Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Tuberculosis Treatment Outcome And Associated Factors At The Tetteh Quarshie Memorial Hospital

Tuberculosis threatens public health all over the world and affects persons mostly in their productive lives. The proportion of cases with successful treatment outcome is a key indicator to assess the effectiveness and performance of any Tuberculosis Control Programme. Effectivetreatment is a major  element in reducing the transmission of infection and ultimately achieving elimination of the disease. The study was conducted to determine factors associated with treatme...

Adherence To The Use Of Integrated Management Of Neonatal And Childhood Illnesses (Imnci) Protocol Among Health Workers In Ashiedu-keteke And Ablekuma Submetros, Accra

Introduction: In Ghana, one in every twelve children dies before their fifth birthday despite the implementation of the IMNCI protocol since 1998. Studies to investigate this in Ghana have focused on specific aspects such as laboratory test and management of malaria with limited attention paid to assessing health workers’ knowledge and adherence to the three focal areas in the IMNCI strategy.Objectives: This study assessed knowledge and adherence as well as factors assoc...

Health Seeking Behaviour For Schistosomiasis-Related Symptoms In The Kassena-Nankana East District

Abstract Schistosomiasis brings about long-term illness in humans which can become significant economic burden on the society. Morbidity control of schistosomiasis through integration of treatment within existing health care delivery system is seen as a potentially sustainable and cost-effective approach. A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the health-seeking behaviour for signs and symptoms related to schistosomiasis among the inhabitants of Gani and ...

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Among Elderly Medical Patients At The Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana

ABSTRACT Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has now spread to all parts of the world with rates particularly high in young people (15-49 years) than older people (>50 years). Despite the global attention being paid to the epidemic of infection with HIV, the rates among older people in the sub-Saharan Africa has been a neglected area of study. This cross-sectional study carried out between the months of November, 2012 and January 2014 sought to determine the prevalence of HIV among...

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HEPATITIS B VIRUS INFECTION AMONG SOLDIERS IN THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE GHANA ARMED FORCES- A CASE-CONTROL STUDY

ABSTRACT Background: Military personnel are high-risk people for parenteral and sexually transmitted diseases such as hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases globally. The burden of Chronic Hepatitis B infection in the Ghana Armed Forces is not known. As part of the Ghana Armed Forces Hepatitis Programme, the Forces Liver Health Protection (FLiHP) Project is implementing interventions aimed at reducing the estimated burden of viral hepatit...

Psychosocial Problems Facing Parents Of Children With Neurological Disorders

Abstract Chronic neurological conditions impose psychosocial problems on caregivers. The objective of this study was to survey and describe caregivers’ psychosocial experiences; beliefs and effects neurological illness have on the family and social life. A purposive sample of 160 parents enrolled using a standard questionnaire to obtain socio-demographic information, beliefs and psychosocial experiences. Data analysis demonstrated that mean stress reported by the caregivers was...

Effects Of Advertisement On Alcohol Consumption Among Students Of University Of Ghana

ABSTRACT In recent times, alcoholism has become very common among youth. The growing incidence of alcohol consumption among the youth has become a topical issue within healthcare industry because of its potential negative effects especially on student youth. To address these concerns, this study sought to identify the student youth source of information on alcohol consumption, explore their knowledge level on harmful alcohol consumption, benefits they derived from alcohol consump...

Establishing A Relationship Between Uterine Myoma And Thyroid Nodules Using Medical Ultrasonographic Pattern Approach

ABSTRACT Background: Every cell in the body depends on the thyroid hormones for regulation of their metabolism. About 5-10% of thyroid nodules are suggested to be malignant. Many philosophies explain myoma growth through different pathways and most make mention of estrogen as a contributor. Estrogen is known to have influence on thyroid function, and suspected to have a role in formation of thyroid nodules. Estrogen receptors have been found in normal and neoplastic thyroid tissue...

Knowledge On Occupational Hazards And Occupational Health Practices Among Cement Workers At Dangote Cement Ghana Limited

Introduction: The use of cement in Ghana was increased steadily over the years due to the increase in construction activities. Much of the cement used for construction is being produced in the country, presenting a lot of concerns for the health of cement workers in the country. Dangote group is the first foreign entrant into the Ghanaian cement market, coming in, to compete with the existing two Ghanaian indigenous cement industries, Ghana Cement (GHACEM) and We...

The Influence Of Social Media On Sexual Behaviors Among Students Of Cape Coast Technical University

Introduction: Social media are the collection of online communications channels dedicated to community- based input, interactions, content sharing and collaboration across people Elephant, (2011). Social media has become a routine way of life for most people. Students search for all kind of means to solve sexual challenges that they face. Most of them get their source of information through social media. Studies have shown that social media have an influence on sexual...

Working Conditions Of Electronic Waste Workers At Agbogbloshie, Accra

ABSTRACT Background: Ghana’s increased use of technology has resulted in massive generation of electronic wastes in the country. These wastes contain toxic chemicals which are injurious to human health, yet there is only little information on how these wastes are managed at the informal level in the country. This study, therefore, investigated the informal level e-waste processing activities at Agbogbloshie and described its associated working conditions. Methods: The study us...

Review Of Maternal Deaths Audit In Effia Nkwanta Regional Hospital In The Western Region

Review of maternal mortality is one of the most effective methods to improve the performance of health workers and it could bring about changes to reduce maternal mortality. Ghana recorded 3,100 maternal deaths in 2013.The Western Region recorded 85 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births and Effia Nkwanta Regional Hospital recorded 24 maternal deaths out of 2,788 deliveries in 2013 giving a maternal mortality ratio of 717/ 100,000 live births. The hospital also recor...

Knowledge Of Mothers On Growth Monitoring Charts And Nutritional Status Of Children (0-24 Months) In Akim Oda

Growth monitoring is one of the key strategies in promoting child health and reducing infant mortality. This task is one of the important activities undertaken at the Child Welfare Clinic. One of the reasons for growth monitoring is to educate mothers to have a clear understanding about the growth of their children and motivate them to take appropriate measures to maintain or improve it to prevent malnutrition. Through the provision of primary health care by trai...

Stigma And Discriminations Suffered By Mental Patients And Their Caregivers In The Ho Municipality Of Ghana

Stigma and discrimination is becoming a global issue that permeates many communicable diseases. Stigma creates a barrier between the sick and the rest of society that prevents them from acting on their instinctive desire to seek curative treatment that will enable them to reenter into their everyday social activity. This study was done in Ho Municipality of Ghana. It explored the forms of stigmatization and discrimination against mental disorders, social meaning and the&nb...

Clients’ Perception Of Comprehensive Abortion Care At La General Hospital In Accra

Introduction: Comprehensive Abortion Care (CAC) service is aimed at providing safe abortion and post abortion care in order to reduce the risks associated with unsafe abortion. The main objective of this study was to explore clients’ perceptions of CAC at the La General Hospital.Method: This was a qualitative study using In-depth interviews to explore clients’ perception of CAC among women who visited the CAC unit of the La General Hospital. The participants were purpo...


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