Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Effect Of Cattle Manure, Mineral Fertilizer And Rhizobium Inoculation On Climbing Beans Production And Soil Properties In Burera District, Rwanda.

Agriculture is the major engine of Rwandese economy, accounting for about 40% of the GDP, 85% of employment and 80% of exports. Known as “meat for the poor”, beans constitute a predominant source of proteins in Rwandese diet since they supply 65% of national dietary proteins compared to 4% from animal sources. However, the on-farm bean productivity is about 0.8 – 1.0 tons/ hectare which is quite low compared to 5 tons/hectare that is achieved under optimal management condition...

Analysis Of Technical Efficiency Of Smallholder Sorghum Producers In Machakos And Makindu Districts In Kenya

Majority of the rural households in Kenya depend mainly on agriculture as a source of food and livelihoods. Agricultural productivity has been declining due to many factors including climate change. Declining agricultural productivity has in turn resulted in increased food insecurity in the country. Consequently, there is a renewed interest in promoting drought-tolerant crops such as sorghum, which are known to perform well in the arid and semi-arid lands of the developing world. Owing ...

Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Smallholder Pumpkin Production, Consumption And Marketing In Eastern And Central Kenya Regions

Pumpkin is an indigenous vegetable with huge potential to provide nutrition, food security and income to households in Kenya but its production remains low. The crop has been given little attention in research and has not been promoted as a viable enterprise. Literature indicates that socio-economic factors and farming constraints in pumpkin production, consumption and marketing by smallholder farmers in Eastern and Central Kenya have not been studied nor documented. This research w...

Effects Of Different Organic Residues On Carbon Sequestration, Nutrient Availability In Soil And Maize Yields At Katumani, Machakos County, Kenya

Reduced farm productivity in smallholder farms is the principal cause of food insecurity in semi- arid parts of Kenya. This is mainly attributed to soil fertility depletion, land degradation, low soil moisture and climate change. Climate change due to increased carbon dioxideemission into the atmosphere has impacted negatively on the food productivity in Africa. The objectives of this study were: 1) to determine the effect of different organic residues on soil carbon accumulation in...

Evaluation Of Grafting Technology For Management Of Bacterial Wilt (Ralstonia Solanacearum) Of Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum L)

Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicun L) is a very important vegetable grown mainly by small scale farmers in most arable areas in Kenya. Tomato production has declined drastically due to attack by Ralstonia solanacearum, a soil borne pathogen which causes bacterial wilt. Transmission of pathogen occurs when bacterial ooze from the plant enters the surrounding water or soil, contaminates farming equipment or by insect vectors. The disease has not yet been effectively managed. Grafting is an asex...

Assessment Of Water Quality And Soil Properties For Irigation In The Horticultural Crops Producing Areas Of Alhegaina, North Kordofan State Sudan

Sudan is a large country with a great diversity of climatic and agro-ecological zones.The horticultural acreage in the Sudan is estimated at 273,000 hectares, representing about 3% of the total crop area. The area under horticultural crops is on the increasing for it is fetching good money for the farmers. Horticultural crops comprise the groups of vegetables,fresh legumes, fruit trees, ornamental plants, plantation crops, medicinal and aromatic plants and spices. The pres...

Impact Of Improved Poultry Production Technologies Among Smallholder Indigenous Chicken Farmers In Kakamega And Makueni– Kenya

ABSTRACT Indigenous chicken (IC) farming contributes to the livelihoods of many smallholder farmers in Kenya. It constitutes 80% of the poultry population in Kenya. Kakamega and Makueni are Counties where most of smallholder farmers rear IC. However, IC production has been constrained by several bottlenecks including; unimproved genotype, diseases and increased mortalities resulting in low productivity. A strategy by scientists and stakeholders, production technologies such as; improve...

Soil Water, Growth And Yield Of Yellow Passion Fruit Response To Mulch And Hydrogel In Embu And Kiambu Counties, Kenya

Decline in yields and frequent failure of major crops in Embu and Kiambu counties, Kenya, is linked to inadequate or unevenly distributed rainfall and poor agronomic practices, among other factors. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of using mulch and hydrogel in production of yellow passion fruit in Embu and Kiambu Counties, Kenya. The study was set up specifically to (i) determine the effect of mulch and hydrogel on soil moisture and nutrien...

