Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

CHARACTERIZATION OF BREAST LESIONS SEEN DURING MAMMOGRAPHY AT UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL ENUGU

ABSTRACTThis research was carried out to characterize the variety of the breast lesion seen during mammography at UNTH and to establish the age distribution of the lesion at the time of presentation.This research is non descriptive study,222 secondary data was obtained from the patient request card and patient mammography result.This result shows that benign tumour is more common in our locality and it sub classified into fibroadenoma, cyst, lipoma mastitis, and it is presented at a...

COMMON FINDINGS IN LIVER AND KIDNEYS OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING ULTRASOUND EXAMINATION IN ASABA NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThis study was designed to evaluate the common findings in the liver and kidney of patients undergoing ultrasound in Asaba urban. The objectives of the study were to evaluate the common findings in these organs and to correlate the findings with age. I had a total of 277 patients and some had two findings, one in the liver and another in the kidneys.Findings in the kidneys observed were hydronephrosis, nephropathy, renal cyst, renal fibrolipomatosis, nephrolithiasis, nephritis, pyelon...

COMMON MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING FINDINGS IN PATIENTS WITH NEUROLOGIC DISORDERS, IN UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN TEACHING HOSPITAL, KWARA STATE

ABSTRACTObjective: To evaluate the common MRI findings in patients with neurologic disorders.Method: A retrospective study of 106 patients with neurologic disorders was carried out and their respective findings carefully tabulated according to their age and sex.Results: MRI showed small multifocal lesions hyperintense on T2 weighted images and FLAIR, with mild or no gadolinium enhancement, mainly in periventricular and subcortical regions, myelopaties in the cervical spines of some patients, ...

COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF FILM REJECT ANALYSIS IN NATIONAL ORTHOPAEDIC HOSPITAL ENUGU AND ENUGU STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITALS

ABSTRACT Film reject analysis is a quality assurance tool in radiology department which is used to control standard and quality of diagnostic radiograph as the production of adequate diagnostic radiographs with optimum quality involves well defined procedure. A comparative prospective film reject analysis carried over a period of four (4) weeks from 1st to 30th June,2012 at the National Orthopaedic Hospital Enugu and Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Park-Lane aimed at comparing ...

COMPLIANCE WITH MAMMOGRAPHY SCREENING OF BREAST CANCER IN ISUOCHI AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

ABSTRACTThis is a prospective study carried out in Isuochi among primary school teachers to know the compliance of the teachers on Breast cancer screening technique or method as it concern the mammography examination and Self Breast Examination (SBE). The research was done in nine communities in Isuochi, Abia state. The research was carried out with convenient sampling to reduce stress and cost to the researcher. The research lasted for a period for four months March – July 2012. From the r...

CONSTRUCTION OF A TROLLEY BASED SYSTEM INCORPORATING LATERAL CASSETTE HOLDER USING LOCALLY SOURCED MATERIALS FOR TRAUMA RADIOGRAPHY

ABSTRACTTrolley based system is a trolley incorporating x-ray features that allow easy radiography in trauma patients. In this work, a trolley based system is constructed with the two basic features which include a fixed lateral cassette holder to facilitate lateral shoot-through radiography and with locally sourced material for affordability. It is a four sided metallic framework on a strong stable castor wheel base. It is 84cm high with base dimension of 120cm x 84cm and top dimension ...

CORRELATION OF MRI FINDINGS WITH OUTCOME OF TREATMENT IN PATIENTS WITH SPINAL CORD INJURY: A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL IDI-ARABA LAGOS NIGERIA

ABSTRACTStudy DesignA retrospective studyObjectivesTo correlate the MRI findings with the outcome of patient treatment in patients with spinal cord injury. This study tried to study the recovery of patients who have been diagnosed of spinal cord injuries by MRI examination and compared it with the prognosis made by the MRI findings.Material and methods45 patients’ data was conveniently selected from the Lagos university teaching hospital Idi-Araba Lagos Nigeria. 32 were male; 13 female. Dat...

ESTABLISHMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF A PRIVATE ULTRASONOGRAPHIC CENTRE IN ENUGU METROPOLIS; PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

ABSTRACTThis study was done to determine the problems and prospects of setting up and running a private ultrasonographic centre in Enugu metropolis. It was carried out in the 38 registered diagnostic centres with private hospitals inclusive that have an ultrasonographic unit. A survey type of design was used for the study, the source of data collection was a primary one. A total of 64 questionnaires were distributed to the proprietors and sonographers in the centres and 61 questionnaires duly...

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

PREFACECardiovascular disease  IS a disease that affects the cardiovascular system, principally cardiac disease, vascular diseases of the brain and kidney, and peripheral arterial disease.  The causes of cardiovascular disease are diverse but atherosclerosis and/or hypertension are the most common. In addition, with aging come a number of physiological and morphological changes that alters INTRODUCTIONCardiovascular disease also called heart disease includes numerous problems, ...

EFFECT OF COOKING UTENSILS ON IRON CONTENTS OF STAPLES FOOD(OWO IN ONDO STATE AS CASE STUDY)

ABSTRACTThe effect of three cooking utensils on the iron contents of common staples in Owo was investigated. Chemical and instrumental analysis to test the amount and effect of cooking utensils was carried out on four foods from different groups using Atomic absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). Result shows that most cooking utensils reduced the iron contents of staple foods. However, iron cooking pot had a greater effect by increasing the level of iron in most of the staples.Therefore, there ...

Assessment Of Radiotherapy Centre Availability In Nigeria And Utilization Review In Selected Tertiary Hospitals In South-East And South-West Geopolitical Zones

This study, Assessment of the Availability of radiotherapy centres in Nigeria and utilization review of two selected hospitals in South-East and South-West geopolitical zones was done using retrospective method of data collection. The main purpose of the study was to find out the number and distributions of radiotherapy centres in Nigeria, types of treatment machines in the various centres, assessment of the level of utilization of radiotherapy centres in University of Nigeria teaching hospit...

A Comparative Study Between Computed Tomography And Magnetic Resonance Imaging In The Diagnosis Of Brain Tumor Using National Hospital, Abuja As Case Study

This study sought to equip clinician’s on the imaging modality of choice between CT and MRI in the diagnosis of brain tumor. The comparison of the two imaging modalities was accessed using biopsy as goal standard. This research study involved 40 patients who underwent CT, MRI and biopsy one at a time in National hospital, Abuja. Data were collected via secondary source using patient’s folder; hospital records. The result revealed that MRI which has an accuracy, sensitivity and specificity...

An Assessment Of Medical Radiography Awareness Among Science Secondary School Students: A Case Study Of Kogi State Secondary Schools

This study was designed to survey the level of Medical Radiography awareness and perception and career decision of the science secondary school students in Kogi State and the primary factors determining their career choice. The study was a cross-sectional survey. Respondents in this study included all consenting male and female science based science senior secondary school students (SSS I-III) in Kogi State and 13 schools were involved in this study. A total of 620 copies of the questionnaire...

Assessment Of Computed Tomography Referrals. A Case Study Of University Of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu.

 Despite its clinical application, computed tomography scan is not readily available in developing countries, like Nigeria. Some patients who require CT examination are either managed blindly, or do not present for it at the appropriate time. This study assesses the referral pattern, indications and results of CT referrals, as they are obtained in University of Nigeria Teaching hospital Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu. Retrospectively recorded data of all patients who presented for CT scan between M...

Assessment Of Knowledge And Attitude Of Undergraduate Radipography Students Towards Entrepreneurship: A Casestudy Of University Of Nigeria Enugu Campus

Entrepreneurship increases  the  capital output  and income  of a nation  and it  is  accompanied  by   growth  and  increased output  which  allow  more  wealth  to be   distributed   by the  various  participants.  This study sought to determine the knowledge and attitude of undergraduate radiography student towards entrepreneurship. The survey study 189 undergraduate Radiography student...


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