Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Assessment Of Students’ Academic Performance Under Secondary Education Development Plan (Sedp I) Implementation: The Case Of Nyamagana District, Tanzania.

ABSTRACTThe study was conducted to assess students’ academic performance under Secondary Education Development Plan (SEDP I) implementation in Nyamagana District, Tanzania. Data were collected using both structured and non-structured interviews. Field observations and secondary data supplemented the data collected using questionnaires. Purposive sampling procedure was used to select 5 schools that were in place before and after SEDP 1 implementation. At the school level, 12 teachers and 8 s...

Cassava And Sweet Potato Value Chains In Mvomero And Kongwa Districts In Tanzania

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to analyze cassava and sweet potato value chains so as to identify potential areas for intervention in order to improve small-scale farmers’ access to markets in Mvomero and Kongwa Districts. Sub-sector mapping was used to map cassava and sweet potato value chains. Results indicate that several constraints exist in the two sub-sectors which among other things include low production, poor access to inputs, lack of market information, poor support services, po...

Effects Of Institutional Changes On Forest Condition: A Case Of Chenene Forest Reserve In Bahi District, Tanzania.

ABSTRACTThis study assessed the effects of institutional changes on forest condition, stakeholders’ interests, the performance of local institutions and factors influencing the performance of local governance structures, using a case study of Chenene Forest Reserve (CFR) in Bahi, Tanzania. Data were collected through forest inventory using 120 systematically selected sample plots. Satellite images were collected and analysed using Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System technique...

Phenotypic And Genetic Diversity Of Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor L.) Varieties And Their Suitability For Ethanol Production In Tanzania

ABSTRACTSweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) has been recognised widely as a potential alternativesource of biofuel because of its high fermentable sugar content in the stalk. Withinternational focus on alternative fuel sources, investors are looking at sweet sorghum as afeedstock source for bioethanol production without compromising sorghum’s primary usefor food, fodder, and animal feed. However, for researchers to maximize its feedstockpotential and to be used in future there is a need to u...

Assessment Of The Effectivenes And Sustainability Of Household Food Insecurity Coping Strategies In Chamwino District Dodoma Region

ABSTRACTHousehold food security is an important development issue. However, foodinsecurity still persists in many parts of Tanzania due to a number of factors.When people are faced with food shortage, they develop mechanisms to copewith this problem. These strategies, however, are neither effective norsustainable. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the effectiveness andsustainability of coping strategies towards food insecurity in Chamwino area inorder to suggest possible ways that...

Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of Katc Approaches In Improving Smallholders’ Irrigated Rice Productivity: A Case Of Selected Irrigation Schemes In Tanzania

ABSTRACTFarmer training is essentially an agricultural extension education with a non-formal function, which applies to any institution that disseminates information and advice with the intention of promoting knowledge, attitudes, skills, and aspirations. When systematically and effectively provided, extension is known to enhance social and economic development. In terms of agricultural extension systems, different approaches can be employed to organize and implement extension activities. Eac...

Adaptive Capacity To Climate Change And Food Security Among Artisanal Fisher Folk In Rorya District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThis research was carried out in the inshore of Lake Victoria, Rorya District in particular, to examine determinants of gendered adaptive capacity to climate change and its role in enhancing food security among artisanal fisher folk. The specific objectives were: to examine fishers perception on climate change by gender; to determine the adaptive capacity of artisanal fishers by gender; and to determine factors affecting the adaptive capacity to climate change by gender. A total of 90...

Genotype X Environment Interaction On Performance Of Selected Cashew (Anacardium Occidentale L.) Hybrids In Tanzania

ABSTRACTCashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) is an important export crop in a number of tropical countries and is the main cash crop and the leading source of income for over 300,000 households in Southern and Eastern Tanzania. Farmers still, however use unimproved varieties, which account for low yields. Thirty cashew genotypes were evaluated to assess genetic variability for higher yield and its components at two locations (Nachingwea and Chambezi) in the Southern and Eastern zones of Tanzani...

Effects Of Weed Density And Species Diversity On Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Yield In Zambia

ABSTRACTCassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is one of the important crops in the world for foodand income security. Cassava production is challenged by weeds as they reduce yield to100%. Effective weed management in cassava production depend determination of weedspecies diversity and determination of Critical Period for Weed Removal (CPWR). Astudy was conducted in Zambia, to document weed species diversity in cassava growingareas of Chongwe and Kaoma districts in Zambia, determine the critical...

Improving Upland Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) Perfomance Through Enhanced Soil Fertility And Water Conservation Methods At Ukiriguru Mwanza, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe experiment was conducted at Agricultural Research Institute (ARI)–Ukiriguru Mwanza, Tanzania from November 2011 to May 2012, aiming at improving upland rice performance through enhanced soil fertility and water conservation methods. A split–split plot experiment in randomized complete block design with three replications and three factors that were (a) upland rice cultivars (WAB 450, NERICA1 and NERICA4) (b) fertilizer types, (urea 80kg N/ha, farm yard manure 5 t/ha and contro...

Consumers Demand For Traditionally Processed Cashewnuts: A Case Of Morogoro And Coast Region -Tanzania

ABSTRACTThis study was carried out in Morogoro and Coast Regions. The study used a crosssectionalresearch design where data was collected from a sample of 80 consumersand 30 sellers using structured questionnaire. Also survey methods includingpersonal observations and key informants was used to obtained necessaryinformation. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected and analyzedusing descriptive and inferential statistics and linear regression analysis wasadopted by using Statisti...

Response Of Rice Yield To Rat Damage In Irrigated Rice (Oryza Sativum L.) In Mvomero District, Morogoro, Tanzania

ABSTRACTRodents often damage crops throughout the growing season, from germination to harvest, thus making it difficult to understand its cumulative effects for crops such as rice that are able to partially compensate. This study examines response of rice yield to rat damage in farmer’s fields and simulated rat damage in irrigated and rain-fed rice (Oryza sativum L.) in Morogoro, one of Tanzania’s granary areas. The study was conducted at Hembeti village in Mvomero district from September...

Members’ Participation And Financial Performance Of Wheat Producers’ Cooperative Societies In Southern Ethiopia

ABSTRACTCurrently, cooperative enterprises in Ethiopia are growing in terms of numbers and membership. However, despite growing policy attention and researchers‟ interest on cooperatives, the issue of members‟ participation, in relation to performance of cooperatives has not been adequately addressed. The overall objective of this study was to determine the influence members‟ participation in their cooperative financial performance of cooperatives. The study used a cross-sectional resea...

EFFECTIVENESS OF CULTURAL PRACTICES AND SWEET POTATO VARIETIES (Ipomoea Batatas Lam) IN MANAGING SWEET POTATO WEEVIL (Cylas Spp) IN ZANZIBAR

ABSTRACTField experiments were conducted simultaneously from April to July 2012 at agro-ecologies; Bambi (Latitude 06o09’S, Longitude 039o16’E; and Altitude 20m above sea level) Central District and Kizimbani (Latitude 05o54’S, Longitude 039o16’E; and Altitude 20 m above sea level) Western Unguja district. The aim was to investigate the effectiveness of selected cultural practices (weeding and hilling-up once, twice and thrice), vine portions (apical, middle and basal) and variety (Mb...


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