Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Jatropha Production In Tanzania: Opportunities And Constraints To Small Scale Farmers In Arusha And Rukwa Regions

ABSTRACTA study was carried out to assess biofuel production and its influence on improvinglivelihoods of Jatropha small-scale farmers in Arusha and Rukwa regions inTanzania. General objective of the study was to assess the Jatropha production aswell as the prospective opportunities and constraints to small-scale farmers inTanzania. Specifically, the study aimed at examines and compare profitability ofJatropha production; assessing factors, opportunities and constraints which influenceproduct...

Evaluation Of Introduced Cassava Processing Technologies On Production And Consumption Using Goal Programming Approach

ABSTRACTThis study which evaluates the introduced cassava processing technologies on production and consumption using goal programming approach was conducted in Tongwe village (Muheza district) in Tanga region and Mikongeni village (Kibaha district) in Pwani region. Data for the study were collected from a sample of 120 households, 2 focus group discussions and by experimentation. The results of the study show that, the introduced cassava processing technologies are both technically and econo...

Reconnaissance Survey Of The Wildlife Sanctuary Of Stubb’s Creek Forest Reserve, Akwaibom State, Nigeria

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This study was conducted at the instance of the Honourable Commissioner, Ministry of Environment, Akwa Ibom State in realization of the need to assess the potentials of wildlife in the Stubbs-creek forest reserve of Akwa-Ibom State, Nigeria. The terms of reference included, but not limited to provision of information on status of fauna and flora in the forest reserve, bearing in mind the level of human interference that had occurred in the last one decade. Using a c...

Economic Prospects Of Jatropha Production: A Case Of Smallholder Farmers In Arumeru District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out to investigate the production potential for oil crop called jatropha (Jatropha curcas) in Arumeru district. A total of 111 farmers were randomly selected for interview. The study involve estimates of profitability of jatropha farming compared with maize farming, investigating household factors that influence adoption of recommended jatropha cultivation practices and identify opportunities and challenges for the development of jatropha industry in Tanzania. Th...

The Influence Of Ndanda Traditional Irrigation Scheme On Crop Productivity In Masasi District

ABSTRACTSmall scale irrigation has immense potential to improve agricultural productivity and incomes of poor rural households. A survey of 150 randomly-selected household heads using semi-structured interviews was undertaken to assess the influence of irrigation on crop productivity. The specific objectives of the study were to; examine and compare the socio-economic factors that influence crop yield and income of irrigating and non-irrigating households; determine and compare area cultivate...

The Contribution Of Hiv/Aids On Family Dissolution In Makete District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe impact of HIV/AIDS on family dissolution is one of the most serious problems facingthe world at this era of HIV/AIDS. The traditional African family is collapsing veryrapidly due to HIV/AIDS pandemic. Implications of having HIV/AIDS in the family havebeen documented in many parts of the world. They range from increased medical costsand expenditures on funerals to withdrawal of family members from work or school tolook after those who are ill. Also these problems lead to burdens to...

Characterization Of Alectra Vogelii (Witch Weed) Strains Using Molecular Markers In Selected Parts Of Malawi And Tanzania

BSTRACTAlectra vogelii has been the major constraint known to attack leguminous species especially to cowpea production. Identification of genetic variation of A.vogelii is a pre-requisite for developing improved cowpea varieties. Hence, the objective of the experiment was the identification of phylogenetically differences and differential responses of A. vogelii found in cowpeas, bambara groundnuts and sunflower from selected parts of Malawi and Tanzania.The first objective, total of 240 SSR...

Genetic Diversity Study Of Vanilla Planifolia G. Jackson, Syn. V. Fragrans Crop Grown In Tanzania Using Molecular Techniques

ABSTRACTNatural vanilla (Vanilla planifolia G. Jackson, syn. V. fragrans) is native to thetropic forest of Mexico. It is now cultivated in humid tropical areas of Africa,America, Asia and Australia continents. In Tanzania it had been cultivated since1940s in Kagera region but decline in coffee prices in the world market in the 1990sresulted into more cultivation of the vanilla crop as an alternate crop in Kagera andKilimanjaro regions. Vanilla which had a remarkable high price compared to cof...

