Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

Effects Of Brick Making On The Environment: A case Study Of Kajjasi Town, Wakiso District, Central Uganda

ABSTRACT. [)ricks hcl\ c been used l(n the last )()()()years. In Uganda. the practice ot' hrtck making is a long standing acti' ity. ,\n inn-:stigation to asses the cf!Ccts or brick making on the cm·ironment was conducted in Kajjansi town. Wakiso district_ central Uganda. This \\·as narrowed down to tackling the raw materials used. e!Tects of the activity to the cn,·ironment and the measures of reducing the effects. During the study a number of methods for obtaining ra\\· data 1\Cre...

Assessment of the impact of charcoal production on savannah vegetation in Sanaag region, Somalia.

ABSTRACT Nowadays, charcoal supplies about 95 percent of the domestic and commercial cooking energy needs in the developing countries including Somalia. This study assessed the impact of charcoal production on savannah vegetation in Sanaag region by finding out the causes of charcoal production and/or burning on savannah vegetation, identifying the various forms of charcoal production activities on savannah vegetation, examining how charcoal production affects savannah vegetation and as...

The Impact Of Agriculture On Arable Land: A Case Study Of Bor County, Jonglei State, South Sudan

Agriculture is the biggest single activity in most of Sub-Saharan Africa. According to the World Bank report on Human development index 2005, about 73% of the people in Sub-Saharan Africa survive on subsistence agriculture. The most widespread methods of farming are the primitive ones, using the traditional hoe as the main tool of agricultural production. This type of farming also depends mainly on the natural seasonal rains for their crops, (World Bank. Human development index 2005).&...

Effects Of Community Act1v1ties On Ketumbeine Forest On Logido District-arusha: A Case Study Of Ketumbeine Mountian

Ketumbeine Forest Reserve is in Longido District Region, Tanzania. This forest has undergone rapid land use change resulted from population increase from 1980’s to the present. Increase in population has put a lot of pressure on the forest land, This study was carried between January 2007 and June 2007. The objectives of this investigation were to assess the contributions of community activities to the destruction of Ketumbeine forest and the overall loss of Biodiversity forest land. T...

The Effects Of Poor Sanitation On Public Health And The Environment• A Case Study Oc Fort Portal Municipality, Kabarole District- Ui3anda.

ABSTRACTThis dissertation represents the findings of the research conducted in Fort Portal municipality,Kabarole district. It describes the effects of poor sanitation on Public health and theEnvironment. Poor sanitation characterized by liquid wastes, solid waste disposal techniques,inadequate sanitation facilities and unsafe water supply systems. It is associated with diseasessuch as cholera, typhoid, malaria, bilhazia, trachoma, schistosomiasis, and dysentery.The objectives were to fin...

The Role Of Solar Photovoltaic (Pv) System Technology For Sustainable Energy Use: A Case Study Of Mkuranga District, Pwani (Coast) Region In Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe study looked at the feasibility of adopting renewable energy technology such as Solar PV system in rural household and the role of such technology on sustainable energy use inivilcuranga district Tanzania. The objectives of the study were to determine the availability and affordability of Solar PV system in Mkuranga district, to identify the uses of Solar PV system technology and its advantages over available energy sources in Mkuranga district and lastly ...

Impacts Of Wild Animals To Communities Around Protected Areas. A Case Study Of Maasai Mara Game-Reserve Narok County Kenya

ABSTRACTWild animals in protected areas can have serious concerns to the livelihoods of communitiesliving in and around protected areas. The research investigated the impacts of the wildanimals on communities around Maasai Mara game reserve. The wild animals and the typesof destruction they cause, people’s attitudes towards wildlife conservation and their responsetowards the negative impacts from wild animals were investigated. Several techniques of datacollection were used to gather t...

Impacts Of Rapid Urbanization On Environmental Quality A Case Study Of Mbarara Municipality, Western Uganda.

ABSTRASCTUrbanization in Mbarara is one of the most environmental management constraints and hasbecome so rapid especially in the last two decades. UrbaniLation refers to the increase in iLnumber of people living or working in an area that changes it from the rural structure to town andmodern structure, it becomes “rapid urbanization” when it is occurring at a faster rate than beforeand compared to other urban areas around the same region. This study focused on the impacts ofrapid ur...

Knowledge And Perception Of Parents On Childhood Immunization In Lugalo General Military Hospital, Tanzania

ABSTRACTImmunization is the process of conferring increased resistance to an infectious disease by ameans other than experiencing the natural infection. It is a simple, safe and effective way ofprotecting children and adults against some diseases that can cause serious illnesses and sometimesdeaths. And if they are protected, they will not be able to pass the infection on to other peopleespecially very young babies who have not been fully immunized yet. Childhood immunization isan act of...

The Effect Of Landing Sites Around Water Bodies: A Case Study Of Ggaba Landing Site On Lake Victoria, Makindye-Kampala Uganda

TABLE OF CONTENTSDECLARATIONAPPROVALDEDICATIONACKNOWLEDGEMENT ivLIST OF FIGURESLIST OF TABLESLISTOF ABBREVIATIONS viiTABLE OF CONTENTSCHAPTER ONE 1INTRODUCTION iI .OBackground of the study 11 .1 Problem statement 21.2 Objectives 31.2.1 General objective 31.2.2 Specific objectives 31 .3 Research questions 31.4 Scope 31.5 Significance of the study 41.6 Definition of key terms 41.6.1 Impact 41 .6.2 Human activities 41.6.3 Lake 41 .6.4 Management 4CHAPTER TWOLITERATURE REVIEW 52.0 Introduction 52...

The Effects Of Human Occupancy On Base Camp Wetlands, Base Camp Village,Ka5ese Municipality, Kasese District

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of human occupancy on Base Camp Wetlands in Base Camp Village, Kasese municipality. The objectives of the study were to find out the importance, the causes, the effects and the possible control measures of human occupancy on base camp wetlands in base camp village, Kasese municipality, and Kasese district. The research questions were; what are the importance of wetlands in base camp village, Kasese municipality?, what are...

The Impact Of Pastrolism On Grass Land, A Case Study Of Gogreal County, Warrab State, South Sudan.

In this chapter, researcher focused on the major effects, challenges and solutions. For many years, biologists and anthropologists have realized that the organic and the cultural evolution of human beings have been interdependent, mutually complementary processes (e.g., Roe and Simpson, 1958; Caspari, 1963; Dobzhansky, 1961, 1962, 1963; Montagu, 1962, 1968a, b; McBride, 1971). In anthropology, this realization prompted the analysis of cultures and social systems as superorganic extension...

The Role Of Human Activities In The Degradation Of’ Wetlans A Case Study Of Lumbuye Wetland In Luuka County, Iganga District

ABSTRACTA study on the role of human activities in the degradation of wetlands wascarried out h Lumbuye village, luuka county Iganga district in Uganda.The variables considered included identifying the reasons for degradingLumbuye wetland, examining the effects of wetland degradation andidentifying local efforts to address, poor wetland management practicesand suggestions ~or improvement on the sustainable utilization andmanagement of wetland resources.To investigate the above variables...

The Impact Of Grazing Ban On The State Of Masaita Forest, Uasin G1shu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe study was to investigate the impact of grazing ban on the state of’ masaita forest \\ ith aninclusive social aspect. and come up with solution to overcome any realised problem. l’he mainobjective was to find out the impact of grazing ban on the state of the Masaita forest in ~ asinGishu county. south rift Kenya. The methods used for data collection involved both qualitati\ Cand quantitative techniques. Questionnaires alongside fhce to lhce interviews were the tools used....


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