Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Women’s Empowerment And Fertility In Rural Tanzania: A Case Of Igunga District

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to investigate the relationship between women’s empowermentand fertility in rural Tanzania. Data were collected from randomly selected 120 women infour randomly selected villages from two wards in Igunga District using a structured andnon structured questionnaire. Descriptive and regression analyses using Statistical Packagefor Social Sciences were employed to determine the factors for fertility. Women’sempowerment was measured by five proxies: economic de...

Inclusion Of Small-Scale Producers In Dynamic Local And Regional Markets

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to investigate the inclusion of small-scale producers in dynamiclocal and regional markets. To do so, the study provides a micro level survey. The surveywas conducted on fruit and vegetable farmers, traders and supermarket operators alongthree districts namely Kinondoni, Ilala and Temeke in Dar es Salaam region. The Specificobjectives were to (a) describe the current market structure for small-scale fruit andvegetable farmers (b) Assess various farmers’ mark...

Epidemiology Of Edwardsiella Infections In Farmed Fish In Morogoro, Tanzania

ABSTRACTA cross sectional study was undertaken from November 2016 to April 2017 to find out whether Edwardsiella infections exist in farmed fish in Morogoro. The prevalence of infection, risk factors and fish haematological parameters were established. A total of 270 fish were sampled from 24 ponds. Each fish was clinically examined and aseptically swabs of kidney, liver and spleen and pond water were collected for bacteriology. Bacteria were cultured onto Tryptic soya agar and Salmonella-Shi...

Farmer’s Perceptions On The Effectiveness Of Cooperatives In Disseminating Agricultural Technologies In Ethiopia: A Case Of Adea District

ABSTRACTFor a long period of time within different political systems cooperative societies haveserved as farmer organizations to give credit and to disseminate agricultural inputs in orderto attain increased production and productivity of smallholders. However, dissemination ofagricultural technologies were forcibly transferred using top-down approaches withminimum participation and giving less emphasis to the priority needs of the farmers. Thisstudy examines farmer perceptions on the effecti...

Economics Of Small - Scale Paddy And Sugarcane Production In Kilombero District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTPaddy and sugarcane are important food and commercial crops in Tanzania. Paddy and sugarcane have similar ecological requirements. In areas where both are produced the two crops compete for resources. Therefore better decisions have to be made on land allocation so that farm profitability can be maximized. Unfortunately the knowledge on appropriate land allocation for paddy and sugarcane enterprises is limited in the literature. Thus the present study was conducted in Kilombero distri...

Can Organic Far Ming Be An Alternative To Improve Well-Being Of Smallholder Farmers In Disadvantaged Areas? A Case Study Of Morogoro Region, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThis research was done to assess contribution of organic farming on improving well-being of smallholder farmers through crop productivity, profit and food security among 324 smallholder farmers in Morogoro Region, Tanzania. The specific objectives were to: examine how farmers implement organic farming practices and sell their products; compare productivity, profit and food security between conventional/traditional farmers and organic farmers; determine factors affecting productivity, ...

Analysis Of Rice Marketing Systems In Mpanda District Of Tanzania

ABSTRACTRice is the second most important cereal in Tanzania and mostly used as a cash crop. The cultivated area of 681 000 ha represent 18% of Tanzania’s cultivated land. The general objective of this study was to examine the rice marketing chain in Mpanda district of Tanzania. Specifically, the study intended to carry out the value chain mapping; analyse economic efficiency of rice marketing system; assessing the distribution of gains and; examine the competitiveness criteria of rice mark...

Assessment Of Attitudes Of Secondary School Students Towards Vocational Education And Training In Tanzania: Case Study Of Mpwapwa District

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to assess the attitudes of Secondary School Ordinary level students towards vocational education and training. Youth unemployment is becoming a greater problem in Tanzania and also globally. There are opportunities not yet fully utilized in the country which could answer the question of unemployment of youths and their attitudes towards those opportunities. Thus the specific objectives of this study were to examine student’s expressed attitudes towards ...