Growth and yield response of spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) intercropped at different populations, with cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp)

ABSTRACTSpider plant (Cleome gynandraL.) is an important indigenous vegetable in Zimbabwe whose demand is increasing across all social classes due to high nutritional and medicinal qualities. Lack of efficient production technologies is leading to under utilization of its genetic potential hence growing demand cannot be met by current methods used by smallholder farmers. In view of this, a field experiment was carried out at Musena Resettlement area in Chirumanzu District to assess the perfor...

Diversity And Genotype X Environment Interaction Of Bean Landraces In Bukoba And Missenyi Districts Of Tanzania

ABSTRACTA field experiment was conducted during the 2008/09 short rain season in three majoragro-ecological zones of Bukoba and Missenyi districts, Tanzania. The agroecologicalzones were characterized as follows based on the amount of rainfall: high (≥1500 mm),medium (1200 mm) and low (800 mm). Objectives of the study were to investigate thediversity of bean landraces in the areas, assess the effect of environment on genotypesperformance, determine relationship among plant characteristics a...

Productivity Of Newly Released Maize Varietiesby Fertilizer Application In Moshi Ruraldistrict, Kilimanjaro Region

ABSTRACTIn Northern Tanzania, yield of maize ranges between 0.5 – 0.8 t ha-1 compared with the yield potential of 4–6 t ha-1 under research conditions resulting to yield gap of 5.2 t ha-1. Major cause of low maize yield is low soil fertility due to insufficient use of fertilizers. A study was undertaken at Miwaleni (3º 25´ 30´´S and 37º 26´ 45´´ E) to determine the productivity of newly released maize varieties by fertilizer application in maize growing area of Moshi rural distric...

Effect Of Benzlyaminopurine On In Vivo Multiplication And Genetic Stability Of Plantain (Musa Spp. Aab) Cv. ‘Itoke Sege’

ABSTRACTIn vivo macropropagation either alone or in combination with benzlyamimopurine (BAP) is an alternative simple technique for banana multiplication but has not been applied to recalcitrant plantain such as cv. “Itoke Sege”. This study was conducted to determine the effect of BAP concentration on in vivo multiplication and genetic stability among in vivo derived regenerants of plantain cv. „Itoke sege‟. An experiment was laid out in RCBD with four treatments each replicated three...

Factors Influencing Research –Extension – Farmer Linkages In Tanzania: A Case Of The Western Agricultural Research Zone

ABSTRACTResearch and extension must collaborate effectively through research - extension –farmerlinkages in order to bring increased agricultural productivity, income and reduction ofrural poverty. However, these linkages have been reported to be weak. This studyexamined factors influencing research – extension – farmer linkages in the WesternAgricultural Research Zone of Tanzania. It focused on four districts in the zone namelyKasulu and Kigoma in Kigoma Region and Urambo and Uyui in T...

Effect Of Different Management Systems On Haematological Parameters In Layer Chickens

ABSTRACTA study was conducted at the Department of Animal Science and Production, Sokoine University of Agriculture. The aim was to study the effect of different management systems on haematological parameters in layer chickens. Three management systems which are battery cage, deep litter and semi- intensive were involved. Ninety layer chickens, Rhode Island Red, eight weeks old were used. Thirty chickens were placed in each of the three systems. Seven chickens from each management system wer...

Farm Size And Agricultural Productivity Across Maize Cropping Systems In Maize Producing Districts In Tanzania Mainland

ABSTRACTThe evidence over a negative relationship between farm size and productivity in large global literature is largely dependent on a narrow range of farm sizes excluding medium and large scale farms. This study was carried out to determine the relationship between farm size and agricultural productivity over a wider range of farm sizes across maize cropping systems in maize producing districts of Tanzania Mainland. Specifically, the study attempts to: (i) estimate the farmers‟ total fa...


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