Agriculture

Agriculture Research Papers/Topics

Agro-Forestry Technology Adoption And Its Effect On Farmers’ Crop Productivity In The Upper East Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to investigate the agroforestry technology adoption and its effect on farmers’ crop productivity in the Bawku West, Talensi and Nabdam Districts of the Upper East Region of Ghana. Three hundred farmers from six communities within the study area were interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires. The study employed descriptive statistics in identifying the types of agroforestry technologies adopted by farmers. A five point likert scale was employed to ass...

EFFECTS OF POSTHARVEST HANDLING METHODS AND STORAGE CONDITIONS ON STORABILITY OF PEPPER (Capsicum frutescens L.) FRUITS IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA

Pepper a perishable seasonal fruit, requires storage to extend its shelf-life. Appropriate postharvest handling and storage prolong longevity and preserve quality of Pepper Fruit (PF). However, there is dearth of information on its handling and storage in Southwest Nigeria. Therefore, the effects of postharvest handling methods and storage conditions on storability of PF were investigated. Two hundred Pepper Fruit Marketers (PFM) were randomly selected from pepper markets in Ibadan, Oyo...

EFFECTS OF SELENIUM AND α-TOCOPHEROL ON QUALITY AND FERTILISING ABILITY OF SPERMATOZOA IN EXTENDED COCK SEMEN

Spermatozoon apoptosis in extended semen is a challenge to artificial insemination in poultry production. Chicken spermatozoa undergo damages in vitro due to lipid peroxidation among other factors. Extender supplementation with exogenous antioxidants could mitigate lipid peroxidation and improve semen quality. However, inclusion of antioxidants such as selenium and α-tocopherol in semen extender to improve quality of sperm cells has not been adequately documented. Therefore, effects of ...

Genetic Studies Of Pearl Millet [Pennisetum Glaucum (L.) R. Br.] For Resistance To Striga Hermonthica

ABSTRACT Pearl millet is a major food crop in the northern part of Nigeria. However, its production has been constrained due to several factors, among them is Striga hermonthica. To understand pearl millet farmers’ varietal preference traits, production constraints and knowledge of Striga infestation, a participatory rural appraisal was conducted across six districts in three local government areas of Jigawa State in Nigeria. Data were sourced using a semi-structured questionnaire among 143...

Barriers To Entry And Farmers Participation In Dry Season Irrigation Farming In The Upper East Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT The main objective of the study was to determine if there were differential barriers to entry  into dry season farming in the Kassena Nankana East and Bongo Districts of the Upper East Region of Ghana and if so, how this affects participation and to what outcome. The types of barriers identified as important from the literature were categorized into economic, institutional, technical and socio- cultural barriers. The research design was a case study and used both quantitative ...

Biological Effects Of Neem Oil And Neemazal Against The Larger Grain Borer, Prostephanus Truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) On Stored Maize

ABSTRACT The biological activity of neem oil and neemazal against the larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) was assessed in maize grain in the laboratory. The bioassays carried out were toxicity of the products against adults and immature stages, effect of the products on progeny production, damage assessment, repellent action and persistency of the products in grain and their effect on seed viability. Neemazal was highly toxic to P. truncatus than neem oil. The highest dosage of ...

Stem Wood Structure Of Four Ghanaian Khaya Species

ABSTRACT Four closely related Ghanaian Khaya woods were studied for differences in anatomical, chemical and physical properties to enable clear identification of the species. The species were Khaya anthotheca (Ka), Khaya ivorensis (Ki), Khaya grandifoliola (Kg) and Khaya senegalensis (Ks). Samples for the study were obtained from identified standing trees from eight Forest Districts in Ghana. Macroscopic, microscopic and ultrastructural features including physical and chemical features were e...

