Natural & Applied Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Natural & Applied Sciences

Urinalysis: Practical Experiment (SIWES Report)

Urinalysis is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine. It involves a number of tests to detect and measure various compounds that pass through the urine. This presentation will give you an insight on everything you need to know about urine.Urine CompositionUrinalysisPractical Experiments        Urinalysis: (Normal & Abnormal Constituents of Urine)        Estimation of pH of Different Samples   &nbs...

Transcription Activator-Like Effector Nucleases (TALEN)

´╗┐IntroductionTranscription Activator-like Effector Nucleases (Talen)Engineering Talen ConstructsTransfectionMechanisms of TalenApplications of TalenLimitations of TalenTalen PrecisionRecommendationsConclusionsReference

Isolation and Identification of Solvent Producing Clostridia from the Soil Environment within Jos Metropolis, Nigeria.

AbstractIndigenous bacteria in the soil environment can produce a wide range of solvents and metabolites more efficiently. This study was carried out to screen Clostridium species isolated from the soil environment within Jos metropolis for solvent production. A total of 30 samples were collected from farmlands, nursery gardens, floral gardens and waste disposal sites. The pH, temperature and moisture content at various locations was determined. The mean temperature of the soil ranges from 19...

Social Network Fake Account Identification

Social networking sites engage millions of users around the world. The users' interactions with these social sites, such as Twitter and Facebook have a tremendous impact and occasionally undesirable repercussions for daily life. The prominent social networking sites have turned into a target platform for the spammers to disperse a huge amount of irrelevant and deleterious information. Twitter, for example, has become one of the most extravagantly used platforms of all times and theref...

DETERMINATION OF AQUIFER PARAMETERS IN THE ISHIAGU EBONYI STATE USING GEOELECTRIC METHOD

ABSTRACTAn investigation was carried out on the groundwater potentials and aquifer protective capacity of Ishiagu area, southeastern Nigeria. The study area lies within the lower Benue trough of Nigeria and is underlain by the Albian Asu River Group and the Turonian Ezeaku Shales.The methodologies employed in the study include measurements of static water levels of 15 hand dug wells, pumping tests carried out on 4 boreholes and vertical electrical sounding (VES) of 20 stations. Groundwater po...

INTEGRATION OF ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY AND INDUCED POLARIZATION FOR SUBSURFACE IMAGING AROUND IHE POND, NSUKKA, ANAMBRA BASIN

ABSTRACTIntegration of 2D geophysical methods, Electrical Resistivity Imaging (ERI) and Induced Polarization (IP) were used to study the subsurface geology and structures around Ihe pond, Nsukka in Anambra basin. The research work has delineated the geologic structures and strata responsible for the water in the pond, and determined the origin of the Pond. Three 2D resisitivity profiles of maximum spread lengths of 500, 400 and 500m were run around the pond. Horizontal profiling, using Wenner...

ANTIBACTERIAL POTENCY OF SELECTED MEDICATED SOAPS ON SKINISOLATES GOTTEN FROM HOSTEL OCCUPANTS OF CRUTECH, CALABAR CAMPUS, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Skin flora refers to the microorganisms which reside on the skin many of which are bacteria. Resident bacteria can cause skin disease and enter the blood system, creating life-threatening disease, particularly in immune-suppressed people. Diseases of the skin include impetigo, boils, erysipelas, scabies, folliculitis, cellulitis etc. This present study aims at determining the antibacterial activity of various antiseptic soaps against bacterial isolates present on the skin o...

ISOLATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH COW SUYA MEAT SOLD IN CALABAR METROPOLIS

ABSTRACTThe consumption of Cow suya meat is on the increase because of it health benefits, it inexpensiveness compared to Goat meat, and the demand. Bacteriological analysis was carried out on 10 suya samples collected from four (4) different vendors within 4 different locations (Ekpo Abasi, Bogobiri, Yellow Duke and Abang asang). The samples were analyzed using standard bacteriological techniques. Total bacterial cell count was determined through pour plating method serial diluted to f...

