Natural & Applied Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Natural & Applied Sciences

Bacteriological Study Of Locally Fermented Milk (Nono) Sold In Gombe Metropolis

ABSTRACT A total number of ten (10) locally fermented milk (nono) samples were collected from five (5) different retail outlet namely: Gombe main market, Jekadafari,Pantami, TashanDukku, and Tumfure. Bacteriological analysis was carried out on the samples for isolation and identification of bacteria associated with such products as well as total aerobic plate count. Seven (7) specie of bacteria which are of public health importance were isolated and identified. The percentage of occurrences o...

Bacteriostatic Effect Of Aqueous And Methanol Extracts Of Psidium Guajava On Staphylococcus Aureus And Escherichia Coli Obtained From Specialist Hospital Gombe.

ABSTRACT             Guava (Psidium guajava L) is native to South America and exists as both wild and cultivated. Guava has been used as a source of food and raw materials for pharmaceuticals. The aim of this study was to determine bioactivity of methanol and water extracts from apple guava against selected pathogenic bacteria. Study samples were collected from Tal, Gombe State, Nigeria and taken to the departmental herbarium for identification to obtain voucher number. Fifty grams of f...

Breaking Seed Dormancy In Bambara Nut (Vigna Subterranea (L) Verdc)

ABSTRACT   A study was carried out to investigate the effects of sulphuric acid, hot water and soaking of seed in water treatments on the germination of Bambara nut (V. subterranea) seeds were planted in poly pots for germination. 40 seeds of Vigna subterranea (one per poly pot) with ten replicates each were used. The highest germination was recorded in seeds soaked in water for 24 hours. Germination was observed to be low or slow in untreated (control) seeds. While there was poor or no resp...

Comparative Analysis Of Tap, Borehole, Well And Package Water

ABSTRACT  Comparative analysis of Tap, Borehole, Well and Package water in Gombe metropolis of Gombe State, Nigeria was conducted in order to examine their qualities with a view to determine their portability. A total of 8 water samples collected from four different functional water supply sources in the study area were subjected to physicochemical and bacteriological test and analyzed using standard analytical techniques and instruments. Most of the physicochemical parameters of the sample...

Comparative Study On Bacterial Flora On The Palms Of Gombe State University Undergraduate Students

ABSTRACT A comparative study on the bacterial flora on the palms of students in Gombe State University was conducted in August 2014.120 male and female undergraduates students from the Faculties of Science, Education and Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences were sampled. Culture and biochemical tests were conducted. 66% of students were found to have high bacterial load, with male students having 60% and female students 40% on their palms. Overall, the results of this study reveals that male s...

Determination Of Antimicrobial Activity Of Seed Oil Of Garlic (Allium Sativum L.) And Moringa Oleifera Against Some Food-Borne Microorganisms

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to determine the antimicrobial activity of seed oil of Moringa oleifera and garlic against some selected food-borne microorganisms (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) using disc diffusion method. The antibacterial assay results shows that the seed oil of Moringa oleifera was inactive against all the tested organisms, even at 100 % concentration. In contrast, garlic oil was found to be active against all the t...

Determination Of Ascorbic Acid In Vitamin C Syrups Sold In Gombe Metropolis

ABSTRACT    Titrimetric method was used to analyze ten different brands of each vitamin C syrups that are sold in Gombe metropolis. The percentage of ascorbic acid content in vitamin C syrups containing 100mg/5ml showed that samples (1,2,3 and 7) having (68.37%,54.10%, 52.10%, and 74.00%) were below 95-105 recommended by British pharmacopeia limit. While for A samples (4, 5 and 6)have percentage ascorbic acid content of (95.00%, 95.10% and 96.00% )respectively and were within the normal ran...

Ecological Survey Of Weed Species (Herbs And Shrubs) Found In Federal College Education (Technical) Gombe

ABSTRACT Studies of weed species found in found in federal college education (technical) were carried out using quadrant method, plant press was used for identification outside the field. The dominant among the weed families were Amarantaceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Sterculaceae, Papilionoideae, and Malvaceae. The prominent among weed species were the Unknown species, Leucas  mutinicensis, Amaranthus       spinosus, Sennaoccidentalis, and Sidacordifolia among others. This study clearly rev...