Asessment of Locally Produced Materials on The Shelf Life And Fruit Quality of Two Tomatoes Varieties

ABSTRACT The study was conducted in three phases. Phase one was to assess the postharvest management practices along the tomato value chain in the Fanteakwa District of Ghana. Semi–structured questionnaires were administered randomly to fifty tomato farmers and fifty tomato traders. The value chain of tomatoes as observed in this study, started from pre-harvesting stages and ended with the consumer. Harvesting was done manually and fruits were harvested by majority of farmers when fully ri...

Gender And Access To Agricultural Resources In The Sudan And Guinea Savannah Ecological Zones In Ghana

ABSTRACT Access to agricultural resources is a major issue in the development discourse. Despite the significant roles both men and women play in agriculture in many developing countries, they continue to have differential access to agricultural resources. This research therefore, studied the relationship between gender and access to agricultural resources in the Sudan and Guinea savannah ecological zones in Ghana. Primary data were gathered using questionnaires administrated to a sample of 2...

Green House Investigation And Modelling Effects of Extreme Temperature And Moisture Strenght on Growth, Development And Yield on Soya Bean

ABSTRACT Climate change is a major stressor that would adversely affect tropical agriculture, which is largely rainfed. Available evidence shows that associated with climate change is an increasing trend in temperature and in some locations, decline in rainfall leading to repeated droughts during the growing season. In this study, the effects of increased temperature and drought on soybean, a C3 plant, was investigated under greenhouse conditions. An understanding of how soybean would respon...

Genetic Improvement of Alkalinity Tolerance in Rice In Office Du Niger in Mali

ABSTRACT Alkalinity stress is one of the most important abiotic stresses limiting rice production in irrigated systems. Alkalinity stress during seedling stage widely affects irrigated rice production of Office du Niger in Mali. The development of rice cultivars that tolerate alkalinity stress condition has been hindered by the lack of an elaborate breeding program. The objectives of this study were: (i) to evaluate and validate production constraints and varietal preferences of rice farmers...

GENETIC ANALYSIS OF TRAITS RELATED TO BIOLOGICAL NITROGEN FIXATION IN COWPEA [Vigna unguiculata (L.) WALP] UNDER LOW SOIL PHOSPHORUS.

ABSTRACT Studies were undertaken to obtain information on the genetics of traits related to biological nitrogen fixation in cowpea, in soils deficient in phosphorus prevailing in the humid forest zone (HFZ) of Cameroon. In this zone, farmers are not usually consulted in the development of new varieties in cowpea breeding programmes. Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) technique through focus group discussions and questionnaire administration was used to assess farmers‟ knowledge on the role...

Financial Analysis of Building and Operating Composting Facilities in the Accra-Tema Tetropolitan Area

ABSTRACTAs the quantity of waste streams increases and grows in complexity in the Accra-Tema Metropolitan Area (ATMA), waste management has become a major environmental management problem in the area. This study examines the possibility of establishing municipal solid waste (MSW) composting facilities in the ATMA through the lens of economics. Using the review of literature, data analysis and economic reasoning, the study endeavours to: perform a comparative cost analysis of waste treatment m...

Evaluation Of Jatropha Curcas L. (EUPHORBIACEAE) As A Biopesticide in The Control Of Insect Pests Complex Of Auberine (Solatium melongena L.)

Abstract The potentials of aqueous seed extract and seed oil of the coral plant, Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) were evaluated as a biopesticide compared with aqueous seed extract of neem (Azadirachta. indica A. Juss) and cymethoate, (a commercially used synthetic insecticide) in the control of insect pests complex of aubergine (black beauty), Solanum melongena L. (Solanaceae) both in the laboratoiy and in the field. Three major insect pests of aubergine namely, Urentius hystericellus Ri...

Determinants Of Choice Of Pineapple Farm Size In The Akuapim South District, Ghana

ABSTRACT The importance of non-traditional agricultural commodities, especially pineapple, as a major foreign exchange earner in the diversification of the economy of Ghana has long been realised. It is estimated that $5 million is added to the economy by small farmers annually from pineapple production. Despite the importance and profitability of the pineapple production and export as a good foreign export earner and an a priori expectation that increased production is directly correlated w...


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