Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Impact of Production Inputs and Timing on Crackness of Rice in Northern Ghana

Under rain-fed conditions, perfumed rice production in Northern Ghana is associated with high paddy cracking during milling. In this study, 4 perfumed rice varieties, 6 staggered planting times, 6 staggered harvesting cycles, and staggered storage duration from harvest to six months of storage were used in a randomized complete block design to identify the best combination of factors that are associated with low cracking in rice production. )e experiment was laid out in a randomized comple...

Influence of Cowpea Lines As Green Manure on Growth and Yield of Carrots in Root-Knot Nematode Infested Soil

An experiment was conducted at the University of Education, Winneba, Mampong-Ashanti campus to determine the effect of some cowpea lines as green manure on the growth and yield of carrot in root-knot nematode infested soil. Randomized complete block design with five treatments and four replications was used. Thetreatments were cowpea lines IT97K-570-18; IT97K-566-18; and IT00K-1150 as green manure, N.P.K (15, 15,15) and control. The results showed negative correlation between root-knot nema...

Impact of Illegal Small Scale Mining (Galamsey) on Cocoa Production in Atiwa district of Ghana

The mining sector is a very important segment of the extractive sector but has one of the most serious and disastrous environmental consequences; conflicting with the livelihood (especially cocoa farmers) and survival of resident communities. This study was conducted in Atiwa district of Ghana to assess farmer’s awareness of small scale illegal mining (Galamsey), its impact on cocoa production and livelihoods in the mining communities. Snowball sampling techniques were used. Data collected ...

Bioinformatic Analysis of Insulin-Like Growth Factor I Gene of Three Avain Species

ABSTRACT  A lot of attention has been paid to the study of Insulin-like Growth factor 1 (IGF1) due to its function in stimulating systemic body growth and regulating cell growth and development. A bioinformatics study was carried out to investigate the Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 gene of turkey, chicken and quail. A total of 15 insulin-like growth factor 1 nucleotide sequence and their corresponding protein were obtained from the Genebank (a public domain protein database) and were analyzed...

Studies on Fertilizer Nitrogen and Cutting Management of Sown Grass and Legume Pastures in Pure and Mixed Swards.

ABSTRACT  Three field experiments were conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm of the Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. In the first experiment, the effects of fertilizer-N application and cutting management on establishment, growth and yield of guinea grass (Panicum maximum) were investigated. The experiment was a 4 x 4 factorial laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Treatments comprised four levels of Ni...

Growth and Haematological Response of Growing Rabbits to Diets Containing Graded Levels of Sun Dried Bovine Rumen Content

ABSTRACT  The growth and haematological response of growing rabbits to diets containing graded levels of sun dried bovine rumen content (SBRC) were studied. Five diets containing 0 (control), 10, 20, 30 and 40 % sun dried bovine rumen content coded as T1,T2,T3,T4 and T5, respectively, were compared. Twenty growing rabbits were randomly assigned to the treatments; each treatment had four experimental units. The rabbits were fed and watered ad libitum. The parameters measured were feed consump...

Combined Effect of Salinity Potassium Humate on Growth and Physiology of Soybean (Glycine max L).

These experiments were conducted to study Potassium Humate's effect on soybean growth and yield. Seeds were sown in pots and a single dose of Potassium Humate was applied in a single dose and water as a control. Soybean was grown in salt-affected soil to check the salt tolerance of soybean. Potassium Humate addition maintained higher contents of soil water, salt, and mineral nitrogen in the wetting pattern by enhancing the soil water-holding capacity. The obtained results indicated that the a...

Effect of Sun flower Seeds' Extract and Milk Source on Rennet Coagulation Time, Yield and the Quality of White Cheese during Storage

ABSTRACT  This study was aimed to extract milk-clotting enzyme from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds and to determine its potentiality for manufacturing white soft cheese from cows and goats milk during storage. The parameters evaluated included: coagulation time, yield, physicochemical composition, microbiological analyses and sensory characteristics of the manufactured cheese. The sunflower seeds' were blended and extracted using two types of buffers, Na acetate buffer and 5% NaCl aceta...

Effect of Different Stages of the Lactation Period on Physicochemical Properties of Camel, Goat and Cow Milk

ABSTRACT  This research was conducted to study the effect of different stages of the lactation period on physicochemical properties of three species, dromedary camel, saanen goat and cow milk during different lactation stages. The lactation period of each species was divided into three stages after calving, early, mid and late stages. Milk samples for each species were collected at different intervals during each stage and thus covering the whole lactation period. The samples were then subje...

Moving Toward Sustainable Aquaculture for Rural Sustainability and Development in Kenya. A Case of Vihiga County

Kenya has a tremendous great potential for growth in the aquaculture sector. To attain the sustainable development goal of zero hunger, the government is needed to encourage fish culture among the rural communities. The study's objective is to investigate the elements that affect the sustainable development of fresh water Aquaculture in Kenya a Vihiga County case. The purpose of the research is to determine how production characteristics and extension affect the long-term sustainability of fr...

The Status, Diversity and some Aspects of Breeding Behaviour of Avian Species in Khartoum State with Emphasis on the Laughing Dove Streptopelia Senegalensis (2013-2014)

ABSTRACT  The Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis) is the most widespread species of Columbidae in Africa. There is no research done on this species in Sudan. Therefore, the present study aims to describe the breeding habits of the Laughing Dove in order to provide field data on breeding and breeding sites locations.Field observations were conducted on the breeding habits of the Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis) at Khartoum State, Sudan, from 2013 to 2014. Observations were made...

Smallholder Farmers’ Adoption Decision-making Regarding Soil Erosion Control on Food Security in South Africa

ABSTRACT Background: The objective of this paper was to evaluate how smallholder farmers’ adoption decision-making regarding the control of soil erosion influence food security in South Africa, using the case of farming at Upper and Lower Areas of Didimana, South Africa. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 60 randomly selected farmers. Farmers’ total income was used as a proxy for food security. Data were analysed using the multiple linear regression analysis, because the...

Genetic Diversity of Five Populations of the Nigerian Local Breeds of Goat Using Random Amplified Polymorphic Dna (Rapd) Markers

ABSTRACTS Genetic diversity and genetic distance of five populations of the Nigerian breeds of goat were investigated using random amplified polymorphic DNA markers. Five breeds of goat were used for the study and each breed constituted a population, hence, the five populations considered in the study. The populations were: Sokoto Red (SR), Sahel (SH), Kano Brown (KB), Bornu White (BW) and West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. The experiment was conducted within four geographical zones of Nigeria: ...

Utilization of Wild Tomato Relative for the Development of Improved Tomato Lines for High Humidity Environment.

ABSTRACT An effort to obtain a tomato cultivar that would adapt to high temperature and high humidity condition in the southern part of Nigeria in order to increase tomato yield in this part of the country has been in progress for the past nine years (2000-2008).The research was carried out at the Faculty of Agriculture Research Farm, University of Nigeria, Nsukka located in the derived savanna zone latitude 0.6o 52, N, longitude 07o 24, E, 447.26 m altitude. Three cultivated tomato varieties...

Effects of Pelleted and Unpelleted Composted Organic Materials on the Growth and Yield of Three Varieties of Cucumber (Cucumis Sativus L.)

ABSTRACT The main objective of this study is to determine the effects of the pelleted and unpelleted composted organic materials on the growth and yield of three varieties of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). The specific objectives were to: determine the physical and chemical properties of pelleted and unpelleted composted organic materials, determine the effects of pelleted and unpelleted composted organic materials on the growth and yield of three varieties of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) an...


31 - 45 Of 3241 Results