Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Prevalence & Determinants of Diarrheal Diseases Among Children Under Five Years Attending Kiryandongo General Hospital.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Globally diarrhea kills 2,195 children every day—more than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined. That is like losing nearly 32 school buses full of children each day! 1 in 9 child deaths are due to diarrhea, making 801, 000 child deaths from diarrhea every year. This makes diarrhea the second leading cause of death among the under-fives. Despite this positive trend seen globally resulting from socio-economic development and implementation of child survival interventio...

Assessing The Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Towards Mental Health Disorders Among Medical Students in Kiu-Th Ishaka Town, Bushenyi District

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Mental health is a crucial component of health that has not received appropriate visibility, policy attention and funding for many years, especially in low and middle income countries. In these countries, between 76% and 85% of people with severe mental disorders receive no treatment for these disorders The corresponding range is lower in high-income countries, between 35% and 50% (WHO 2013). In Africa and Southeast Asia, most countries spend less tha...

Description of Factors Associated with Burn Injuries Among Pediatric Admitted in Surgical Ward in Kampala International University Teaching Hospital in Bushenyi District Western Uganda.

ABSTRACT The study was carried out in Kampala International University Teaching Hospital in Bushenyi District western Uganda from January 2016 to December 2016 to determine the description of factors associated with Burn injuries among pediatrics admitted in the surgical ward. The admissions book on the surgical ward was reviewed and from the records department of KIUTH, the information was retrieved using a data collection sheet designed according to the specific objectives and the question...

To Establish the Causes of Under-Five Mortality at Kampala International Universtiy Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To establish the causes of inpatient child mortality at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital. METHODOLOGY A retrospective data search was done in patient records of pediatrics between January 1st and June 30th, 2013. The data was processed and analyzed by use of SPSS®. RESULTS There were a total of 142 patients. The most commonly diagnosed disease was malaria (33.1%) followed by surgical conditions (31.7%). 29 (20.4%) patients died. The commonest cause of de...

Factors That Affect Completion of Antenatal Visits in Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACT Antenatal care is named one of the pillars of safe motherhood, early and frequent attendance of antenatal care during pregnancy is important to identify and control risks factors in pregnancy. However many women in sub-Saharan Africa start antenatal care late and do not complete the recommended visits by WHO. Therefore they don’t fully benefit from its preventive and curative services. The aim of this study was to asses factors that affect completion of antenatal visits at Kampala...

Factors Affecting Utilization of Postnatal Care Services Among Mothers Attending Antenatal Clinic at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The postnatal period refers to the first six weeks after birth. It is critical to the health and survival of a mother and her newborn but the quality of care for those who seek services is often poor and many women and their infants are not encouraged to seek care until 6 weeks after delivery. Therefore the purpose of the study was to assess factors affecting utilization of PNCs among mothers attending antenatal clinic at Kampala International University Teaching Hospi...

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Hepatitis B Among Pregnant Women Attending Anc at Kiryandongo General Hospital.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Hepatitis B infection is still a global healthcare problem, especially in developing countries. The common routes of transmission of the virus are body fluids such as blood, semen, and vaginal secretions plus vertical transmission from a pregnant woman to her child (Pyrsopoulos, 2017). Hepatitis B (HB) is a serious viral infection affecting the liver and is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is infectious and the most common cause of chronic hepatitis, liver cir...

Complications of Prostatectomy in Patients Admitted to Kampala International University Teaching Hospital Between January-June 2013

CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION Prostatectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland. Enlargement of the prostate, commonly through benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), but sometimes through abnormalities such as tumors, or from other causes, can restrict the normal flow of urine along the urethra, causing discomfort and difficulty voiding (Wikipedia June 2008). The indications for prostatectomy include symptoms or findings secondary to prostatic obstruction viz: acute urin...

Factors Influencing the Utilization of Cervical Cancer Screening Services Among Female Nursing Students of Reproductive Age in Kiu-Western Campus.

ABSTRACT Background: Cervical cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women in the low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Uganda. Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm arising from cells originating in the cervical uteri. Cervical screening therefore is a way of preventing cancer by finding and treating early changes in the neck of the womb (cervix), these changes could lead to cervical cancer if left untreated. Objectives: The objectives of this study was to de...

Prevalence of Tuberculosis Among HIV Seropositive Patients Attending Antiretroviral Therapy Clinic at Tororo General Hospital, Tororo District

ABSTRACT HIV/ AIDS is an epidemic that is most prevalent in Uganda affecting people of different age groups, occupations and gender. It has a severe impact on the health status of the affected individuals. With the increase in the transmission of HIV, there is also an increase in the existence of TB as a co-infection. In this context, the aim of our study is to emphasize the prevalence of tuberculosis among HIV seropositive patients attending the ART clinics at Tororo Hospital, Tororo distri...

Determinants of Preeclampsia Among Pregnant Women at Gestational Age of Above 20 Weeks Attending Antenatal Care at FPRRH

ABSTRACT Introduction: Despite several interventions put in place in many countries of the world, preeclampsia still contributes greatly to maternal morbidity and mortality. Several factors have been cited to increase the risk of preeclampsia among which are obesity, the extreme age, Nulliparity, change in pregnancy paternity, and obesity among others. Lack of knowledge or awareness concerning preeclampsia has also been cited as contributing adversely in terms of the overall outcome. A study ...

To Assess Dietary Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Among Diabetic Patients Receiving Care at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital.

ABSTRACT The study to assess dietary knowledge attitudes and practices among diabetic patients was conducted at Kampala international university teaching hospital in Ishaka Bushenyi municipality, in western Uganda. Uganda is one of the 32 countries of the IDF African region. 415 million people have diabetes in the world and more than 14 million people in the AFR Region; by 2040 this figure will be more than double. [National adoption of the global monitoring framework NDCs 2015. The objectiv...

Factors Determining the Prevalence of HIV Among HIV Exposed Infants in Ishaka Adventist Hospital

ABSTRACT Introduction: HIV is a viral infection that is primarily transmitted by sexual contact or sharing needles, or from an infected pregnant woman to her newborn. Despite the PMTCT services that involve screening of mothers with HIV and administration of Anti-retroviral drugs to HIV-infected mothers and exposed infants coupled with early infant diagnosis of HIV/AIDS and care of diagnosed infants with HIV children continue to die of the epidemic. Broad objective: To determine the HIV prev...

A Research Report Submitted to The Uganda Nurses and Midwives Examinations Board in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for The Award of Diploma in Nursing Science

ABSTRACT Mental disorders are widely recognized as a major contributor (14%) to the global burden of disease worldwide. In Uganda only ten mental health units are available at regional level to treat 11,500, 000 mentally ill persons out of a population of 33, 000,000 and are manned by unqualified staff and poorly stocked with required medicines rendering them as good as useless. To assess knowledge, attitude and practices about the care of the mentally ill persons, a descriptive cross-sectio...

Factors Affecting Treatment Compliance Among Tb/HIV Coinfected Patients at Ruraho Mission Hospital, Mbarara District

Abstract A study was carried out at Ruharo Mission Hospital, MbararaDistrict to identify the factors affecting treatment compliance among TB/HIV co-infected patients. A descriptive design was employed and 30 (thirty) respondents were selected for the study using a stratified and convenient sampling procedure. Data was collected using a questionnaire. This study found out that respondents faced various social-economic factors affecting treatment compliance among TB/HIV co-infected patients. F...


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