Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

ASSESSMENT OF THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION OF RADIOGRAPHERS IN UNTH, ITUKU-OZALLA TOWARDS RADIOGRAPHY ROLE EXTENSION

ABSTRACT Aim: to assess the knowledge, perception and attitude of radiographers in UNTH towards radiography role extension. Method: 24 radiographers (88.89%return rate) working in the hospital were studied. The study was structured such that each section of the study is related to specific objectives of the study which are: To obtain more literature or information on the knowledge, perception and attitude of Nigeria radiographers towards radiography role extension and to ascertain the knowle...

CHARACTERIZATION OF BREAST LESIONS SEEN DURING MAMMOGRAPHY AT UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL ENUGU

ABSTRACT This research was carried out to characterize the variety of the breast lesion seen during mammography at UNTH and to establish the age  distribution of the lesion at the time of presentation. This research is non descriptive study,222 secondary data was obtained from the patient request card and patient mammography result. This result shows that benign tumour is more common in our locality and it sub classified into fibroadenoma, cyst, lipoma mastitis, and  it is presented at a...

COMMON FINDINGS IN LIVER AND KIDNEYS OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING ULTRASOUND EXAMINATION IN ASABA NIGERIA

ABSTRACT This study was designed to evaluate the common findings in the liver and kidney of patients undergoing ultrasound in Asaba urban. The objectives of the study were to evaluate the common findings in these organs and to correlate the findings with age. I had a total of 277 patients and some had two findings, one in the liver and another in the kidneys.Findings in the kidneys observed were hydronephrosis, nephropathy, renal cyst, renal fibrolipomatosis, nephrolithiasis, nephritis, pyel...

COMMON MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING FINDINGS IN PATIENTS WITH NEUROLOGIC DISORDERS, IN UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN TEACHING HOSPITAL, KWARA STATE

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the common MRI findings in patients with neurologic disorders. Method: A retrospective study of 106 patients with neurologic disorders was carried out and their respective findings carefully tabulated according to their age and sex. Results: MRI showed small multifocal lesions hyperintense on T2 weighted images and FLAIR, with mild or no gadolinium enhancement, mainly in periventricular and subcortical regions, myelopaties in the cervical spines of some patien...

COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF FILM REJECT ANALYSIS IN NATIONAL ORTHOPAEDIC HOSPITAL ENUGU AND ENUGU STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITALS

ABSTRACT  Film reject analysis is a quality assurance tool in radiology department which is used to control standard and quality of diagnostic radiograph as the production of adequate diagnostic radiographs with optimum quality involves well defined procedure. A comparative prospective film reject analysis carried over a period of four (4) weeks from 1st to 30th June,2012 at the National Orthopaedic Hospital Enugu and Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Park-Lane aimed at comparing th...

COMPLIANCE WITH MAMMOGRAPHY SCREENING OF BREAST CANCER IN ISUOCHI AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

ABSTRACT This is a prospective study carried out in Isuochi among primary school teachers to know the compliance of the teachers on Breast cancer screening technique or method as it concern the mammography examination and Self Breast Examination (SBE). The research was done in nine communities in Isuochi, Abia state. The research was carried out with convenient sampling to reduce stress and cost to the researcher. The research lasted for a period for four months March – July 2012. From the...

CONSTRUCTION OF A TROLLEY BASED SYSTEM INCORPORATING LATERAL CASSETTE HOLDER USING LOCALLY SOURCED MATERIALS FOR TRAUMA RADIOGRAPHY

ABSTRACT Trolley based system is a trolley incorporating x-ray features that allow easy radiography in trauma patients.  In this work, a trolley based system is constructed with the two basic features which include a fixed lateral cassette holder to facilitate lateral shoot-through radiography and with locally sourced material for affordability. It is a four sided metallic framework on a strong stable castor wheel base. It is 84cm high with base dimension of 120cm x 84cm and top dimension o...

CORRELATION OF MRI FINDINGS WITH OUTCOME OF TREATMENT IN PATIENTS WITH SPINAL CORD INJURY: A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL IDI-ARABA LAGOS NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Study Design A retrospective study Objectives To correlate the MRI findings with the outcome of patient treatment in patients with spinal cord injury. This study tried to study the recovery of patients who have been diagnosed of spinal cord injuries by MRI examination and compared it with the prognosis made by the MRI findings. Material and methods 45 patients’ data was conveniently selected from the Lagos university teaching hospital Idi-Araba Lagos Nigeria. 32 were male; 13 fema...

ESTABLISHMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF A PRIVATE ULTRASONOGRAPHIC CENTRE IN ENUGU METROPOLIS; PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

ABSTRACT This study was done to determine the problems and prospects of setting up and running a private ultrasonographic centre in Enugu metropolis. It was carried out in the 38 registered diagnostic centres with private hospitals inclusive that have an ultrasonographic unit. A survey type of design was used for the study, the source of data collection was a primary one. A total of 64 questionnaires were distributed to the proprietors and sonographers in the centres and 61 questionnaires du...

THE EFFECTS OF LOW DOSE X-RAY ON THE EPIDIDYMA SPERM CELLS OF RATS

ABSTRACT This study examines the effects of low dose x-rays on the pH, sperm count, and sperm motility of the epididymal sperm cells of wistar rats. An experimental survey (case control study design) was adopted and a purposive sampling technique was used to select the species of mammals used for the experiment while a convenient sampling technique was used to select a nearby animal farm and a simple random technique was used to select the population of the male rats used. The population wer...

ROYAL COLLEGE OF RADIOLOGISTS GUIDELINES FOR ABDOMINAL RADIOGRAPHY REQUESTS: ASSESSMENT OF REFERRING CLINICIANS’ ADHERERNCE

ABSTRACT Plain abdominal radiography is believed to be over utilized as an investigation for acute abdominal complaints. Because of this, the Royal College of Radiologists published guidelines in order to minimise inappropriate requests. The aims of this research were to determine the level of referring clinicians’ adherence to these guidelines while making referrals, to determine whether professional status of the referring clinicians influences their adherence to the guideline, and final...

RADIOGRAPHIC DETERMINATION OF SEX DIFFERENCES IN ISCHIOPUBIC MEASUREMENT

ABSTRACT The study was carried out to determine and compare the pubic length, ischial length and ischiopubic indices among the people of Enugu State of Nigeria. Anterioposterior radiographs of 94 adult pelvis (of age range, 18-70 years) were evaluated. Ninety four of the radiographs (50 males and 44 females) were those from Enugu state of Nigeria. The morphological   measurements were pubic length, ischial length and ischiopubic index. The mean values of pubic length, ischial length and isch...

PATTERN OF FINDINGS IN MRI STUDIES OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM IN PORT-HARCOURT URBAN

ABSTRACTMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has been hailed by many a finding as the imaging modality of choice in the diagnosis of both focal and non-focal neurological disorders. And for this reason, it has increasingly the first modality of recourse for almost any disorder of the CNS where it is available. However, prognosis of central nervous system diseases is poor in the third world countries such as Nigeria because it is not known/documented, the pattern of occurrence of findings in MRI o...

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF PREGNANT WOMEN TOWARDS ROUTINE ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN ENUGU URBAN USING UNTH AND PARKLANE HOSPITAL

ABSTRACT This study aimed at finding out the knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women towards routine sonography.       A prospective cross sectional Survey method was adopted. The data was collected through self-administered among 180 respondents and 176 were returned duly completed. The data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics.       The present study shows that most of the women who present for antenatal care have general knowledge of ultrasound scan (9...


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