Agriculture

Research Papers/Topics in Agriculture

In Vitro Regeneration of Treculia Africana Decne. from Embryo Explants On the Media of Murashige and Skoog (Ms) and Gamborg Et Al. (B5)

ABSTRACT The effect of three different concentrations of sucrose namely 2, 3 and 4% were investigated on the in vitro regeneration of embryo explants of Treculia africana Decne. on the media of Murashige and Skoog (MS) (1962) and Gamborg et al. (B5) (1968) respectively without any growth regulator. The experimental design was a 2 x 5 factorial in a completely randomized design with each treatment consisting of ten replicates. Results showed that while both media including control supported th...

Performance and Haematological Parameters On Grower Rabbits Fed Newsprint Waste As Partial Replacement For Maize

ABSTRACTAn experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of utilizing newsprint waste (NPW) as replacement for maize on performance and haematological parameters of grower rabbits. Sixteen grower rabbits between 10-12 weeks old were randomly assigned on weight equalization to the treatments during 8-weeks trial. Preliminary investigation was carried out to establish the effect of processing on the chemical composition of newsprint waste. Four diets were formulated using newsprint waste to p...

Physiological Response of Broiler Birds to Oral Supplementation with Aloe Vera and Neem Leave Extracts

ABSTRACT Two hundred and forty 14-day old broiler birds were used in a study conducted to investigate the physiological response of boiler birds to oral supplementation with aloe vera gel and neem leaf extracts. In experiment one, one hundred and twenty 14- day old broilers were used to assess the physiological response of the broiler birds to oral supplementation with alovera gel extract, while in experiment two, one hundred and twenty 14- day old broilers were used to assess the physiologic...

The Effects of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies on Food Crop Production Efficiency in Southwestern Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study examined the effects of climate change adaptation strategies on food crop production efficiency in Southwestern Nigeria. The study used multistage sampling technique and primary data were collected from 360 food crop farmers (i.e. 180 respondents were randomly selected from each selected state from the savanna and the rainforest agroecological zones that dominates the region). The analytical techniques involved descriptive and inferential statistics. Results of the multino...

Impact of the National Fadama Development Project Phase (Ii) On Poverty Reduction and Food Security Among Rice Farmer Beneficiaries in Kogi State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study was conducted to examine the impact of the National Fadama Development Project (II) (NFDP-II) on poverty reduction and food security among rice-farmer beneficiaries in Kogi State Nigeria. Four LGAs that participated in the Fadama (II) project and cultivated rice were selected through a multi stage sampling, two Fadama Community Associations (FCAs) were also randomly selected from the each of the four selected LGAs and two facilitators were selected from each of the LGAs sel...

Performance, Egg Quality Characteristics and Serum Biochemistry of Laying Birds Fed Diet Containing Neem Leaf Meal

ABSTRACT A study was conducted with 300 “Bachelor” Brown laying birds to determine the performance, egg quality characteristics and serum biochemistry of laying birds fed diets containing neem leaf meal. The birds were randomly selected at nineteenth week of age into five treatment groups with three replicates per treatment with each replicate containing twenty birds. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized design (CRD). Five isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets designated a...

Credit Access and the Performance of Small Scale Agrobased Enterprises in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study was designed to analyze credit access and performance of small scale agrobased enterprises in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in selecting 264 and 96 agro-based enterprises that accessed informal and formal credit respectively, through the use of structured questionnaire and oral interview. A total of 360 respondents were selected and used for the study. Socio-economic characteristics of the enterprises were described using de...

Effects of Remittances on the Livelihood of Farm Households in Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study examined the effects of remittances on the livelihood of farm households in Enugu State Nigeria. Multistage random sampling technique was used to select 120 remittance recipient households used for the study. Data were collected by the use of structured questionnaire. Both descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used in data analysis. The study showed that, households whose heads are within, 51 – 70 year of age and are not highly educated are more likely ...

