Agriculture

Agriculture Research Papers/Topics

Advancements In The Prosecution Of Wildlife Crimes: What Can We Learn From The Kenyan Experience?

Abstract: The study examines how the prosecution of wildlife crimes has changed over time in Kenya. Specifically, the research analyzed impacts the Wildlife and Conservation Management Act, 2013, and the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit of the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions have had, and international cooperation tools utilized by the Wildlife Crimes Prosecution Unit to pursue transnational wildlife crime cases. This research utilizes a mixed method approach. The researcher co...

A Survey of Manufacturing - Based Strategies for Small and Medium Scale Enterprises In The Food Processing Industry in Nairobi

Abstract: This research focuses on the SME's in the food processing industry in Kenya. Mainly due to the realization that the Agricultural sector especially with regard to food processing is still vastly unexploited and with great potential for contributing in the economic growth of this country. Adoption of Operations based strategies in the : processing of food products is key to realizing the contribution anticipated in this sector in terms of creation of employment and contribution to th...

Socio-economic implications of the water hyacinth in Lake Victoria on fishing and trading communities: a comparative rural and urban case study

Abstract: The water hyacinth, an exotic plant of Africa was first introduced about 120 years ago by explorers and naturalists. It is believed to have been imported from South America where it is an indigenous plant. It was first seen in Kenya in the early 1980's and in Lake Victoria in the early 1990's. Its proliferation left unchecked has caused a myriad of problems to the regular lake users, the fishermen, fish traders and the fish processor not to mention the interference with domestic an...

The Role and the Impact of Food Relief on Human Security: The Case Study of Turkana County in Kenya

Abstract: Food aid has been the subject of the day especially in famine and crisis prone areas with many people losing their lives as a result of hunger. This may have been as a result of the nature of some places being inhabitable due to the climatic conditions of the place or soil conditions making the place agriculturally unproductive, others may be as a result of political motivations such as civil strife especially in areas where governance in some states is unstable. However, others cl...

The Foreign Policy Implications of the International Court of Justice Maritime Border Dispute Decision on Kenya-Somalia Relations

Abstract: The study seeks to examine the foreign policy implications of the International Court of Justice border dispute decision on the Kenya- Somalia relations; the focus of the study being Kenya’s foreign policy on its relations with Somalia. The study focused on the period after the International Court of Justice ruling over the maritime border dispute. The study generally examined the impact of the ICJ ruling on Kenya’s foreign policy strategy, the tools of foreign policy for advan...

Animal welfare: a comparative study of working donkeys in rural and urban/peri-urban areas of Mwingi Central Sub- County Kitui County

Abstract: A cross sectional study was conducted to compare the welfare of working donkeys in the rural and urban/peri-urban areas of Mwingi Central Sub-County of Kitui county in Kenya. The assessment of welfare was based on physical welfare indicators, pathological and external parasite infestation, and physiological welfare indicators including the determination of free fecal cortisol concentration. From a total population of 35,361 donkeys in the study area, a sample size of 396 donkeys wa...

Factors affecting sisal cultivation and adoption in Kiomo division, Kitui county, Kenya

Abstract: Sisal cultivation has the potential of contributing immensely towards the economic development of a given country, resulting to improved standards of living. The exportation of sisal fibre can be a great source of foreign exchange in a given country. Further, sisal related industry can be a great source of employment to the global economy. Moreover, sisal is a drought resistant crop, whose cultivation can lead to effective use of the greater arid and semi-arid land in the Sub-Sahar...

Challenges facing indigenous chicken production and adoption levels of biosecurity measures in selected areas of Makueni county, Kenya

Abstract: Annually Kenya produces about 20 million tons of poultry meat worth KES 3.5 billion and 1.3 billion eggs worth KES 9.7 billion. However Indigenous chicken productivity has stagnated due to limited transfer and adoption of improved technologies such as biosecurity practices by rural households. The productivity of Indigenous chicken has been decreasing in Makueni County despite development agencies, both national and international and county government investing heavily in chicken e...

