Social & Management Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Social & Management Sciences

POWER SUPPLY AND THE PERFORMANCE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE INDUSTRIES IN NIGERIA FROM 1986 - 2010

11ABSTRACTThis research work centers on the power supply and the performance ofsmall and medium scale industries in Nigeria from 1986 – 2010.carrying out this study, secondary data were collected and empiricalanalysis was made to achieve these objectives, multiple regressionwere used in anglicizing the data. In investigating this problem, theresearcher introduces 2 hypotheses that power supply changes has nosignificant in Nigerian econometric mode were used for evaluation andtesting of the ...

INTERNAL AUDITING AS AN AID TO MANAGEMENT

ABSTRACTThis research work deals with internal audit as an aid to management. It aimsat finding out the role of internal audit in management decision making inorganizations. It is a survey research. Data were collected from primary andsecondary sources which included using questionnaires, personal observations,text book, journal and internet. Sample of 92 were collected by random samplemethod. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested using Z-test statistics,while questionnaires were analyz...

FACTORS THAT REDUCE SAVINGS IN NIGERIA 1980-2010

5ABSTRACTThis study investigates the core leading factors that reduce savingsin Nigeria between 1980 -2010 using ordinary Least Square (OLS)econometric framework, which will enable us proffer solutions forthe improvement of savings in the economy, which is also animportant component for economic development in any country.Base on data collected, it is discovered that savings output inNigeria during the period was unsatisfactory but was laterdiscovered as a necessary factor for economic develo...

EXCHANGE RATE STABILITY AND EXPORT PERFORMANCE

5ABSTRACTExchange rate is the price of one currency in terms of another currency.Exchange rate stability has to do with government actions in order tostabilize exchange rate so as to increase export in Nigeria especially exportof primary products (agricultural produce) over the years, Nigeria hasadopted various exchange rate regimes ranging from fixed exchange regimeto floating exchange regime. The main purpose of this work is to determineto what extend does the volatility and risks of exchan...

ENHANCING CORPORATE ACCOUNTABILITY THROUGH EFFECTIVE AUDIT SYSTEM

vAbstractAbility to report back the conclusion of an assignment of theprogress made so far to the person(s) who delegated the authorityto the performer of an assignment, duty or function, has fordecades eluded this nation both in the private and publicresponsibilities to be performed and performed and reported backhas been carried out as accomplished. The lack of accountabilityleads to many vices in our social and economic system. Theobjectives of this study therefore are: (a) To ascertain th...

Does the Ricardian Equivalence Hypothesis hold for Nigeria and Ghana?

This study is undertaken to verify if the Ricardian Equivalence Hypothesis (REH)hold for Nigeria and Ghana using annual time-series data of both developing countriescovering from 1970 to 2013; and taking previous empirical studies as its point of referenceand departure. The broad objective of the study is dissected into the following specificobjectives of the study as thus: to examine the effects of budget deficits on interest rates,inflation, and economic growth in Nigeria and Ghana within t...

Attaining Sustainable Growth in Nigeria Any Role for Solid Mineral Development

Using time series such as GDP per capita, solid minerals output, foreign trade balance, domestic interest rate, inflation, and gross domestic savings, for the period 1960-2015. the Linear Growth Regression model adopted for this study indicates that solid minerals positively impact on sustainable growth and is statistically significant. The study also found that solid mineral is highly significant but negatively related with foreign exchange due largely to illegal migration of mineral commodi...

Providing an Empirical insight into Nigerias Non-Acceleration rate of Unemployment

This study was necessary since inflation and unemployment are twin macroeconomic variables that exert influence on policy decision of any economy. Using time series from 1972 to 2015, the Ordinary Least Squares method was employed to determine both the short-run and long-run Phillips curve and ascertain if it is evident in Nigeria. The non-accelerating inflation rate of unemployment (NAIRU) was also estimated. The results establish the presence of negative relationship both inflation an...

Progressivity and the Re-Ranking Effect of Healthcare Financing in South East Nigeria

This study adopts the Lerman and Yitzhaki approach to measure progressivity and re-ranking effects in health care financing in South East Nigeria. Result supports the existence of regressive healthcare payments. Households that spend more to healthcare financing are unable to maintain their original social status due to net income declining below prepayment income. This could certainly be catastrophic as it takes a huge proportion of the household's income, leaving households with insignifica...

CROWDING IN AND CROWDING OUT EFFECT OF PUBLIC EXP ON HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT

It has been argued that public expenditure on education and health is a veritable tool in improving human capabilities. Expenditure on these sectors is categorized into recurrent and capital. While capital expenditure can go a long way in enhancing the productivity capacity, recurrent expenditure is for non-productive activities. Available statistics however shows that in Nigeria, emphasis has been on recurrent expenditure at the detriment of capital expenditure. This study therefore employed...

Analysis of the Impact of Inflation Reduction on Output and Unemployment In Nigeria

It has been enunciated that it is possible to reduce the size of the sacrifice ratio in an economy without a corresponding increase in the rate of inflation. Besides, for the Nigerian economy, there are issues relating to the inflation-output relationship, among which is how inflation inertia impacts on output and unemployment. It is therefore apt to ascertain what Nigeria’s sacrifice ratio could be after many successful inflation reductions over the years. Adopting the Instrumental Variabl...

ALTERNATIVE SPECIFICATION AND ESTIMATION OF AX REVENUE GDP RELATIONSHIP

In fiscal economics, tax has been recognized as veritable instrument in generating revenue and stabilizing growth. However, to determine if a country has made efforts at increasing tax revenue over a period, tax performance in the dynamic sense which measures the sensitivity and response of the tax revenue in relation to GDP is imperative. Motivated by this, we adopted the buoyancy approach to examine Tax revenue-GDP relationship using Nigeria data. This is to ascertain if the government is k...

Equity in financing Health care services in Nigeria

Health care services in Nigeria are mainly financed through out-of-pocket payment. This study investigated the extent to which payments towards health care are related to ability to pay and if poor households make proportionally more out-of-pocket payment on health. In analyzing this, the study utilized data from the General household survey of the National Bureau of statistics of 2014. The study employed the Kakwani progressivity index in analyzing the objectives of the s...

Distributional impact of policy induced prices on husehold welfare in Nigeria

In the face of continuous rise in price of essential commodities arising from the 2015-2016 currency crises which led to the introduction of different policies to tame the ugly tide, this paper analyzes the distributional impacts of the resulting prices on household welfare using two rounds of household data and commodity prices generated from National Bureau of Statistics Using pre-crisis post crises information and adopting Deaton and Muellbauer (1980) and Friedman & Levinson (2002) framewo...


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