Natural & Applied Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Natural & Applied Sciences

THE CHEMICAL QUALITY OF WELL WATER IN ABUJA COMMUNITY SUBURB OF IKORODU

ABSTRACT Well water samples were collected from different household wells in Ifedapo Estate in Abuja community of Ikorodu Local Government Area, Lagos State, Nigeria. The samples of the well were analyzed for their physiochemical properties. The physiochemical properties of the water samples were analyzed using standard methods. The pH and Temperature ranged from 6.41-7.11 and 26.79-27.370C respectively. The bicarbonate and sulphates value were in the range of (28.41-31.41mg/l) ...

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF CAKE FROM WHEAT FLOUR USING AVOCADO PASTE AS FAT REPLACER

ABSTRACT Avocado (Persea Americana) paste was utilized to substitute wheat (Triticum aestivum) flour as fat replacer in the production of cake. This study examined the effect of avocado paste substitutions at various proportions in production of cake. The proportions were 100% wheat flour, 95:5%, 90 :10%, 85 : 15%, 80 : 20%, 75 : 25% and 70 : 30% avocado paste. Colour analysis and texture of the cake was evaluated. Results shows L*, a* and b* value of the cakes ranged from 48.56-...

Consumption of green tea (Camellia sinensis)

ABSTRACT Consumption of green tea (Camellia sinensis) may provide protection against chronic diseases, including cancer. Green tea polyphenols are believed to be responsible for this cancer preventive effect, and the antioxidant activity of the green tea polyphenols has been implicated as a potential mechanism. This hypothesis has been difficult to study in vivo due to metabolism of these compounds and poor understanding of the redox environment in vivo. Green tea polyphenols can be...

Phytoremediation of Crude Oil Contaminated Soil with Carpet Grass (Axonopuscompressus) in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

CHAPTER ONE1.0 INTRODUCTIONSoil contamination is one of the major environmental problems facing the world today.Contamination of soil by hydrocarbons (mostly petroleum hydrocarbons) is becomingprevalent worldwide (Njoku et al., 2008). This is probably due to heavy dependence onpetroleum as a major source of energy throughout the world, rapid industrialization,population growth and complete disregard for the environm...

A GUIDE TO ENHANCING BUSINESS CONTINUITY USING COMPUTER SECURITY INCIDENT RESPONSE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

ABSTRACT Computer security incident response is a management activity within the corporate governance framework of a business enterprise, and has become an important component of information technology (IT) programs for IT enabled business establishments. It provides the strategic direction for security activities and ensures objectives are achieved and protects day to day business operations. This research work provides a platform for enlightening and assisting organizations on the ...

A Review on a Simplified Alternative Algorithm to the Simplex Method for Solving Linear Programming Problems

ABSTRACT This paper discusses the review of a new solution algorithms and a comparative analysis of standard Simplex Method and the Push and Pull algorithms in solving Linear Programming problems. Linear Programming is a branch of Operation Research in the field of mathematics. As a result of the complicated nature of solving and determining accurate results from linear programming problems, various methods and algorithms have been developed to reduce the complications and increase e...

Nosocomial Infections as a factor in the spread of infectious diseases

  ABSTRACTThe basic idea of healthcare facilities which is to make people well is on the verge of being defeated as a result of patients contracting infections while in healthcare settings. Nosocomial infections are infections acquired by patients or healthcare workers while they are in healthcare facilities, including, hospitals, dental offices, nursing homes and doctors’ waiting rooms. Infectious diseases are diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, par...

Chromosomal Study of two Cyprinid fishes of the genus Barbus; Barbus callipterus Boulenger 1907 and Barbus parablabes Daget 1957

The chromosomes of two cyprinid fishes of the genus Barbus; B. callipterus and B. parablabes were assessed in this study with a view to providing baseline information about the diploid chromosome number, karyotype and morphology. This study reveals that B. callipterus has a diploid chromosome number of 2n = 50, fundamental number of autosomal arms (NFa) of 66, and karyotype formula: 2n = 4m + 6sm + 6st +34T. On the other hand...

