Natural & Applied Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Natural & Applied Sciences

SUSCEPTIBILITIES OF Salmonella typhi AND OTHER BACTERIAL PATHOGENS TO ANTIBIOTICS AND HOT AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF Hibiscus sabdariffa

ABSTRACTThe susceptibilities of Salmonella typhi and other pathogens to antibiotics and hot aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa were investigated using agar diffusion and agar well diffusion methods respectively. Salmonella typhi was sensitive to ampicillin, cetriaxone, ciprofloxacin, gentamycin of ofloxacin and perfloxacin. Nitrofurantoin, ampicillin, clarithomycin and augumentin are resistant. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp, and Staphylococcus aureus were sensitive to 50%, 70% and 60% ...

Evaluation of Food safety hazards and control in selected fast foods outlets in Ifo Local Government Area, Ogun State

Although the safety of foods served in fast-foods in Nigeria has been an ongoing concern, the unhygienic environments where some fast-foods are located contribute to transmission of foodborne diseases. Health experts in Nigeria have said that the shortage of water may affect the success of any safety campaigns. According to the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) for water and sanitation (WHO/UNICEF, 2013), only 58 percent of the country’s 160 million people have access to potable wat...

Determining the incidence of Dengue in Ile-Ife

Pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) is fever that occurs for no apparent reason with failure toestablish diagnosis within one week of investigation. The fever involves temperatures ofgreater than 38.3oC which occurs sporadically for more than three weeks. Fever resolvesusually after about 3 days but can take 2 weeks.Dengue is a tropical mosquito borne-viral disease and is marked by high fever and severe muscle and joint pains. It is caused by any of four antigenically and genetically distinct vir...

ELECTRONIC PAYMENT SECURITY SYSTEM

ABSTRACTElectronic commerce and electronic business are the inevitable mediums of exchange in an increasingly wired world. To better understand the problems and perspectives of electronic payment systems, it is wise to look at not only the current systems in place, but to also examine what the future may hold. This research work describes the characteristics of current systems in place and provides a brief analysis of how each works. Secure electronic payment system is presented in this ...

THE ELECTRONIC PAYMENT SECURITY SYSTEM

ABSTRACTThe financial institutions seek to cut the cost of mediators through direct deal with the consumers and share information with the Internet users as well as encourage customers to pay on-line. One of the main problems faced by Organizations in terms of dealing and paying on-line that Internet users are worried and unwilling to send sensitive information through the Internet. In fact customers are scared that during the transactions hackers and Internet interlopers will steal their inf...

ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION, CLIMATE CHANGE, MIGRATION AND YOUTH

ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION, CLIMATE CHANGE, MIGRATION AND YOUTH   Within the debates on the consequences of climatic and ecological change, international attention has become increasingly focussed on the links between environmental change and human migration. Several international organisations such as...

Influence of genetics and environment on grain quality.

AbstractWheat grain quality are strongly influenced by the effects of environment during grain fill. Environmental variables such as temperature, water and fertilizer influence the rate and duration of wheat grain development, protein accumulation and starch deposition in unique ways, and by different mechanisms. The effects of environment are superimposed on the intrinsic temporal patterns of gene expression during grain development. Integration of genomic and proteomic studies with developm...

Design and Implementation of NYSC posting ( a case study of Abuja)

ABSTRACTThis project work is aimed at studying the procedure for NYSC posting system for the purpose of automating the system for effectiveness and efficiency. Nigerian University students are sent on a one year National youth service corps after their graduation from the university. The list forwarded by universities to NYSC Headquarter is registered for the purpose of sending call-up letter to the students and for posting of qualified students. So, this research is to design and implement a...

Design of A National Identity Card System (A Case Study of National Identity Card, Ngwo Local Government Area Enugu State

ABSTRACTThis project is aimed at improving along lasting processing and administration system on National Identity card. It is also aimed at keeping records of all processing and administration system for national Identity card with view of modifying it into a full computerized system. The study covers the areas of application entry, record verification, list generation, code numbering and maintenance of the managed information. The new system developed is very easy to use and gives answers t...

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AIRLINE FLIGHT INFORMATION SYSTEM (A CASE STUDY OF AIR NIGERIA, LAGOS STATE.)

ABSTRACTThis project was out of the necessity to address the inherent problems encountered by members of staff of Air Nigeria and their customers. The manual processes involved in the management of airline were critical examined and the flows noted. The software so designed offers to a great extent, the solutions to these problems. The project went further to ret the different techniques used in implementing the newly design software in order to facilitate a broader understanding of the desig...

POST MILLING EFFECT OF STORAGE ,TEMPERATURE ON BREAD BAKING QUALITY OF REFINED WHITE FLOUR,WHEAT BREAD AND THE ROLE OF FLOUR LIPIDS

1.1 INTRODUCTION The USDA issued a Dietary Guidelines recommendation on June 12th, 2005 for consumers to increase whole grain consumption. However, it is generally recognized that wheat flours containing the germ can develop problems due to lipid changes. White flour, especially soft wheat flour destined for use in cakes, increases in quality with time after harvest and milling, as indicated by a desirable drop in batter specific gravity and increase in batter viscosity, distilled water ...

AQUATIC INSECTS AND THEIR ECOLOGICAL BENEFITS

ABSTRACTThis seminar work on the ecological benefits of aquatic insects was done taking into consideration basic questions and concepts that can be derived from the given topic of study.Some of these questions included - What is an insect?- What is an aquatic insect?- Types of aquatic insects- What is ecology?- Types of ecology- Aquatic ecology- Aquatic insects and their ecological benefits, were used to indicated the depth this work is going to cover.  Information on t...

Water and Sanitation Target (MDGs)

INTRODUCTION The Millennium Summit in September 2000 and held in New York City was described as the largest gathering of global leaders in history. The three-day summit was one where 149 global leaders gathered on the table of brotherhood. Three days after, the leaders arrived at the Millennium Declaration which automatically became known as the Millennium Developme...

A SMART CARD SECURITY SYSTEM (A CASE STUDY OF ECO BANK)

ABSTRACTIn the up to date electronic planet, authentication of an individual is a vital assignment in numerous territories of everyday existence. Smart Cards are secure compact space gadgets utilized for a few requisitions specifically security identified ones including access to framework's database either connected or disconnected from the net. Smartcard are regularly “secure” movable units. It is an elevated amount outline system for installed informative data frameworks. Normally...

Analysis of the Causes of Road Failure in some parts of Nigeria (A Review)

ABSTRACTThis research assesses the various factors responsible for road failures in the southwestern and south-southern parts of Nigeria with the aim of reporting findings to the public domain. The research further stressed the importance and relevance of geophysics in evaluating civil engineering structures such as roads. The above goals were met by studying the results of surveys carried out by researchers in southern Nigeria. Electrical Resistivity and Electromagnetic methods have been use...


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