Art & Humanities

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Research Papers/Topics in Art & Humanities

Effectiveness And Performance Of Indigenous Soil And Water Conservation Measures In The West Usambara Mountains, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe West Usambara Mountains in Tanzania are severely affected by soil degradation caused by water erosion that includes rill, interill, gully and landslides. To a large extent the area is also affected by soil degradation that is caused by declining soil fertility and harvesting of tuber, bulb and root crops. The problem of soil degradation in the area has triggered adverse effect on crop productivity and is a serious threat to livelihood. Many scientific „Soil and Water Conservatio...

The Rise And Phenomenal Growth Of Samuel Mutendi’s Zion Christian Church In The Shangwe Area

ABSTRACTThe research is grounded on an academic exploration of the rise and phenomenal growth of Samuel Mutendi‟s Zion Christian Church in the Shangwe area. The research was stimulated by the puzzling rise and phenomenal growth of ZCC which has led to the decline of mainline churches; a situation that has led to speculations that the ZCC is using magic charms to get coverts. The research examines the factors which contributed to the rise of ZCC in the Shangwe area. A typology which was soug...

Market Potential For Processed Sweet Potato Products In Tanzania: A Case Of Coast, Mwanza And Shinyanga Regions

ABSTRACTPrices of sweet potato had drastically dropped due to its glut in the market during harvesting season. This lead to stumpy margin revenues to famers as compared to production costs. Hence solution to help farmers earn more is to add value to the produce in Tanzania. The objective of the study was to investigate and create awareness on the sweet potato processed products marketing potential in the smallholder production system. Specifically the study sought (i) to characterize and desc...

Biological Activity Of Extracts From Commiphora Swynnertonii Against Microbes Of Veterinary Importance In Chickens.

ABSTRACTStudies were carried out to establish ethno-botanical information and biological activities of crude extracts from Commiphora swynnertonii against selected microbes of veterinary importance in chickens. Initially, a questionnaire survey was conducted to gather information on practices and knowledge on ethno-botanical uses of C. swynnertonii in the study area. Then extracts from different morphological parts of the study plant were tested against selected bacteria and fungi in vitro us...

Citizen Participation and Development Planning in Zimbabwe Local Government system. A case of Khami District in Bulawayo Metropolitan Province from 2004-2015.

ABSTRACTThe subject of citizen participation has been a bone of both administrative and development contention and it is believed that if the participation is effective, development attempts will as well be successful. When Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980, the Government paid much attention in trying to revive the Local Government system in an attempt to redress the unfairness of the colonial Local Government system through formulating legislations and structures that facilitate grassroo...

Influence Of Cultural Dimensions On Under-Five Mortality Among Agro-Pastoral Communities In Handeni District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTDespite efforts devoted to reduce under-five mortality, it has been observed that the reduction trend is not reaching the targeted goals hence the need to explore the possible constraints. The overall objective of the study was to examine the influence of cultural dimensions on under-five mortality among agro-pastoral communities in Handeni District, Tanzania. The specific objectives were to assess health services utilisation in the study area, to examine the influence of cultural dim...

The Impact Of Employee Motivation On Organisation Perfomance: A Case Of Zimbabwe Power Company (Zpc) (2013-December 2016

ABSTRACTThe study seeks to unravel the factors that affect Zimbabwe Power Company employees’ motivation and the corresponding effect of the identified motivational factors on workers’ performance and overall productivity. The survey revealed that, among the top ten critical factors (teamwork, work based on contract, supervision based on leadership by example and provision of equipment) had great effect on motivation as well as impact on organization performance. More so communication, lov...

An analysis of the impact of development-induced relocation on the livelihoods of people in Zimbabwe. A case of Arda -Transau resettlement in Mutare District from 2014 to 2017.

ABSTRACTMany countries in the world have embarked on development projects such as mining, dam construction, urban development and population distribution schemes as a way of speeding up economic development and aiming at improving the living standards of citizens. Most of the development projects require large tracts of land which has resulted in the relocation of indeginous communities. Development-induced relocation has both positive and negative impacts on the livelihood of the displaced p...

An Assessment on the Impacts of Government Food Aid Projects in Promoting Household Food Security. The Case of Drought Relief Programmes in Mutare District Ward 15 2013 to 2016.

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out in Mutare District ward 15 from 2013-2016. The aim of the study was to assess the impacts of Government Food Aid projects in promoting household food security paying particular attention on the Drought Relief Programmes. The study sampled 52 households using simple random sampling who are the beneficiaries of food aid. The study also sampled 10 government officials using purposive sampling who have been implementing the programme. Government Food aid programm...

Farm-Off-Farm Linkages: Contribution Of Off-Farm Employment To Farm Inputs Expenditure, Shocks Management And Poverty Reduction In Kilombero Valley, Tanzania

ABSTRACTLivelihoods diversification towards off-farm employment is becoming a norm in rural areas of developing countries. It is, however, unclear as to whether diversification towards off-farm employment activities provides better welfare effects in terms of crop productivity and income shock insurance compared to economic specialization in own farm  activities. Hence, this study was carried out to unveil the effect of off-farm employment on three dimensions of poverty considered...

Economic Efficiency Of Beekeeping And Its Implications On Household Income Among Beekeepers In Tabora And Katavi Regions, Tanzania

ABSTRACTA study was conducted to evaluate the profitability, efficiency and adoption of improved beehives and its implications on household income among beekeepers in western Tanzania. Specifically the study focused on; profitability analysis, comparing between beekeepers using traditional and improved beehives. The study also compare the economic efficiency among beekeepers using improved beehives; analysed the adoption and income poverty impacts of improved beekeeping technologies; and inve...

Rift Valley Fever Risk Mapping And Modelling In Tanzania

ABSTRACTRift Valley fever (RVF) was first reported in Tanzania in 1930 and the last outbreak occurred in the country in 2006/07. Besides the long history of RVF in the country, little is known about its spatial and temporal epidemiology and habitat suitability for its occurrence. This study was conducted to determine potential risk factors and develop the country RVF risk map. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to examine the presence of antibodies specific to RVF virus (RVFV) in seru...

Changing Livelihoods And Adaptive Capacity Of Agro-Pastoralists Evicted From Ihefu In Tanzania

ABSTRACTThere are numerous incidences of impoverishment and livelihood change in pastoral societies following transformation in land use and ownership and their livelihoods. Both in theory and practice, pastoral production has demonstrated flexibility in adapting to different risks. This study sought to investigate the changing livelihoods and adaptive capacity of the agro-pastoralists evicted from Ihefu Basin in Mbarali District, Tanzania. Specifically, the study sought to: (i) Examine the p...

Response Of Large-Scale Mining Companies To The System Of Governance For Improved Local Livelihoods In Tanzania: A Case Of Kahama District

ABSTRACTThis study assesses the response of large scale-mining companies to the system ofgovernance for improved local livelihoods in Tanzania. Specifically, the study analysedthe policy enabling environment of the mining sector in Tanzania, examined complianceof large-scale mining companies with regulatory framework, explored communityperception on mining companies’ practices towards enhancing environmentalsustainability and assessed the contribution of mining companies to the local liveli...

A Study Of The Extent To Which Lack Of Teacher Motivation Affects Learner Academic Performance In Rural Schools Of Shurugwi District

ABSTRACTThe teaching and learning process is incomplete when the teachers are not effectively taking part and are demotivated. Most education systems are faced with a motivation crisis which has a far reaching negative implication on learners. The rural schools experience a lot of challenges that affect learner performance through teacher dissatisfaction as the teacher is the center of instruction hence his/her satisfaction guarantee high performance. The study was carried out to find out the...


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