Art & Humanities

Research Papers/Topics in Art & Humanities

The Waste Land by T.S. Eliot - Is It A Dialectic Text

This essay questions the dialectic nature of The Waste Land by T.S. Eliot. The many voices and contexts are explored with the essay concluding that the poem not only points out the constant conflict between light and dark within the human being, but is also apocalyptic. Primary texts from Conrad, Dante and Ovid are considered with reference also to Shakespeare and Webster.

Women as Culture Creators; A Critical Response to Monica Sjöö Barbara Mor

The article explores the argument for a developing agrarian society due to the frequent inefficiency of male hunting. The earliest attribution of Goddess worship is suggested as pre-dating male deity along with a consideration that the agricultural Neolithic Revolution was preceded by a cultural revolution in religious practices and the use of symbolism. This response explores the authenticity of the claims propounded by Sjöö & Mor with particular reference to the Çatalhöyük complex in Anatolia.

A critical examination of the Evil Eye in Galatians

This essay highlights the nature of Evil Eye accusations in Galatians, highlighting Paul’s response and adaptation to the superstitious nature of first century Mediterranean culture. An anthropological exploration of social norms and boundary rules intimate the environment within which Galatians is set, along with the potential challenges that Paul may have faced due to the possibility of being perceived an ‘outsider’. The essay also highlights Paul’s ability to use rhetoric argument ...

Human Nature - Good Or Evil - An evaluation of the debate in early Chinese philosophy

This essay sets out to explain the differences between the philosophies of Mencius and Hsün Tzu with regard to their consideration of good and evil in association with human nature. The essay provides an historical background for the development of Confucian philosophy from which Mencius and Hsün Tzu would draw inspiration, outlining the presence of the Hundred Schools of Thought era and the impact of the Warring States period. Aspects of both Mencius’ and Hsün Tzu’s thought are consid...

Comment on Edward Normans contention that secularised understandings of Christianity destroy the faith from within. (Norman, 2002, p. 70)

Edward Norman, former Chancellor of Yorkminster, contended in his book Secularisation (2002) that Christianity is destroying itself from within. This article addresses some of the issues raised by these suggestions and concludes that, although Christianity maybe a religion in transition, it has undergone many changes and adaptation over the 2,000 years of its existence

French Nationalism and Religious Recession - Religion In A Secular State

The history and challenges presented to France as an example of a secular state addressing religious presence.

The significance of the work of Jacques Derrida for religious belief

This is essay discusses the impact that the Post-Modernist philosophy of Deconstruction, as proposed by Jacques Derrida, has upon all established ideas, highlighting the internal polarities that are required for a concept to exist

Thoughts on dualistic Christian Theory and the systematic destruction of the Cathars

Why did the Catholic Church conduct the only crusade on European soil to rid themselves of this perceived threat

The Tao of Good and Evil

This essay investigates the nature of Good and Evil as forces within our personal experience rather than external protagonists. The concepts of Good and Evil are considered within a Western context, with reference to Eastern concepts, as polar functions which provide psychological tools to accommodate the nature of life experiences. Sources are taken from Ouspensky and Liebniz with the Dhammapada as a primary text.

The importance of Hajj

This essay explores the place of Hajj as one of the Five Pillars of Islam. It considers whether these devotions, exemplified ny Hajj, can be undertaken in a superficial fashion by the individual, or does the manner in which they are practised as an internalised experience, identify the relationship that the person is developing with Allah. The essay concludes that Hajj not only focuses the mind toward Allah, but also provides the potential for symbolic empowerment when confronting, and overco...

The Expression of Tao and The Peace of Wu-Wei - two key concepts in Taoism

The aim of this essay is to show, firstly, how Tao is expressed as a positive exposition of actuality and secondly, the peace that the non-attachment of the Taoist concept wu-wei can bring. It seeks to show that Tao is a way of life and not a principle to aspire toward. In Chinese culture, Tao is antithetical to Confucianism; its emphasis upon spontaneity and individuality a stark contrast to the social obligation and moral duty stressed by Confucian thinking. Every aspect of existence has it...

Celts, Copts and St Anthony - Notes on pre-Augustine Coptic and Celtic churches

Exploring the earliest contacts with the Coptic and Celtic churches regarding the pre-Augustine mission.

Durkheim - the emergence of religion and the limitations of his approach

Durkheim’s argument consisted of two propositions. Firstly, that religion was not divinely inspired but born as an expression of society and within that expression the capability to transcend itself and, secondly, as a means of social coherence, the ability to build its own citadel; a self-contained social organism with modus operandi specific to its own needs. His work in this field is very insightful in terms of its observations, of its structure and the content of its mechanics, but its ...

Dante, Vergil and a New View of The Afterlife

This essay considers the ever changing notion of the Afterlife while exploring the nature of Dante's guide, Vergil; a complex character immersed in mythology, imbued with classical reason, yet in denial of his divine right to heaven. Can Vergil be considered a Messianic character when placed along side Beatrice? This is Vergil's rite of passage as much as that of Dante as they traverse the various levels of Hell and on to the Garden of Eden. In so doing the essay asks if the Afterlife is stil...


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