Art & Humanities

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Art & Humanities Research Papers/Topics

Towards A Sustainable Model of Refugee Repatriation: A Case Study of Somalia Refugees In Kenya (1992-2014)

Abstract: Nations in Africa have experienced endemic dictatorial regimes by its leader. At times when the democratic space is fast expanding, citizens are increasingly rising against such governance and consequently resulting in protracted ethnic conflicts and civil wars. As a result of this war, it becomes imperative to millions of people; to make the decision to flee and seek refuge in relatively safer environments. In the case of Somalia, the Somali refugees have sought asylum in the refu...

Intellectual Property and Traditional Knowledge: A Case of Kenya

Abstract: This research investigates the extent to which the current intellectual property legal framework protects traditional knowledge. In particular this study analyses how the protection of traditional knowledge could impact development in developing countries. By drawing from the experiences in Kenya, this research will examine traditional knowledge as juxtaposed to intellectual property, explore the different forms of traditional knowledge, highlight how traditional knowledge has been...

The Impact of Climate Change Induced Resource Scarcity on Human Security: An Analysis of Experiences by Families in Lokichoggio, Turkana County, Kenya

Abstract: This research aimed to analyze the impact of climate change-induced resource scarcity on the human security as experienced by families in Lokichoggio, Turkana Country, Kenya. Africa being a continent with tropical and subtropical climate, is assumed to be most affected by changes in climate. Turkana is the largest county in Kenya, but rates among the poorest. Most of the land in the county is arid and semi-arid with average temperatures between 24-38 °C. Majority of the people liv...

Impact of Globalization on State Sovereignty: A Case Study of Non-State Actors in Kenya

Abstract: Sovereignty has in cooperated negative and positive connotations. Positive connotation involves the state ability to control its political and economic aspects on its own. That is it should make sure there is political stability and better social and economic conditions (Jackson 1993, p. 77). Positive connotation of sovereignty depends on the predominantly on action and resources of government and their population . It is also an internal part of sovereignty whereby the government ...

The Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Conflict Resolution: The Case of Pokot and Karamojong Cross Border Conflict

Abstract: Kenya and Uganda, are countries bordering each other located in East Africa and share a lot in common. The most distressing similarity is that the two countries have both experienced conflict for decades which involves the Karamojong community living in the North East parts of Uganda and the Pokot living in North West parts of Kenya, they are pastoralists in nature living together for decades. Non-governmental Organizations over the years along the border region have ensured that p...

Determinants of Resource Based Conflicts in Kenya: A Case of Turkana and Pokot Conflict 1964-2019

Abstract: Ethnic conflicts over natural resources have been evident in Africa since time immemorial and this has affected the livelihood of many communities. The North Rift of Kenya is no exception to this, as communities face harsh climatic conditions leading to scarcity of resources that capacitates conflicts. This research looked at the determinants of resource based conflicts between the Pokot and Turkana communities who practice pastoralism as their main livelihood. The determinants wer...

The Effect of Small Arms and Light Weapons on the Ethnic Conflicts in Kenya: A Case Study of the North Rift

Abstract: The findings of the study comprised the following; the sources of SALWs in the North Rift were neighboring countries especially Uganda, Sudan and Ethiopia; The illegal arm traders and security personnel also provide fire arms to the communities; the demand for SALWs is driven by need for self­ defense, intention to attack other armed communities and cattle rustling; the causes of ethnic conflicts are competition for resources and lack of state security; the SALWs have contributed ...

Civic Education Impact on Socio-Economic Developments in Kibera slums

Abstract: This study is a significant addition to the study of international development in Kenya as a lack political civic education leads to the following economic and social challenges, poverty, poor governance, education and health, inequality, unemployment and high mortality rate. Civic education is important as it has an impact on Socio-Economic development. Given my case study of Kibera slums, lack of this education has reflected negatively within Kibera community. According to Chege ...

The Kenya-USA Diplomatic Relations and the War on Terrorism 1998-2007

Abstract: The of terrorism is one that has affected countries around the globe in one way or study sought to investigate how the War on Terror impacted on the Kenya-US relations. The study has three objectives which include: to discuss the various . The importance of non-state actors in World politics has greatly increased the number of international interactions among States. Non-state actors are categorized as either non­ governmental or inter-governmental organizations. Non-governmental ...

The Political Economy of Diaspora Remittance and Development in Africa: An Empirical and Contextual Analysis, 2000-2010

Abstract: Africa is beset by inadequate development finance requisite for meeting the development goals of its population. Beyond this financial insufficiency, misappropriation, mismanagement, and public corruption among other governance malfeasance continue to accentuate the financial deficits characterizing Africa's economic development. Against the is backdrop, diaspora remittances to Africa are increasingly contributing to stability of households. Unluckily l y, the incessant conflicts d...

Africa Union Intervention in Africa: Efficacy of the African Union Mission in Somalia

Abstract: An unprecedented re-occurrence of armed conflict and civil strife within n the African Continent since independence of its nation states continues to pose serious threat to the continent's stability and development raising disquieted both domestically and internationally. I n cognizance of this, significant efforts have been put in place in recent years to ameliorate these conflict situations and in seeking to consolidate of post-conflict reconstruction processes. In this regard, t...

Challenges to Participatory Democracy: The Politics of The New Devolved Democratic System In Kenya

Abstract: Participation is increasingly being viewed as a prerequisite to a democracy achieving its overall developmental objectives. The inclusion of participation to the concept of democracy makes it inherent for its consideration in democratic systems. The democratic transition being witnessed in most African countries is growing and slowly moving beyond representative electoral democracy to other forms such as participatory democracy, which have substantive and profound significance for ...

The Role Of International Actors In Combating Corruption: 'The Case Study Of Kenya.

Abstract: Corruption has become a commonly known problem around the globe and especially in the African continent. It is very high in the list of problems many African states have had to deal with over the years alongside poverty, terrorism, natural calamities, drought and famine. The impact, both direct and indirect, that this vice has had on states particularly in the developing world is severe ranging from increased poverty, undermining economic development and poor governance. People can...

International Humanitarian Law and the Case of Eastern Congo: An Illusion or Reality?

Abstract: Due to the Congolese wars, violence, war crimes and the sufferings of the civic lien population in the eastern provinces of the DRC continues. The Congo war is a complex combination of international and internal elements. This begs the question of how do the IHL Apply.’ And remain relevant and effective to situations of” mixed conflicts which do not fit into any neat legal category. The study investigated the implementation, applicability and effectiveness of IHL on the ongoing...

The HIV/AIDS Crisis and Its Implications on Peace and Security In Africa

Abstract: The security threat posed by HIV/AIDS has become a widely accepted assumption. However, this domain has not been fully researched and documented even though the pandemic has surfaced as one of the greatest causes of death to mankind. The impact of the pandemic has been felt by individuals, societies and even states. Its catastrophic effects have led to states and international organizations to discuss the disease as a security concern rather than a health issue. At the beginning of...


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