Comparative Effects of Lime, Poultry Manure and Npk Compound Fertilizer on Soil Physicochemical Properties and Yield of Maize in an Ultisol of Southeastern Nigeria.

ABSTRACT Field and greenhouse experiments were conducted at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, in 2011, to examine the effects of lime, poultry manure and NPK 15-15-15 on the soil nutrient content and yield of maize. The experiment was first carried out in the greenhouse and later evaluated in the field. The experimental designs used were 6 x 4 factorial in completely randomized design (CRD) and randomized complete block design (RCBD) for the greenhouse and field experiments respectively. Two...

Effects of Difference Timing of Routine Vaccination Schedules on Growth Performance, Mortality Rate and Blood Parameters of Broilers.

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to find the effect of the delayed routine vaccination schedules on growth performance, blood parameters and immunity levels of broilers reared in a humid tropical part of Nigeria. A total of 90 broiler chickens were procured and sorted into three treatments (control, 1 week delay in vaccination and 2 weeks delay in vaccination). The results showed significant differences (P < 0.05) in all growth parameters studied with lower values for broilers with delayed v...

Studies on the Genetic Pathway and Selection Response for Increased Fruit Size and Yield in Tomato (Solanum Species) Using a Modified Three - Way Cross.

ABSTRACT Modified three - way crosses involving advanced interspecific tomato hybrids (F12) and commercially cultivated tomato varieties namely Supersteak (S), Beef (Florida) (BF) and Plumb (Rio grande) (PR) were made to generate F1 hybrids. The F1 hybrids were crossed to both the pollen and seed parents to produce the backcrosses and were also allowed to random mate to produce the F2 and F3 populations. The parents, F1s, F2s, F3s and backcrosses were evaluated under rainfed conditions. Flora...

Assessment of Traditional Watershed Management System in Southeast, Nigeria.

Table of Contents Title - - - - - - - - - i Certification - - - - - - - - - ii Dedication - - - - - - - - - iii Acknowledgements - - - - - - - - iv Table of contents - - - - - - - - - vi List of tables - - - - - - - - - vii List of figures - - - - - - - - - ix List of plates - - - - - - - - - x Abstract - - - - - - - - - xi Chapter One: Introduction  Background - - - - - - - - 1  Problem statement- - - - - - - - - 5  Purpose of the study - - - - - - - - 9  Significance of the study - - - ...

Analysis of Intra-Industry Trade in Agricultural Products Between Nigeria and Partner Nations Within the Economic Community of West African States (1979-2008)

ABSTRACT The basic tenet of the study was that intra-industry trade occurred when commodities of the same industry are simultaneously exported and imported by partner nations within the sub-region. The objectives of the study were to review Nigeria’s merchandise trade, assess the simultaneous exports and imports of agricultural products by partner nations, evaluate the share of intra-industry trade in agricultural products between Nigeria and the ECOWAS partner nations, and determine the ef...

Evaluation of Trap Crops and Integrated Striga Management in the Control of Witch Weed (Striga Hermonthica (Del.) Benth) in Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor L. Moench)

ABSTRACT Field trials were conducted in 2012 and 2013 cropping seasons on a naturally heavily striga infested field at the research farm of Federal University of Technology, Gidan kwano campus Minna to evaluate the effect of seed treatment, sowing date and trap crop in the management of Striga hermonthica. The experiment consisted of two varieties of sorghum (resistant ICSV1002 and susceptible Gwari local varieties), three different concentration of Parkia pulp powder (0, 66 and 100 g/l) and ...

Improvement in Egg Production Traits in the Light Local Chicken Ecotype Using a Selection Index

ABSTRACT Fifty hens and five cocks from a random mating population of light local chicken ecotype (LLCE) were mated and the fertile eggs hatched to obtain the parent generation (G0) used for this study aimed at improving egg production traits in the LLCE using a selection index. The hens were monitored for short-term (90-days from first day of lay) egg production traits namely: Body Weight at First Egg (BWFE), Average Egg Weight (AEW) and Total Egg Number (TEN). Data obtained were subjected t...


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