Agriculture

Agriculture Research Papers/Topics

EFFECTS OF NPSB RATE ON SELECTED SOIL CHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND BREAD WHEAT (Triticum aestivum L.) YIELD AT BOYENA TUPA IN CHENCHA DISTRICT, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Wheat is one of the most important cereal crops produced in Ethiopia. However, its production is low mainly due to low soil fertility and poor soil fertility management practices. Field experiment was conducted during 2019 cropping season in Chencha district, Southern Ethiopia to determine the effect of NPSB rates on wheat yield and yield parameters and assessing the effect of the aforementioned fertilizer on selected soil properties. Treatments used for the field experiment were; ...

SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ PERCEPTION TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE AND ADOPTION OF CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURE PRACTICES: THE CASE OF MASABA SOUTH SUB-COUNTY, KISII, KENYA

Abstract: Climate variability and change is one of the global challenges facing human beings and their socio-economic activities. The negative impacts are being felt in many parts of Kenya especially in decadence of the agricultural productivity resulting into decreased national and household food security. To adapt to the changing climate, farmers’ need a paradigm shift in their farming practices and adopt practices that sustainably increase agricultural productivity and enhance their res...

SOIL FERTILITY AND MICRONUTRIENT STATUS IN TISSUES OF MAJOR CROPS IN DARO LABU DISTRICT, WESTERN HARARGHE ZONE, EASTERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Depletion of soil fertility due to soil erosion and nutrient mining farming system leads to decline in soil productivity and subsequently crop yields. This study was initiated to assess soil fertility status and to determine micronutrient concentration in the tissues of maize and sorghum grown at Daro Labu district, Eastern Ethiopia. Twelve maize and twelve sorghum growing fields from four peasant associations (PA) were selected purposively. Field survey was conducted to collect ge...

SPATIOTEMPORAL DYNAMICS OF WOODY SPECIES DIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES OF SHEKA FOREST, SOUTHWEST ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Although forest biosphere reserve interventions are crucial for sustaining forest ecological functions and services, there is a dearth of information on whether the biosphere reserves in the southwest of Ethiopia contribute to the offset of the three intermingled contemporary challenges, including biodiversity loss, climate change, and livelihood sustainability. This dissertation therefore aimed to quantify (i) land use/land cover (LULC) dynamics and its driver in Sheka Forest Bios...

EFFECTS OF VERMICOMPOST AND SELECTED CROPPING SYSTEM ON SELECTED SOIL PROPERTIES, YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS OF MAIZE (Zea mays L.) AND SOYBEAN (Glycine max L.) AT RARE IN HARAMAYA UNIVERS

Abstract: In Ethiopia, including Haramaya district, low soil fertility remains a pressing concern, leading to reduced crop productivity due to nutrient depletion and inadequate use of agricultural inputs. Against this backdrop, a field experiment was conducted at Rare at Haramaya University to assess the effects of different rates of vermicompost application and cropping system on selected soil properties, yield, and yield components of maize (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max L.) during...

FLORISTIC COMPOSITION, STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND REGENERATION STATUS OF WOODY PLANT SPECIES IN DABAL FOREST, EAST HARARGHE ZONE, OROMIA, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The study was conducted in Dabal forest to investigate the floristic composition, population structure and regeneration status of woody plant species (WS) in the forest. 52 nested quadrats of the size 20m × 20m, 10m x 10m and 5m × 5m for tree/shrub, sapling and seedling respectively, were laid systematically along seven line transects. For each quadrat, variables such as altitude, longitude and latitudes were recorded by using Garmin 62 GPS. A meter marked stick was used to measu...

EFFECTS OF VERMICOMPOST AND NITROGEN FERTILIZER ON SELECTED SOIL PROPERTIES,YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS OF BREAD WHEAT (Triticum asetivum L.) IN TIYO DISTRICT, ARSI ZONE, SOUTHEASTERN ETHIO

Abstract: Soil fertility depletion is one of the major impediments to sustained agricultural productivity in Ethiopia. Soil fertility maintenance requires a balanced application of inorganic and organic nutrient sources. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of vermicompost (VC), nitrogen fertilizer and their interaction in improving soil fertility and increasing wheat productivity at Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, southeastern Ethiopia during the main cropping se...

