Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

KNOWLEDGE OF PUBERTY, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AND SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG VERY YOUNG MALE ADOLESCENT STUDENTS’ IN SOUTH-SOUTH, NIGERIA

Aim: There is impassable knowledge on the transition between childhood and adulthood among adolescents. This study was designed to investigate the knowledge of puberty, sexually transmitted infections and sexual behaviour among very young male adolescent students in South-South, Nigeria. Study Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study was used. Place and Duration of Study: Agbor Metropolis in Delta State, Nigeria, between February to April 2015. Methodology: The study utilized both quantita...

Prevalence of neonatal jaundice in Eku Baptist Community Hospital in Delta State Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe prevalence of neonatal jaundice among newborn babies in Eku Baptist Community Hospital in Delta State was studied between January 2007 and May 2013. A total of 2,509 neonatal case folders were reviewed to determine the prevalence, pattern of occurrence, and associated risk factors of neonatal jaundice among the newborn babies aged between 1 and 28 days. Neonatal jaundice accounted for a total prevalence of 52. 6 in 1000 of the total number of cases reviewed.  There was significan...

Prevalence of Physical Hazards in Public Primary Schools in South-West Nigeria

Abstract: Aim: Physical hazards (PHs) in the school environment compromise health of primary school children worldwide. Thus the study investigated the prevalence of physical hazards in public primary schools in South-West Nigeria. Methods: The study was a cross-sectional survey that involved the selection of 456 teachers from 30 selected Public Primary Schools using a 4-stage random sampling technique. Data were collected through an observational checklist and a semi-structured questionnaire...

TOXIN ASSOCIATED WITH DIARRHEAL DISEASES

INTRODUCTION Toxins are poisonous substances produced within living cells or organisms and can include various classes of small molecules or proteins that cause disease on contact. The severity and type of diseases caused by toxins can range from minor effects to deadly effects. The organisms which are capable of producing toxins include bacteria, fungi, algae, and plants. Some of the major types of toxins include, but are not limited to, environmental, marine, and microbial toxin...

The Role of Mobile Phones in Spread of Pathogenic Bacteria among Food Vendors and Vended Food Sold In Lagos State

Abstract  Food vendors are important in every socio-economic sector in developing countries, providing ready-to-eat food to the populace and in the process, they transmit pathogenic organisms to the food being sold. However, a very important but neglected source of these pathogenic bacteria is the phone handled by the food vendors.This study is aimed to ascertain if the phone handled by the food vendor could be a potential source of dissemination pathogenic bacteria to the vended food ...

Weight changes and histomorphological effects of marijuana on the brain of adult wistar rats

ABSTRACT The present study was conducted in Ekpoma, headquarters of Esan West Local Government area of Edo state. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of marijuana on the heart of wistar rats.  The study involved twenty four growing wistar rats having weights between 250g-275g divided into 4 groups; control and groups 1-3, comprising of 6 rats each. The control group received only grower’s mash and distilled water while groups 1, 2 and 3 received 0.02mg/kg body weight...

Antimicrobial, Phytochemical and Proximate Analysis of Four Nigerian Medicinal Plants on some Clinical Microorganisms

The increasing incidence of resistance to antibiotics among bacteria currently poses serious clinical and public health threat and has propelled efforts for newer alternatives to alleviate the problem. Extensive search and testing for different plants with potentials for antimicrobial properties is presently considered one of the most feasible options as substitutes to the current regimen of antimicrobials. We tested the antibacterial characteristic and the phytochemical composition of four c...

Phytochemical and Proximate

The purpose of this present study of seven Nigerian medicinal plants is to ascertain the medicinal, phytochemical and proximate constituents of the plants. The plants are .Acacia albida Del,   Anchomanes difformis Engl,   Boscia senegalensis,   Bridelia ferruginea Benth,  Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq,  Indigofera arrecta   Hochst   and  Moringa oleifera Lam

Comparative Study of the Antibacterial and antifungal Spectrum, Phytochemi

 Piliostigma reticulatum plant found in West Africa. It is an Evergreen shrub with a twisted bole to 9 m high, with a bushy spherical canopy. Bark dark grey to brown, fibrous and corky, slash dark red. Leaves large, thick, leathery, grey-green, 6-12 cm long, Fruit large, long, straight, undulate or twisted and hard, either glabrous or sparsely pubescent, brown, indehiscent, up to 25 cm long, 5 cm wide. Alchonea laxiofolia is a Deciduous, erect to straggling shrub 7m tall. Two extracting solv...

ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CRUDE ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACTS OF ANISOPUS MANNI

 Anisopus mannii(Asclepiadaceae) –is a glabrous twining shrub, strong climber with greenish flower in globose, lateral umbelliform cymes it is widely used as an anti-diabetic agent in Northern and southern Nigerian traditional medicine, Studies were conducted to determine the phytochemical constituents of leaf and bark ethyl acetate extracts of Anisopus mannii and to evaluate its antimicrobial activity, using the agar well diffusion technique using standard phytochemical analysis procedure...

ANTIBACTERIAL SENSITIVITY PROFILE, ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATI ON OF BACTERIA USING API 20E KITS

The purpose of this research work is to determine the microbiological profile of hospital solid waste dump sites, sensitivity to antibiotic and isolation and identification of the organism using API 20 E kit method of analysis. Microbiological profiling was carried out on hospital solid waste collected from State Specialist Hospital in Ikare-Akoko. The mean total aerobic counts of the bacteria isolated from the solid waste samples collected from six (6) units in the hospital were 5.0 x 104 cf...

Effects of vernonia amygdalina on neurobehavioral activities of albino rats

         TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface Certification Dedication Acknowledgements Table of contents List of tables List of figures Abstract CHAPTER ONE 1.       Introduction 1.1     cannabis sativa 1.2     cannabis and cannabinoids 1.3     Vernonia amygdalina CHAPTER TWO 2        Literature Review 2.1 &nbsp...

Critical evaluation of Community participation approach in addressing maternal and child nutrition in Nigeria Nutritional Policy

Malnutrition is a global challenge especially in the developing countries. Nigeria is the tenth highest country with under-five mortalities globally and the third highest country with stunted growth among children (43%). In order to reduce the malnutrition rate, the National Strategic Plan of Action for Nutrition (NSPAN) was adopted in 2014.This article critically evaluated three delivery processes that may promote community participation in maternal and, infants, young child feeding nutritio...

Effects of aqueous extract of Basella alba leaves on haematological and biochemical parameters in albino rats

The effects of the aqueous leaf extract of Basella alba on haematological and biochemical parameterswere studied in Wistar strain albino rats. Twenty four (24) Wistar strain albino rats were randomlydistributed into four groups of six (6) rats each. Group I rats served as control and received 10 ml/kg ofnormal saline, while group II, III and IV received 60, 80 and 100 mg/kg of aqueous leaf extract of B. alba,respectively, for two weeks. Administration of the extract was done orally. At the en...

Virgin Coconut Oil: Remedial Effects on Renal Dysfunction in Diabetic Rats

Renal dysfunction is nowa prevalent complication of diabetesmellitus. Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the remedialeffects of virgin coconut oil (VCO) on renal dysfunction in diabetic rats. Fifteen albinoWistar rats were divided into 3 groups thatcomprise normal control group (Group I) and diabetic control group (Group II) fed with normal rat chows and a diabetic test group(Group III) fed with 10% VCO diet. Group II and Group III were made diabetic by single intraperitoneal i...


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