Agriculture

Agriculture Research Papers/Topics

ESTIMATION OF QUANTITATIVE LOSSES OF RICE (ORYZAE SATIVA L.) DURING HARVESTING, THRESHING AND CLEANING IN THE UPPER EAST REGION: A CASE STUDY AT TONO IRRIGATION PROJECT

ABSTRACT Loss assessment helps to identify constraints affecting the production and therefore the productivity of food crops. Information on loss assessment will thus assist in possible interventions needed to improve productivity. Quantitative losses associated with the production of rice (var. Jasmine 85) in the Kassena Nankana West District of the Upper East Region, one of the major rice producing areas in Ghana has not been adequately documented. A semi structured questionnaire was used t...

COMMERCIAL FEED AVAILABILITY AS A FACTOR IN POULTRY (CHICKEN) PRODUCTION IN SEKYERE WEST DISTRICT, ASHANTI REGION, GHANA

ABSTRACT Commercial feed availability is essential in areas where poultry (chicken) farmers practice intensive production. A study was thus undertaken in the Sekyere West District (SWD) of Ashanti Region to determine the availability of commercial feed as a factor in chicken production. The study also assessed patronage of Agricare feed in Mampong, SWD, covering a period of 3 years (2004-2006). A census survey, involving 62 active chicken farmers and the feed supply agent in the district, was...

ASPECTS OF THE BIOLOGY AND LENGTH-BASED ASSESSMENT OF THE CHUB MACKEREL SCOMBER COLIAS (SCOMBRIDAE) STOCK OFF THE COAST OF GHANA

ABSTRACT The biology and population dynamics of the chub mackerel Scomber colias (Gmelin 1789), one of four small pelagic fish of high economic and nutritional value in Ghana waters, were studied from February 2016 to July 2017 to obtain information for management of its fishery. Total length of the fish in the artisanal landings ranged between 13.7 cm and 40.7 cm with two modal length classes. The von Bertalanffy growth parameters estimated using the ELEFAN method were L∞ = 42.5 cm TL and ...

PERCEIVED COMPETENCY LEVELS AND TRAINING NEEDS OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AGENTS IN COMMUNICATION METHODS AND TEACHING AIDS IN THE GREATER ACCRA REGION OF GHANA

ABSTRACT The need to improve upon the performance of the extension worker and hence agriculturalproductivity is evidenced b y the number 0 fn ational agricultural extension programmes held tried since Ghana gained independence in 1957, One of the drawbacks of these programmes is that the long-term desired outcome of improving agricultural productivity has never been met Recent studies have identified incompetence of staff as a major cause of the poor performance of organizations, This study w...

EFFECT OF EDIBLE COATINGS ON THE POSTHARVEST QUALITY OF EGGPLANT (Solanum aethiopicum L.) FRUITS DURING LOW TEMPERATURE STORAGE

ABSTRACT Eggplant is an important fruit with numerous health benefits, but it has a relatively short postharvest life. Edible coating in combination with low temperature storage can improve quality and extend shelf life but they are normally imported and are costly. This work, therefore, sought to study the effect of edible coatings prepared from inexpensive, locally available materials on the quality of eggplant fruits during storage. Fruits were coated with beeswax, Aloe vera or cassava sta...

GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF LOCAL SORGHUM (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) VARIETIES FOR DROUGHT TOLERANCE

ABSTRACT Drought is the major abiotic factor limiting crop production worldwide. Sorghum is one of the most drought tolerant grain crops that have the ability of addressing food insecurity in semi-arid areas. However, it is exposed recurrently to severe forms of drought and therefore, requires improvement to cope with moisture stress. The present investigation was undertaken to improve local sorghum varieties for drought tolerance in Burkina Faso. A participatory Rural Appraisal was cond...

Assessment of regeneration potential of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. under established ecosystems in Cameroon

Hibiscus sabdariffa is a non-timber-forest-plant (NTFP) that has the potential of producing fibers good in paper-making. Germination and growth potentials of H. sabdariffa under farmland, fallowland, plantation and forest ecosystems were studied. Seeds of H. sabdariffa were sown to assess germination percentage, germination rate, germination time and velocity coefficient on established plots of each ecosystem. Seedlings were randomly selected to measure growth and yield parameters of hei...

THE IMPACT OF NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT OPTIONS ON SOIL ORGANIC CARBON POOLS AND MAIZE YIELD IN NORTHERN GHANA

ABSTRACT Exponential growth in human population has led to the exploitation of natural resources e.g. organic matter reserves for crop production. Various interventions such as manuring, fertilization, green manuring etc. have been proposed to enhance continuous crop production. However, the sustainability of these methods are unknown. Soil productivity depends largely on organic carbon stocks (SOC). The labile organic matter fraction or pool is associated with nutrient dynamics and responds ...

