Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Retention of GIC versus Amalgam as restorations [October 12, 2016]

Search result: There is still a lack of studies to this topic and only two clinical studies concerning restorations in the primary dentition were found.Clinical outcomes: The results of (conventional) high-viscosity GIC indicate no difference to amalgam while, low viscosity GIC perform significantly worse than amalgam.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over e...

Longevity of resin-modified GIC versus compomers in primary teeth [October 11, 2016]

Search result: Only three clinical studies were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the longevity between both types of materials.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as the assessment of precision and internal validity of results and thus do not r...

Cariostatic effect of conventional GIC versus composite resin [October 11, 2016]

Search result: Seven clinical studies to topics concerning orthodontic bonding, root- and tooth restorations were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate a higher cariostatic effect of GIC for orthodontic bonding and tooth restorations in permanent teeth. No difference was found for tooth restorations in primary teeth when compared to fluoride containing composite and root restorations.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systemati...

How differ coated high-viscosity GIC restorations (i.e. EQUIA) from non-coated in clinically relevant aspects? [October 10, 2016]

Search result: Three prospective clinical controlled trials were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate that there may be a trend that coating can protect Fuji IX GP Extra against wear.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as the assessment of precision and internal va...

Cariostatic effect of conventional GIC versus compomers [October 08, 2016]

Search result: There is a lack of clinical studies to this topic: Only three clinical trials were found and traced.Clinical outcomes: The results are conflicting or suggest no difference between conventional GIC and Compomers in regard to their anticariogenic effects.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number o...

Cariostatic effect of resin-modified GIC (RM-GIC) versus compomers [October 08, 2016]

Search result: Twelve clinical trials were found and traced.Clinical outcomes: The overall results suggest no difference between RM-GIC and Compomers in regard to their anticariogenic effects.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as the assessment of precision and intern...

Antibacterial effect of GIC versus composite resin [October 04, 2016]

Search result: One clinical trial was found and traced concerning resin-modified GIC (RM-GIC). The material was Fuji II LC (compared to: Tetric Flow and Helioseal F). No trials were identified comparing conventional GIC (C-GIC) with composite resin.Clinical outcomes: The overall results suggest a higher antibacterial effect for RM-GIC up to 6 months.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature an...

Have Stannous ions Any Remineralising Effect on Dental Tissues? (Therapeutic)

Search result: 2 trials were found.Clinical outcomes: The results of the laboratory trials suggest that stannous ions have a remineralising (therapeutic) effect on dental tissue (particularly when stannous fluoride was compared to sodium fluoride).[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as we...

Has Zinc Any Antibiotic Effect on Oral Bacteria?

Search result: 12 trials were found.Clinical outcomes: The results of the mainly laboratory trials suggest that zinc has an inhibiting effect on oral bacteria.State of evidence and recommendations: The quality of the existing evidence requires further assessment.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases s...

What are the Clinical Merits of Chemically Cured Glass-ionomers (GIC) for Placing Cervical Tooth Restorations?

Search result: Only trials with low-viscosity GIC were found.Clinical outcomes: The results suggest that cervical restorations placed with chemically cured GICs have good survival rates when compared to composite but are less aesthetic.State of evidence and recommendations: The quality of the existing evidence requires further assessment.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews...

Potential of adverse effects due to aluminium, barium and strontium in GIC

Search result: No clinical evidence concerning adverse effects of aluminium, barium or strontium released from GICs were found. A review of the relevant laboratory literature, including a conservative calculation of any potential adverse clinical effect due to aluminium content, concludes that the amount of aluminum that could be leached into the body from glass-ionomer dental fillings is well below the permitted daily dose and almost certainly too small to have a measurable effect. This,...

What are the clinical differences between HVGIC restorations placed after handmix or capsule mix?

Search result: No trial could be found.Clinical outcomes: NoneState of evidence and recommendations: None[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as the assessment of precision and internal validity of results and thus do not replace the need for a full systematic review report to the topic]

Have stannous ions any antibiotic effect on oral bacteria?

Search result: 7 trials were found.Clinical outcomes: The results of the mainly laboratory trials suggest that stannous ions have an inhibiting effect on oral bacteria (particularly when stannous fluoride was compared to sodium fluoride).State of evidence and recommendations: The quality of the existing evidence requires further assessment.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overvie...

What is the failure rate of GIC restorations placed after incomplete removal of infected carious dentine?

Search result: Two clinical controlled trials were found.Clinical outcomes: The results suggest no difference in the failure rate of GIC restorations placed after either complete or incomplete removal of infected (soft) carious dentin.State of evidence and recommendations: The quality of the existing evidence requires further assessment.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews ...

What is the recent evidence that merit composite resin for direct tooth restorations (as compared to amalgam as current gold standard)? [November 19, 2015]

Search result: Four clinical controlled trials were found between the period of 2004 and 2015 (19.11.15).Clinical outcomes: The results show that composite resin performs less satisfactory when compared to amalgam.State of evidence and recommendations: The quality of the existing evidence requires further assessment.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clin...


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