Environmental & Physical Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

The Impacts Of Collaborative Forest Management On The Livelihoods Of Forest Adjacent Communities, Of Echuya Central Forest Reserve, Kabale-Kisoro, Uganda.

ABSTRACTThe study of the impacts of collaborative forest management on the livelihoods of forest adjacent communities was conducted in the nine parishes surrounding Echuya Central Forest Reserve located in the districts of kabale & Kisoro in Uganda with the objective of finding out the activities of Collaborative Forest Management, benefits to the Forest Adjacent Communities, the challenges faced in implementation and to establish strategies to cop up with the challen...

“The Effects Of Landuse Practices On Water” Case Study: The Great Ruaha Basin In Mbarali District In Iringa, Tanzania.

Land use is the manner in which humans beings employ the land and its resources. Land use practices include agriculture, irrigation, livestock keeping, timber logging, mining, fishing and industrialization activities. Land use practices affect land cover and water sources, thus degrading environmental resources. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of land use practices on a river. The Great Ruaha basin in Mbarali district in Iringa region, Tanzani...

Assessment Of University Students Awareness Of Environmental Degradation In Kampala. A Case Study Of Kampala International University

ABSTRACTThe study assessed University Students Awareness of Environmental Degradation in Kampala.itwas guided by three objectives that is to say; To find out the different environmental degradationactivities that the students know, To establish some of the effects of environmental degradation inKampala that the students are aware off and To find out student’s suggestions on how to deal withthe challenge of environmental degradation in Kampala.This study employed descriptive and case stu...

Effects Of Climate Change On Agricultural Production. Case Study Of Kisumu District, Nyanza Province In Kenya.

ABSTRACTKisumu District is an administrative District of Nyanza Province in western Kenya with a populationof 504, 359 and a land area of 912 square kilometers. The main industries are subsistence agricultureand fisheries on Lake Victoria. It falls within the coordinates of 0 55” south and 34 55” east. The maintype of soils is ferrasols. It experiences a bimodal type of rainfall. The minimum temperature is 15Celsius while the mean maximum temperature is 36 Celsius. Humidity is relati...

Effects Of Poor Sanitation Management On The Urban Population In Uganda: The Case Of Kansanga Parish, Makindye Division, Kampala, Central Uganda

ABSTRUCTIn many developing countries such as Uganda, the problem of poor sanitation has beenregistered among households especially in high density residential areas of urban centre.Poor sanitation is manifested through unsafe disposal of human excreta, unhygienic watersources, poor solid waste management.The study, on the effects of poor sanitation management on the urban population inUganda, using Kansanga parish Makindye division Kampala city as the case study, aimedto find out the san...

Mixed Farming And Soil Degradation; A Case Study Of Nyarubuye Sub County Kisoro District South Western Uganda.

ABSTRACTThe study was undertaken to analyze the relationship between mixed farming and soildegradation in Nyarubuye Sub County. The study objectives included; finding out differentmixed farming practices in Nyarubuye Sub County, identify impacts of mixed farming on soildegradation in Nyarubuye Sub County and to analyze the solutions of on how to over come soil degradation. Data was collected basing on the above objectives and each objective was handled after the other. Differen...

Types of Natural Resources in Selected African Countries

Natural Resources are assets or materials created and deposited by nature, useable by man to create wealth. In another definition, Natural resources are naturally occurring materials that are useful to man or could be useful under conceivable technological, economic or social circumstances or supplies drawn from the earth. Common examples of Natural Resources include Air, Sunlight, Water, Soil, Stone, Plants, Forests, Animals and Fossil fuels. Africa has a large quantity of Nat...

The Effects Of Population Pressure On Tue Agricultural Lands; Of Trika Area Thika District.

ABSTRACTAn investigation of the effects of population pressure on the agricultural lands wasconducted in Thika area Thika district.The variables considered include; causes of population growth, effects of populationgrowth on agricultural lands and solutions for the effects of population growth onagricultural lands.In order to investigate the above variables, a general survey research design was used.Data collection tools include; interview schedule, observation checklist, literature rev...

Assessing Water Supply And Demand Management In Industries And Commercial Enterprises In Athi River Town, Machakos County

Water is an integral part of many industrial processes and increasing demand for water for industrial uses will result from increasing economic activity.The water resources upon which industrial growth depends are under increasing stress and almost no economy will be spared the negative consequences of unsustainable use of this scarce resource. This study was designed to assess how industries and commercial enterprises in Athi River Town are managing water as a resource. It reviewed the...

Assessment Of Community Forest Associations In Socioeconomic Empowerment Of Communities In Kinangop, Nyandarua County

Participatory Forest Management is a framework that has widely been adopted in management of forests because it includes community and other stakeholders in forest management. The Forest Act (2005) provided way in which PFM would be implemented in Kenya to provide a solution to the problems facing the forestry sector. It provided an opportunity for the community to participate in the management of the forest through co-management of the forest with KFS using Community Forest Association...

Assessment Of Small-Scale Water Harvesting And Saving Technologies And Their Application In Mitaboni Location, Machakos County

Water scarcity remains a major development challenge in Kenya and particularly in the Arid and Semi-Arid lands (ASALs) like the Machakos County. Existence of few dams like Muooni dam, near the Kathiani market, has failed to deliver sustainable supply of water to the Mitaboni residents. Despite the emergence of small-scale water harvesting technologies, 54% of the households in Mitaboni still take more than one hour to carry water to their homes. This study sought to assess the existing ...

Spatial Analysis Of Trees Outside Forests As Influenced By Land Use Categories In River Sio Basin, Kenya

Increasing population in the developing world and associated needs for agricultural production, human settlement and industrialization have led to massive destruction of tree resources through deforestation and degradation of tree landscape. Countries have restricted access to forest resources by establishing forest reserves, causing communities to depend widely on Trees Outside the Forest (TOF). Therefore, TOF are diminishing and with them their protective and productive functions due ...

Adoption Of Biomass Briquettes As Alternative Source Of Energy In Maasai-Mau Region, Narok County, Kenya

Climate change phenomenal is a trend that impacts the local communities by affecting their way of life. High demand for wood products to meet the demand of energy supply in Maasai-Mau region has seen the depletion of the forest cover thus increasing carbon dioxide emission and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. However, there is no extensive research on the benefits of alternative sources of energy like solar, biogas and biomass briquette in mitigating these impacts. The study ...

Dynamics Of Agricultural Developments Impacting On Biodiversity Conservation In Meru National Park, Kenya

Meru National Park has witnessed a steady immigration of agricultural households from nearby high potential agro-ecological zones into its buffer zones. The situation has subjected natural habitats that formerly served as communal grazing lands and wildlife dispersal areas to fragmentation and alteration. To date, the most affected zones are wetlands of the western and southern buffer zones. These zones are most critical for livestock and wildlife, particularly as dry season grazing ar...

Potential Payment For Ecosystem Services (Pes) Scheme In Lake Ol Bolossat Nyandarwa County

The state of the world’s waters remains fragile and the need for an integrated and sustainable approach to water resource management is as pressing as ever. Available supplies are under great duress as a result of high population growth, unsustainable consumption patterns, poor management practices, pollution, and inadequate investment in infrastructure and low efficiency in water-use. Wetlands which considered biologically diverse areas are sources of water that are also under threat...


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