Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Community influence

The paper assessed communal influence on land accessibility among rural farmers in Osun State. It specificallydescribed socio-economic characteristics of land users; determined the level of land accessibility; and examinedinfluence of community (roles of traditional authorities, community beliefs and cultural taboos) on landaccessibility. A multistage stage sampling procedure was used to select the respondents. Data were collected from260 respondents using structured interview schedule and ke...

Community conflict paper 4

Conflict is a major impediment of any community development. However, its occurrence isinevitable and requires serious attention from relevant stakeholders. This study focused on theeffects of community conflicts on rural economic activities in Osun State, Nigeria. It specificallyunveiled the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents; identified the causes of conflictin the study area; determined the effects of conflicts on the economic activities and identifiedthe strategies adopted ...

Sampling for Insects

Insects are the most successful and enduring life form on earth and are known to have existed for over 400 million years. They are the most dominant multicellular life form on earth and are represented all over, from the poles to the equator, from the sea surface to the highest peaks and from the deserts to rain forests. It is estimated that insects comprise about half of the earth’s 1.5 million known species (Chapman, 2013; McGavin, 2007). Gullan and Cranston (2014) stated that ...

Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases

I.                   INTRODUCTIONThere has been world wide explosion of infectious diseases with emerging diseases such as HIV/AIDS pandemic as well as old diseases like cholera, tuberculosis, dengue, or malaria. These infectious diseases are on a sudden increase due to many factors amongst which; climate change, transformation of ecosystems, socio-economic problems and Public health systems det...

J. Appl. Environ. Biol. Sci., 7(3)157-165, 2017

The present work is to study the emergence and growth of seedlings of five pistachio varieties that are: Batouri, Achouri, Neb-Djemel, Adjmi and Bayadhi. The study was conducted in a greenhouse temperature and photoperiod were controlled. The seeds are germinated in pots filled with peat without going through the damp cold stratification at a temperature of 4ºC. The results obtained showed that growth parameters (length and diameter of the plants) revealed significant tes...

255-Article Text-717-1-10-20190103

Salinity is a major problem directly affecting the ecological balance and the development of agriculture in the Mediterranean basin, particularly North Africa. This phenomenon is considered as the most important abiotic factor limiting crops growth and productivity, degrading and polluting soils in arid and semi-arid. In order to study the influence of salinity, on the physiological parameters and to assess the potential of adaptation of the olive tree in a saline environment, three parcels c...

Vegetation Composition Related to Environmental Factors along the International Highway-West Alexandria, Egypt

The present study aimed to characterize the ecological features of the vegetation along theinternational coastal road from El-Ajami to Ras El-Hekma, West Alexandria, Egypt. The clusteranalysis of 60 stands was performed using the Community Analysis Package program and Detrended Correspondence Analysis (DCA). Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) was used to identify the ecological relationships between the vegetation and the environment along the roadside. The total number of the recorded p...

Vegetation and Species Diversity in the Northern Sector of Eastern Desert, Egypt

The study aims to assess the vegetation and plant diversity in relation to edaphic factors at three sites (Cairo- Suez, Ain Sokhnia-Makattam desert roads and Wadi Hagul) in northern sector of Eastern Desert. The results revealed that northern sector of Eastern Desert (The Galalah Desert) harbors had 95 species (36 annuals, two biennial and 57 perennials) with high taxonomic diversity (species/genera = 1.17 and genera/families = 3.12). The largest families were Asteraceae comprising 22 species...

Farm Settlement Scheme in Nigeria

Farm scheme can be seen as a method of advancing rural development in a rapid speed by the effort of the government. Farm settlement scheme can also be described as an intervention of the government to promote efficient utilization of land resources and dignity in farming by the provision of basic social needs. In Nigeria, this type of settlement scheme has been in operation since the 1950’s. Each of the three Geo-political zones i.e. the Hausa’s, the Igbo’s and the Yoruba’s had...

PROFITABILITY OF SMALLHOLDER MAIZE PRODUCTION IN THE TECHIMAN MUNICIPALITY

ABSTRACT The study was conducted among smallholder maize farmers in the Techiman Municipality of Brong-Ahafo Region. Semi-structured questionnaire was the main instrument for collecting the primary data. Using data from hundred (100) randomly sampled maize farmers in the Brong-Ahafo Region, the profitability of maize farming was assessed and the determinants of profit was examined. Budgetary technique, multiple regressions and Kendall’s coefficient of Concordance was used to analyze th...

Potential roles of extension service in the accelerated use of Vitamin A cassava cultivation in Nigeria

This paper focused on the potential roles of extension service in the accelerated use of vitamin A cassava cultivar in Nigeria. The sources of information for this research work were mainly drawn from previously published works by recognized authors. Since the vitamin A cassava has not been publicly recognized and used by majority of farmers, there is need for extension to play significant role in its accelerated use. Specifically, the issues addressed include; the meaning of agric exte...

EFFECTS OF ADOPTION OF VITAMIN A CASSAVA ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC LIFE OF RURAL FARMERS IN IMO STATE NIGERIA.

The study examined the effects of adoption of vitamin A cassava on the socio-economic life of rural farmers in Imo state Nigeria. Specifically, the study described the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, determined the level of adoption of the vitamin A cassava by the respondents, identified cassava attributes for adoption, identified constraints to the adoption of vitamin A cassava, and finally determined the effects of adoption of vitamin A cassava variety in the study ...

The impacts of agroforestry practices on soil fertility in rural areas

ABSTRACTThe concern of humanity is the need to tackle the increasing challenges of severe land degradation and desertification of the ecosystem. The study examined the impacts of agroforestry practices on soil fertility in rural areas of Katsina State, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was employed in collecting data from one hundred (100) rural farmers with structured questionnaire administered in two Local Government Areas of Katsina State, namely Batsari and Safana. The data were analy...

Effects of Neem-Based Organic Fertilizer, NPK and Their Combinations on Soil Properties and Growth of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) in a Degraded Ultisol of Calabar, Nigeria

A field experiment was conducted at the University of Calabar Teaching and Research Farm toevaluate the effects of neem-based organic fertilizer, NPK and their combinations on soil chemicalproperties and growth of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) on a degraded Ultisol Calabar. Theexperiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications comprising ofsix treatments. The treatments were control (no amendment), sole NPK 20:10:10 fertilizer andneem–based organic fertili...


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