Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Prevalence of Parasitic Eggs in Freshly Consumed Vegetables Commercially Traded in Selected Markets within the Abuja Municipal Area Council, FCT Abuja

ABSTRACTCommonly sold vegetables within the Abuja Municipal Area Council, FCT Abuja were investigated for the prevalence of parasitic eggs. A total of 225 vegetable samples were collected and investigated for the presence of these parasites using standard methods, and quite a number of them were positive. Results obtained showed the parasitic infestation rates were 71.11%, 71.11%, 68.89%, 55.55% and 20% for water leaf, green, pumpkin, lettuce and carrot respectively. The parasites encountered...

Prevalence and Antibiogram of Generic Enterococci in Ready-to-Slaughter Beef Cattle

Abstract Rectal swabs were collected from 95, systematic randomly selected, apparently healthy beef cattle, in order to isolate generic enterococci in Nsukka Southeast, Nigeria, and thus to determine the antibacterial resistance profile of the isolates. Isolation of enterococci was done using Slanetz-Bartley enterococci selective medium. Phenotypic characterization of the isolates to generic level was done following standard biochemical methods. Phenotypic resistance of  the  i...

A Critical Comparison of Depression Among Adolescents in Nigeria and the United Kingdom (UK)

BackgroundAccording to the WHO (2014 d), depression is the number one cause of health problems and disability amongst adolescents (age 10-19 years). Furthermore, suicide which is the third leading cause of death amongst this age group is strongly associated with severe forms of depression (WHO 2014d). Evidence indicates that half of the mental health disorders in adulthood start during adolescence (WHO 2014d).Therefore, proper intervention and prevention of mental health problems amongs...

BIOSTIMULATION OF BACTERIA DEGRADATION OF CRUDE OIL POLLUTED SOIL USING PLANTAIN PEELS

Biostimulation of bacteria degradation of crude oil polluted soil using plantain peels were studied in University of Abuja permanent site. Top soil was collected randomly from different points, sieved and weighed out 3kg into each plastic bucket, and were polluted with 300ml, 250ml and 200ml on each. The plastic buckets were labeled in single form with cotton wool plugged at the base to retain the water. (A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J) with the control as J without crude oil. After 30 days, the...

Malaria: A Public Health Menace in Nigeria

 BACKGROUND Nigeria has a tropical climate with temperatures ranging between 250C and 400 C. Average rainfall is about 2,650 millimetres in the southeast to less than 600 millimetres in some part of the north; with areas of mangrove swamps, tropical rain forests, coastal areas, open woodlands and Savannah. This climatic and geographic condition of Nigeria favours the transmission of malaria (Malaria Consortium, 2014), and is in keeping with the endemicity of the disease in the country...

The Menace of Poliomyelitis in Northern Nigeria

Background The poliovirus belongs to the enterovirus family and has three serotypes: serotype 1, 2 and 3. In addition, the 3 serotypes do not have cross immunity (Shors 2011). Therefore, immunity against one serotype does not provide immunity against another (WHO 2014c). It is noteworthy that Nigeria has not recorded any incidence of serotype 3 for about one year although the other serotypes still exist in the country (National Primary Healthcare Development Agency-NPHDA 2013). In addi...

HOW DO TRADITIONAL BIRTH ATTENDANTS (TBAS) SUPPORT PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) OF HIV IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA? A CRITICAL LITERATURE REVIEW

Background: This study is aimed at identifying sustainable and convenient ways that traditional birth attendants (TBAs) could support prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Sub-Saharan Africa. Method: The study was conducted using a critical literature review methodology. Key words and their alternative terms were identified. A Boolean search was carried out using the keywords and their alternative terms in Global Health, PubMed and ...

Substance abuse and mental health effects among the youth: Implications for research

The aim of the study was to explore the mental health effects of substance abuse among the youth and to examine services put in place in helping mentally disturbed as a result of substance abuse. The study adopted a cross-sectional qualitative research approach. The data was collected through in-depth face to face interviews. Participants were sampled and divided into two sections: youth abusing substances and key informants. They were drawn using purposive and snowball sampling, and d...

MORINGA OLEIFERA SUPPLEMENTED DIET: MODULATION OF RAT PLASMA LIPID PROFILE AND OTHER BIOCHEMICAL INDICES - for merge

ABSTRACTBackground: The Moringa oleifera plant which is also known as miracle tree has been reported to have many medicinal uses with high nutritional values.  Objective: This study, evaluated the effect of M. oleifera leaves as food supplement in Wistar rats. Methods: Two experimental feeds A containing no M. Oleifera and B having 15 % M. oleifera were prepared and analyzed for proximate composition. Rats were assigned into two groups and sustained on either feed A or B for 21 days. 24hrs...

CHRONIC DISEASES CONCERN

Chronic diseases mean that they last a life time or for a long time. People suffering from diseases such as asthma, high blood pressure and diabetes feel stigmatized when they are referred to as disabled. Congestive heart failure and failure of organs is also classified as being chronic. To note, such kind of ailments lead to organs failure, thus lead to disability. Diseases such as asthma for instance make one not to spend life in the normal way; one has to avoid staying in the cold for too ...

Effect of EMR from Laptop on Reproductive Hormones, Sperm Quality and Prostate Specific Antigen of Male Albino Rats

ABSTRACTHumans in modern society are exposed to an ever-increasing number of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) generated from the production and supply of electricity, television sets, personal computer (PC), radio communication, and mobile communication, hence, it has become a public health issue.  This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) emitted from new generation laptop computers on sperm quality and reproductive hormone of male albino rats. Thi...

VAGINAL DELIVERY AFTER ONE PREVIOUS CAESAREAN SECTION: IS RADIOLOGICAL PELVIMETRY NECESSARY?

 ABSTRACT  Objective: To examine whether antepartum x-ray pelvimetry reliably predicts the likelihood of vaginal birth after one previous caesarean section (VBAC).Design: Retrospective study.Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Nigeria.Population: Patients with one previous caesarean delivery without prior vaginal delivery who had x-ray pelvimetry done at term.Methods: Medical records of 207 patients with previous vaginal del...

Cobalt Report

Cobalt is one of the natural elements that happens to be found throughout the natural environment. This natural element is present in trace amounts in sols, plants, water and our diet. When cobalt is in its pure form it is a steel-grey to black shinny hard metal. Cobalt can also exit as cobalt II and cobalt III which forms a number of both organic and inorganic salts. Cobalt in small proportion is essential to good health. Cobalt is only found in the environment in chemically bonded form...

Performing a Safety Audit in the Workplace

ABSTRACTContinual improvement is an essential precondition for each safety audit system that seeks to reap lasting success in today’s rapidly evolving society. The best guarantee for a dynamic system of continuous improvement and constant flexibility is the full commitment of competent employees who grow with the overall organization because their efforts are systematically valorized and because they are given the opportunities to develop and regularly update their skills. Within the safety...


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