Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Assessment Of Perceptions And Attitude Of Undergraduate Nursing Students Towards Clinical Examination In Dodoma Region, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Background: Attitude and perception towards clinical examination do influence performance in clinical examination. Little is known on the attitude and perception of student nurses towards clinical examination in nursing higher institution in Dodoma. The aim of this study was to assess the attitude and perception of student nurses towards clinical examination. Method: A total of 425 students were involved in this study .Oral and written consent were given prior to the interv...

Measurement of Normal Spleen Volume in adult Sudanese Population using Ultrasonography

Spleen ultrasound is one of the modality of choice to assess and evaluate the pathological condition of this organ and together with its measurement. This was an analytical study aimed to assess the spleen volume in adult Sudanese population using ultrasound measurement in order to provide the reference marker of its volume. A 121 patients (34 men; mean age, 30 years [range, 20-45years]) and (87 women ; mean age, 30 years [range, 20-52 years]) who presented with norma...

Characterization of Fetal Nuchal Translucency Thickness using Ultrasonography

AbstractThis is a crossectional descriptive study which was done during june- 2018 to December-2018 and was carried out in( Elsaudi hospital and Bashaier universal hospital) Khartoum-Sudan.The study discusses the characterization of fetal nuchal translucency thickness inKhartoum state. Atotal of 60 pregnant women were selected with age range 18-40 yearand gestational age fetus range 11-14 weeks.any pregnant women with fetus gestationalage less or more than this age were excluded. A...

Characterization of Placenta Using Ultrasonography

AbstractThis was cross sectional study done in normal pregnant women in second and third trimester , to estimate the placenta thickness ,fetal weight and gestational age .The aim of this study was to assess characterization of placenta and estimate the correlation between placenta thickness (PT),fetal weight(FW) and gestational age(GA) using Ultrasound.The sample size was consisted of 55 normal pregnant women in second and third trimester the data was collected by master data sheets in...

Epidemiological study of Babesiosis in Sheep in Gibash Locality, West Kordufan State

AbstractA cross sectional study was conducted from January to May 2018 to investigatethe prevalence Babesia infection in sheep and to assess the relationship betweenthe occurrence of these parasites and factors of age, sex, district, body condition,rising system, ,presence of ticks uses of treatment, uses of acaricides in Gibashlocality, west Kordufan state- Sudan. A total of 255 bloods amples were collected from five districts namely: Aumzagaia, Aum-sidare, Diglowa, Gibash W...

Detection of Hepatitis C Virus among Healthcare Workers in Ad Douiem Locality

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a parenterally transmitted virus that poses an occupational hazard to the health care workers (HCWs). This was a descriptive cross sectional study designed to detect HCV among health care workers in Ad Douiem locality. This study involved Ninety two (n=92) healthcare workers (Nurses 33, laboratory specialists 22, laboratory assistants 18, laboratory attendant 16, and pharmacists 3). The participants consisted of 47/92 males (51.1%) and ...

Effect of Malaria Parasite on Complete Blood CountsKhartoum State

This cross-sectional study was conducted in Khartoum state during the period from February to November 2016. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of malaria parasite on complete blood counts. Two hundred and seven malaria-infected subjects were included in this study with the age ranged between 1-83 years old with a mean age of 21± 16 years old. Out of these, 103 (49.8%) being males and 104 (50.2%) females. Blood samples were taken from all subjects...

Assessment of Plasma Total and Free Prostate Specific Antigen among Sudanese Cigarette Smokers in Khartoum State

Back ground: Smoking is increasing habit between men; it is known that smoking can cause dangerous diseases such as cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis events. Study was designed as case control study and was performed in Khartoum state during the period from November to May 2014.Aim of study: the aim of this study is to assess the plasma total and free prostate specific antigen among Sudanese smokers in Khartoum state.Material and methods: One hundred blood sample ...

Determinants of Retention Strategies For Health Care Practitioners In Public Health Facilities In Kenya: A Case Of County Hospitals In Nairobi Kenya

At the heart of each and every health care system, the workforce is central to advancing health. Healthcare is a labour- intensive industry and therefore retention and growth of is important. This study seeks to determine the retention strategies used by public health facilities where brain drain has become rampant in the facilities. The study sought to determine the retention strategies by looking at the following three aspects of the facilities. First the study look...

Estradiol and Cholesterol level among Females with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome in Khartoum State

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disease in women, characterized by heterogeneous presentation of hyperandrogenism, ovulatory dysfunction, and polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM). This study was carried out to assess plasma levels of cholesterol and estradiol among female with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOs). Forty clinically diagnosed polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOs) in the period between February to May 2017,were chosen randomly from Alsir Abu Hassan Center...

Pharmacological Assessment Of Lupinus Arboreus Sims (Fabaceae) Methanol Extract And Three Active Constituents For Antinociceptive And Anti-Inflammatory Effects

ABSTRACTThe methanol extract and chemical constituents of Lupinus arboreus leaf were investigatedfor antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities. The study was by experimental design.the extract was partitioned to yield hexane, ethylacetate, and methanol fractions.Phytochemical tests were done on the extract and fractions. Acute toxicity test (LD50) wascarried out on crude methanol leaf extract (CME). Extract hexane fraction (HEF),ethylacetate fraction (EAF) and methanol fraction ...

Patients’ Perception Of Etiology, Prevention And Treatment For Tuberculosis, A Survey Of Tuberculosis Patients Seen At A Rural District Hospital In Enugu State

ABSTRACTTuberculosis is described as a global emergency and it is found more indeveloping countries. For this reason, a descriptive cross-sectional survey wasconducted among TB patients seen at District Hospital Enugu Ezike, EnuguState. The objectives of the study were: to assess the level of knowledge of therespondents about the cause of tuberculosis, to assess the level of knowledge ofpreventive practices on tuberculosis among the respondents and to assess thelevel of knowledge of com...

Relationship Between Students’ Learning Styles And Academic Performance In The Faculty Of Health Sciences And Technology University Of Nigeria Enugu Campus

ABSTRACTThis study was aimed at determining the relationship between students’ learning styles andacademic performance in Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, University of NigeriaEnugu Campus. The study was carried out in four Departments in the faculty (Nursing Sciences,Medical Radiography, Medical Laboratory Sciences and Medical Rehabilitation). A descriptivedesign was adopted for the study. Five objectives and seven hypotheses guided the study. Kolb’slearning style inventor...

Creating Mosquito-free Outdoor Spaces Using Transfluthrin-treated Chairs And Ribbons

Residents of malaria-endemic communities spend several hours outdoors performing different activities such as cooking, story-telling or eating; thereby exposing themselves to potentially-infectious mosquitoes. This compromises indoor interventions, notably long lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS). This study characterized common peri-domestic spaces in rural south-eastern Tanzania, and assessed protective efficacies of translut...

Rate Of Cervical Dilatation, Duration Of Active Labor And Rate Of Intervention Among Low-Risk Pregnant Women Delivering At Dodoma Regional Referral Hospital

ABSTRACT Background: Cervical dilation at the onset of the active phase of labor determines the rate of cervical dilatation, duration of the active phase of labor and the needs of intervention. Identifying the abnormality toward the natural progress of the active phase of labor is important because timely intervention has been observed to be controversial among developing countries during the current practice among health care providers due to different opinion on the onset of the activ...


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