construction project’s cash flow. The objective of the research presented in this paper is to examine the impact of these factors on contractor cash flow during the construction process. A model has ...

AN ASSESSMENT OF POVERTY AND URBAN LIVELIHOOD IMPACT ON PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT

Background to Study Urban poverty and livelihoods has been the major concern of professionals in the built environment such as urban economists and urban planners for many decades, which they considered as an impediments to the physical development of most cities in the developing countries like Nigeria. However, majority of these professionals have common views in conceptualizing, measuring and establishing the key indicators for contemporary poverty issues such as t...

Impact of Flooding on Housing Development in Gani Fawehinmi Area, Ondo Town, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThis study examined the impact of flooding on housing development in Gani fawehinmi area, Ondo town, Nigeria.  Flood is any overland flow of water, over street, sufficient to cause significant damage to lives and property, nuisance and health hazards. Data for this study were collected from primary sources, through the administration of one hundred and twenty one (121) questionnaires on respondents in the study area. Results from this study revealed that high intensity of rainfall, d...

Empirical Investigation of Settlement Patterns of Lokoja, Kogi State

The pattern of development of urban land use in relation to topography varies from rural to urban. What distinguishes Lokoja community from other settlements is the topographical nature that surrounds and abounds within the community. In this research work, factors responsible for settlement expansion were investigated. The study derives it data from the fieldwork, survey and observations. Lokoja town was divided into eight zones where questionnaires were administered and the data gathered we...

AN ASSESSMENT OF BUILDING COLLAPSE IN NIGERIA (EDO STATE AS A STUDY AREA)

Abstract The age-less interaction between man and his built environment has always had positive and negative impacts on the two. Environmental disaster of varying origin from man-made to natural is one of the most negative effects of the built environment on man. An assessment of the magnitude of these disasters and an evaluation of the existing capacities to prevent, mitigate or prepare for them are necessary tools to provide future safe living for man in his built environment. Buildin...

Spatial Analysis of Informal Settlements: The Case of Kibera Slum, Nairobi County Kenya (2008-2013)

ABSTRACTThe rate at which informal settlements are mushrooming all over the world is alarming causing health problems, environmental deterioration, social distress, economic destruction (fire), and urban violence. This has forced many countries to put in place measures and efforts to eradicate the informal settlements. There has been no clear indicator as to whether the efforts put in place are bearing fruits or not. The overall aim of this study was to analyze the extent of spatial...

ASSESSMENT OF INTRA-URBAN AUTO-RICKSHAW SERVICES IN LAGOS STATE: THE CASE OF ALIMOSHO L.G.A (IYANA PAJA AXIS)

Aim & ObjectivesAim: The aim of this research is to assess intra-urban auto-rickshaw (tricycles) operations and services with a  view to establishing policies that can enhance intra-urban travels in Alimosho Local Government Area, Lagos. Nigeria.Objectives: The specific objectives are to:-i. Assess the operations of Auto-rickshaw services in selected route of Alimosho LGA, Lagos.ii.  Examine  socio-economic characteristics of auto-rickshaw operators and  passengers in...

SPATIO-CLIMATIC INFLUENCE ON MALARIA VECTOR DISTRIBUTION

ABSTRACTMalaria is a major public health disease in Nigeria and the risk exists throughout all the country. However, it is a widely accepted view that climate change may affect the distribution of vector species. To better understand the epidemiology of the disease, it is important to study the climatic parameter such as temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall because these parameters influence the life cycles and development of both the malaria parasite and mosquito vector. Climate chan...

ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY MINNA LOCATION ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF GIDAN KWANO VILLAGE

ABSTRACT; It has been argued from several quarters that the l guided and monitored. ocation of a Tertiary institution in an area is a The establishment of Federal University of Technology Minna in Gidan Kwano has led to the emergent of various transformations in the community which shows tendencies towards chaotic physical development and unprecedented growth in the environment. This res earch aims to Assess of the Impact of Federal University of Technology Minna Location on the Physical Deve...

ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS RESPONSE AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO THE 2013-2014 GUNMEN ATTACKS IN MAKURDI AND ENVIRONS

ABSTRACTThe research investigated the root-cause of the 2013-2014 unrests witnessed by communities in Makurdi and environs while examining the effects on the welfare of lives and livelihoods. Substantially, the study assessed the response and preparedness, adaptation and resilience strategies of communities to the event aiming at proffering possible solutions. Data sourced were drawn from primary and secondary sources; questionnaire and oral interviews from the field and&n...


31 - 45 Of 197 Results