Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Effect of cigarette smoking on kidney functions

Introduction The kidneys play a major role in the control of the consistency of the internal environment. The blood passing through the kidneys is first filtrated (glomerular filtration) so that all the constituents, except blood cells and plasma proteins, go into the microtubular systems. In the kidneys the useful substances are quickly reabsorbed but unwanted substances escape filtration and are actively excreted in urine. (Krungkrai S, 2001).However, renal function tests are important...

Teratogen and physiological effects on organogenesis

A human teratogen is an agent that alters the growth or structure of the developing embryo or fetus, thereby causing birth defects. The first human teratogen identified in 1941 by an ophthalmologist, Norman Gregg, was maternal rubella infection in pregnancy, which produced a triad of defects (cataracts, heart malformations, and deafness) in the infants (Gregg, 1991).  Teratogens are environmental agents such as drugs, viruses, lack of nutrients, and physical or chemical elements tha...

Prevalence of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa in Hospitalised Patients in Kubwa General Hospital, Abuja, FCT

                                      ABSTRACT The present study was to determine the prevalence of pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients using clinical samples (urine, skin lesion and pus) and environmental samples (sand, tap water, flowers). A total of thirty (30) samples were collected from patients, ten (10) each of urine, skin lesions and pus. And also three environmental samples (tap water, sand and flower) were collected. The samples obtai...

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Students Towards Tobacco Smoking

The concept of tobacco smoking has various aspects but this research focused on the cigarette kind. The findings showed that a large number of the students had poor or low knowledge of the health risk associated with smoking with students of TSU having means score of 10.16 and those of OOU having a mean score of 5.3 out of 16 point rating scale. The attitude varied based on the particular knowledge they exhibited but due to the poor knowledge the attitude gave room for more practice. 

Extraction and Thermal Degradation of Caffeine Extracted From Cola Nut

ABSTRACT     Caffeine is an odorless, slightly bitter organic compound found mostly in beverages such as coffee or tea and in chocolate.  It is the most widely used “mind-altering drug” in the world, though it is considered safe and is mostly unregulated.  Caffeine acts as a mild stimulant on the nervous system, aiding in alertness.  Caffeine is also included in many weight loss supplements due to its reputation of acting as an appetite suppressant and in sti...

NUTRITIONAL VALUE AND CONSUMER PREFERENCE OF SOME SELECTED MEAT PRODUCTS

                                                                          ABSTRACTMeat products such as beef burger, breakfast sausage, hot-dog and frankfurter required at U.T.C (United Trading Company Nigeria plc, were assessed for their proximate composition and sensory quality. Crude protein was significantly (p

Assessment of Awareness of the Hazards Associated With HIV/AIDS Among Rural Dwellers (A Case Study of Oju Local Government Area of Benue State)

ABSTRACTThis work investigates the level of awareness of the hazards  associated with   HIV/AIDSamong  rural  dwellers  in   Oju   Local  Government  Area.  A  random   sampling  method  wasadopted  and questionnaires were administered  to the rural dwellers as a means of datacollection. A simple percentage technique of data presentation was used. Three villages weresampled (Ikachi- Ukpa, Ameka-Owo, Ojaba-Ainu) from the two districts (Uwokwu and Igedecentre) in Oju Local G...

ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS

erythroblastosis is a disease of the new born baby. find out about its history, prevalence, pathophysiology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment.

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE BREAST

1.Anatomy and physiology of breast cancer2.the lymphatic system of the breast3.structure of the breast4.Breast development5.classification of breast cancer6.Hormone status of breast cancer7.Area of the breast where cancer grows

PREVALENCE OF ENTERIC FEVER AND MALARIA AMONGST PATIENTS' OF THE UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICES, FEDERAL UNIVERSITY DUSTIN-MA, KATSINA, NORTH-WEST, NIGERIA

1,277 patients were diagnosed and treated (July – September, 2017) for malaria, typhoid or co-infection at the University Health Services; 34.06% of the patients were diagnosed and treated in July; 32.58% in August; and 33.36% in September, 2017. The study reveals that the prevalence or incidence of malaria, typhoid and co-infection is higher in males (53.80%) than females (46.20%). 7.75% of the study population had blood cultures confirming only typhoid infection; 31.95...

PERCEIVED IMPACT OF SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SAMARU COMMUNITY ZARIA

Abstract School Health Program (SHP) is a coordinated activity which contributes to the understanding, maintenance and improvement of the health of school population. Structures for effective school health program has collapsed, teachers and schools are not motivated to implement school health program. This study evaluates the perceived impact of school health program in various secondary schools in the Samaru community, through physical, mental and social wellbeing asse...

PERCEIVED IMPACT OF SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAM AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SAMARU METROPOLIS

ABSTRACT The objectives of this study was to evaluate the perceived impact of school health program in various secondary schools in the Samaru community, through physical, mental and social wellbeing assessment of the students. Health promotion model was used as the theoretical framework. The Study design was a cross sectional descriptive survey design and simple random sampling method was used to select the samples consisting of 70 students from Government girls Samaru, 52 stud...

Assessment of Heavy metal concentration in storm runoff generated at Alabata mechanic village, Camp, Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria.

Water is a vital source of life essential for survival of all living organisms. Surface runoff and soil may become contaminated by the accumulation of heavy metals deposited by the activities of auto mechanic village. Runoff samples were obtained during rainfall from Alabata Mechanic Village located at Camp, Abeokuta, Ogun state; during the establishment of peak rainfall (May and June) and cessation of rainfall (November and February). This study examined runoff samples to quantify the concen...

THE ROLE OF NURSES IN POLICY FORMULATION

The essence of administering or managing an organization is about decision-making, policy formulation and implementation. Organization leadership (public or private) function and operates the system based on known and clearly stated policy guidelines. Policy is thus formulated as the framework that informs organization structure, management pattern, operational processes and relationships to achieving the corporate organizational set goals and objectives. The formulation of policy p...

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF PRIMARY HEALTH NURSES TOWARDS SCHOOL HEALTH SERVICE AMONG SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ILE IFE

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to examine the knowledge and attitude of primary school teachers on school health programme. Objectives were to assess knowledge of school teachers on school health programme, to determine the attitude of school teachers towards school health programme, to determine factors contributing to participation of school teachers in school health programme, to determine level of implementation of school health programme among primary school st...


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