Agriculture

Agriculture Research Papers/Topics

DETERMINANTS OF SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ ADOPTION OF CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES IN LAIKIPIA CENTRAL SUB-COUNTY, KENYA

Abstract: Climate variability and change is increasingly threatening livelihoods and food security and in turn, the attainment of national development goals in Kenya. The declining productivity of agricultural production systems calls for a transformational change in farming practices to ensure sustainable and resilient agriculture. This study assessed smallholder farmers’ perception of climate variability and change, climate smart agricultural practices used by farmers to adapt to climate...

INFLUENCE OF BLENDED NPS FERTILIZER, VERMICOMPOST, AND SEED INOCULATION WITH RHIZOBIUM BACTERIA ON YIELD PERFORMANCE OF SOYBEAN AND SELECTED SOIL CHEMICAL PROPERTIES AT BAKO, WESTERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Soil acidity is the main production constraint that reduces nodulation and productivity of soybean crop in Bako district, western Ethiopia. This study was carried out to determine the influence of blended NPS fertilizer, Vermicompost (VC), and Seed inoculation with Rhizobium bacteria on productivity of soybean (Glycine max. (L.)Merrill) and selected soil chemical properties. Factorial combinations of two Rhizobium strain (TAL-379) levels: uninoculated, inoculated, three vermicompos...

EFFECT OF SALT STRESS ON SEED GERMINATION AND EARLY SEEDLING GROWTH OF SELECTED SPECIES OF GREEN CHILI (Capsicum) SPECIES

Abstract: Salinity is a major and increasing problem worldwide that needs to be addressed in order to increase agricultural production. The experimental materials were five selected green chili species, such as Capsicum annuum, Capsicum frutescence, Capsicum chinense, Capsicum baccatum, and Capsicum pubescence and four NaCl concentration levels (0, 60, 120 and 180mM) for laboratory and greenhouse experiments. The experimental design was a completely randomized design in factorial combination...

THE EFFECT OF WILDLIFE ON HUMAN AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AROUND ANABIE FOREST OF KALLU WOREDA, SOUTH WOLLO ZONE OF AMHARA REGION, NORTH EAST ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) is regarded as an interaction between humans and wildlife that results in negative impacts on humans, animals, or the environment. The HWC has been a recurring problem in Ethiopia due to increased human population and competition for the declining resources. This study was conducted to assess and document the causes, impacts and management options of the effect of wild life on human in and around the study area. The study design was a longitudinal popu...

WOODY SPECIES DIVERSITY, VEGETATION STRUCTURE AND CARBON STOCK POTENTIALS OF HALLIDEGHIE WILDLIFE RESERVE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The study was carried out in Hallideghie Wildlife Reserve, Afar National Regional State, Ethiopia with objectives to assess woody species diversity, vegetation structure and carbon stock potential of the reserve. Woody plant species diversity, vegetation structure and carbon stock potential of the study area undertaken in four vegetation type by using stratified sampling approach. A total of 12 horizontal transect lines were laid out in the four vegetation types and a total of 36 q...

MODELING THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON MAIZE (Zea mays L.) PRODUCTION AND CHOICE OF ADAPTATION PRACTICES IN EASTERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Maize is the second most important cereal crop in eastern Ethiopia. However, climate change and variability is affecting its productivity in the region. Thus, studies that included survey, climate data analysis, and field experiment were therefore conducted with five objectives: 1) to assess smallholder maize farmers’ perception of climate change, their current adaptation options, and factors affecting their use of adaptation options in eastern Ethiopia; 2)to analyze past and pro...

ON-FARM DIVERSITYASSESSMENT OF WHEAT (Triticum aestivumL.)INYEM SPECIAL WOREDA, SNNPR ETHIOPIA.

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess on farm wheat landrace/ varieties) in Yem Special Woreda. A farmer based cross-sectional descriptive study was designed to assess on farm diversity of wheat landrace in Yem special woreda. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used in selection of agro-ecological zones, kebeles, and wheat growing farmers. Three kebeles from highland and two kebeles from midland agro-ecological zones were purposively selected. A total of 178 sample wheat growin...

