Agriculture

Agriculture Research Papers/Topics

Estimation Of Postharvest Losses And Analysis Of Insecticide Residues In Some Selected Vegetable Crops In The Greater Accra Region Of Ghana

ABSTRACT Small-scale farmers in the Greater Accra region of Ghana grow vegetable crops including tomato, cabbage, pepper, okra and garden eggs and apply many types of pesticides to control pests and diseases that attack these crops. This study was conducted in the Accra Metropolitan District, Adenta Municipal District, Ashaiman Municipal District, Dangme West District, Ga South Municipal District and Ga West Municipal District. The purpose of the study was to estimate the postharvest losses i...

EFFECTS OF INTEGRATED USE OF VETIVER GRASS STRIPS AND MULCH ON SOIL EROSION AND MAIZE GRAIN YIELD IN IKENNE, NIGERIA

Soil erosion is a major threat to sustainable agriculture in the humid tropics. Management practices adopted to control soil erosion and improve soil quality include mulching and the use of Vetiver Grass Strips (VGS). Integrating VGS with mulch could be more effective in controlling soil erosion than VGS or mulching alone. However, information on the effectiveness of combined utilisation of VGS and Vetiver Mulch (VM) in controlling soil erosion and improving crop yield is scanty. Therefo...

EFFECTS OF DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP IN HIGHER EDUCATION PROJECT ON WELFARE STATUS OF RURAL WOMEN PROCESSORS IN OYO AND OSUN STATES, NIGERIA

Women are responsible for the bulk of agricultural processing activities in rural areas. Dearth of effective processing facilities has limited their productivity, thus predisposing them to low welfare status. Development Partnership in Higher Education (DELPHE) intervention sought to enhance women processors‟ capacity, however, its effect on their welfare status is yet to be ascertained. Therefore, the effects of DELPHE project on welfare status of rural women processors in Oyo and Osu...

Egg Hatch Ofmeloidogyne Incognita Exposed To Three Root And Leaf Aqueous Extracts

ABSTRACT The root knot nematode species (Meloidogyne incognita) is a devastating pest in the tropical and sub-tropical regions, and is known to infect a wide variety of crops, leading to economic damage to these crops. The objective of this laboratory experiment was to investigate egg hatch of M. incognita exposed to aqueous root and leaf extracts of the African marigold (Tagetes erecta), Moringa (Moringa oleifera), and (Gboma) Solanum marcrocarpon plants at five (5) ..concentrations (0%, 10%...

CONFLICTS BETWEEN FORESTRY AND AGRICULTURAL LAND – USES IN OGUN STATE

Clash of interests between custodians of government Forest Reserves (FRs) in Ogun State and farmers operating within them, often results in conflicts causing disruption of socio-economic activities and sometimes loss of lives. Information on the causes and effects of these clashes would better inform policy makers and forestry professionals on workable and sustainable land-use practice. Therefore, factors responsible for such conflicts and their effects were investigated. Seven hundred a...

CONTENT ANALYSIS OF NEWSPAPER COVERAGE AND FARMERS’ READERSHIP OF AGRICULTURAL NEWS IN NIGERIA

Inadequate access to agricultural information contributes largely to low productivity among farmers in Nigeria. The print media has been especially implicated on its low coverage and provision of agricultural information, thus limiting readership among farmers. To validate this observation, the extent of coverage of agricultural news in print media and farmer’s readership were therefore assessed. Content analyses of Nigerian Tribune, New Nigerian, This Day, The Punch and The Comet new...

UTILISATION OF Moringa oleifera LAM. SEED AS PROTEIN SOURCE IN THE DIETS OF BROILER CHICKENS

Conventional vegetable protein ingredients in poultry feed are costly and relatively scarce. Moringa oleifera Seed Meal (MSM) is an oil seed rich in protein, which can be exploited as an alternative vegetable protein source. However, the potential of MSM as a protein source for broiler production has not been adequately documented. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the utilisation of MSM as a protein source in the diets of broiler chickens. Moringa seeds were harvested a...

KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION OF STAKEHOLDERS ON ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN AND AROUND OLD OYO NATIONAL PARK, NIGERIA

Tourism is one of the main foci for economic revitalisation globally and especially, in developing countries (Awodele and Ayeni, 2011). In Africa, tourism has been seen as a means of growth and development (Kester, 2003) as well as launching the image of the continent to the outside world (Eja et al., 2012). Within the world tourism industry, ecotourism is the fastest growing sector (Weaver, 2005). It may be viewed as an intervention in the tourism industry (Manu and Kuuder, 2012). Ecoto...

Evaluation Of The Performance Of The Table Egg Marketing System In Ghana

ABSTRACT The study evaluated the performance of the table egg marketing system in Ghana by analysing the market, structure, price integration processes and the impediments to table egg. marketing efficiency. The methods of analysis employed included descriptive analysis, marketing margin analysis and econometric (regression) analysis. The market structure analysis, using the commodity sub-systems approach, showed that marketing channels for the table egg are moderately organised with the prod...

RESPONSE OF SOYABEAN (Glycine max (L.) Merill) TO INTEGRATED WEED MANAGEMENT IN A FOREST-SAVANNA TRANSITION ECOSYSTEM IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA

Weed infestation of soyabean field causes 65% yield reduction in the forestsavanna transition ecosystem of Nigeria. Single weed control method is often less effective. However, Integrated Weed Management (IWM), will ensure more effective and environment friendly control. There is little information on IWM application on soyabean field. This study was therefore aimed at investigating response of soyabean to IWM. Field study was carried out in the 2008 and 2009 planting seasons to asses t...

Acceptance of new ideas by mothers regarding infant feeding practices and its impact on infant feeding behaviour of mothers in some selected polyclinics in the accra metropolis

ABSTRACTFor proper human development to occur, people should have access to information. If people utilise the information received and improve on what they are doing, then proper human development would be achieved. The Extension Unit of Ministry of Health (i.e. Public Health Unit) is charged with making information regarding infant feeding practices available to mothers with the aim that if mothers use the knowledge embodied in the information, they would feed their infants well, thereby re...

EVALUATION OF SWEET POTATO (IPOMEA BATATAS, L.) CULTIVARS AND ADVANCED BREEDING LINES FOR RESISTANCE TO TWO ROOT-KNOT .NEMATODE SPECIES (M. INCOGNITA & M. JAVANICA)

ABSTRACT by Conrad K. Bonsi Several sweet potato cultivars and advanced breeding lines were screened in both the greenhouse and a heavily nematode infested field for resistance to root-knot nematode species (Meloidogyne incognita and Meloidogvne javanica). Two greenhouse methods, "The Bed Method" and "The Improved Method" were used for indoor investigations. A heavily nematode infested field was used for outdoor investigations. The infestation in the field had been built up over a period of ...

Nutritional Evaluation OF Three Browse Species Commonly Fed TO Small Ruminants by Farmers IN The Accra Plains OF Ghana

Abstract Quantitative survey was carried out in five purposely selected districts in the Accra Plains of Ghana using focused group discussions and individual interviews to evaluate and document the existing farming practices, opportunities and constraints among smallholder farmers with particular interest on the probable animal feed resources and cyclical gaps with respect to sheep and goat production in study 1. Also the effect of supplementary feed packages based on Samanea saman, Acacia au...

The Effect of Crops/Crop Combinations on Some Indices of Yield and Some Soil Nutrient Dynamics

ABSTRACTCrop production in peasant cropping systems in the semi-arid areas of West Africa is generally constrained by low and uncertain rainfall, poor soil fertility and lack of credit facilities to purchase inputs such as fertilizers and improved varieties. In this study, two field experiments (September to November 1996 and March to June 1997) were conducted on an Ultisol (Bekwai series) at Kwadaso, Kumasi in the semi-deciduous forest zone of Ghana. An assessment was made of production pote...

Genetic Studies And QTL Mapping OF Drought Related Traits in A Sweetpotato (Ipomea batatas(L.) BI-parental Mapping Population

ABSTRACT  The study was carried out to understand the genetic basis for yield under drought environments, and to map quantitative trait loci associated with yield and yield related components under drought stress in sweetpotato. The sweetpotato BxT mapping population, generated from a cross between sweetpotato varieties Beauregard and Tanzania was used for this study. Genotypes were evaluated in irrigated and drought environments to evaluate the effect of drought on yield and yield related p...


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