Environmental & Physical Sciences

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Research Papers/Topics in Environmental & Physical Sciences

World Scientists Warning to Humanity- A Second Notice

Twenty-five years ago the Union of Concerned Scientists and more than 1,500 scientists, including the majority of living Nobel laureates in the sciences, penned the 1992 “Scientists’ Warning to Humanity.” These scientists called on humankind to curtail environmental destruction and cautioned “a great change in our stewardship of the Earth and the life on it is required, if vast human misery is to be avoided.” In their manifesto, they showed that humans are on a collision cour...

Analysis of Settlement Expansion and Urban Growth Modelling Using Geoinformation for Assessing Potential Impacts of Urbanization on Climate in Abuja City, Nigeria

This study analyzed the spatiotemporal pattern of settlement expansion in Abuja,Nigeria, one ofWest Africa’s fastest developing cities, using geoinformation and ancillary datasets.Three epochs of Land-use Land-cover (LULC) maps for 1986, 2001 and 2014 were derived fromLandsat images using support vector machines (SVM). Accuracy assessment (AA) of the LULC mapsbased on the pixel count resulted in overall accuracy of 82%, 92% and 92%, while the AA derived fromthe error adjusted area (EAA) met...

Alternative Routes for a Proposed Nigerian Superhighway to Limit Damage to Rare Ecosystems and Wildlife

The Cross River State Government in Nigeria is proposing to construct a ‘‘Cross River Superhighway’’ that would bisectcritical remaining areas of tropical rainforest in south eastern Nigeria. We offer and evaluate two alternative routes to the superhighway that would be less damaging to forests, protected areas, and biological diversity. The first alternative we identified avoids intact forests entirely while seeking to benefit agriculture and existing settlements. The secon...

SPATIAL ANALYSIS FROM REMOTELY SENSED OBSERVATIONS OF CONGO BASIN OF EAST AFRICAN HIGH LAND TO DRAIN WATER USING GRAVITY FOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF LOW LAYING CHAD BASIN OF CENTRAL AFRICA

The Chad basin which covers an area of about 2.4 million kilometer square is one of the largest drainage basins in Africa in the centre of Lake Chad .This basin was formed as a result of rifting and drifting episode, as such it has no outlet to the oceans or seas. It contains large area of desert from the north to the west. The basin covers in part seven countries such as Chad, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Cameroun, Niger, Sudan and Algeria .it is named Chad basin because 43.9% falls...

THE EFFECTS OF TAX EVASION AND AVOIDANCE ON SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ADO-ODO OTA LGA OF OGUN STATE

Sustainable infrastructural development as a key ingredient for sustained economic growth has thus far received poor attention in Ado-Odo Ota local government area. The intense shortage of infrastructure constitutes a huge threat to survival in the study area. Despite the efforts made to enhance this “Social Overhead Capital”, it still currently does not meet the requirement of economic development. The study emphasizes on the extent the tax irregularities hinder sustainable infrastr...

PROPERTY RATING AS A MEANS OF REVENUE GENERATION (A Case Study of Yola-South Local Government Area, Adamawa State - Nigeria)

ABSTRACTProperty rating has come a long way, right from the British poor relief Act of 1601 which was also known as the Statute of Elizabeth. This project is all about “Rating” of properties which is used to generate revenue or income to the communities in order to develop their areas. This project research will enable us to understand and see the need for reestablishing the term property rating in our various local governments.TABLE OF CONTENTCover page         -...

AGENCY PRACTICE IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU)

ABSTRACT The Agency practice in Nigeria and some other problems encountered in Agency work through the practice of non-professionals agents known as quacks.Actually, it talks about agency practice and the of the agents duty towards the principal known as the landlord and his tenants.In analysis the agency practice in Enugu in researcher carried out a research work around Enugu and got information and contribution from professionals Estate surveyors and non-professional through questionna...

