Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

EFFECTS OF PROPHYLATICS ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND PHYSIOLOGY OF AFRICAN CATFISH Clarias gariepinus (BURCHELL, 1822) FINGERLINGS

 ABSTRACTThree different chemicals: fonnalin, hydrogen peroxide and potassium permanganate were used for intermittent prophylactic treatment of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings (2.43±0.04) for 10 weeks. The experiment was made up of four treatments: Tl (Control), T2 (Potassium permanganate at 2ppm concentration), T3 (Hydrogen peroxide at 1600ppm concentration), and T4 (Formalin at 100Oppm concentration) with each treatment having 15 fingerlings of catfish. Each treatment was in triplicate...

SUITABILITY ANALYSIS OF ERO RESERVOIR AND ITS ENVIRONS FOR AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT IN EKITI STATE, NIGERIA

This is a project on Suitability Analysis of Ero Reservoir And its Environs For Aquaculture Development In Ekiti State, NigeriaTable of contentAbstractTable of Contents List of figures .......List of AppendicesChapter One1.1. Introduction ......................................... ............................................................................ ...... 1 1.2. Justification ........................................................................................................

MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF Hydrocynus forskahlii (Cuvier 1819) FROM UREJE DAM, ADO EKITI

 ABSTRACTFor the course of this study, a total of 100 specimens of Hydrocynus forskahlii were collected at different stages of life from Ureje Dam, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, between the period of .September and October, all fish samples of Hydrocynus forskahlii was carefully examined to avoid damage to any of the morphometric characteristics of the fish. The measurements for (he morphometric characteristics of each of the investigated tiger fish specimen was carried out in the Fisheries an...

NUTRITIVE AND ORGANOLEPTIC ASSESSMENT OF THREE FISH SPECIES PROCESSED BY DRYING, SMOKING AND FRYING) FROM AILARA FISHING COMMUNITY, ASA RESERVOIR, KWARA STATE

 ABSTRACTThis study evaluated the nutritive and organoleptic properties of three fish species processed using three methods, sun-drying, smoking and trying in Ailara fishing community of Asa Reservoir in Kwara State. Sun-dried Oreochromis niloticus, Clarias gariepinus and Hydrocynus forskahlii is on the average more nutritive and better preserved than the others followed by the smoked and the fried. 0. niloticus, C. gariepinus and H. .forskahlii are generally liked by the respondents tha...

TOXICITY EFFECT OF QUICKLIME (CaO) ON AFRICAN CATFISH Clarias gariepinus JUVENILES

 ABSTRACTApparently 100 (one hundred) healthy Clarias gariepinus juveniles which measurement of mean weight and length taken respectively was used for range finding test while 75 (seventy five) was used for definitive test. They were acclimatized in de-chlorinated water (tap water exposed to air for greater than 24 hours) in lOOL capacity plastic bowl for 2 weeks. 5 fishes were kept per container. The result of this research shows the toxic nature of the quicklime on the behavioral, phys...

USE OF FERMENTED SESAME SEED MEAL AS A FISH MEAL SUBSTITUTE IN A PRACTICAL DIET FOR CLAR/AS GARIEPINUS

ABSTRACTThe study evaluated the effects partial and total replacement of fish meal protein fermented sesame seed meal (SSM) protein in practical diets on growth performance, feed utilization and hematology of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Fish of an average initial weight of 5.18g were stocked in 15 plastic aquaria of about 25litres capacity each at a rate of 15 fish per aquarium Fish meal protein (18% of the diet) was used as the sole source of animal protein in the control diet. Per...

LATERALIZATION AND AGGRESSION IN NILE TILAPIA (Oreochromis niloticus)

 ABSTRACTLateralization (eye preference) or handedness has been studied over the years in different species of vertebrates in 9ther to study how they perform multiple tasks simultaneously with respect to their survival, tenacity, responses, detection, etc. Mirror and dyadic test were used to test, determine, and compare the aggression and lateralization levels of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) with its own mirror image, an opponent and potential natural predator. 120...

ANALYSIS OF CAFFEINE IN PHARMACEUTICAL AND PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS IN FISH AND WATER SAMPLES FROM UREJE DAM, EKITI STATE, NIGERIA.

 ABSTRACTPharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) are cosmetics, drugs, or other consumer products used to cleanse, beautify, or treat humans or animals; including prescriptions and over the counter drugs, soaps, fragrances, solvents, non-ionic and anionic surfactants, bleaches, dyes, and sunscreen agents. They are termed Contaminants of Emerging Concerns and are Endocrine Disrupting Substances in both aquatic animals and humans. This study therefore seeks to analyze Caffeine i...

