Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

EVALUATION OF POST HARVEST HANDLING OF PEPPER FRUIT (Capsicum frutescens) BY MARKETERS IN IBADAN METROPOLIS, OYO STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The study examined post harvest handling methods of pepper fruit  and constrains faced by handlers. Multistage sampling technique was used to select respondents. Five markets were purposively selective in Ibadan, Oyo State. Namely Sasa, Bodija, Erunmu, Station and Odo-Ori where 20 respondents each were randomly selected. Structured questionnaire was used to obtain information from the respondents. Data were analysed using frequency distribution.  The Pepper fruit marke...

Upland rice based intercropping system among farmers in selected villages in Ogun State in South west of Nigeria

Rapid Rural Appraisals (RRA) were conducted among one hundred and fifty five farmers in rice growing areas of Obafemi/Owode and Ifo Local Government Areas of Ogun State in South-West of Nigeria to investigate farmers’ practices of growing rice in rice/cassava intercropping system in 2007. The farmers in these villages cultivated 2 to 4 farms with an average farm size of about 2 ha. Results from the RRA showed that the farmers have been growing rice for over 21 years. About 31% of the farmer...

EFFECTS OF SOIL AMENDMENTS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF PEPPER (Capsicum frutescens L.) FRUITS

 ABSTRACT       Research was conducted at Federal College of Agriculture, Akure between March to August 2010  and 2011 to evaluate the effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth and yield of pepper fruits. Pepper fruit (Capsicum frutescens) Long Cayenne was procured at the seed section of department of Agronomy University of Ibadan and raised for six weeks in the green house before transplanting to the field at a spacing of 70 cm x 50 cm inter an...

Effects of organic and inorganic soil amendments on growth performance of plantain (Musa paradisiaca L.)

A field experiment was conducted to investigate the comparative effects of organic and inorganic soil amendments on growth and performance of plantain (Musa paradisiaca). The experiment was established in March 2011 and repeated in February 2012. The treatments consisted of nine soil amendments (NPK sole, Jatropha sole, palm kernel cake (PKC) residue sole, Sunshine organo-mineral sole, NPK + Jatropha husk 50:50, Sunshine organo-mineral + Jatropha husk 50:50, PKC residue + NPK 50:50, PKC resid...

Effect of Plant Extracts on Some Fungal Pathogens Associated with Groundnut Seeds Grown in Southeastern Nigeria

ABSTRACT Groundnut samples collected from commercial markets in South–Eastern Nigerian were examined for seed borne fungi organisms and their level of losses were quantified. Results obtained showed that only about 29% of groundnut seeds were without damage. This high rate of damage is a major factor in low viability of groundnut seeds in South – Eastern Nigeria. From the survey of groundnut seed cultivars, two cultivars: Spanish 205 (nwaerente...

Analysis of Value Chain in Rice Production Systems in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

Abstract This study analyzed the value chain in rice production systems in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Purposive and random sampling techniques were used in the selection of respondents for the study. The Rice value chain actors comprised rice farmers, processors and traders. Data for the study were obtained from primary sources using questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Functional analysis, Value Chain Map, Costs and...

Analysis of the Profitability of Maize Products in Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study analyzes the profitability of maize products in Nigeria. It determines the socio-economic characteristics and processing activities of the processors; it identifies the various processed products from maize and then estimates costs and associated returns to maize processing. It also identifies constraints to maize processing; analyzed the factors that influence profit and investigate the specific effects of identified constraints ...

Optimum Cocoyam Densities, Time of Introduction and Poultry Manure Rates for Plantain - Cocoyam Mixture in Southeastern Nigeria

ABSTRACT This research was carried out to determine the optimum cocoyam density, time of cocoyam introduction and poultry manure rates for sustainable plantain/cocoyam mixture. The experiment was a 3x3x2 factorial arrangement fitted into a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 18 treatment combinations replicated 3 times to give 54 experimental plots. The experiment was conducted in two phases; the first phase involved...