CHALLENGES OF MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC RESIDENTIAL ESTATE IN EBONYI STATE (A CASE STUDY OF MILLENIUM ESTATE )

ABSTRACTResidential estate investments give you capital gain and will make you very rich over a period of time. You will be able to convert capital gain into cash flow by using various strategies. But this takes time and most investors do not have the patience to wait that long.This project work is aimed at highlighting usefulness of Management of public residential estate  as a tool of evaluating the performance of residential property  for investment decision.Chapter one (the intr...

NEKEDE RESIDENTIAL PERCEPTION OF THE IMO STATE GOVERNMENT (A CASE STUDY OF A RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY IN P.H )

ABSTRACTNekede residential perception  investments give you capital gain and will make you very rich over a period of time. You will be able to convert capital gain into cash flow by using various strategies. But this takes time and most investors do not have the patience to wait that long.This project work is aimed at highlighting usefulness of Nekede residential perception  investment  as a tool of evaluating the performance of residential property  for investment decisi...

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF RENTAL VARIATION IN RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL PROPERTIES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF OGUI NEW LAYOUT ENUGU)

ABSTRACTThis research has investigated in to a comparative analysis of rental variation in residential and commercial properties in Ogui New Layout, Enugu Nigeria.The researcher used both questionnaires, interview and self observation as method of data collection. The data was collected among some landlords, Estate agents of the selected properties.The data collected was analyzed based on interpretation and conclusion made.Chapter one treats the introduction of the project work, chapter two L...

A CRITICAL EXAMINATION ON LAND USE AND ALLOCATION PROCEDURE (A CASE STUDY OF OWERRI)

ABSTRACTThe aim of this project is to examine and evaluate the physical, social and economic effects of the present location of land use activities the Owerri Urban and recommend solution to the problems identified. Thus it involves the examination and analysis of the extend of development of land use activities problems caused by the development of these land use activities. The impact of government programmes and policies as regards the pattern of development and finally to suggest alternat...

The Effects of Land Use Act on Housing and Property Development in Nigeria

ABSTRACTWe have watched over the decades the problems encountered in acquisition of land and subsequently in obtaining the approval of certificate of occupancy and property development in Nigeria. In the commencement of the Land Use Act 1978, it was stated that whereas it is in the public interest that the rights of all Nigerians to the land of Nigeria be asserted and preserved by law. Our concern is not really another criticism against the Act but an in-depth evaluation of how it has achie...

A CRITIQUE VIEW OF COMPENSATION UNDER THE LAND USE DECREE NO. 6 OF 1978 (A CASE STUDY OF HARMONY ESTATE UMUGCHIGBO ENUGU EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT ABAKPA NIKE ENUGU)

ABSTRACTIn Nigeria today, the government and its age ncies require land to carryout its development programs and due to the sentiment attached to land voluntary transfer of land by individual to the government is rare. So the government resort to compulsory acquisition and compensation paid there of the individuals whose right of accompany to land are extinguished due to over riding public interest. Laws are enacted to regulation the process of acquisition and compensation among host of other...

AN EVALUATION OF PROPERTY RATING PRACTICE IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)

ABSTRACTIn writing this thesis, I have been afforded an opportunity to put in writing my views about AN EVALUATION OF PROPERTY RATING PRACTICE IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA) of Enugu State. This thesis has been planned in such a logistic and sequential pattern to give the reader a general clue of property rating practice and how it operates Enugu North local government area particularly.Chapter One: This captioned the Introduction. The particular chapter gives ...

ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF THE PROVISION OF HOUSING ESTATE ON RESIDENTIAL HOUSING DELIVERY (A CASE STUDY OF WORLD BANK HOUSING ESTATE OWERRI)

ABSTRACTThis dissertation deals chiefly with an analysis of the effect of the provision of housing estate on residential housing delivery with a case study of world bank housing estate Owerri.  The key impetus for this research on the analysis of the effect of the provision of housing estates on other residential house in this particular area of study arises from its sudden changes in states. This study examines the effect of this changes on the physical environment and the populati...


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