Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

COMPLIANCE WITH MAMMOGRAPHY SCREENING OF BREAST CANCER IN ISUOCHI AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

ABSTRACTThis is a prospective study carried out in Isuochi among primary school teachers to know the compliance of the teachers on Breast cancer screening technique or method as it concern the mammography examination and Self Breast Examination (SBE). The research was done in nine communities in Isuochi, Abia state. The research was carried out with convenient sampling to reduce stress and cost to the researcher. The research lasted for a period for four months March – July 2012. From the r...

CONSTRUCTION OF A TROLLEY BASED SYSTEM INCORPORATING LATERAL CASSETTE HOLDER USING LOCALLY SOURCED MATERIALS FOR TRAUMA RADIOGRAPHY

ABSTRACTTrolley based system is a trolley incorporating x-ray features that allow easy radiography in trauma patients. In this work, a trolley based system is constructed with the two basic features which include a fixed lateral cassette holder to facilitate lateral shoot-through radiography and with locally sourced material for affordability. It is a four sided metallic framework on a strong stable castor wheel base. It is 84cm high with base dimension of 120cm x 84cm and top dimension ...

CORRELATION OF MRI FINDINGS WITH OUTCOME OF TREATMENT IN PATIENTS WITH SPINAL CORD INJURY: A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL IDI-ARABA LAGOS NIGERIA

ABSTRACTStudy DesignA retrospective studyObjectivesTo correlate the MRI findings with the outcome of patient treatment in patients with spinal cord injury. This study tried to study the recovery of patients who have been diagnosed of spinal cord injuries by MRI examination and compared it with the prognosis made by the MRI findings.Material and methods45 patients’ data was conveniently selected from the Lagos university teaching hospital Idi-Araba Lagos Nigeria. 32 were male; 13 female. Dat...

ESTABLISHMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF A PRIVATE ULTRASONOGRAPHIC CENTRE IN ENUGU METROPOLIS; PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

ABSTRACTThis study was done to determine the problems and prospects of setting up and running a private ultrasonographic centre in Enugu metropolis. It was carried out in the 38 registered diagnostic centres with private hospitals inclusive that have an ultrasonographic unit. A survey type of design was used for the study, the source of data collection was a primary one. A total of 64 questionnaires were distributed to the proprietors and sonographers in the centres and 61 questionnaires duly...

THE EFFECTS OF LOW DOSE X-RAY ON THE EPIDIDYMA SPERM CELLS OF RATS

ABSTRACT This study examines the effects of low dose x-rays on the pH, sperm count, and sperm motility of the epididymal sperm cells of wistar rats. An experimental survey (case control study design) was adopted and a purposive sampling technique was used to select the species of mammals used for the experiment while a convenient sampling technique was used to select a nearby animal farm and a simple random technique was used to select the population of the male rats used. The population...

ROYAL COLLEGE OF RADIOLOGISTS GUIDELINES FOR ABDOMINAL RADIOGRAPHY REQUESTS: ASSESSMENT OF REFERRING CLINICIANS’ ADHERERNCE

ABSTRACTPlain abdominal radiography is believed to be over utilized as an investigation for acute abdominal complaints. Because of this, the Royal College of Radiologists published guidelines in order to minimise inappropriate requests. The aims of this research were to determine the level of referring clinicians’ adherence to these guidelines while making referrals, to determine whether professional status of the referring clinicians influences their adherence to the guideline, and finally...

RADIOGRAPHIC DETERMINATION OF SEX DIFFERENCES IN ISCHIOPUBIC MEASUREMENT

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out to determine and compare the pubic length, ischial length and ischiopubic indices among the people of Enugu State of Nigeria. Anterioposterior radiographs of 94 adult pelvis (of age range, 18-70 years) were evaluated. Ninety four of the radiographs (50 males and 44 females) were those from Enugu state of Nigeria. The morphological   measurements were pubic length, ischial length and ischiopubic index. The mean values of pubic length, ischial length and i...

PUBLIC AWARENESS OF THE HEALTH EFFECT OF RADIATION EMITTED FROM TELECOMMUNICATION MAST

This study proposes to research the awareness of the public on the health effect of radiation emitted from telecommunication mast. Since the major effect of this radiation emitted from telecommunication mast is stochastic on living cell, more attention will be paid on mast located in residential and school premises where children and youth are predominant.LIST OF TABLESTable 1: Classification of gender………………………………………..……42Table 2: Educational Statue ………...

PATTERN OF FINDINGS IN MRI STUDIES OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM IN PORT-HARCOURT URBAN

ABSTRACTMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has been hailed by many a finding as the imaging modality of choice in the diagnosis of both focal and non-focal neurological disorders. And for this reason, it has increasingly the first modality of recourse for almost any disorder of the CNS where it is available. However, prognosis of central nervous system diseases is poor in the third world countries such as Nigeria because it is not known/documented, the pattern of occurrence of findings in MRI o...

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF PREGNANT WOMEN TOWARDS ROUTINE ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN ENUGU URBAN USING UNTH AND PARKLANE HOSPITAL

ABSTRACT This study aimed at finding out the knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women towards routine sonography.       A prospective cross sectional Survey method was adopted. The data was collected through self-administered among 180 respondents and 176 were returned duly completed. The data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics.       The present study shows that most of the women who present for antenatal care have gen...

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF MAMMOGRAPHIC SCREENING AMONG FEMALE STAFF OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, ENUGU CAMPUS

ABSTRACTThis research was carried out to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Mammographic Screening among Female Staff of University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus (UNEC) in view of the low record of this population at the mammographic Unit of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla. Both academic and non-academic female staff within the age range of 35-64 employed by the University of Nigeria constituted the population of this study. Quota sampling technique was employ...

IDENTIFYING THE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE ATTITUDE OF RADIOGRAPHERS TO THEIR PROFESSIONAL BODY

ABSTRACTA professional association is usually a nonprofit organization seeking to further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession and the public. The roles of these professional associations have been variously defined. Activities and events organized by these organizations facilitate better interaction amongst members while at the same time providing opportunities for promoting and identifying common professional or industry interests. Association of ...

EVALUATION OF THE DIAGNOSTIC YIELD OF MRI IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF BRAIN TUMOUR

ABSTRACTThe aim of this research is to evaluate the diagnostic yield of MRI in the diagnosis of Brain tumour, at National Hospital, Garki Abuja. It is a retrospective study, which evaluated the diagnostic yield of MRI in the diagnosis of Brain tumour, the sensitivity, Specificity, and accuracy of the Imaging Procedure in the Management of Brain tumour. The study also showed the male and female distributions of brain tumour cases in the period of February 2009 and March, 2012. A total number o...

EVALUATION OF RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT IN A TERTIARY INSTITUTION IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACTRadiological Equipment Maintenance (REM) has been described as an integral component of Quality Assurance (QA) for the Radiological Equipments (REs). This is vital as it keeps the RE in optimum condition to aid clinicians in diagnosis.The University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, which is a tertiary health institution centrally located to attend to the health needs of the masses especially in the South-East and South-South regions of Nigeria was understudied...

EVALUATION OF COMPLIANCE WITH STANDARD POSTERO–ANTERIOR (PA) CHEST TECHNIQUES

ABSTRACTThis study was carried out to evaluate the compliance with standard postero-anterior (PA) chest Techniques in University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku Ozalla.  A total of 375 assessment sheets were used in this study.  The age  range of  patients whose  their  chest radiographs participated  in this study  ranged  from (1-10) years to (70-80) years with the female radiographs being much in number tan that  of  male  pati...


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