INFLUENCE OF SOIL ORGANIC MATTER AMENDMENTS ON POPULATION DYNAMICS OF Aspergillus flavus AND ANTAGONISTIC MICROBES, AND ON AFLATOXIN CONTAMINATION OF GROUNDNUT IN MALAWI

Abstract: The study evaluated the effects of soil organic matter amendments on temporal dynamics of populations of A. flavus and antagonistic microbes, and on aflatoxin contamination in groundnut under field conditions in Malawi. The study also investigated the implications of rainfall on populations of the microbes. Treatments included commercial organic fertilizer applied at the rates of 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 t ha-1; and farmyard manure at rates of 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 t ha-1, while an untreated pl...

ASSESSMENT AND EFFECTS OF FERTILIZER AND IRRIGATION LEVEL ON MAIZE (Zea mays L.) PRODUCTIVITY AT BOLOSO SORE DISTRICT, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Maize productivity under irrigation is affected by several factors including climate, soil and water management, quality of water and soil, and levels of irrigation and fertilizer application. This study consisted of four objectives to (1) analyze rainfall and temperature variability and change, (2) assess farmers' preferences for soil and water management practices, (3) assess the quality of water and soil, and (4) determine the effects of fertilizer and irrigation levels on maize...

SEED GERMINATION AND EARLY SEEDLING GROWTH RESPONSE OF SELECTED SORGHUM (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) UNDER VARYING SALINITY CONDITION

Abstract: Plant growth is adversely affected by salinity as a result of the disruption of certain physiological processes that lead to reductions in yield quality. Thus, this study was conducted to assess the potential for salt tolerance of the sorghum variety during germination and early seedling growth. The experimental treatments were six sorghum varieties and 4 NaCl concentration levels (0, 60, 120 and 180mM). The experimental design was a completely randomized design in factorial combin...

ADOPTION OF CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES AND THEIR IMPACT ON SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ INCOME: THE CASE OF ADAMI TULLU JIDO KOMBOLCHA DISTRICT, EAST SHEWA ZONE, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, Ethi

Abstract: Climate smart agriculture is an approach that minimizes the adverse effects of climate change by increasing production, strengthening adaptation, and providing mitigation to smallholder farmers. This study was initiated to identify major climate smart agricultural practices adopted, analyze factors affecting the adoption of climate smart agricultural practices, and evaluate the impact of the adoption of climate smart agricultural practices on the annual income of smallholder farmer...

EFFECTS OF CROTON COMPOST ON SELECTED SOIL PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS OF FRENCH BEANS (Phaseolus vulgaris L) IN LAIKIPIA EAST, SUBCOUNTY, KENYA

Abstract: Soil fertility depletion in smallholder farms is the fundamental biophysical root cause for declining per capita food production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Climate change exacerbates the problem of poor soil health. The combined use of mineral and organic fertilizers in ways that are adaptable to local conditions has the potential to achieve efficient nutrient use and result in improved yields for staple food crops. Despite multiple efforts made by the government of Kenya and internati...

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON ROLE OF FRUIT TREE-BASED AGROFORESTRY AND MONOCULTURE IN ADDRESSING CLIMATE CHANGE CHALLENGES IN SOFI DISTRICT, HARARI REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The effects of climate change have hit the agriculture sector in Africa hard. Making adjustments to adapt to the changing environment is critical for countries like Ethiopia, whose primary source of income is subsistence agriculture, which is heavily reliant on rainfall. As a result, establishing context-specific adaptation approaches is crucial for reducing the adverse effects of climate change. This study was conducted at Sofi district, Harari Regional State, Ethiopia, to compare...

Dairy Production Practices and Milk Quality Assessment of Smallholder Dairy Farmers in Kombolcha Woreda of East Hararghe Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Abstract: The study was conducted to assess dairy production practices, milk composition, and microbial quality of smallholder dairy farms in Kombolcha Woreda, East Hararghe Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. The study was undertaken in purposely selected three rural Kebeles of Kombolcha Woreda (Bilisuma, Tula, and Sibilu) where dairy Farmers from each Kebele were also purposely selected. A sample of households with at least one lactating cow was selected for interview using a simple random samp...

PRODUCTION PRACTICES, MILK YIELD AND COMPOSITION OF URBAN AND PERI-URBAN DAIRY CATTLE OF DEBRE-MARKOS TOWN, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The study was conducted to assess the production practices, milk yield and composition, and to identify constraints and opportunities. The study was conducted in urban and peri-urban areas of Debre-Markos, east Gojjam zone. Four kebeles from each production system were randomly selected based on production potential and accessibility. A total of 120 respondents (15 from each kebeles) who owned local and cross breed cows were selected randomly. Data were collected using semi-structu...


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