Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Stand Structure And Carbon Storage In The Nilo Nature Reserve, East Usambara, Tanzania

ABSTRACTUnderstanding forest stand structure is necessary for predicting losses and storage of carbon in forests. However, there is scanty knowledge on relationship between stand structure and carbon storage. This study assessed stand structure and its relationship with carbon storage in Nilo Nature Reserve. The specific objectives were to determine the forest stand structure, above ground and soil carbon stock and their relationship. The forest was stratified into fo...

Assessment Of Nitrate Levels In Water And Soils For Agriculture And Human Utilization In Singida District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Population growth in urban areas has caused increase in demand of good quality water for domestic use. Due tohigh nitrate levels in water sources reported by District water authoritiesin Singida District, this study was carried to determine sources, levels and distribution of nitrates in water and soils for agriculture and human utilization. Firstly, a reconnaissance survey was carried to identify water sources with high, medium and low levels of nitrates and determine nitrate ...

Institutions And Efficiency Of Milk Value Chains In Bagamoyo District

ABSTRACTThe overall objective of the study was to analyse the institutions and cost efficiency along the formal and informal milk value chains in Bagamoyo district. The specific objectives were to: (i) identify the institutional constraints in the formal and informal milk value chains, (ii) analyse the cost added efficiency in the formal milk handling and processing, (iii) analyse the producer cost efficiency in the formal and informal milk value chains and, (iv) analyse the factors that affe...

Influence Of Genotype X Environment Interaction On Performance Of Selected Maize (Zea Mays L.) Hybrids In Southern Highlands Of Tanzania

ABSTRACTA field experiment was conducted during the 2010/2011 cropping season in four locations of the Southern Highlands of Tanzania viz. Inyala, Mbimba, Uyole and Seatondale. The main objective of the study was to assess the response of selected maize genotypes across different growing environments for yield and adaptability and their interaction on yield and yield components whereas the specific objectives were to evaluate stability variables, interrelations and genetic parameters for trai...

Factors Influencing Nutritional Status Of Children Below Five Years In Mbarali District, Mbeya Region, Tanzania

ABSTRACTUndernutrition continues to be a major cause of high infant and below five years children mortality in Tanzania. This study was carried out to find out factors influencing nutritional status of under five year's children in Mbarali district. Nutritional assessment was done by using of anthropometric measurements which were subsequently compared to WHO criterion (SD classification) using summary indices of nutritional status: weight-for-age, height-for-age and ...

Morphology, Physico-Chemical Properties And Classification Of The Soils Developed On Volcanic Parent Materials Of Northern Province Of Rwanda

ABSTRACT A study was carried out on soils developed from volcanic parent materials of Northern Province of Rwanda to expose the current soil conditions, aiming largely on pedological characterization but to a certain extent on assessment of potentials and limitations of soils for the production of major crops in the area. Three representative pedons namely KNG-P1, KNG-P2and GHNG-P1were identified and described. Sixteen soil samples were collected from different pedogenic horizons and an...

Epidemiology Of Brucella Infection In Cattle In Urban And Peri-Urban Areas Of Sumbawanga Municipality, Tanzania

ABSTRACT A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of Brucella infection in cattle in urban and peri-urban areas of Sumbawanga Municipality. All 19 wards of the Municipality were involved in the study where 13 villages and 26 neighbourhoods (mitaa) were randomly selected. To identify the potential risk factors associated with the spread and transmission of the disease, questionnaires were administered to the heads of randomly selected 108 households. Bloo...

Effect Of Human Activities On Composition And Regeneration Of Woody Species In Morogoro Fuelwood Reserve, Morogoro, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Morogoro Fuelwood Reserve (MFR) is a productive forest under the management of Mvomero district and Morogoro Municipal Authority. The reserve has been modified through human activities. The aim of this study was to investigate effect of human activities on composition and regeneration of woody species in MFR. Seventy four plots each with an area of 0.07 hectare were systematically established in 10 transects. Socioeconomic data obtained through household (5%) interviews using st...

Livelihoods And Economic Benefits Of Wetland Utilization In The Little Ruaha Sub-Catchment, Mufindi, Iringa

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted in the wetlands of the Little Ruaha sub-catchment to assess livelihoods and economic benefits of wetland utilization. The Specific objective were to; (a) identify socio-economic activities undertaken by local communities dependence in wetlands of the Little Ruaha sub-catchment (b) identify crops grown in wetlands of the Little Ruaha sub-catchment during both wet and dry seasons, (c) assess the economic value of wetlands outputs to hous...

Performance Of Beef Cattle Under Different Feedlot Practices In Mwanza Region

ABSTRACT Two studies were carried in the Misungwi, Nyamagana and Magu districts of the Mwanza region to investigate the performance of cattle under different feedlot practices. The specific objectives were (1) To document feedlot beef production practices in the study area, (2) To study the source, quality of feeds and type of animals used by feedlot practitioners in fattening enterprises and (3) To evaluate the performance of indigenous beef cattle under different feedlot practices. St...

Evaluation Of Subsidy Fertilizer Distribution To Smallholder Farmers: A Case Of Mbeya Rural District

ABSTRACTMbeya district has been receiving fertilizer subsidy fertilizers since the reintroduction of the program by the government of Tanzania in 2003/04 crop season. The specific objectives of this study were; (a) to review the current design and conduct of fertilizer subsidy programme in the study area; (b) to examine the change in demand of fertilizer among smallholder farmers as a result of fertilizer subsidy programme and (c) to determine the effect of subsidy fe...

Economic Assessment Of Niche Market Arrangements In The Fruit And Vegetable Value Chain In Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe main objective of this study is to create an understanding of the existing niche market arrangements for high value products and to determine how small scale farmers can tap into and sustain the niche markets channels. The study specifically assessed niche market requirements for fruits and vegetables and the institutional arrangements that develop and sustain trade relations between buyers and sellers. The study also analysed the effects of transaction costs on market arrangement...

Jatropha Production In Tanzania: Opportunities And Constraints To Small Scale Farmers In Arusha And Rukwa Regions

ABSTRACTA study was carried out to assess biofuel production and its influence on improvinglivelihoods of Jatropha small-scale farmers in Arusha and Rukwa regions inTanzania. General objective of the study was to assess the Jatropha production aswell as the prospective opportunities and constraints to small-scale farmers inTanzania. Specifically, the study aimed at examines and compare profitability ofJatropha production; assessing factors, opportunities and constraints which influenceproduct...

Evaluation Of Introduced Cassava Processing Technologies On Production And Consumption Using Goal Programming Approach

ABSTRACTThis study which evaluates the introduced cassava processing technologies on production and consumption using goal programming approach was conducted in Tongwe village (Muheza district) in Tanga region and Mikongeni village (Kibaha district) in Pwani region. Data for the study were collected from a sample of 120 households, 2 focus group discussions and by experimentation. The results of the study show that, the introduced cassava processing technologies are both technically and econo...

Reconnaissance Survey Of The Wildlife Sanctuary Of Stubb’s Creek Forest Reserve, Akwaibom State, Nigeria

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This study was conducted at the instance of the Honourable Commissioner, Ministry of Environment, Akwa Ibom State in realization of the need to assess the potentials of wildlife in the Stubbs-creek forest reserve of Akwa-Ibom State, Nigeria. The terms of reference included, but not limited to provision of information on status of fauna and flora in the forest reserve, bearing in mind the level of human interference that had occurred in the last one decade. Using a c...


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