Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

EFFECT OF LISINOPRIL AN ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME(ACE) INHIBITOR ON SPERMATOGENESIS IN RATS

OVERVIEW The role of ACE inhibitors (Lisinopril) in reproductive function remains controversial. Some benefits seem to be derivable even in non-hypertensive males with low doses. This study was done using rat model to establish this fact. Male rats were divided into different groups to receive different doses of lisinopril. A control group received no drugs. The mean arterial pressure fell the most with 5mg of lisinopril. The greatest increase in sperm count and motility was recorded for this...

ELDERLY PEOPLE SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO HAVE CARDIAC SURGERIES IF THEY WANT TO, BUT ONLY AFTER THEY ARE INFORMED ON THE POTENTIAL RISKS

The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood to the body. The heart is at the centre of the circulatory system. This system consists of a network of blood vessels, such as arteries, veins, and capillaries. These blood vessels carry blood to and from all areas of the body. OUTLINES 1.INTRODUCTION 2.THE HEART 2.1 ANATOMY OF THE HEART 2.2 CHAMBERS OF THE HEART 2.3 THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE HEART 2.4 THE LEFT SIDE OF THE HEART 2.5 THE SEPTUM OF THE HEART 2.6 THE HEART VALVES 3. CARDIAC SURGERY 3.1...

EVALUATION OF AMINO ACID AND SENSORY QUALITY OF PEAGON PEA-MILLET FLOUR

ABSTRACT  The most important single factor affecting the efficiency of protein utilization is the profile of digestible essential amino acids entering the small intestine. Assuming a constant ideal amino acid profile of absorbed protein the requirements of all amino acids can be calculated when the requirement of one individual amino acid has been determined. In non-ruminants, the supply will be greatly influenced by the diet, but less so in ruminants due to the rumen microbial degradatio...

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

PREFACE Cardiovascular disease  IS a disease that affects the cardiovascular system, principally cardiac disease, vascular diseases of the brain and kidney, and peripheral arterial disease.  The causes of cardiovascular disease are diverse but atherosclerosis and/or hypertension are the most common. In addition, with aging come a number of physiological and morphological changes that alters  INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular disease also called heart disease includes numerous problems, many of ...

The many unknown benefits of moringa leaf

Moringa is called the Miracle Tree for good reason. Moringa oleifera tree has been called the tree of life in many cultures around the world, including Nigeria. It has many names based on its many uses: clarifier tree, horseradish tree and drumstick tree (referring to the large drumstick shaped pods) and in East Africa moringa is known as “mother’s best friend”. Here in the Nigeria, its names include Ewe Igbale in Yoruba, Zogelle in Hasusa and Idagbo monoye in Igbo. It is estimated tha...

DISCUSS THE CAUSE AND THE EFFECT OF A MAN MADE INDUCED CHEMICAL POLLUTION PROFFER THE ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES TO CONTROL THE PROBLEM

WHAT IS POLLUTION  Pollution is the contamination of harmful substance to the environment. It is the introduction of contaminant into the natural environment that causes adverse change.  Pollution can take a form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. The components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or non point source pollution. FORMS OF POLLUTIONS Air pollution:-...

Antimicrobial activities of Azadirachta indica (Neem) extracts on selected pathogenic bacteria.

ABSTRACT The use of medicinal plants is a universal phenomenon. Every culture on earth has relied on the huge variety of natural chemistry found in healing plants for their therapeutic properties. All drugs of the past were substances with a particular therapeutic action and they were extracted from plants. Thus, medicinal plants may be define as, any plant that may have medicinal use. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of Neem (Azadirachta indica) b...

CAUSES, MANAGEMENT SYMPTOMS, TREATMENT, PREVENTION OF PROSTATE CANCER

ABSTRACT  Prostate cancer is the form of cancer that develops in the prostate.  It lead to increased death rate yearly although its specific causes are age, genetic with some environmental factors such as toxins chemical and industrial product.  The symptoms are painful and frequent lamination, painful ejaculation of blood in the urine, weakness in legs and difficult in walking.  The easiest and inexpensive way to reduce the risk of prostate cancer is by eating healthy food with adequate ...

SICKLE CELL DISEASE

PREFACE Sickle cell disease is a disorder that affects the red blood cells, which use a protein called haemoglobin to transport oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Sickle cell disease is inherited from parents who are AS. This means that a child cannot inherit the disease unless the parents pass down a detective copy of the gene. Unlike normal red blood cells, which can live for 120 days, sickle - shaped cells live only 10 to 20 days. Sickle cell anaemia is mostly dominated in Afri...

THE ROLE OF NITRIC OXIDE IN THE IMMUNE SYSTEM

ABSTRACT Nitric oxide is produced in high amount from the break down of arginine by a group of enzyme called nitric oxide synthase. Nitric oxide is an intercellular messenger that has been recognized as one of the versatile player in the immune system. Cells of the innate immune system such as macrophages, neutrophil and natural killer use pattern recognition receptors to recognize the molecular patters associated with pathogens. The specific role nitric oxide plays depend on the place of its...

ROLE OF HEALTH EDUCATION IN IMPROVING MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH CARE DELIVERY IN STATE AND PRIVATE HOSPITALS IN ABEOKUTA

ABSTRACT Bringing to a layman's understanding the ideas, issues and concepts of important healthy living conditions and strategies is no doubt an ever impressive and effective pattern of solving health related issues especially in developing countries like Nigeria. In this part of the world, complications and deaths arising from poor health education awareness has been tremendously on the increase until lately when sensitization campaigns and proper health education on killer diseases and rel...

INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND SELF – ESTEEM ON DEPRESSION AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS

ABSTRACT This study investigated influence of gender and self-esteem on depression among diabetic patients. One hundred and thirty (130) diabetic patients (77 with low self-esteem and 53 with high self-esteem) were used. Males and females were 65 each. Self-rating depression scale Zung (1965) and index of self-esteem Hudson (1982) were used. A 2x2 factorial design was adopted while two way ANOVA statistics was used for data analysis. Gender was found to significantly influence depression amon...

THE EFFECT OF ABORTION ON FEMALES

ABSTRACT In medicine, an abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (the fetus, fetal membranes, and placenta) from the uterus. It is the loss of a pregnancy and does not refer to why that pregnancy was lost. It is the expulsion from the uterus of the products of conception before the fetus is viable. An estimated 44 million abortions are performed globally each year, with slightly under half of those performed unsafely (Sedgh et al., 2012). For most women, the decision to e...

THE CAUSE OF INFERTILITY AMONGST WOMEN OF CHILD BEARING AGE

ABSTRACT The World Health Organization (WHO) has defined infertility as a failure to conceive over 12 months of exposure which is a good practical guide to management, and leaves a longer term residual incidence of infertility of 10–15%. Epidemiological data suggest that approximately 80 million people worldwide are infertile. WHO indicates the highest incidence in some regions of Central Africa where the infertility rate may reach 50%, compared to 20% in the Eastern Mediterranean region, a...


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