Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

EFFECT OF JATROPHA SEED OIL IN THE CONTROL OF CALLOSOBRUCHUS MACULATUS (Coleoptera:Bruchidae) IN STORED COWPEA

ABSTRACT The insecticidal potential of Jatropha curcas seed oil against Callosobruchus maculatus on stored cowpea was evaluated under laboratory condition. The seed oil was applied at concentrations of 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, and 1.0ml/50g of cowpea seeds. An untreated control and solvent (petroleum spirit)-containing treatment were also included. Jatropha seed oil was highly toxic to cowpea bruchids at all selected dosages compared to the untreated control and solvent treatment. Results showed that a...

Labour Use Pattern among Farmers in Ife Central Local Government Area of Osun State

The inequi Table distribution of income arising from low productivity of labour input and rising labour shortage in Ife Central Local Government area of Osun state, Nigeria has called for a research into the Labour use pattern among farmers in the area. The sample for the study consists of 100 farmers randomly selected from 10 villages in the area. Relevant data needed for the study were obtained from the respondents through the use of questionnaire. Findings revealed that majority of the res...

Accessibility and relevance of information and communication technologies (ICTs) among cassava farmers in Nigeria

The study attempts to investigate the level of awareness, access and relevance of information and communication technology (ICT) tools among cassava farmers in Osun State, Nigeria. Data were gathered through a survey interview scheduled on a total of 130 cassava farmers. The data were analyzed using frequency, mean, standard deviation, Spearman rho correlation and independent sampled t-test. The result revealed that, the mean age of the respondents was 45.3 years and mean years of farming exp...

Competitiveness In The Export Demand For Nigerian Rubber

The study examined the degree of competitiveness in the export demand for Nigerian rubber with focus on the Spanish Market. The study covered the periods of 1961 – 2010 and data comprised national aggregates. Two Stage Least Squares (2SLS) approach was used in the estimation after instrumenting for simultaneity and establishing stationarity cum cointegration relationship. The outcome of the analysis showed that the demand for Nigerian rubber by Spain was affected negatively by export price ...

Demand Analysis for Tomato, Onion, Peppers, and Fresh Okra in Nigeria

The results found in this study have implications for local Nigerian food producers, retailers, other participants of the food sector, and government food policy makers. In this thesis the demand analysis for onion, peppers, fresh okra and tomato in Nigeria was conducted using General Household Survey data collected by the World Bank and the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics. The two stage estimation procedure and Linear Approximation Almost Ideal Demand System addressing censoring were ...

Economic analysis of group marketing of Pineapple in selected markets of Osun State, Nigeria.

Marketing of pineapple is as essential as its production since an effective marketing system helps to harmonize demand and supply and stimulate production. The study therefore analyzed returns to group marketing of pineapple in selected market of Osun state. The data for the study were randomly collected from twenty marketing groups (with five members from each group) with structured questionnaires. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, marketing margin and regression technique...

Ecotourism in Cross River State, Nigeria

Ecotourism is a leading industry in the world today. Ecotourism offers economically viable ways of protecting ecosystems while also providing jobs and supporting community development. This tri-bottom line, of profit, people and the planet , meets the needs of the state government, local communities and critical forest ecosystems. This case study explores the potential of ecotourism for local economic development and ecological conservation in Cross River State (CRS), Nigeria. Cross River St...

Strategies For The Development Of Tourism And Theatre Industries In Nigeria: Rivers State

Abstract Tourism and Theatre practice are compatible business. They do not only attract and appeal to people but also contribute immensely to the national economy. Although the two industries can exist and function independently, a combination of their functions does appeal more meaningfully to most people. A well-developed tourism industry can house a theatre to enhance the beauty of tourism. In like manner, theatre productions are the springboards on which effective tourism can strive. The ...

PRODUCTION OF PLANT MIRROR USING LOCAL RAW MATERIAL

ABSTRACT This project “production of plane mirror using local raw material” is meant to study the possibility of producing plane mirror using sand rich in silica as its major local raw material. Plane mirror is produced by casting one side of a sheet glass.  Presently in Nigeria, sheet glass is not used easily produce and as such, the local raw material used in the in the production of plane mirror in this product backing paint.  The facilities for the production include spraying gun an...

Changes in growth, digestibility and gut anatomy by broilers fed diets containing ethanol- treated castor oil seed (Ricinus communis L.) meal.

ABSTRACT Eight weeks feeding trial was conducted to investigate the chemical composition, growth response, apparent nutrient digestibility, gut characteristics and morphology of broiler chickens fed four diets containing ethanol-treated castor oil seed meal (ECAM). Two hundred day-old Anak 2000 broiler chicks were then allotted to the four experimental diets containing ECAM at 0, 100, 150 and 200 g/kg, respectively. Each treatment was replicated five times with 10 birds per replicate. The fin...

Income Polarization Among Undergraduates of University of Ibadan

ABSTRACT In spite of increasing interest in income polarization among researchers in Nigeria, there is dearth literature on its existence among undergraduate students especially with the primary data. It is argued that a polarized income distribution among the students has the potential of breeding tension and social unrest, protest or demonstration if not checked. This study examined the existence of income polarization and inequality among undergraduate students of University of Ibadan. Un...

THE EFFECT OF MAXIGRAIN® ON PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS, NUTRIENT UTILIZATION AND EGG QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF LAYERS FED GLIRICIDIA SEPIUM (JACQ) Kunth ex Steud LEAF MEAL

ABSTRACT In a feeding trial which was conducted to study the nutritive value of air-dried Gliricidia leaf meal (GLM) supplemented with Maxigrain® enzyme using Sixty laying hens (Rhode Island Red strains). The birds were randomly allotted to five dietary treatments of 12 birds per treatment; each treatment was replicated into 4 groups with 3 birds per replicate. Five experimental diets were formulated; the test ingredient being Gliricidia sepium. Four of the diets were formulated with enzyme ...

Entrepreneurship and Economic Development in Nigeria

ABSTRACT This paper underscores the importance of entrepreneurship as a realistic mechanism for sustainable economic growth in Nigeria considering the experiences of developed nations like the United States and vibrant economies like China and India. The paper discusses that entrepreneurship has been instrumental in economic growth, balanced regional development and job creation in most dynamic economies, where technology is changing at a faster rate and the product lifetime cycle is shrinkin...

WATER POLLUTION: CAUSES, PREVENTION AND CONTROL

ABSTRACT Water is life.  Its importance in the socio-economic development of any nation could not be overemphasized.  The small proportion of water available inform of fresh water has been constantly polluted due to various activities of man thereby, leading to serious water related problems.  The study therefore, examines the importance and uses of water, sources of water contamination, water-related diseases, water pollution and causes of water pollution and effects, water treatment and ...

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTS OF FLOODING ON FOUR VARIETIES OF RICE (A CASE STUDY OF EZZA NORTH, ABAKALIKI, EBONYI STATE)

ABSTRACT Flooding has been described as one of the most important environmental factors determining the distribution of salt maize plants. We studied the impact of five water levels on the germination and establishment of the invasive cord grass SPARTINA DENSIFLORA. Plant house experiment was carried out to determine the effects of time and depth of flooding o the survival and growth of rice. Data showed that time and depth of flood had significant effects on the survival and growth of rice. ...


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