Medical & Health Sciences

Study Materials in Medical & Health Sciences

A Case Study Discussing the Link Between E-Cigarette Smoking and Mental Health Disorders Amongst the Youth in the United States (US)

This report presents a case study on the epidemiology of e-cigarette smoking focusing on the youth in the US. It will evaluate the prevalence and potential health effects of e-cigarette use and its link to mental health disorders, and how to completely eradicate the use of e-cigarettes amongst the youth (15-35years) in the United States (US). Firstly, an analysis of the mental health disorders (MHDs) associated with e-cigarette smoking will be discussed. Policies, healthcare interventions, an...

A Case Study Reporting on the Epidemiology of Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) in Ghana.

This case study report aims to investigate the epidemiology of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in Ghana, proposed solutions already in place to tackle it and some other recommendations that can increase its practices.

Improving menstrual hygiene management to reduce school absenteeism of female secondary school students in Nigeria

Executive Summary This policy is a sustainable approach to curtail the negative impact of poor menstrual hygiene on school attendance of female secondary school students in Nigeria. It advocates for; provision of reusable sanitary pads to all female students in secondary schools across the country; and teaching menstrual health and hygiene to all first-year secondary school students. By reducing school absenteeism secondary to poor menstrual hygiene, this policy will improve female school at...

Prerequisites, Process and Policies Required for the Establishment of Community Pharmacies in Disparate Localities

Question: Assume that you are going to open up a new community pharmacy. Please mention the certificates and legal documents that you need in order to open up a new pharmacy in North Cyprus, UK, and your home country. Please mention the equipment that you need in your new pharmacy according to the country that you are located (North Cyprus, UK, and your home country). In the final part of your essay please discuss the options that you can make North Cyprus regulations better compared to other...

Post Operative Complications

The patient's medical history should be taken into consideration when managing postoperative problems, which may be either general or unique to the type of surgery performed. Postoperative fever, atelectasis, wound infection, embolism, and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are common general postoperative sequelae.One to three days following surgery, postoperative problems are most likely to occur. However, various complications happen in the early postoperative, several days following the operation...

GRP 103 Reading Material

An epidemic occurs when an infectious disease spreads rapidly to many people. For example, in 2003, the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic took the lives of nearly 800 people worldwide. A pandemic is a global disease outbreak such as Covid 19. Epidemics, Pandemics, and Outbreaks When is a disease outbreak a concern? And what is the difference between an epidemic and a pandemic? What is a disease outbreak? A disease outbreak happens when a disease occurs in greater numbers than ...

EDU 254- Nature of Science

Science is an attempt to explain natural phenomena. Science is a body of organized knowledge acquired through a process of inquiry( Ezeliora, Ezenwabachili, Aneke & Aghadinuno, 2011). Baja (1992) beautifully described science as the continual search for adequate methods of understanding our environment. Abd-El-Khalick., Bell & Lederman (1998) explained the nature of science as making the unnatural natural. There are methods or processes peculiar to science in determining the facts about natur...

AME 201- Curriculum Trend in Home Science

Introduction This unit is a continuation of Units 21 and 22 in SED 701 (Foundations of Science Education). The unit centre on the development of science education which is concerned with understanding the learning and teaching of science. The main focus of the unit is the development of science education in Nigeria before and since independence. 2.1 Objectives At the end of this unit, you should be able to: ­ explain development of science education in Nigeria before and since independence. ...

CRD 205- Man and his Environment

Whenever one is seeking to find out the origin of something, one may be tempted to ask the following questions such as: "when did it start?", "how did it start?" and "where did it start? Our major concern here is to find out about the origin of man. How did man start on? How did man race started off? Who are man's ancestors? Additional questions which might bothers the minds of every man, woman, boy or girl are that "where did human beings come from?" and how did man originate? The answers to...

EDU 212- Sociology of Education in the Environment

Socialization as a social process has been defined by various authorities in the field of sociology. Socialization can be described as the process of adaptation by the individuals to the conventional patterns of behaviour. It thus occurs on account of the individual’s interaction with others and the expression of the culture which operates through them. Ross defined socialization as the development of “we-feeling” in the ways and manners individuals behave in the society. Bogardu has vi...

EHS 212- Pollution Control

Often things or items or media (water, food, soil, Air) are found in their natural, pure and pristine forms as expected in both quality and quantity. When an undesirable substance which normally is not an aspect of that originalitem/mediais found in such a noticeable concentration as to affect the value of such item/media, pollution has taken place. The phenomena of pollution occur in our environment every day as a result of our daily endeavours/activities either deliberately or by share coin...

EHS 313- Introduction to Environmental Management

Environmental Management has been defined by many Authors. Environmental management can be defined as being a goal or vision, an attempt to steer a process, the application of a set of tools, a more philosophical exercise seeking to identify and establish new outlooks, and much more. Individual environmental managers may have a problem solving, sectoral, local, regional or global focus. They may be academics, regional or national decision makers and planners, non- governmental organization (N...

EHS 303- Introduction to Public Health

There is no single universally accepted definition of Public Health Nutrition rather; Public health is a combination of science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts. While science is objective, art is subjective (Stein, 2014). Public Health Nutrition emphasises disease prevention and promotion of well-being. Malnutrition and nutrition-related disease are a global problem. Consumption of adequate quantit...

EHS 313- ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEM

For the purposes of environmental health, however, a more practical definition of the environment is needed, because environment health action generally tries to change only the natural and physical environment and related behaviours (e.g hand washing). Such interventions can rarely modify the social and cultural aspects of a community, which are usually independent of the environment (e.g cultural pressures on lifestyle, unemployment). As a result, a more practical definition of the environm...

EMT 307- Environmental Pollution

Air pollution can be high in parts of North America and Europe, but it has improved slightly over the past decade with new environmental regulations and progress in technology. Meanwhile, China and India have been frequently cited as areas where air pollution is at its worst. In some cities in Asia, it has exceeded 20 times the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Nevertheless, there is considerable variation within those countries both regionally and locally, especially in recent year...


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