Assessment of adoption of farming technologies among maize farmers in Yatta division of Kitui county, Kenya

Abstract: The need to enhance food production and the efforts by stakeholders to introduce newfarming innovations in addition to enhancement of agricultural extension servicesin farming areas of Kenya is largely under reported. This study was undertaken at YattaDivision of Kitui County to assess new maize farming technologies, diffusion andadoption by farmers in Yatta Division. Specific objectives were to identify maize farmingtechnologies that exist in Yatta, to identify factors determining...

Olfactory preferences of gravid femaile stable flies Stomoxys calcitrans L. (Diptera : muscidae) and their fitness consequences

Abstract: Oviposition decisions are a prominent example of behaviour directly affecting the fitness, abundance, distribution, and population dynamics of holometabolous insects. Due to eggs being immobile and adult insects often not practicing biparental and/or maternal care, gravid females, when ovipositing, should select substrate(s) that maximise fitness of their offspring. Studies have revealed that this selection is influenced by biotic (intra and interspecific competition, parasitism, l...

An assessment of adoption of tissue culture bananas in the semi-arid areas of lower Eastern region of Kenya

Abstract: The importance of bananas cannot be underestimated worldwide. The main study objective was to assess the adoption and commercialization of tissue culture bananas in the riverine areas of the semi-arid areas of Lower Eastern region of Kenya. The specific objectives included determining respondents socio-economic, environmental and policy factors affecting adoption of tissue culture bananas in the region. This study was necessary due to the fact that there were many production gaps t...

Taking the heat : integrating behavioural and physiological variables to predict avian responses to climate change in the Kalahari Desert

integrating behavioural and physiological variables to predict avian responses to climate change in the Kalahari Desert Predicting how species will respond to climate change requires an understanding of how temperature affects behaviour, physiological tolerance limits and adaptive capacity. In this thesis, I investigated the temperature-dependency of physiology and behaviour of birds in the Kalahari Desert of South Africa

Analyzing the Critical Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security

This study explores the threats of climate change on agriculture and food security globally, focusing on Nigeria. Nigeria, as the most populous country in Africa, is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change on its agricultural sector. The research conducts a comprehensive literature review and synthetic analysis to identify the key factors that make Nigeria's food production systems susceptible to climate change. Nigeria's diverse climate, influenced by latitude, topography, win...

CULTIVATION OF EDIBLE OYSTER MUSHROOMS (Pleurotus ostreatus AND Pleurotus florida) USING MILLET [Eleusine coracana(L)] STRAW AND BROAD BEAN [Vicia faba(L)] STALK AS GROWTH SUBSTRATES

Abstract: Most developing countries like Ethiopia are striving hard to solve acute protein deficiency in the diets of their increasing populations through cultivation of mushrooms in the urban areas without heavily depending on agricultural lands and capital. This study was conducted in Debre Berhan University, College of Natural and computational Sciences, with the aim of assessing the proximate chemical composition, biological efficiency and suitability of the selected substrates (Millet s...

PRODUCTION OFEDIBLE OYSTER MUSHROOM SPECIES (pleurotus ostreatus, pleurotus sajor-caju, pleurotus florida)USING COFFEE(coffea arabica L.) HUSK AND KHAT(Catha edulis) LEAF AS GROWTH SUBSTRATES

Abstract: Biogas technology, which is meant to produce methane rich gas through anaerobic digestion of biological materials, is an environmentally friendly technology that reduces emission of green house gases. Therefore, this research was initiated to utilize biomasses such as barley straw (BS) and goat manure (GM) for biogas production. In this study, biogas production from co-digestion of the BS and GM in five mix ratios (100%BS, 75%BS: 25%GM, 50%BS: 50%GM, 25%BS: 75%GM and 100%GM mix) we...


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