Soil Nitrate Test To Assess The Nitrogen Fertilizer Need For Tropical Soils: A Case Of Morogoro District

ABSTRACTSoil nitrate test of Soil Doc protocol has potential to identify optimum N fertilizer requirements for optimizing economic return, while reducing environmental impact. The purpose of this study was to develop N fertilizer requirements for maize production based on the soil nitrate test for the tropical soils in Morogoro District, Tanzania using soil Doc Protocol. Composite soil samples were collected pre-planting (PPNT) and pre-topdressing (PTNT) of N fertilizers to determine soil NO3...

Alternative Pricing Mechanism Of Teak Forest Plantation Saw-Logs In Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe main objective of the study was to analyze the various pricing mechanisms thatcan be used in setting prices for teak saw-logs and the prevailing marketcharacteristics influencing prices in Tanzania. Primary data on the factorsinfluencing auctioning and stumpage appraisal and, teak saw-logs production andtrading costs were collected through questionnaires and field observations fromMtibwa and Longuza teak forest plantations, FBD head offices and winners of thevarious auctions condu...

Effect Of East African Community-Common External Tariff For Selected Agro-Food Sensitive Products On Burundi’s Trade, Welfare And Tariff Revenue

ABSTRACTThe effects of the customs union are ambiguous and depend on different factors. Thetheoretical ambiguities raise a need for empirical studies to generate information for aparticular case. This study looks on the effect of EAC-CET for selected agro-foodsensitive products of Burundi’s trade, welfare and tariff revenue using the partialequilibrium model; specifically, the SMART model at HS-6 level. The analysis makes useof trade data of 2010-2016 from WITS database, and the EAC-CET sch...

Rice Blast Disease Caused By Pyricularia Oryzae: Epidemiology, Characterization And Yield Loss In Major Rice Growing Areas Of Tanzania

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted in Mbeya, Morogoro, Kilimanjaro, Shinyanga and Dar es Salaam regions. The overall objective of the study was to establish the magnitude of rice blast disease in Tanzania and its contribution to yield losses. Rice is an important staple food crop and is affected by blast disease with suspected high yield losses of up to 100%. Surveys were conducted in two years (2012 and 2014) to observe disease prevalence of rice blast disease in two different ecosystems in Mb...

Role Of Agroforestry Products In Household Income And Poverty Reduction In Semi-Arid Areas Of Misungwi District, Mwanza, Tanzania

ABSTRACTAgroforestry practice like any other land use practice has been reported to produce different benefits and products, which enhance household incomes and reduce poverty. This study was conducted in order to examine the contribution of agroforestry products to total annual household incomes and poverty reduction in semi-arid areas of Misungwi district, Mwanza Tanzania. Research methodologies used included literature review, questionnaire surveys, discussion with key informants and perso...

Market Chain Analysis Of African Indigenous Vegetables (Aivs) In Tanzania: A Case Study Of African Eggplant (Solanum Aethiopicum) In Kahama District

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to assess the market chain analysis of African IndigenousVegetables (AIVs) in Tanzania with emphasis of African eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum)among smallholder farmers. Specifically the study had four objectives namely (a) toidentify African indigenous vegetables with high value marketing potential grown in thestudy area (b) to identify supply chain actors (c) to determine role played by differentactors along the market chain (d) to determine the profitability...

Farmers’ Adaptations To Rainfall Related Climate Variability Risks And Their Implications On Food Security In The Semi-Arid Sikonge District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe study aimed at assessing farmers’ adaptations to rainfall related climate variability risks and their implications on food security in the semi-arid Sikonge District, Tanzania. Specifically the study aimed at characterizing the climate related rainfall and maize production risks; assessing the efficacy of adaptation strategies used by farmers; and assessing the adequacy of off-farm strategies used by farming households to sustain their food security in a changing climate. The st...


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