Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Moving Toward Sustainable Aquaculture for Rural Sustainability and Development in Kenya. A Case of Vihiga County

Kenya has a tremendous great potential for growth in the aquaculture sector. To attain the sustainable development goal of zero hunger, the government is needed to encourage fish culture among the rural communities. The study's objective is to investigate the elements that affect the sustainable development of fresh water Aquaculture in Kenya a Vihiga County case. The purpose of the research is to determine how production characteristics and extension affect the long-term sustainability of fr...

The Status, Diversity and some Aspects of Breeding Behaviour of Avian Species in Khartoum State with Emphasis on the Laughing Dove Streptopelia Senegalensis (2013-2014)

ABSTRACT  The Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis) is the most widespread species of Columbidae in Africa. There is no research done on this species in Sudan. Therefore, the present study aims to describe the breeding habits of the Laughing Dove in order to provide field data on breeding and breeding sites locations.Field observations were conducted on the breeding habits of the Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis) at Khartoum State, Sudan, from 2013 to 2014. Observations were made...

Smallholder Farmers’ Adoption Decision-making Regarding Soil Erosion Control on Food Security in South Africa

ABSTRACT Background: The objective of this paper was to evaluate how smallholder farmers’ adoption decision-making regarding the control of soil erosion influence food security in South Africa, using the case of farming at Upper and Lower Areas of Didimana, South Africa. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 60 randomly selected farmers. Farmers’ total income was used as a proxy for food security. Data were analysed using the multiple linear regression analysis, because the...

Genetic Diversity of Five Populations of the Nigerian Local Breeds of Goat Using Random Amplified Polymorphic Dna (Rapd) Markers

ABSTRACTS Genetic diversity and genetic distance of five populations of the Nigerian breeds of goat were investigated using random amplified polymorphic DNA markers. Five breeds of goat were used for the study and each breed constituted a population, hence, the five populations considered in the study. The populations were: Sokoto Red (SR), Sahel (SH), Kano Brown (KB), Bornu White (BW) and West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. The experiment was conducted within four geographical zones of Nigeria: ...

Utilization of Wild Tomato Relative for the Development of Improved Tomato Lines for High Humidity Environment.

ABSTRACT An effort to obtain a tomato cultivar that would adapt to high temperature and high humidity condition in the southern part of Nigeria in order to increase tomato yield in this part of the country has been in progress for the past nine years (2000-2008).The research was carried out at the Faculty of Agriculture Research Farm, University of Nigeria, Nsukka located in the derived savanna zone latitude 0.6o 52, N, longitude 07o 24, E, 447.26 m altitude. Three cultivated tomato varieties...

Effects of Pelleted and Unpelleted Composted Organic Materials on the Growth and Yield of Three Varieties of Cucumber (Cucumis Sativus L.)

ABSTRACT The main objective of this study is to determine the effects of the pelleted and unpelleted composted organic materials on the growth and yield of three varieties of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). The specific objectives were to: determine the physical and chemical properties of pelleted and unpelleted composted organic materials, determine the effects of pelleted and unpelleted composted organic materials on the growth and yield of three varieties of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) an...

In Vitro Regeneration of Treculia Africana Decne. from Embryo Explants On the Media of Murashige and Skoog (Ms) and Gamborg Et Al. (B5)

ABSTRACT The effect of three different concentrations of sucrose namely 2, 3 and 4% were investigated on the in vitro regeneration of embryo explants of Treculia africana Decne. on the media of Murashige and Skoog (MS) (1962) and Gamborg et al. (B5) (1968) respectively without any growth regulator. The experimental design was a 2 x 5 factorial in a completely randomized design with each treatment consisting of ten replicates. Results showed that while both media including control supported th...

Performance and Haematological Parameters On Grower Rabbits Fed Newsprint Waste As Partial Replacement For Maize

ABSTRACTAn experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of utilizing newsprint waste (NPW) as replacement for maize on performance and haematological parameters of grower rabbits. Sixteen grower rabbits between 10-12 weeks old were randomly assigned on weight equalization to the treatments during 8-weeks trial. Preliminary investigation was carried out to establish the effect of processing on the chemical composition of newsprint waste. Four diets were formulated using newsprint waste to p...

Physiological Response of Broiler Birds to Oral Supplementation with Aloe Vera and Neem Leave Extracts

ABSTRACT Two hundred and forty 14-day old broiler birds were used in a study conducted to investigate the physiological response of boiler birds to oral supplementation with aloe vera gel and neem leaf extracts. In experiment one, one hundred and twenty 14- day old broilers were used to assess the physiological response of the broiler birds to oral supplementation with alovera gel extract, while in experiment two, one hundred and twenty 14- day old broilers were used to assess the physiologic...

The Effects of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies on Food Crop Production Efficiency in Southwestern Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study examined the effects of climate change adaptation strategies on food crop production efficiency in Southwestern Nigeria. The study used multistage sampling technique and primary data were collected from 360 food crop farmers (i.e. 180 respondents were randomly selected from each selected state from the savanna and the rainforest agroecological zones that dominates the region). The analytical techniques involved descriptive and inferential statistics. Results of the multino...

Impact of the National Fadama Development Project Phase (Ii) On Poverty Reduction and Food Security Among Rice Farmer Beneficiaries in Kogi State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study was conducted to examine the impact of the National Fadama Development Project (II) (NFDP-II) on poverty reduction and food security among rice-farmer beneficiaries in Kogi State Nigeria. Four LGAs that participated in the Fadama (II) project and cultivated rice were selected through a multi stage sampling, two Fadama Community Associations (FCAs) were also randomly selected from the each of the four selected LGAs and two facilitators were selected from each of the LGAs sel...

Performance, Egg Quality Characteristics and Serum Biochemistry of Laying Birds Fed Diet Containing Neem Leaf Meal

ABSTRACT A study was conducted with 300 “Bachelor” Brown laying birds to determine the performance, egg quality characteristics and serum biochemistry of laying birds fed diets containing neem leaf meal. The birds were randomly selected at nineteenth week of age into five treatment groups with three replicates per treatment with each replicate containing twenty birds. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized design (CRD). Five isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets designated a...

Credit Access and the Performance of Small Scale Agrobased Enterprises in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study was designed to analyze credit access and performance of small scale agrobased enterprises in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in selecting 264 and 96 agro-based enterprises that accessed informal and formal credit respectively, through the use of structured questionnaire and oral interview. A total of 360 respondents were selected and used for the study. Socio-economic characteristics of the enterprises were described using de...

Effects of Remittances on the Livelihood of Farm Households in Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study examined the effects of remittances on the livelihood of farm households in Enugu State Nigeria. Multistage random sampling technique was used to select 120 remittance recipient households used for the study. Data were collected by the use of structured questionnaire. Both descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used in data analysis. The study showed that, households whose heads are within, 51 – 70 year of age and are not highly educated are more likely ...

Comparative Effects of Lime, Poultry Manure and Npk Compound Fertilizer on Soil Physicochemical Properties and Yield of Maize in an Ultisol of Southeastern Nigeria.

ABSTRACT Field and greenhouse experiments were conducted at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, in 2011, to examine the effects of lime, poultry manure and NPK 15-15-15 on the soil nutrient content and yield of maize. The experiment was first carried out in the greenhouse and later evaluated in the field. The experimental designs used were 6 x 4 factorial in completely randomized design (CRD) and randomized complete block design (RCBD) for the greenhouse and field experiments respectively. Two...


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