Agriculture

Agriculture Research Papers/Topics

PEDOGENIC CHANGES AND PHOSPHORUS AVAILABILITY IN SOME SOILS OF NORTHERN GHANA

ABSTRACT Pedogenic changes and P saturations in five ferruginous soils (Lixisols or Alfisols) and their associated nodules on two different landscape positions in northern Ghana were investigated. Tingoli, Tolon and Kumayili series are well drained upland soils which occur on one landscape (toposequence 1). Kpelesawgu series which is imperfectly drained and Changnalili series which is poorly drained occur on a relatively lower landscape (toposequence 2). Chemical, physical and mineralogi...

PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT AND EXTENSION INFORMATION SUPPORT FOR SMALL- SCALE FARMERS IN THE GA EAST AND GA WEST DISTRICTS OF THE GREATER ACCRA REGION OF GHANA

ABSTRACT The study which was carried out in the Ga East and Ga West districts of the Greater Accra Region of Ghana, examined the competencies of small-scale farmers in the sound management of pesticides. A descriptive correlational survey was used to determine the small-scale farmers’ perceived awareness levels of alternative pest control methods, perceived environmental, health and safety awareness levels and perceived usefulness of major sources of pesticide management information availab...

EXTENSION WORKER ATTITUDE TOWARD INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR EXTENSION WORK

ABSTRACT Although Information Communication Technology (ICT) integration in agriculture is changing the tempo of the sector globally, Ghana‘s agricultural sector has lagged behind in harnessing this potential. A survey was conducted to seek the views of agricultural extension agents (AEAs) in the Ga East and Tema municipal districts of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture to ascertain the potential of ICT use in extension work. Data was collected using structured interviews and questionnair...

Survey of Biodegrading Agents in Logs and Planks in Selected Sawmills and Timber Markets in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria

Abstract Biological deterioration of wood is one of the major challenges on wood utilization especially in tropical countries like Nigeria. This is because of the favourable weather condition for the bin-deteriorating agents to thrive. This study is therefore carried out to investigate the biodegrading agents of logs in sawmills and planks in plank markets in Ibadan, Nigeria. Data for the study were collected using checklist, and laboratory examination of collected samples from decayed logs ...

THE POTASSIUM STATUS OF SOILS AND ITS ABSORPTION BY CASSAVA IN SELECTED FARMS IN THE CENTRAL REGION

ABSTRACT Potassium (K) plays an outstanding role in plants and animals. Cassava, a widely grown staple in Ghana is noted for extracting large amounts of K from the soil. Cassava’s ability to absorb K from the soil is worth studying as it is vital for sustainable production and biofortification. The study was conducted to assess cassava’s ability to absorb K under fertilized and unfertilized systems. Two cassava genotypes, Cape Vars and Botan were grown under different fertilizer treatment...

ADOPTION OF ANIMAL TRACTION TECHNOLOGY IN THE BUILSA DISTRICT OF UPPER EAST REGION OF GHANA

ABSTRACT The Builsa district is a peasant farming community. It had a problem of recurrent food shortage. The use of animal traction was one of the suggested solutions to this problem, hence its introduction in 1937. Reports suggested its low adoption. The study was to verify the veracity and the causes of the low adoption. A conceptual framework was developed. The concepts include: the farmers' sieve system, characteristics of animal traction technology and environmental influences. Ado...

CASSAVA FARMERS’ PERCEIVED IMPACT OF THE WEST AFRICA AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY PROGRAMME ON THEIR LIVELIHOOD SYSTEMS IN BRONG-AHAFO REGION, GHANA

ABSTRACT Low productivity is one of the constraints identified by stakeholders as affecting the production of cassava in Ghana. The West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP) aimed at supporting farmers to increase productivity, providing inputs and extension services to a group of farmers during the first phase of the programme. The study assessed the perceived impact of the WAAPP on the livelihood systems of the beneficiary cassava farmers in the Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana. De...

ESTABLISHING LONG-TERM BIOLOGICAL MONITORING PROTOCOLS: COMPARING THREE ARTHROPOD SAMPLING TECHNIQUES IN THE AMURUM FOREST RESERVE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Amurum Forest Reserve (AFR), the area around the AP Leventis Ornithological Research Institute is not currently systematically monitored in terms of arthropods, which is fundamental to the bird species of the reserve that has been extensively monitored. Research opportunities to relate the bird data to this biotic factor (food resource) are being lost, particularly as Amurum has been protected for over 14 years and is undergoing regeneration in terms of gallery forest and savanna. Th...