EXTRACTION OF HEAVY METALS ASSOCIATED WITH DIFFERENT SPECIES OF PERIWINKLE PURCHASED WITHIN CALABAR METROPOLIS, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTPeriwinkles are invertebrates belonging to the phylum Mollusca and are usually found in Creeks, lagoons and mangrove swamps. They are cheap sources of protein and they have a wide range of health benefits. The present investigation was carried out to determine the concentration of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Fe, Ca and Pb) in different species of Periwinkle (Pachymelania byronensis, Pachymelania aurita and Tympanotonus fuscatus) gotten from Jebs and Ikang creeks both of Calabar metro...

PREVALENCE OF Salmonella and Shigella spp in Pachymelania aurita (PERIWINKLE) PURCHASED FROM DIFFERENT CREEKS IN CALABAR METROPOLIS, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThis study was designed to ascertain the prevalence of Salmonella spp and Shigella spp and other species of bacteria associated with the contamination of Pachymelania aurita (Periwinkle) in different creeks in Calabar metropolis. This study was carried out in Ikang and Jebs creeks both in Cross river state, Nigeria. One hundred and eighty (180) Periwinkle samples ranging from 1.8-4.6cm in length and 1.6-3.3g in weight were purchased from both creeks. The samples were transported...

ISOLATION CHARACTERIZATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH HAWKED BARBECUE CHICKEN SOLD IN CALABAR METROPOLIS

ABSTRACTThere is a reasonable increase in the consumption of barbecue chicken meat, which is due to the it nutritional value. An investigation was conducted to isolate, characterize and identify bacteria associated with hawked barbecue chicken obtained from Calabar metropolis using basically two different agar media which are Nutrient agar and Macconkey agar. The samples were analyzed using standard microbiological methods. A total of 67 isolates were obtained from 20 samples which were...

BACTERIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF DIFFERENT SOURCES OF DRINKING WATER WITHIN IKOM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF CROSS RIVERSTATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTWater is a necessity for living, and so there is a need to conduct analysis to check if it is safe or not for consumption. Bacteriological examination of water samples sourced within Ikom L.G.A, Cross River State was carried out to determine the bacterial load in the water samples and to determine the organisms that contaminates it. The samples were rain, stream, well, and pipe-borne water. They were collected within Ikom in sterile containers and transported to the Laboratory....

Time Series Data Ingestion of An Oil and Gas Well: A Case Study of HyperDap Ltd

Abstract Nowadays, big data plays a critical role in society. Big data is massive with high growth rate which is of great significance for oil and gas companies, however, a large amount of data often brings a lot of storage and management costs, such as the cost of hard disks. Here is where our application makes sense. Hence the researchers developed an application for HyperDap Ltd that filters data according to some criteria before writing into the database in order to save storage ...

ANTIBACTERIAL POTENCY OF SELECTED LOCAL MEDICATED SOAP ON SKIN ISOLATE

ABSTRACT Five local soaps! Duduosun, Zee, Hause Soap, Yoruba Soap and Yoruba Soap were investigated for their antibacteria activities against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus spp, Bacillus spp and Klebsiella spp. Identification of the bacteria species was by standard microbiological techniques which included Gram staining and biochemical testing/,. Minimum inhibitory and minimum bacteria activities of the soaps were determined by the...

Apply Learning Models to recognize the case of Tuberculosis Using X-Ray Images

Tuberculosis is a type of chronic diseases, thus needs long term treatment. Each year, over 2 lakh people in India are affected by TB and on average around 20,000 people are infected every month in each state. According to WHO, primary statistics collated from 84 countries, approximately less than 1.4 million persons received tuberculosis (TB) treatment in 2020 than in 2019, (i.e. 21% decline from 2019). An early detection can significantly shorten the treatment period. In this study, w...


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