Effect Of Aqueous Leaves Extract Ofcarica Papaya (Pawpaw) On Liver Enzymes In Normal Albino Rats.

ABSTRACT The effect of aqueous leaves extract of Carica papaya (Linn) on some liver enzymesi.e; alanine aminotransferase ALT, aspartate aminotransferase AST, and alkaline phosphatase ALP, wasinvestigated.The phytochemical screening of the leaves extract of C.papaya was carried out at the beginning of the study.  Albino rats weighing between 73-93g, of both sexes were used for the study.Caricapapaya2 ml of 0.11 g/ml aqueous leaves extract was orally administered daily to each of the experimen...

Effect Of Deforestation On Soil Productivity In Filiya Shongom L.G.A, Gombe State

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to determine the effect of deforestation on soil productivity in Filiya Shongom L. G.A, Gombe State. Two plots were sampled using wandering quarter method of vegetation sampling, each measuring l00m x l00m. One site was assigned undisturbed area and the other one disturbed area. At each site Relative abundance, Basal Area, were calculate. T-test as used to determine the significance difference between the soil organic matter content, plant abundance, and basa...

Assessment of Microbiological Quality of Packaged (Sachet) Water Sold in Gombe Metropolis

 ABSTRACT In an effort to ensure stable availability of good and safe water supply in all state of the federation (Nigeria), the production of packaged water (sachet and bottled water) was born; this has become the most available and affordable alternative to the general population. Hence compliment the inadequate supply of pipe borne water in most urban cities. Unfortunately, the quality of most sachet water sold to the public is uncertain and highly questionable. This study is aimed at ass...

Analysis Of Bacteriostatic And Bactericidal Activity Of Sphenocentrum Jollyanum Roots (Chewing Sticks) On Some Human Pathogenic Bacteria

  ABSTRACT  Methanol and Aqueous extract of Sphenocentrum jollyanum roots (chewing stick) were screened for their antibacterial activity against E. coli, P. mirabilis, S. aureus and K. pneumoniae. Different concentrations were used (0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 1mg/disc) to evaluate the roots extracts using disc diffusion and broth dilution method. The results showed that only methanol extract of Sphenocentrum jollyanum roots was effective against all the organisms tested. In disc diffusion method, th...

Antibacterial Activity Of Fortified Honey On Some Clinical Bacterial Isolates

ABSTRACT The use of traditional medicine to treat infection has been practiced since the origin of mankind, and honey produced by Apis mellifera is one of the oldest traditional medicines considered to be important in the treatment of several human ailments. However, differently processed honeys exhibit different antibacterial activities, thus this study was aimed at investigating the antibacterial activity of fortified honey and comparing the antibacterial activities of fortified with the un...

Analysis Of Bactericidal And Bacteriostatic Effect Of The Crude Extract Of Scent Leaf (Ocimum Gratissimum) on Escherichia Coli And Staphylococcus Aureus

ABSTRACT The antibacterial activity of the extract of Ocimum gratissimum was determined against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The phytochemical analysis of the leaf extract revealed the presence of bioactive bases responsible for antibacterial property, such as Saponin, Alkanoid, Flavonoid, Tanin and Steroid. The methanolic extraction of the active ingredient of the leaves was carried out using the method as described by Fatope, (1993). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)...

Antibacterial Effect Of Azanza Garckeana (Fruit) On Some Gram Negative Enteric Rods

Abstract Azanzagarckeana fruit was investigated using cold maceration, the phytochemicals screening which shows the presence of secondary metabolites likesaponins, tannins, flavonoids, steroids and alkaloids. The antibacterial effect of the various concentrations(20, 40, 60, 80 and 100µg/ml) of the extract were investigated. The extract was active against the isolates which are Escherichiacoli, salmonellaspp, Klebsiellaspp and enterobacter spp. The efficacy of the extract increase with incre...


106 - 120 Of 7462 Results