Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

VARIATION IN BULK DENSITIES, ORGANIC CARBON AND WATER TRANSMISSION PROPERTIES UNDER FIVE DIFFERENT LAND USE TYPES IN IKOLE LGA OF EKITI STATE

 ABSTRACTManagement practices to adopt in improving the land productivity has always been a challenge. The arable land used for farm practical year students and the fadama used for raising vegetable.s and maize during the dry season are spoken about as not very productive. This is due to the gross lack of information on both the physical and chemical properties of the soils under the different land use types in the Federal University Oye-Ekiti. These land use types continued for over thr...

PHYSIOCHEMICAL AND MICROBIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SACmT WATER SOLD IN ADO-EKITI

 ABSTRACTThis study focus on the physiochemical and microbial characteristics of pure water sachet in Ado-Ekiti. A total of sixteen pure water sachet from sixteen brand were collected at random and their physiochemical and microbial parameters were analysed The colour, taste, odour, turbidity, temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, total hardness, chloride, sulphate, nitrate, phosphate. and microbial parameters of the stored samples were analysed ,turbidity of ...

SOIL CARBON VARIABILITY ACROSS DIFFERENT AGRICULTURAL LAND USE TYPES IN IKOLE-EKITI, EKITI STATE.

 ABSTRACTThis research was conducted in Ikole-Ekiti to evaluate the effects of four land use types (forest plantation, arable land, fallow land and ranchland) and soil depth on soil organic carbon fractions namely; particulate organic carbon (POC), soil microbial biomass carbon (SMBC), total organic carbon (TOC) and water soluble organic carbon (WSOC). Soil samples were taken at 0-5, 5-10, I0-20 and 20-30 cm and 0-30 cm depths at each site using soil auger. The soil samples were analyzed...

THE SANITARY ASSESSMENT AND PHYSIO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HAND-DUG WELLS IN ADO-EKITI, EKITI STATE, NIGERIA

 ABSTRACTThe study investigated the sanitary assessment and physiochemical characteristics of hand-dug wells in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria with a view to support the operation and maintenance of hand-dug wells by providing clear guidance for remedial action to protect and improve water supply in the study area. The town was zoned into ten areas and 50 wells were randomly selected for sanitary risk assessment using the sanitary inspection forms and ten water sampl...

THE DISPOSAL OF MEDICAL WASTES IN HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN EKITI STATE, NIGERIA

 ABSTRACTThe study investigated the disposal of medical wastes in health institutions in Ekiti State, Nigeria. It involves visitation, survey work which entails administration of questionnaire and library study to gather information which includes type of waste, volume of waste generated and the disposal system adopted by the health institution. The project involved the visitation of clinics, private and public hospitals in various local government in Ekiti State. The types of medic...

PHYSIO-CHEMICAL AND MICROBIAL ANALYSIS OF SACHET WATER IN OYE AND IKOLE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE.

 ABSTRACTIn the bid to ensure adequate water supply, packaged water has been introduced to provide safe and affordable drinking water. In spite of the varying levels of contamination, sachet water is still well accepted. This study therefore employed both quantitative and qualitative research designs to draw out survey and semi - structured interview responses. The study shows the perception of respondents based on the various sachet water brands, consumption pattern, sachet water safety...

THE EFFECT OF LAND USE ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND ORGANIC CARBON OF SELECTED SOILS IN EKITI STATE

 ABSTRACTForest soils in Ekiti state western Nigeria are destroyed due to agricultural activities. Information about the effect of land use on soil is important for soil sustainability and productivity. A study was conducted to investigate changes that may occur in the soil organic carbon content (SOC) and some selected soil physical properties due to conversion of forest to arable land. Six locations that were selected for this purpose include; Ona-Ara (Ll), Asin (L2), Ijesa Isu (L3), O...

DEPTH AND TOPOGRAPHIC POSITION EFFECTS ON DISTRIBUTION OF SOIL ORGANIC CARBON IN RELATION TO AGRICULTURAL LAND USE AND MANAGEMENT IN IKOLE-EKITI, EKITI STATE.

AbstractAnthropogenic activities can destroy or drastically reduce the organic carbon contents of soils. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of two land use management practices (arable land and oil palm land), soil depth and topography on soil organic carbon contents. The study was carried out in Ikole-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. At each location, three topographic units were identified as upper slope, middle slope and lower slope at 50 m apart. A mini pit of 150 cm by 100 cm b...