EFFECT OF ANTIFOULING PAINT ON RISTO-HEMATOLOGY OF AFRICAN CATFISH (C/arias gariepinus) JUVENILE

 ABSTRACTThe study investigated the histo-hematological properties of African Catfish exposed to antifouling paint. Concentrations 0.75ml/L, 1.00ml/L, 1.25ml/L, 1.50ml/L and control which were fractions of a preliminary 96h LC50 and control were used in the static bioassay. Physicochemical parameters (Temperature, pH, DO) of the test media were measured across the concentrations and it was found that Temperature and pH remained the same during the 96hours exposure period while Dissolved ...

GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF Clarias gariepinus FED GRADED LEVELS OF PLANTAIN PEELS AS REPLACEMENT FOR MAIZE.

ABSTRACTHigh cost of feed is a major constraint to fish farming in Nigeria. This study investigated the growth performance of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fed graded levels of plantain peels (PPM). PPM was used to replace maize at 0% (T1), 25%(T2), 50% (T3), 75% (T4) and 100% (T5) for 56 days level. Data collected were analyzed One-way ANOVA test. Results showed that control diet (0% PPM) recorded the highest average weight gain (7.34 ± 0.09) which was significantly different (p0.05)...

EFFECTS OF REPLACEMENT OF FISHMEAL WITH MORINGA OLEIFERA SEED MEAL ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF CATFISH (Clarias gariepinus)

 ABSTRACTThe effects of Moringa o/eifera seed meal (MSM) on the growth performance and haematological indices of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings were investigated for a period of eight (8) weeks. Five iso-nitrogenous (40% crude protein) diets were fonnulated under completely randomized experiment in which MSM replaced fish meal (FM) at 0% (Tl), 25% (T2), 50% (T3), 75% (T4) and 100% (TS) inclusion levels. Catfish fingerlings (8.35 ± 0.06 g) stocked at 10 fish per 20-litre tank in thr...

EVALUATION OF KOLANUT POD HUSK AS SUBSTITUTE FOR MAIZE IN THE DIET OF AFRICAN CATFISH (Clarias gariepinus)

 ABSTRACTThe evaluation of Kolanut pod husk (KPHM) as substitute for maize in the diet of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) was investigated for period of eight (8) weeks. KPHM was substituted for maize at 0% (control (Tl)), 2S% (T2), SO%(T3), 7S% (T4) and I00% (TS) in the five different diets .C. gariepinus fingerlings (average Weight 3.02g to 3.07g) were randomly distributed into plastic tanks with 10 fish/tank in triplicate treatments and were fed twice daily at 8:00am and 4:00pm p...

Effect of Dietary Fermented and Autoclaved Castor Seed Meal on Growth, Haematology and Carcass Composition of Clariasgariepinus Fingerlings

AbstractThe study investigated the effects of dietary fermented and autoclaved castor seed meal on growth performance, hematology and carcass composition of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. 150 Clarias gariepinus fingerlings were randomly distributed into 5 groups of ten fish per tank each to five treatments. The experimental design is a complete randomise design in which there were three replicates for each treatment. The experimental diets which were designated 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% respe...

TOXICITY OF "ABRO MOTOR FLUSH" TO Clariasgariepinus AND ITS EFFECTS ON SOME TARGET ORGANS

 ABSTRACTOne of the major cases of pollution has resulted from man's need for improvement in lifestyle and technology i.e. improvement technologies such as motorized vehicles and vessels. Man's need to maintain and keep these technologies on the move has led them to introduce maintenance products such as brake oil, carburetor cleaner, STP Oil wash etc. Of these products is ABRO Motor Flush which serve as oil wash for motors. ABRO Motor Flush containing naphthalene is a combustible liquid...

Effect of dietary alternative lipid sources on haematological parameters and serum constituents of Heterobranchus longifilis fingerlings

Abstract The worldwide increase in aquaculture production and the decrease of wild fish stocks has made the replacement of fish oil (FO) in aquafeed industry a priority. Therefore, the use of terrestrial animal fats and vegetable oils, which has lower cost and larger supplies, may be good as substitute for FO. This study investigate the effects of total replacement of FO by two terrestrial animal fats (pork lard and poultry fat) and three vegetable oils (palm kernel oil, shea butter oil and s...


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