Analysis Of Consumer Preference For Product Attributes:A Case Of Indigenous Chicken In Makueni And Nairobi Counties, Kenya

ABSTRACT Indigenous chickens (Gallus domesticus) are important source of livelihoods and food to majority of rural and urban households in Kenya. Consumers prefer indigenous chicken due to its nutritional and health benefits. Despite these benefits, productivity levels of Indigenous chicken are low resulting to shortages in supply. In the recent past, research has focused on increasing productivity levels of indigenous chicken resulting to improved indigenous chickens. However, acc...

Assessing The Status Of Crop Farming And Strategies Used To Scale Up Yields For Enhanced Food Security In Turkana County, Kenya

Despite being a culture-centred livelihood activity, pastoralism alone has not guaranteed food and nutrition security for households in Turkana, Kenya. The frequency of droughts and their negative impact on livestock production in the County translate into reduced purchasing power of the pastoral households; causing perennial food insecurity and consequent human indignity. As a growing response to this perennial situation, rain-fed crop production has been introduced in th...

Genetic diversity of arabusta coffee (coffea arabica l. X coffea canephora pierre) and their parental genotypes

ABSTRACT Coffee ranks second after petroleum in international trade. In Kenya, it supports over 600,000 households, contributes up to12% of export revenue and employs 30% of the total workforce in Agriculture. Arabica (Coffea arabica L.) and Robusta (Coffea canephora Pierre) are the two species under commercial cultivation. Arabica coffee has low genetic diversity and susceptible to Coffee Berry Disease (CBD) and Coffee Leaf Rust (CLR) while Robusta Coffee has considerable diversity an...

Nutrient Management Options For Enhancing Maize Production Under Conservation Agriculture In Embu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Smallholder farmers in Runyenjes are experiencing decline in agricultural productivity. The yield decline has been caused by degraded soils as a result soil erosion and inappropriate soil management, nutrients mining due to continuous cropping as well as leaching of minerals. To address these crop production challenges, there is need for balanced nutrient management options with appropriate tillage system. This study was therefore carried out under on-farm trials to: i) assess ...

Uantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions And Carbon Stocks In Maize-Soybean Cropping Systems In Siaya County, Kenya

ABSTRACT As climate change continues to threaten ecosystems’ functions, agriculture remains one of the major source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that are responsible for global warming. The major GHG in agriculture are; carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4). Unfortunately, agriculture is also one of the most affected sectors by climate change. There is therefore need to reduce emissions by adopting agricultural practices with mitigation potential. This is by...

The Impact Of Tourism Activities On Ggaba Landing Site

TABLE OF CONTENTSDECLARATIONAPPROVALDEDICATIONACKNOWLEDGEMENTCHAPTER ONETHE PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPE1.0 Introduction1.1 Background of the Study1.2 Statement of the Problem1.3 Research Objectives1.3.1 General objective1.3.2 Specific objectivesResearch Questions1.6 Scope1.6.1 Geographical ScopeMap of Ggaba landing site1.6.2 Content scope1.7 Significance ofthe Study1.8 Conceptual frameworkCHAPTER TWOLITERATURE REVIEW2.0 Introduction2.1 Concept ofTourism2.2. Tourism activities around Ggaba2.3 Impact...

Assessment Of Uganda Government ‘S Contribution To Tourism Training Institutions In Uganda: A Case Study Of The Hotel And Tourism Training Institute Jinja

AbstractTourism is one of the world’s leading industries, and it contributes greatly to Uganda’seconomy. Like all service industries, the quality of service offered is vital for favorablecompetition in the world market, and quality service delivery depends on the level oftraining and professionalism of the service providers.Tourism is also a practical field with high costs of training which raises the overall costof pursuing an education in tourism. In Uganda in particular, the cost...


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