Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Neonatal Resuscitation in Ghana: A Qualitative Study of MEBCI Intervention at Juaso Government Hospital

The main aim of the study is to explore midwives’ knowledge, attitude and experience on the use of MEBCI intervention in neonatal resuscitation at Juaso Government Hospital in Ghana

Solid Dispersions Based on Peg 4000, Soluplus and their Hybrids for Enhanced Delivery of Glimepiride

ABSTRACT The present study investigates the possibility of enhancing the solubility, and hence the bioavailability of poorly water soluble glimepiride via formation of polyethylene glycolpolyvinyl caprolactam - polyvinyl acetate grafted copolymer (Soluplus®) and PEG 4000 based solid dispersions by solvent evaporation technique.Different batches of glimepiride solid dispersions (SD) were prepared using solvent evaporation method with Soluplus® and PEG 4000 as polymer matrix at different rat...

An Assessment of Psychosocial Challenges of the Elderly in Ibagwa-Aka Community, Igbo-Eze South Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT.  A descriptive survey design was used to assess the Psychosocial Challenges in Ibagwa-aka Community, Igbo-Eze South Local Government Area of Enugu State, South East Nigeria. The specific objectives of the were to: identify the mental challenges of the elderly in Ibagwa-aka community; identify the emotional challenges of the elderly in the community studied and determined the social challenges of the elderly in the area of studied. Validated questionnaire was used to administer the ...

Traditional Birth Attendants Knowledge, Beliefs and Practices in Maternal and Infant Health Care Services in Selected Local Government Areas in Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Childbearing women and infants in developing countries continue to experience unacceptably high rates of mortality and morbidity in spite of targeted initiatives to address the issue. The level of assistance a pregnant woman receives during childbirth has important health consequences for both mother and baby. This study was carried out to assess the knowledge, beliefs and practices of traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in maternal and infants health care services in selected local...

Evaluation of the Subacute and Delayed Toxicity of Artemether-Lumefantrine Combination in Rats

ABSTRACT  Despite the reported rapid increase in demand for artemisinin and its derivatives, there is little independent collaboration of the toxicity patterns of artemether-lumefantrine combination besides those documented by the manufacturer in its application for approval. It is however, pertinent to conduct an independent evaluation of the subacute and delayed toxicity of artemether-lumefantrine combination (ALC). In this study, rats in groups I-VI were administered varying concentration...

Survey of Drugs Prescribed for the Treatment of Malaria and Compliance Level among Pregnant Women in Tertiary Hospitals in Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT  The purpose of this study was to survey antimalaria drug prescriptions and compliance to treatment among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in the two tertiary hospitals in Enugu State. The study surveyed 92 doctors from UNTH and ESUTH Parklane, Enugu. 368 pregnant women from both hospitals (156 from ESUT and 212 From UNTH) who consented were surveyed. Purposive sampling was used to select the two tertiary hospitals. Proportionate stratified random sampling was used to selec...

Nurses’ Perception of Pain Assessment of Hospitalized Patients in Tertiary Institutions in Ebonyi State

ABSTRACT  The study investigated nurses’ perception of patients’ pain assessment in routine care. It was a cross-sectional descriptive research design. Four hundred and fifty (450) nurses working in the two tertiary institutions in Ebonyi State were used. Two instruments were used for data collection. The researcher developed questionnaire and in depth interview guide to validate further the qualitative responses. Reliability of the quantitative instrument was established using test-rete...

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Enugu Waste Management System.

ABSTRACT  INTRODUCTION: The paper examined the patterns of solid waste management in Enugu metropolis, Nigeria. Wastes are useless, unwanted and discarded materials. Solid waste problem started with urban growth resulted partly from national increase in population, No towns in Nigeria especially the urban and semi-urban centers of high population density can boast of having found a lasting solution to the problem of filth and huge piles of solid waste, rather the problem continues to assume ...

Postpartum Urinary Inconontinence and it Predisposing Factors in Enugu Metropolis

ABSTRACT  The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of postpartum urinary incontinence and its predisposing factors in Enugu metropolis. The study adopted a cross sectional survey. A total of 864 postpartum mothers within the age range of 16 and 45 years, who gave their informed consent, were conveniently selected from the post-natal clinics of the nine public health institutions in Enugu metropolis. Women continence and pelvic health centre questionnaire was adopted. The questio...

Healthcare Cost and Utilization of Healthcare Services by the Insured and Uninsured Civil Servants in Selected Federal Government Agencies in Abakaliki

ABSTRACT  One major component of access to healthcare is utilization of healthcare services. The National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) was designed to reduce the impact of poverty on the ability of the enrollee to utilize healthcare services. The question is has NHIS increased the utilization of health care services and offered financial protection to its beneficiaries? The purpose of this study is to analyze comparatively, the healthcare cost and utilization of healthcare services by the ...

Evaluation of the Immunomodulatory Activities of the Aqueous Extract and the BetaD-Glucan-Rich Polysaccharide Fraction of Pleurotustuberregium(Pleurotaceae)

ABSTRACT Mushroom cuisines are global delicacies and have been used for decades, not only as food, but mostly for the health benefits which are claimed or scientifically proven. The present study explored the immunomodulatory activities of the hot aqueous extract of a local oyster mushroom, Pleurotustuberregium (Fr.) Singer (Pleurotaceae) (PT) and its β–D-Glucan-Rich Polysaccharide fraction (BGP).The effects of the aqueous extract (PT) and the β–D-Glucan-Rich Polysaccharide fraction (B...

Accessing Treatment by the Elderly in Nigeria A Study in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area

ABSTRACT.  The elderly (60 years +) constitute more than 7% of the world population and in Nigeria constitute about 5.2% of the population based on the 2006 population census. The elders apart from being repositories of our culture and tradition also helps in mediation for peace as well as take care of children orphaned by current ravaging diseases including HIV/AIDS. The objective of this study is to assess the challenges faced by the elderly in accessing healthcare using a descriptive cros...

TYRE PROFILE ARITHMETIC AND PERFORMANCE PARAMETER: A REVIEW OF VEHICLE USERS AND VULCANIZERS’ COGNIZANCE ON CAR TYRE MAINTENANCE TO CURB ROAD ACCIDENTS

Ageing car tyres are a hidden hazard and recipe for road accidents. Many vehicle users and their cohorts seem unconcerned and ignorant about tyre profile and its implications on human lives and livelihood. This study reviewed car users' and vulcanizers’ comprehension of basic arithmetic of vehicle tyre profile to instigate best practices as well as instil proper maintenance culture. Out of 307 participants, purposive and convenient sampling were employed to select 292 vehicle users an...

Self-Esteem, Personality-Type and Gender as Factors in Self-Disclosure of Persons Living with HIVAids

ABSTRACT This study investigated self-esteem, personality-type and gender as factors in self-disclosure of persons living with HIV/AIDS. Three hundred (300) persons living with HIV/AIDS (120 males and 180 females) aged 18-60 years with a mean age of 39 participated in the study. Three instruments were used for data collection: Index of self-esteem (ISE), Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire (EPQ)-Adult, and Self-Disclosure Index (SDI). The result indicated that self-esteem - F(1,292) = 16.1...

Knowledge of Predisposing Factors to Sexually Transmitted Infections among Secondary Schools Students in Awka, Anambra State

ABSTRACT Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are responsible for a variety of health problems especially among the youth who engage in risky sexual behaviour. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge of predisposing factors to sexually transmitted infections among secondary school students in Awka, Anambra state. The study was a school based descriptive cross-sectional design in which structured, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on demographics characteris...


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