Some Phenotypic Characteristics of the Fulani Ecotype Chicken in three Selected Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTImprovement of the domestic chicken has dominated efforts of indigenous breeders in recent times. Three hundred and fifty seven (357) Fulani ecotype chickens in Osun State were surveyed and assessed for their phenotypic and productive characteristics. Plumage pattern, thigh and shank colour, mature weight (kg), comb size, wattle size, breast length, breast width, leg length (all in cm); egg weight (gm) and clutch size were examined. Plumage pattern was more heterogeneous iI1 hens...

GROWTH PATTERN, REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE AND SEASONAL SENSITIVITY OF BOVAN NERA AND ISA BROWN PARENT-STOCK CHICKENS IN IBADAN NIGERIA

ABSTRACTParent stocks (PS) of exotic hybrids have contributed immensely to commercial poultry production in Nigeria. Their continued optimal utilization depends on their performance test. Information on performance indices of PS layer breeds in South-West Nigeria is however limited. The growth, reproductive performance and seasonal sensitivity of Bovan Nera (BN) and Isa Brown (IB) hybrids were evaluated.Secondary data on 24 batches of PS of each of BN and IB kept over a period of 10 years (19...

Effect of Day Old Body Weight on Growth Performance and Body Linear Measurements of Ross 308 Broilers

 ABSTRACTAn experiment was conducted on 126 unsexed commercial broilers (Ross 308). Birds were individually weighed and grouped according to their body weight at day old. They were assigned to three (3) groups according to their body weight (i.e. 39grams and below, between 40-42grams and above 43grams and above). Each chick was wing tagged and tag number recorded according to group. All chicks were fed the same diet and they were weighed at the end of every week. At eight weeks of age, t...

MORPHOMETRIC PARAMETERS OF RED BELLY TILAPIA (Tilapia zillii) lN EGBE / DAM, GBONYl LOCAL GOVERNMENT, EKITI STATE NIGERIA.

 ABSTRACTA total number of 60 Tilapia zillii specimens were collected from Egbe darn Gbonyin local government in Ekiti West for 25 days. Morphometric measurements taken in the laboratory include total length, standard length, body weight, body depth, dorsal fin length, caudal peduncle length, head length. fork length, and pre-dorsal fin length. Total number of 34 female Tilapia zillii were collected as 26 number of male Tilapia zillii were collected from the study area. The maximum total...

THE EFFECTS OF STORAGE METHOD AND DURATION ON THE QUALITY OF JAPANESE QUAIL EGGS (Coturnixcoturnix japonica)

ABSTRACTThe experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of storage method and duration on external and internal qualities of Japanese quail eggs for three storage method(oiling, earthen pot and room temperature) and four storage durations (7,14,21 and 28 days) were used. A total of three hundred and ten eggs were used for this experiment. Eggs were collected daily then oiled and stored on a tray while some where unoiled and stored in an earthen pot and at room temperature (22-24°C) for 7...

INCIDENCE OF REPRODUCTIVE WASTAGE IN IKOLE EKITI ABATTOIR

AbstractLimited infonnation exists on the magnitude of feotal wastage in slaughtered cows in Ekiti State. A six-months (February-July 2018) investigative study was conducted to gather information about the incidence of foetal wastage in slaughtered cows in lkole-Ekiti, Ekiti State. The total mnnber of cows slaughtered during the period was 908, reflecting an average monthly kill of 50 cows and daily slaughter of 3 cows from the three central abattoirs observed.The results reveal that at least...

EFFECT OF SOYABEAN REPLACEMENT WITH LEUCAENA LEAF MEAL ON THE GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND CARCASS QUALITY OF WEANED RABBITS

 ABSTRACTThere has been a gradual increase of the price of feed resources from conventional protein leading to the inadequate supply of animal protein. Leucaena leucocephala (lam) is a leguminous browse plants that can be used in diets to replace or used in combination with protein source conventional feed ingredients. It's use has been imperative/ limited to a very low level of inclusion because of inherent anti - nutritional factor (Mimosine) which interferes with feed utilization and ...


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