THE INFLUENCE OF RICE HUSK BIOCHAR AND NITROGEN SOURCES ON THE GROWTH OF LOWLAND RICE ON AN EUTRIC GLEYSOL FROM WALEWALE

ABSTRACT  Soil nutrient depletion in lowland rice growing ecologies in Northern Ghana is one of the major causes of low rice yields. Most nutrients applied to enhance the fertility of soil are lost through leaching due to the low CEC of the soils caused mainly by low organic matter and low colloidal clay content of the soils. The application of biochar has been found to improve soil fertility through its enhanced nutrient retention leading to increased nutrient uptake and consequently in...

STEM DISTRIBUTIONS AND HEIGHT-DIAMETER ALLOMETRIES FOR TWO SPECIES OF Irvingiaceae (exell and mendonça) IN A TROPICAL MOIST FOREST OF SOUTHERN NIGERIA

The study investigated stem distributions and height-diameter relationships of two Irvingiaceae species in Oban Forest, Cross River State, Nigeria with a view to suggesting appropriate management strategies for their conservation in the area. Using systematic sampling technique, six 2km-transect was cut in each of the primary and secondary forests in the area. Four 50m×50m plots were laid alternately along each transect. Thus, twenty-four plots were used in each of the two forest types, maki...

ASSESSMENT OF AGROPORESTR~ PRACTICES AS A LAND USE OPTION IN AFISBO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OYO STATE, NIGERIA

The paper examines the adoption of agoforestry practices as a land use option in Atisbo Local Government Area of Oyo State. Data were generated from primary and secondary sources. The primary data were obtained from structured questionnaire and direct interview of farmers in the   area, using purposive simple random sampling technique. Fifteen farmers were randomly sampled from each of the ten cells of Atisbo Farmers Association of Nigeria with 440 members. Data generated were analyzed...

Stakeholder Conflicts and Sustainable Forest Management in the the Assin North and South Districts

ABSTRACTThe Assin Northand Southdistrictsare wellendowedwithforests and wildliferesources. However,conflicts among the numerous stakeholders over theseresourcesareleadingto the unsustainablemanagementofthese resources. It hasbeenestablishedthat several factors accountfor the unsustainable managementofthe forests and wildliferesources. Thoughseveral approaches have been applied by the resource managersto promote sustainable resourcemanagement,the conflictamongthe numerous.stakeholdersover...

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SOME PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF COBB AND ROSS BROILER STRAINS FED RATIONS WITH VARYING LEVELS OF PALM KERNEL OIL RESIDUE (PKOR)

Abstract A  comparative  study  was  conducted  on  some  performance characteristics with 225 each of Cobb 500 and Ross 308 broiler chickens fed three rations in which PKOR replaced wheat bran at 0% (control), 10% and 20% levels. There were 6 treatments (of 75 birds each) and 3 replicates (of 25 birds  each),  in  a  completely  randomized  designed 2x3  factorial  experiment. The trial used 3-week old broiler chicks over a 5 week period. The effects of genotype,  ratio...

EFFECT OF EGG SIZE AND DAY LENGTH ON REPRODUCTIVE AND GROWTH PERFORMANCE, EGG CHARACTERISTICS AND BLOOD PROFILE OF THE GUINEA FOWL (Numida meleagris)

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to investigate the influence of egg size and day length on reproductive and growth performance, egg characteristics and blood profile of indigenous guinea fowls in Ghana. The study was carried out for a period of ten (10) months. Two hundred and forty day-old keets hatched from three different egg size groups (treatments): small (23-39g); medium (40-42g) and large (43-49g) were used in the experiment. The birds were subjected to artificial light between 6 to...

STOCK ASSESSMENT AND ASPECTS OF REPRODUCTION OF TRICHIURUS LEPTURUS AND LUTJANUS FULGENS IN GHANAIAN WATERS

ABSTRACT  The  ribbonfish, Trichiurus  lepturus and  golden  African  snapper,  Lutjanus fulgens are  actively  and  locally  exploited  by  commercial  fishers  along  the coast  of  Ghana.  To bridge the  knowledge  gap  on  these  species,  size composition,  growth  and  mortality  as  well  as  aspects  of  reproduction  were assessed. Samples were collected from major fish landing sites along the coast of Ghana from September 2018 to August 2019. ...


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