Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

Swine Improvement in Ethiopia through Socio-Economic and Production Characterization and Development of a Production System

Although swine production has great potential to alleviate poverty in Ethiopia, little attention has been given to the sub-sector. Swine production and marketing has not been characterized until recently in the country. Therefore, there was a big information gap in the area. To fill this gap and improve the system, a collaborative research was initiated between EIAR and the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA). Brazil is one of the top swine producers and exporters in the wor...

Characterization of Pork Consumers and Preference for Quality Traits in Ethiopia

This study was carried out to characterize the socio-economic features of pork consumers, their preference for pork quality traits and motivational drivers to eat pork. Purposive and random sampling methods were used to select sampling areas and supermarkets. As it was difficult to find pork consumers in person, pork retailers at supermarkets were interviewed to describe their customers' (pork consumers') socio-economic features, volume of pork purchase and preference for different pork quali...

Production System, Feeding and Slurry Management of Swine in Ethiopia

The study was carried out to characterize the production systems, feeding & slurry management, herd administration, cost determinants and constraints of Ethiopian swine farming. A total of 66 swine farms were selected in six major towns to collect quantitative and qualitative data on the studied parameters. A multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to select sampling areas and respondents. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect the data using person to person interview. Data wer...

Ethiopian Native Chicken Productivity, Aims of Production and Breeding Practices Across Agro-climatic Zones

This study was conducted to characterize flock size, composition, productivity, motivational drivers, and breed selection criteria in village chicken production systems of lowlands, midlands, and highlands of Ethiopia. Data were collected at 360 rural households of which 120 were from lowland, 160 midland, and 80 highlands. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect the data using person to person interview method. Data were analyzed using the various statistical procedures of statistic...

Characterization of Village Chicken Production Systems and Challenges across Agro-climatic Zones in Ethiopia

The aims of the study were to characterize the socio-economic features of village chicken producers, types of chicken production systems, flock management practices, family task sharing and production constraints in lowland, midland and highland of Ethiopia. Data were collected at 360 rural households of which 120 were from lowland, 160 midland and 80 highlands. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect the data using person to person interview method. The extensive chicken management ...

Swine Production in Ethiopia: I. Socio-economic Characteristics of Producers and Motivational Drivers

The study was conducted to characterize the socio-economic features and motivational drivers of swine producers in Ethiopia. A total of 66 swine farms were selected in six major towns to collect quantitative and qualitative data on socio-economic characteristics of swine production in the country. A multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to select sampling areas and respondents. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect the data using person to person interview. Data were analyzed...

Swine Production, Productivity and Breeding Practices in Ethiopia

The study was undertaken to characterize breed features, reproductive performance, breeding practice, breed selection criteria and herd replacement in Ethiopian swine production systems. A total of 66 swine farms were selected in six major towns to collect quantitative and qualitative data on the studied parameters. A multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to select sampling areas and respondents. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect the data using person to person interview....

Live Pigs Marketing and Buyers’ Characteristics in Ethiopia

The study presented valuable information on live pigs’ marketing, buyers’ characteristics, purpose of buying pigs, partnerships among market actors, trend of swine business and motivational drivers in swine sector of Ethiopia. A total of 66 swine farms were selected in six major towns to collect quantitative and qualitative data on the studied parameters. A multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to select sampling areas and respondents. A standardized questionnaire was used to collec...

Quantitative Trait Loci Segregating in Crosses Between New Hampshire and White Leghorn Chicken Lines: Egg Production Traits

A genome scan was performed to detect chromosomal regions that affect egg production traits in reciprocal crosses between two genetically and phenotypically extreme chicken lines: the partially inbred line New Hampshire (NHI) and the inbred line White Leghorn (WL77). The NHI line had been selected for high growth and WL77 for low egg weight before inbreeding. The result showed a highly significant region on chromosome 4 with multiple QTL for egg production traits between 19.2 and 82.1 Mb. Th...

Phenotypic Characterization of Chicken Inbred Lines that Differ Extremely in Growth, Body Composition and Egg Production Traits

The development of phenotypically and genetically divergent inbred chicken lines as simplified genetic models facilitates the identification of genes and contributes to the elucidation of gene functions. In this study, we characterized a New Hampshire (NH) population with its partial inbred derivative, New Hampshire inbred (NHI), and a White Leghorn inbred line (WL77). Both NHI and WL77 lines were inbred after selection for high meat yield or low egg weight, respectively. The inbreeding level...

WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN TRANSFORMATION OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME OF BAUCHI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe study examined the participation of women in transformation of agricultural development programme of Bauchi local government area of Bauchi state, Nigeria. Data were collected from 60 respondents in the study area using structured questionnaire.The data were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics and regression analysis. The results shows that 61.7% of the respondents were female, 70% of the respondents were within the age range of (35-45) years and married (78.3%), and (30%...

Early Growth of Selected Indigenous Tree Species in Response to Water Quality

AbstractIntroduction Materials and method          Study area          Data collection           Evaluation of physiological parameters         Assessment of biomass          Land area        Leaf areaResult and Discussion Conclusion Recommendation References

IDENTIFICATION OF CONSTRAINTS AND EFFECTIVE EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES INFLUENCING THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION OFFICERS IN OYO AND OGUN STATES NIGERIA

  Abstract: Agricultural extension contributes to improving the welfare of farmers and other stakeholders by providing access to knowledge and information. This has led to increasing emphasis on effective training strategies to develop extension staff competencies. The study therefore focused on identification of constraints and effective educational strategies influencing the professional competencies of extension officers in Oyo and Ogun states Nigeria. Simple random sampling tec...

The Determinants of Household Demand for Maize in Iwo ADP Zone of Osun State

ABSTRACTThis study analyses the determinants of household demand for maize in Iwo Adp zone of Osun State. The objectives of the study were to:- Analyse the determinants of demand for maize, determine the level of demand for maize and determine the income distribution of the household maize consumers in the area of study. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select one hundred and twenty respondents in the area. The descriptive statistics that was employed in this study include mean, f...

Effects of Mimosa diplotricha Leaf on the Organ Weights and Organoleptic Properties of Three Broiler Strains

The effect of Mimosa diplotricha on the organ weights and organoleptic properties of three broiler breeds was studied using 120 day-old chicks reared for eight weeks. The work was carried out using randomized complete block design. The breeds namely Arbo Acre, Cobbs and Ross were designated as treatment 1, 2 and 3, respectively with three replicates each. Two diet groups; diet with 2% Mimosa diplotricha leaf meal and diets without the leaf meal were administered. The organ weights and organol...


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