ASSESSMENT OF SELECTED PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SOILS UNDER DIFFERENT LAND USES AND SLOPE POSITIONS AT GOLA WACHU SUB-WATERSHED, EAST HARARGHE ZONE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Understanding the effects of land use types and slope positions on soil physicochemical properties is an essential for sustainable soil management. Therefore, this study was initiated to assess selected physicochemical properties of the soils under different land uses and slope positions at Gola Wachu sub-watershed, east Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia. The study area was divided in to three topographic unit based on slope positions (upper, middle and lower) and selected soil physicochemic...

ASSESSMENT OF SOIL FERTILITY STATUS UNDER DIFFERENT LAND UNITS IN GIRISA SUBWATERSHED, IN DUGDA DISTRICT, EAST SHOA ZONE OF OROMIA REGION, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The decline in soil productivity and crop production are major challenge to ensure agricultural sustainability and food security in East Africa sub-Saharan country like Ethiopia particularly in the study area at Girisa SubWatershed of Dugda District. In order to alleviate this integrated soil fertility management has crucial role. However, there is no or very limited information and documented data on assessment of soil fertility status in Girisa SubWatershed, in Dugda District. Th...

EFFECTS OF DRINKING LAKE BASAKA SALINE WATER ON BEHAVIOURAL, PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BLOOD CONSTITUENTS OF SHEEP AND GOATS: PERCEPTIONS VERSUS EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE

Abstract: Limited fresh water resources due to climatic changes are major challenges to face the animal production industry, especially in semi-arid and arid regions. The survey study was conducted to assess the perception regarding the quality of Lake Basaka water for sheep and goats in relation to their physiological and blood response in Fentalle pastoralists and on-station experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of drinking salinity levels of Lake Basaka water on behavioural and...

DAIRY HUSBANDRY PRACTICES AND MICROBIAL QUALITY OF RAW AND PASTEURIZED COW MILK IN WOLAITA SODO, TOWN, SNNPR, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate dairy husbandry practices and microbial quality of raw and pasteurized cow milk samples in Wolaita Sodo town. A total of 156 milk producers which had at least one lactating cow were randomly selected from three kebeles were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. From a subset of the surveyed respondents, a total of 70 (200/ml) milk samples and 30 packed pasteurized milk samples ( 500/ml plastic bags) pasteurized milk samples were col...

ALLOMETRIC EQUATION FOR ESTIMATING HIGHLAND BAMBOO (Oldeania alpina (K. SCHUM.) STAPLETON) CARBON POOLS ALONG ALTITUDINAL GRADIENTS: THE CASE OF GARAMBA FOREST, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Due to a lack of species-site-specific models, information about the carbon (C) stock potential of highland bamboo in various carbon pools is limited. Thus, the objective of this study was to develop an allometric equation for estimating highland bamboo C pools along altitudinal gradients in Garamba forest, southern Ethiopia. Using a systematic design approach, 34 plots were chosen and placed along a transect in the altitude range. Then, bamboo culm diameter at breast height (DBH),...

PERFORMANCE OF DUAL-PURPOSE CHICKENS EXPOSED TO TEMPERATURE VARIATION AND CORIANDER SEED POWDER (Coriandrum sativum) SUPPLEMENTATION

Abstract: Two consecutive experiments were conducted with the objective of evaluating the performance of Koekoek and Sasso T44, exposed to temperature variation with coriander seed supplementation. The first experiment was conducted with the use of growers at an age of 9-20 weeks and the second experiment was continued from week 21 to 40 (layers phase). In both experiments, groups of Sasso T44 and Koekoek breeds of growers and layers were exposed to two different room temperature (heated and...

CLIMATE SMART CROP PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OPTIONS FOR ADAPTATION TO AND MITIGATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN GREAT RIFT VALLEY REGION OF ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Climate variability and change have serious direct and indirect consequences for crop production and nitrous oxide (N2O) emission in rainfed agriculture-based developing countries in general and in semi-arid environments like the Great Rift Valley (GRV) of Ethiopian particular. Agriculture is a sector that is vulnerable to the effects of climate change while it is contributing both as a sink and source to anthropogenic N2Oemission. Therefore, applying Climate Smart Crop Production ...

Performance and Carcass Quality of Broier Placed on Pro-Vitamin A Cassava and Sweet Cassava-Based Diets

ABSTRACT--- This experiment was carried out to determine the performance and carcass quality of broilers placed on pro-vitamin A cassava and sweet cassava-based diets using maize-based diet as control. The results show that daily weight gain of birds placed on maize-based diet (19.67g) was statistically higher (p0.05) among themselves. The average daily feed intake of the maize- based diets (54.07g/day) was significantly higher (p0.05) between each other. The feed conversion ratio of 2.75...


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