COMPOST AND NITROGEN FERTILIZER ON MAIZE (Zea mays L) GROWTH AND YIELD AND RESIDUAL EFFECTS ON COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) IN A ROTATION.

ABSTRACT A field experiment was conducted at the University of Ghana research farm to evaluate the influence of compost and Nitrogen fertilizer on soil improvement, growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L) and residual effects on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) in a rotation. The study area is within the coastal savannah ecological zone of Ghana. Two separate experiments were conducted from July to November, 2016 and from December, 2016 to February, 2017. The experimental set up used was a ...

THE STRUCTURE AND EFFICIENCY IN RESOURCE USE IN MAIZE PRODUCTION IN THE ASAMNKESE DISTRICT OF GHANA

ABSTRACT The study sets out to find out on one hand, the present structure of resources in agricultural production and secondly, to delve deeper into the controversy surrounding the comparative efficiency in resource use by sharecroppers and owner farmers in agricultural production. The approaches used to assess the structure of the resources are frequency distributions, descriptive analyses and estimation of cost composition of individual resources. In assessing the comparative effic...

CONSUMER PREFERENCES, CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF MEAT OF FOUR GUINEA FOWL GENOTYPES IN THE TRANSITIONAL ZONE OF ASHANTI REGION, GHANA

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate consumer preferences for different Guinea fowl genotypes, the effects of genotypes on carcass characteristics and biochemical composition of meat. The study also aimed at investigating the effects of genotype on sensory attributes of meat. This study was divided into 3 phases. In phase one, sales of Guinea fowls and administration of questionnaires to consumers, retailers, producers and processors were made in one Municipal (Asante Mampo...

INTERACTION OF Meloidogyne incognita AND Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum Snyder and Hansen ON GROWTH, YIELD AND WILT SEVERITY ON TWO OKRA (Abelmoschus esculentus) VARIETIES

ABSTRACT  The interaction of the fungus, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum and the nematode, Meloidogyne incognita on wilt disease on „Essoumtem‟ and Clemson spineless was examined in pot and field experiments from September, 2016 to June, 2017 in the University of Ghana farms. The fungus used for inoculation of four weeks old „Essoumtem‟ and Clemson spineless seedlings for pot experiment and one week old „Essoumtem‟ and Clemson spineless seedlings for field experiment w...

GENDER AND COTTON PRODUCTIVITY IN THE NORTHERN REGION

ABSTRACT This study examined gender differences in land productivity in cotton production in the Northern Region of Ghana. Data were collected from a sample of two hundred (200) cotton farmers made up of 120 males and 80 females with the help of Cotton Production Assistants. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression analysis. The Z test was used to test for the significance in the difference between the mean land productivities of male and female cotton farmers....

SCREENING OF LOCAL CASSAVA GERMPLASM FOR DOMESTIC AND INDUSTRIAL PURPOSES

ABSTRACT Two experiments were conducted at the University of Ghana Farm, Leaon and Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (Bunso). The first o . , experiment was carried out at Legon from March, 2002 to October, 2003 to evaluate Ilcassava accessions. The criteria used for the evaluation were (a) tolerance to whitefly infestation and African Cassava Mosaic Virus (ACMV) disease infection (b) root tuber yield and starch yield characteristics. Based on the performance of accessions in Experim...

ASSESSMENT OF THE ECOLOGICAL AND HUMAN HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF HEAVY METALS AND MICROBIAL LOAD CONTENT OF THE ANKOBRA RIVER, GHANA

ABSTRACT This study focused on heavy metals and microbial pollution assessment of the Ankobra River in Ghana and evaluated their resultant toxic effects on humans and the aquatic environment referring to water and fish species (Clarias gariepinus, Sarotherodon melanotheron and Pseudotolithus brachygnathus). Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry was used for the assessment of Cd, Pb, Ni, Zn, Mn, As, Hg, Co and Cr; while the Pour Plate Count Method was deployed for the study of the microbes E.col...


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