Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF OYAN AND OPEJI LAKES, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out on the socio-economic and ecological activities of the fishers in Oyan and Opeji Lakes in Ogun State. The management practices and laws used on the water body and also the fishing activities of the fishers were also investigated. Majority of the fishers in Oyan and Opeji were males, 80% and 86.6% respectively. The study revealed that about 100% of the fishers were aware of the law governing the water bodies. Moreover, majority of challenges faced by the fishe...

CHARACTERIZATION OF GENETIC STRAINS IN CLARIID SPECIES, Clarias gariepinus AND Heterobranchus bidorsalis USING MICROSATELLITE MARKERS

ABSTRACTThis study examined the population structure and genetic distance between two Clariid species, Clarias gariepinus and Heterobranchus bidorsalis using microsatellite markers. Genetic strains of 20 domesticated samples of both species were characterized with four microsatellite markers. 95% of the samples amplified upon PCR amplification and 44.3% of the total alleles observed for all the loci were heterozygote. Analysis showed that all the four loci were polymorphic for all the samples...

EFFECTS OF BREED, SEX AND AGE ON SERUM BIOCHEMISTRY IN NIGERIAN GOATS

ABSTRACTThe study was conducted to determine the effect of Breed, Sex and Age on serum parameters in Nigerian goats. Blood samples were collected from a total of 118 goats across different breed, sex and age. Eighty- four (84) from Sahel goat, eleven (11) from Red Sokoto and twenty-four (24) from West African Dwarf goat. The result obtained from the analysis of serum parameters showed that Breed had significant effect (P<0.05) on Glucose(mg/dl), Albumin (g/l), urea (mg/dl), Creatinine(mg/d...

EFFECTS OF STAGE OF LACTATION AND PARITY ON BLOOD VOLUME AND MILK YIELD IN WEST AFRICAN DWARF SHEEP

ABSTRACTA study on the effects of stage of lactation and parity on blood volume and milk yield in West African Dwarf sheep was carried out using (12) lactating West African Dwarf sheep for twelve (12) weeks of lactation. In the second week of the experiment, the dams were weighed using pocket balance scale. Evans blue dye solution was injected into the animal through the jugular vein and waited for 10-15 minutes before bleeding the animal through the same media. The milk yield were measured i...

EFFICACY OF DISTILLED WATER AND LACTIC ACID AS WASH SOLUTION IN PREVENTING RECONTAMINATION OF SOME SPECIFIC MICROBES ON REFRIGERATED CHICKEN CARCASSES

ABSTRACTThis study was carried out to look at the efficacy of using lactic acid and distilled water as wash solution to reduce rate of recontamination of some specific microbes on refrigerated chicken carcass. Frozen chicken wings was obtained from an open commercial market (Kuto), Abeokuta, in Ogun State, Nigeria. The skin from the lean meat was removed and a certain measured amount was washed with Distilled Water and (0.4%) Lactic Acid and Agitated with stomatcher blender. 1ml of the rinsat...

RAINFALL ANALYSIS FOR FOOD PRODUCTION IN THE SUDAN REGION OF NIGERIA

ABSTRACTRecurrent drought and decrease agricultural productivity during the last decades in West Africa, especially in the Sahelian zone, points to the need for a clearer understanding of the Onset dates, Cessation dates, Length of growing season, dry spell lengths and their consistencies, which pose major threats to the agricultural sector. Daily rainfall data for ten (10) years were analyzed for eight (8) meteorological stations in the Sudan Savanna region of Nigeria, with the application o...

GENETIC AND NON GENETIC FACTORS AFFECTING SERUM BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN NIGERIAN SHEEP

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to determine the genetic (breed) and non genetic (sex and age) factors affecting serum biochemical parameters in Nigerian Sheep. Blood samples were collected from about 119 sheep which comprised the four breeds in Nigeria which include: Uda, Balami, Yankassa and West African Dwarf. The results obtained from various analyses for serumparameters showed significant effect (P<0.05) of Sodium on breed with the highest mean value on WAD. There was no signifi...

