Social & Management Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Social & Management Sciences

Inclusion of Gender in Africas Climate Change Policies and Strategies

This paper reviews climate change related policies and strategies in East and West Africa through a gendered lens. The countries are Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania in East Africa and Ghana and Nigeria in West Africa. Drawing upon a gender inclusion criteria, the study assesses how countries have integrated gender in their climate change policies and strategies. We did a qualitative review of existing climate change policies and strategies using minimum principles for gender responsive climate change...

Catalyzing mass production of solar photovoltaic cells using university driven green purchasing

International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, Jan 1, 2006Purpose: This paper explores the use of the purchase power of the higher education system to catalyze the economy of scale necessary to ensure market competitiveness for solar photovoltaic electricity.Design/methodology/approach: The approach used here was to first determine the demand necessary to construct “Solar City Factories”, factories that possess equipment and processes sized, dedicated and optimized to produc...

Open Source Research in Sustainability

Most academics, who as researchers and teachers dedicate their lives to information sharing, would likely agree with much of the hacker ethic, which is a belief that information-sharing is a powerful positive good and there is an ethical duty to share expertise by writing free and open-source code and facilitating access to information wherever possible. However,  despite a well-established gift culture similar to that of the open source software movement in academic publishing and the t...

PROFESSIONALISM, ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

An article on the peculiarites of professionalism, its relationship to entrepreneurship and the effects on the national development of an economy.

NIGERIA CUSTOMS SERVICE AND THE FIGHT AGAINST ECONOMIC TERRORISM

1. BACKGROUND OF STUDYSince its independence in 1960, Nigeria has been trying to transform its status from a third world economy to a first world economy. This has resulted to successive governments launching and implementing different economic programmes to achieve this aim ranging from the First Economic Development Plan, Second Economic Development Plan, Third Economic Development Plan, Green Revolution, Structural Adjustment Programme, Vision 2010, National Economic Empowerment and Develo...

Total U.S. cost evaluation of low-weight tension-based photovoltaic flat-roof mounted racking

The economics in the U.S. of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems is changing rapidly as the cost per unit power of PV modules has dropped quickly. These costs reductions have two important results: marked decrease in levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) into ranges competitive or better than traditional electricity-generation technologies and the economic role of racking has been gaining prominence relative to that of modules. As the relative importance of costs of PV racking has been marginal hi...

Reducing the Threat of a Nuclear Iran with Photovoltaic Technology: The Generous Solar Option

The potential instability created if Iran obtained nuclear weapons threatens global peace. If the U.S. follows the standard model, relatively weak diplomacy and economic sanctions could lead to another Iraq-like war. Although Iran and Iraq have differences, most observers would agree that the same outcome and price are likely results. In purely economic terms, the CBO estimates that the Iraq-US war cost ~$2.4 trillion. Is there, however, a wiser, more-profitable way to invest in the eliminati...

Nuclear Insurance Subsidies Cost from Post-Fukushima Accounting Based on Media Sources

Quantification of nuclear liability insurance is difficult without arbitrary liability caps; however, post-mortem calculations can be used to calculate insurance costs. This study analyzes the Fukushima (Daiichi) nuclear power plant disaster to quantify the cost per unit electricity ($/kWh) of nuclear energy from the lifetime of the plant after accounting for the true cost of the liability needed to cover the damages from the nuclear disaster determined from news reports. These costs are then...

Defense for Covert Administrative Techniques for Neutralizing American Highly Qualified Personnel

Ph.D. scientists and engineers are highly qualified personnel (HQP) that improve U.S. economic efficiency and generate new products including weapons of interest to the intelligence community. HQP represent a small fraction of the population, which make them favorable targets to compromise. This study analyzes how to defend against a novel approach of covert infiltration that uses administrative techniques to neutralize HQP without recruiting them directly. The approach follows five hierarchi...

Distributed Manufacturing of Flexible Products: Technical Feasibility and Economic Viability

Distributed manufacturing even at the household level is now well established with the combined use of open source designs and self-replicating rapid prototyper (RepRap) 3-D printers. Previous work has shown substantial economic consumer benefits for producing their own polymer products. Now flexible filaments are available at roughly 3-times the cost of more conventional 3-D printing materials. To provide some insight into the potential for flexible filament to be both technically feasible a...

Examining Interconnection and Net Metering Policy for Distributed Generation in the United States

Following requirements of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, most U.S. states require utility companies to adopt interconnection and net metering policies, allowing customers to become prosumers who both consume and produce electricity, generating electricity using distributed renewable energy technologies, connecting to the existing electric utility grid, and receiving compensation for excess electricity generation. This paper reviews existing interconnection and net metering policies instituted...

A National Pragmatic Safety Limit for Nuclear Weapon Quantities

This study determines the nuclear pragmatic limit where the direct physical negative consequences of nuclear weapons use are counter to national interests, by assuming all unknowns are conservatively optimistic. The only effect considered is nuclear winter (" nuclear autumn " in the low weapons limits) and the resultant effects on the aggressor nation. First, the ability of low nuclear weapon limits is probed for maintaining deterrence in the worst-case scenario of attacking the most-populous...

Sponsored Libre Research Agreements to Create Free and Open Source Software and Hardware

As a growing number of companies reject intellectual property (IP) monopoly-based business models to embrace libre product development of free and open source hardware and software, there is an urgent need to refurbish the instruments of university-corporate research partnerships. These partnerships generally use a proprietary standard research agreement (PSRA), which for historical reasons contains significant IP monopoly language and restrictions for both the company and the university. Suc...

CHALLENGES OF BANK FRAUD AND COMMERICAL BANK PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThis study examines the challenges of bank fraud and commercial bank performance in Nigeria 1991-2016. The core macro-economic variables used for the study are Earnings before Tax of commercial banks in Nigeria, Expected Losses from insecurity and Fraud cases, Number of Fraud Cases, Number of staff involved in fraud cases and Volume (amount) involved in fraud cases. OLS multiple regressions is employed to examine the challenges of bank fraud and commercial bank performance in Nigeria....

Working Capital Management and Profitability of Quoted Manufacturing Firms in Nigeria.

         ABSTRACTThis study examined the impact of working capital management and profitability of 10 quoted manufacturing companies in Nigeria using a cross-sectional time series data for the period 2010 – 2015. The study used secondary data generated from the published annual reports and account of the sampled companies. Data were analysed using correlation and descriptive statistics using SPSS 20. The study reviewed a positive effect of cash conversion cycle (CCC...


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