The effects of modernization of ancient Kano city gates

This study examined the effects of modernization of ancient Kano city gates. Three local governments namely Kano Municipal, Nassarawa and Tarauni were used for this study, covering 150 respondents that were purposively sampled with 50 from each of the 3 local governments. Also, field surveys were carried out at all the 15 gates, discussions were held with the gatekeepers, the curator of Kano State museum and other observations were made from the data collected. Results obtained revealed that ...

Therapeutic Effect of Methanolic Extract of Telfairia occidentalis Leaves against Ethanol-Induced Oxidative Stress in Wistar Rats

This study sought to investigate the therapeutic effectof methanolic extract of Telfairia occidentalis leavesagainst acute ethanol-induced oxidative stress inWistar rats. Fresh plants of T. occidentalis werepurchased from Oja-Oba Market in Ibadan. Theleaves were dried and extracted using soxhletapparatus and methanol as the solvent. The methanolwas evaporated in a rotary evaporator at 35 oC witha yield of 2.31g representing a percentage yield of9.24%. Twenty adult male Wistar rats were used f...

Antihaemolytic Effect of Ethanolic Leaf Extract of Vernonia amygdalina in Wistar Rats

Antihaemolytic effect of ethanolic leaf extract ofVernonia amygdalina in Wistar rats is the aim of thisstudy. Fresh plants of V. amygdalina were harvestedfrom the Institute of Agricultural Research andTraining, Ibadan. The leaves were carefully removedfrom the stem and washed in running water toremove contaminants. They were air dried at roomtemperature in an open laboratory space for 14 daysand milled into powder. The extraction was doneusing soxhlet apparatus and ethanol as the solvent.Etha...

Preventive and Therapeutic Activities of Methanolic Extract of Talinum triangulare Leaves against Ethanol-Induced Oxidative Stress in Wistar Rats

Preventive and therapeutic activities of methanolicextract of Talinum triangulare leaves againstethanol-induced oxidative stress in wistar rats is theaim of this study. Fresh plants of T. triangulare werepurchased at a local market in Orita-Challenge,Ibadan. The leaves were dried and extracted usingsoxhlet apparatus and methanol as the solvent. Themethanol was evaporated in a rotary evaporator at35 oC with a yield of 2.76 g which represents apercentage yield of 11.04%. Twenty Wistar rats with...

CROSS PLATFORM MOBILE PHONE APPLICATION USING J-QUERY MOBILE

With today’s ubiquity of smartphones, tablets and other mobile devices, more and more businessesdevelop and use mobile applications. Multiple platforms including Android and iOS form the market of mobiledevices, so it can be important to be able to deliver software for more than one platform. Vendor-supported SDKsare feature-rich but incompatible with other platforms. We compared a number of cross-platform frameworks formostly platform-independent development on mobile platforms, by evaluat...

Chemical changes in African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum albidium) fruits

ABSTRACTThe study investigated the chemical changes inAfrican Star Apple (Chrysophyllum albidium) fruits prior to onset of rains and during the rainy season, with the aim of ascertainingits optimum consumption quality. The fruits were harvested from the School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure. Chemical analysis was carried out on the edible parts of the African star apple fruit(both the pulp and whitish seed coat). The result showed significa...

The Implicit Midpoint Rule of Non-expansive Mappings and Applications in Uniformly Smooth Banach Space

Let K be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Banach space E and T : K → K be a nonexpansive mapping. Using a viscosity approximation method, we study the implicit midpoint rule of a nonexpansive mapping T. We establish a strong convergence theorem for an iterative algorithm in the framework of uniformly smooth Banach spaces and apply our result to obtain the solutions of an accretive mapping and a variational inequality problem. The numerical example which compares the rates of convergence...


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