Agriculture

Agriculture Research Papers/Topics

CHARACTERIZATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF SOILS ALONG A TOPOSEQUENCE AT DHENGEGO SUBWATERSHED, EAST HARARGHE ZONE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Characterization and classification of soil is the main source of information for precision agriculture, land use planning and management. For an efficient use of the limited land resources, site specific management recommendations based on site specific information are much required. Undulating topography, altitudinal differences and large variations in slope were characteristic features of the present study area (Dhengego subwatershed). The purpose of the present study was to cha...

EFFECT OF SOCIAL NETWORKS IN FACILITATING SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN WOREILU DISTRICT, SOUTH WOLLO ZONE, AMHARA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Social networks are an essential source of risk-sharing and capacity building strategies for responding the adverse effects of climate change. However, researches on climate change adaptation strategies not recognized the role of social networks. The current study aims to assess the role of social networks in facilitating smallholder farmers’ adaptation strategies to climate change in Woreilu district, South Wollo zone, Amhara national regional state, Ethiopia. More specifically,...

VARIATION IN GROWTH AND FRUIT YIELD OF OKRA [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] AT DIRE DAWA, EASTERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Okra is one of indigenous genetic resource of Ethiopia, but only few studies were carried out to assess its variability and performance throughout the country. Therefore, it was necessary to continue the evaluation of available okra indigenous and introduced varieties to identify superior okra genotypes. Thus, this research was conducted to assess variation in growth and fruit yield of okra genotypes and genetic variability of indigenous and introduced okra genotypes for morpho-agr...

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOIL ORGANIC CARBON STOCKS, SIMULATED MAIZE BIOMASS AND FARMERS’ PERCEPTIONS ON MONO-CROPPING AND MIXED CROPPING SYSTEMS KAYONZA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Abstract: Rain-fed agrarian reported as the backbone of the Rwandan economy has been severely affected by prolonged droughts and climate change impacts, resulting in severe food insecurity. In the Eastern Province, adoption of mono-cropping (MnC) system at dissent driven by the CIP may critically worsen the rain-fed agricultural gains against of mixed cropping (MxC) systems in drought conditions. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze and compare SOC stocks, simulated maize biomass and grain...

EFFECT OF CLIMATE SMART SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION PRACTICES AND SLOPE GRADIENT ON SELECTED SOIL PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND SOIL ORGANIC CARBON STOCK IN KULKULEYSA SUBWATERSHED OF GORO

Abstract: This study was carried out in Kulkullessa Sub-Watershed of Goro Gutu District in Eastern Ethiopia to assess the effects of climate smart SWC practices and slope gradient on selected physicochemical properties of the soil and the soil's organic carbon stocks. The farmland conserved by SB, BT and GS five years after construction with two slope gradients (15-20%) and (21-30%) was selected. Twenty-four composite soil samples were collected from a depth of 20 cm and tested in the Harama...

CHARACTERIZATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF MAJOR AGRICULTURAL SOILS ALONG TOPOSEQUENCE OF TUJI GEBISA SUBWATERSHED, EAST HARARGHE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Any study concerning agricultural use of the soil resources has to begin with the characterization, genetic assessment and classification of the soils since these aid to identify constraints and potentials of soils that play great role in the exchange of knowledge among agricultural experts. The soil resources of East Hararghe, due to different environmental factors, especially due to the strongly rugged topographic condition and anthropogenic influences over a long period of time,...

CHARACTERIZATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF SOILS OF HATE LEMAN MICRO-WATERSHED IN DUGDA DISTRICT, CENTRAL ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Site specific soil studies that include survey, characterization and classification at large scale are necessary to identify the production potentials and constraints that may limit agricultural Production and thereby to make site specific appropriate recommendations to solve agricultural problems based on the spatial variability of soil properties. The present study was conducted with the objective of characterization, classification and mapping soils of Hate Leman micro-watershed...

SOIL FERTILITY STATUS AND NUTRIENTS CONTENT IN MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L.) TISSUE AT MIGNA KURA IN WAYU TUKA DISTRICT, EAST WOLLEGA, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Declined soil fertility is one of the main constraints to improve food production in Ethiopia and inadequate information about soil fertility in the study area. To replenish impoverished soils, site and crop-specific studies of soil fertility parameters are required to devise appropriate suggestions for site-specific balanced fertilizer recommendation and soil fertility management in the study area. With this milieu, this study was initiated to assess soil fertility, quantify nutri...