GROWTH AND YIELD OF HOT PEPPER (CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS) AS INFLUENCED BY THE TIME OF SOWING JUTE MALLOW (CORCHORUS OLITORIUS)

ABSTRACTField experiment was carried out from January to June, 2011 at the university of Agriculture Abeokuta (70 151 30 251E) to determine the effect of time of introducing jute mallow on the growth and yield of hot pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.). The experiment was laid out in Randomized complete block design (RCBD) in a split plot arrangement with three replicates. The main plot was cropping system (sole crop pepper and pepper intercropped with Corchorus) and the subplot was the time of i...

MORPHOMETRIC AND MERISTICS CHARACTERISTICS OF Erpetoichthys calabaricus FROM WETLAND OF OGUN WATER-SIDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

ABSTRACTA study was conducted to assess the meristic and morphorlogical features, variation in strain and the length-weight relationship of 60 fish samples of Erpetoichthys calabaricus inhabiting the wetland of Ogun waterside Local Government area, Ogun state, Nigeria. Fish samples were collected with artisanal gears (bamboo traps) during January and February, 2011. Twenty four of the samples were female while thirty six were male. The estimated b value (allometry coefficient) of the equation...

THE EFFECTS OF FERTILIZERS ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF INDIAN SPINACH (Basella alba)

ABSTRACTExperiment to investigate the effects of inorganic and organic fertilizers on growth and yield of Basella alba(Indian spinach) was conducted at the Horticultural nursery, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun state between the months of February-May 2011. Three fertilizer sources (NPK 20-10-10 and Tithonia based compost at rate of 250kg per hectare, poultry manure at rate of 3 tons per hectare) were used. Treatments were arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and re...

THE INFLUENCE OF HUSBANDRY PRACTICES ON CONSUMERS PREFERENCE FOR BEEF AND CHEVON IN ABEOKUTA METROPOLIS

ABSTRACTThis research work was carried out in Abeokuta metropolis covering areas of Abiola way, Adatan, Alabata, Aregbe, Camp, Isolu, Ita-Osin, Iyana- mortuary, Lafenwa, Obantoko, Odo- Eran, Okelewo, Onokolobo and Osiele. The study was determined to know the influence of husbandry practices on consumer’s preference for chevon or beef because the health of these animals is the health of man apart from other socio- cultural reasons that may affect the preference for a particular food. It...

THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SMALL SCALE FISH FARMING ENTERPRISE IN LAGOS STATE FISH FARM ESTATE, IKORODU, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to evaluate the socio-economic analysis of small scale fish farming enterprise of the Lagos state fish farming estate in Ikorodu, Nigeria. The primary data were obtained from 60 respondents with structured interview guides, which were selected using simple sampling techniques. The results reveals that the majority (88.3%) of the fish farmers are male while (31.40%) are in the active age distribution of 31-40 years, university education (63.0%) and (58.3%) were...

UNPEELED CASSAVA ROOT MEAL IN BROILERS DIET: THE EFFECT OF PROTEIN REDUCTION AND FREE AMINO ACIDS SUPPLEMENTATION ON PERFORMANCE, BLOOD PARAMETERS AND CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS

ABSTRACTA feeding trial was conducted in a completely randomized design to evaluate the overall performance, blood constituents and carcass analysis of 5-day old Marshal broiler chicks that are fed with different diets; maize diet with and without AA supplements and unpeeled cassava root meal (UCRM) diet with and without AA supplements; of four replicates each and 10 chicken per replicate. The birds were assigned to these diets; feed, and water was given ad-libitum throughout the experiment. ...

AGROBOTANICAL STUDIES ON SEED SCARIFICATION AND NURSERY MEDIA INFLUENCE ON JUVENILE PHENOLOGY OF AFRICAN OIL BEAN (Pentaclethra Macrophylla Benth)

ABSTRACTData were collected on the following number of leaf, number of leaflet, days of germination, number of petiole, number of nodes and number of internodes, there were no significant difference (P = 0.05) on effect of nursery media on leaf number and leaf let number according to table 9. The experiment to determine the influence of seed scarification and nursery media on Juvenile Phenology of African oil been was conducted during the 2012 planting season at the Department of Agronomy and...


361 - 375 Of 456 Results