Introduction and Participatoryevaluation of Exotic Cultivars of Pepper (Capsicum Spp.) among Small Holder Farmers in South- Western Nigeria

Abstract. Pepper (Capsicum spp.) production by farmers in southwestern Nigeria is limited by low yield due to poor genetic potentials of most cultivars available, use of poor quality seeds, disease infestation, and poor managment practices among others. To overcome the constraints, some varieties of pepper developed at Embrapa Brazil and NIHORT Nigeria, were introducedfollowed bytraining of 100 small scale farmers . Participatory field demonstrations of the improved varieties of pepper were c...

EFFECT OF DOMESTIC WASTEWATER DISCHARGE ON WELL WATER USE QUALITY IN IKOLE-EKITI, EKITI STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe aim of the present study is to know the effect of wastewater (sewage) discharge on the quality water in Ikole-Ekiti, Ekiti State Nigeria.The community discharges wastewater which affect the water quality with most of the wastewater coming from domestic wastewater. Associated with the development of the area, the increase of pollutants into the surface water has been majorly from domestic activities. The study involved sampling of well water from four communities in Ikole LGA of Ek...

TOXICITY OF PARAQUAT TO NILE TILAPIA (Oreochromis niloticus) FINGERLINGS

 ABSTRACTThe study evaluated the toxicological effects of paraquat on Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings. Two hundred and sixteen (216) fingerlings (Average weight: 7.50g) were purchased from a local farmer in Ikole-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria and were transported to the Wet Laboratory of the Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria and acclimatized for two weeks. After range finding test, the fish were exposed to acute concentration of 2.96 mg/I, 3.3...

DIETARY EFFECT OF GINGER (Zingiber officinale) ON GROWTH AND HAEMATOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE OF AFRICAN CATFISH (Clarias gariepinus)

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of graded levels 1.3 %) of ginger (Zingiber officinale, Roscoe) (0%, 0.1%, 0.4, 0.7%, 1.0% and 1.3 %) as feed additive in the diets of Clarias gariepinus on growth performance and haematological parameters. This study was carried out to evaluate ginger (Zingiber officinale) for ten weeks to study its effects on Clarias gariepinus. Thus, two hundred and seventy juvenile catfish (Clarias gariepinus) were fed on various levels o...

EFFECT OF BATTERY WASTES ON AFRICAN CATFISH Clarias gariepinus FINGERLING

 ABSTRACT.The study examined the effect of battery waste on African catfish, Clarias gariepinus. Massive spent batteries when disposed indiscriminately constitute nuisance and cause resource waste as well as environmental pollution to the ecosystems. The fish were exposed to five different concentrations as T 1 5g,T2 l Og, T3 15g, T4 20g, T 5 25g,and the control as T0 for four days and later left for four weeks as possible bio-remediation. Physicochemical parameters and heavy metals were...

EFFECTS OF OLEANDER SEED MEAL BASED DIET ON GRO,WTH PERFORMANCE, HAEMATOLOGY AND TISSUE COMPOSITION OF Clarias gariepinus FINGERLINGS

 ABSTRACTAn 8 weeks feeding trial of different percentage inclusion of Thevetia peruviana seed meal in the diet of Clarias gariepinus was conducted. The experimental diets were Ctr0TSM, 5TSM, 10TSM 15TSM and 20TSM percentage replacement of plant protein in the control diet. The experimental design is a complete randomize design in which there were three replicates for each of the treatment. And the fish were stocked 10 per each tank, fed experimental diet two times a day of 5% ...

EFFECT OF AUTOCLAVED CASTOR SEED MEAL ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE, BODY COMPOSITION AND HAEMATOLOGY OF Clarias gariepinus FINGELINGS

ABSTRACTEight weeks trial was conducted to study the effect of dietary inclusion of autoclaved castor seed meal on growth performance, body composition and haematology of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. 150 Clarias gariepinus fingerlings were divided randomly into 5 groups of ten fish/tank each to five treatments. The experimental design is a complete randomize design in which there were three replicate for each of the treatment. The experimental diet which were designated 0%, 10%,15%, 20%, a...


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