EFFECTS OF NPS FERTILIZER AND VERMICOMPOST ON SELECTED SOIL PROPERTIES, YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS OF MUNGBEAN (Vigna radiata L.): AT AMIBARA IN MIDDLE AWASH, AFAR REGION, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The Decline in soil fertility due to nutrient depletion is a concern for low-input crop production in most parts of Ethiopia. Therefore, the objective of this study is to investigate the effect of vermicompost combinations with NPS fertilizer on soil physicochemical properties, Mungbean yield and yield components in Amibara district, middle awash, Ethiopia. The study was conducted at Werer Agricultural Research Center using mungbean under irrigated conditions. Experimental treatmen...

EFFECT OF WATER RESTRICTION ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BLOOD PARAMETERS OF AFAR RAMS IN ARID AREA OF KALU DISTRICT, SOUTHERN WOLLO ZONE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of water restriction on physiological and blood parameters of Afar rams under arid climatic condition at Kalu District, Southern Wollo Zone, Amhara Regional state, Ethiopia. Eighteen healthy, 1.5 years old and 23-24 kg of live weight afar rams were randomly assigned in to three water restriction treatment groups with six rams each. The experiment was conducted during 4 seasons (viz. dry and wet season and the tests were carried out ov...

ASSESSMENT OF SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ ADOPTION OF CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES: THE CASE OF BUGESERA DISTRICT, RWANDA

Abstract: Currently, climate variability and change has been recognized as a greatest global challenge facing humans being and their socio-economic activities. Rwanda like other developing countries has experienced climate variability and change, which declined agricultural productivities results into decreased national and household food security. To adapt to the changing climate, farmers need a transformation in their farming practices and adopt various practices that sustainably increase ...

EFFECTS OF BLENDED NPSB FERTILIZER RATES ON SELECTED SOIL PROPERTIES, YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS OF MAIZE (Zea mays L.) AT BANSHURE KEBELE IN BEDELE DISTRICT, SOUTH WESTERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Soil test based fertilizer recommendation concurrent to the actual limiting nutrients for a given crop helps to supply adequate and balanced plant nutrients for sustainable crop production without affecting soil health negatively. Blended NPSB fertilizer is a newly introduced fertilizer for crop production in the study area. However their optimum rate for maize crop production and their impact on selected soil property is not yet determined in the study area. Therefore a study was ...

LIMITING NUTRIENTS FOR SORGHUM (Sorghum bicolor L.) PRODUCTION IN LEPTOSOLS OF CHIRO DISTRICT, WEST HARARGHE ZONE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Low soil fertility is a prominent factor for low agricultural productivity, whereby inorganic fertilizers have become important inputs to overcome the problem. In Ethiopia, different blended fertilizer types are used without clearly identifying the production limiting nutrient of a specific crop for a specific soil type. The present study was designed to identify the most yield limiting nutrients for sorghum on Leptosols through nutrient omission trials, which was conducted in 2021...

EFFECT OF COMBINED APPLICATION OF VERMICOMPOST AND INORGANIC NPS FERTILIZERS ON YIELD RELATED TRAITS, YIELD AND SHELF LIFE OF SHALLOT [Allium cepa var. Ascalonicum Backer]AT HARAMAYA, EASTERN

Abstract: The productivity of shallot is low due to low soil fertility as one of many constraints. Thus this research was conducted to assess the effects of combined application of vermicompost (VC) and inorganic NPS fertilizer on bulb yield, yieldrelated traits, shelf life of shallot, soil physical and chemical properties for sustainable nutrient management without harming the environment. The field experiment consisted of four rates of NPS (0, 50, 100 and 150 kg NPS ha-1) and five VC rates...

ASSESSMENT OF SELECTED SOIL PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES UNDER DIFFERENT LAND USES IN MELKA GURA SUBWATERSHED IN DEGEM DISTRICT, NORTH SHEWA ZONE , OROMIA, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Changes in land use, particularly the transformation of natural ecosystems into managed agroecosystems under poor management practices, are widespread in Melka Gura Subwatershed in North Shewa, Ethiopia. Therefore, studying variations and status in soil properties across land uses is essential to knowing the extent and magnitude of soil degradation across different land uses and planning suitable soil management strategies. Due to this, the current study evaluated certain soil phys...


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