Art & Humanities

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Art & Humanities Research Papers/Topics

Teacher Attitudes and Perceived Preparedness Towards Inclusive Education in Kenya: We Are Somewhat Okay and Kind of Prepared

Abstract The effectiveness of inclusive instructional practices is influenced by teachers’ attitudes and sense of preparedness. This study investigated educators’ attitudes and perceived preparedness for inclusion. Participants were 1052 primary educators from Kenya. Participants completed questionnaires on attitudes about inclusion and preparedness for inclusion. Results indicated that educators held moderately positive attitudes about inclusion and felt somewhat ambivalent regarding th...

Types of Urban Vulnerabilities Affecting Households in Informal Settlements of Kisumu County

Abstract Households residing in informal settlements are often hampered by urban-induced vulnerabilities. Despite more than fifty per cent of urban residents in Kisumu County residing in informal settlements, it is unclear to what extent urban-induced vulnerabilities affect their livelihoods. To address this problem, the study examined the types of urban vulnerabilities in Kisumu County Informal Settlements. The data was collected from a sample of 396 households using structured questionnair...

Efficacy of Learning Materials on Learners’ Readiness for Primary Education in Kenya

Abstract he early years of a child are of utmost importance in terms of development since they provide substantial prospects that influence subsequent achievements in academia. The field of early childhood education (ECE) has significant importance in equipping young children with the necessary skills and knowledge to succeed in primary academic settings, achieved via the implementation of well-designed curricula. Nevertheless, empirical research indicates that early childhood development an...

Citizens’ Perspective on the Influence of Police Reforms on Post-Conflict Corruption Management in Migori County, Kenya

Abstract Re-emergence of conflict instigated by post-conflict police corruption is a real global concern. Contemplating this risk, most peace deals incorporate anti-corruption police reforms. Police reforms were adopted in Kenya following the 2007/8 post-election violence, in which high levels of police corruption were featured as one of the grievances that triggered the violence. However, despite more than a decade of reforms, positive peace is still elusive. International and national acto...

Effectiveness of Biometric Modalities Employed in Management of Identity Based Conflicts in Nairobi County, Kenya

Abstract The case of Nairobi County, Kenya, serves as evidence that identity-based conflicts pose persistent difficulties on a global scale. In this region, the convergence of various ethnic and cultural identities sometimes gives rise to strained relations and episodes of violence. The present study investigates the efficacy of biometric technology in mitigating identity-related challenges within the jurisdiction of Nairobi County. A descriptive survey study was conducted, involving 300 par...

The Effectiveness of Peace Building Strategies Used in the Management of Electoral Conflict in Trans-Nzoia County, Kenya

Abstract In recent times, Kenya has had a series of crises after elections, highlighting the imperative of ongoing endeavors to cultivate enduring peace. Understanding the factors that contribute to electoral conflicts is of utmost importance in formulating efficacious strategies for promoting peace. The primary objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of peace-building measures in the management of election tensions in Trans-Nzoia County, Kenya. The study used an evaluation resear...

Regional Factors Influencing Bilateral Trade Between Kenya and South Africa

Abstract Trade in the modern world has evolved due to the liberalization and integration of the world into one unit. This has led to the practice of trade in multilateral, regional, and bilateral frameworks where states advance their diplomatic interests through negotiations, networking, regulations, and participation. Foreign trade is influenced by key regional factors like comparative advantage, level of investment, and domestic absorption rate. The study investigated the regional factors ...

Role of Chinese Economic Diplomacy in Fostering Infrastructural Development in Kenya Since 1963

Abstract This study investigated the role of Chinese economic diplomacy in fostering infrastructural development in Kenya since 1963. The focus was on how this partnership manifests itself in infrastructure development. This study was anchored on power theory, modernization, and dependency theories, which were triangulated to inform the conceptual framework of the study. This study adopted historical, cross-cultural, and survey research designs. Questionnaires, interview guides, and focus gr...

Meaning loss in English-Lubukusu medical interpretation

Abstract Language is a vital component in doctor-patient communication. The linguistic differences between languages make medical interpretation difficult. Thus, in situations where a doctor and a patient have no common language, interpretation is essential for successful exchange of meaning. Lubukusu, the language spoken by monolingual Bukusu patients and English, the language spoken by the non-native doctors, have huge linguistic differences that make it difficult for interpreters to achie...

Interpretability of English medical discourse into Lubukusu

Abstract In this era of massive travel and inevitable migration, many doctors encounter patients with whom they do not share a common language. Whenever doctors encounter patients with whom they have no common language, interpretation is the most solicited solution. This paper examines the interpretability of English - Lubukusu medical discourse in Bungoma County in Kenya. English has unique scientific jargon used in the medical field which have no equivalents in Lubukusu. This study sought ...

Freshwater Aquaculture and Household Performance in Busia County, Kenya

Abstract Aquaculture has become a household source of proteins, taking over the traditional red meat delicacy that promotes food security and livelihood for over 2.5 billion people. This covers approximately 40 percent of the world’s fish production. As the population increases, the demand for fish increases owing to the current deficit. Therefore, the need for freshwater aquaculture is high to meet global demand. Busia County has benefited from internal and external support for household ...

Contextual meaning loss and gain in the translation of George Orwell’s Animal Farm from English to Kiswahili

Abstract This paper establishes the extent of contextual meaning loss or gain in the translation of George Orwell’s Animal Farm from English to Kiswahili. In particular, it analyzes critical concepts in contextualizing the English-Kiswahili translation of the novel. Does meaning loss or gain in the translation of Animal Farm facilitate or impede the appropriate contextualizing of the target language version? What strategies have been used by the translator to deal with contextual meaning l...

Analysis of Spatial and Temporal Levels of Heavy Metals in Water, Sediments and Fish in Sosiani River

Abstract The objective of the study was to examine spatial and temporal levels of heavy metals in water, sediments and fish in Sosiani River. This study was an experimental design approach in which a scientific analysis was done involving sample collection, preparation and laboratory work to determine Pb, Cd and Cr concentrations in fish water and sediments. The main Sosiani river flows from the Keiyo escarpment at the far South East through Uasin Gishu plateau to Turbo which is in the North...

Effects of Mau Forest Evictions on Human Security of the Ogiek Community, Kenya

Abstract Forest communities have had to globally endure evictions, sometimes forceful, due to the need for governments to conserve the environment by protecting forests from negative human actions. The Ogiek are hunters and gatherers and rely mainly on wild fruits, beekeeping, and game hunting as a source of livelihood. Animals, e.g., hyrax, were hunted. The Ogiek's lives and sources of livelihood are highly dependent on the forest. The Ogiek community of Mau Forest, Kenya, is a forest commu...

Influence of Sexual Attitudes on the Education Participation of Secondary School Girls in Homa Bay County, Kenya

Abstract Secondary schooling for girls is associated with much vulnerability. Sexual research is sometimes curtailed by religious and cultural taboos that consider it inappropriate. Given that girls’ education participation continues to experience setbacks that have a sexual bearing, research breaching these taboos is justified. Hence, the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of sexual attitudes on the education participation of secondary school girls in Homa Bay County (...


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