Natural & Applied Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Natural & Applied Sciences

Therapeutic Effect of Methanolic Extract of Telfairia occidentalis Leaves against Ethanol-Induced Oxidative Stress in Wistar Rats

This study sought to investigate the therapeutic effectof methanolic extract of Telfairia occidentalis leavesagainst acute ethanol-induced oxidative stress inWistar rats. Fresh plants of T. occidentalis werepurchased from Oja-Oba Market in Ibadan. Theleaves were dried and extracted using soxhletapparatus and methanol as the solvent. The methanolwas evaporated in a rotary evaporator at 35 oC witha yield of 2.31g representing a percentage yield of9.24%. Twenty adult male Wistar rats were used f...

Antihaemolytic Effect of Ethanolic Leaf Extract of Vernonia amygdalina in Wistar Rats

Antihaemolytic effect of ethanolic leaf extract ofVernonia amygdalina in Wistar rats is the aim of thisstudy. Fresh plants of V. amygdalina were harvestedfrom the Institute of Agricultural Research andTraining, Ibadan. The leaves were carefully removedfrom the stem and washed in running water toremove contaminants. They were air dried at roomtemperature in an open laboratory space for 14 daysand milled into powder. The extraction was doneusing soxhlet apparatus and ethanol as the solvent.Etha...

Preventive and Therapeutic Activities of Methanolic Extract of Talinum triangulare Leaves against Ethanol-Induced Oxidative Stress in Wistar Rats

Preventive and therapeutic activities of methanolicextract of Talinum triangulare leaves againstethanol-induced oxidative stress in wistar rats is theaim of this study. Fresh plants of T. triangulare werepurchased at a local market in Orita-Challenge,Ibadan. The leaves were dried and extracted usingsoxhlet apparatus and methanol as the solvent. Themethanol was evaporated in a rotary evaporator at35 oC with a yield of 2.76 g which represents apercentage yield of 11.04%. Twenty Wistar rats with...

CROSS PLATFORM MOBILE PHONE APPLICATION USING J-QUERY MOBILE

With today’s ubiquity of smartphones, tablets and other mobile devices, more and more businessesdevelop and use mobile applications. Multiple platforms including Android and iOS form the market of mobiledevices, so it can be important to be able to deliver software for more than one platform. Vendor-supported SDKsare feature-rich but incompatible with other platforms. We compared a number of cross-platform frameworks formostly platform-independent development on mobile platforms, by evaluat...

Chemical changes in African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum albidium) fruits

ABSTRACTThe study investigated the chemical changes inAfrican Star Apple (Chrysophyllum albidium) fruits prior to onset of rains and during the rainy season, with the aim of ascertainingits optimum consumption quality. The fruits were harvested from the School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure. Chemical analysis was carried out on the edible parts of the African star apple fruit(both the pulp and whitish seed coat). The result showed significa...

The Implicit Midpoint Rule of Non-expansive Mappings and Applications in Uniformly Smooth Banach Space

Let K be a nonempty closed convex subset of a Banach space E and T : K → K be a nonexpansive mapping. Using a viscosity approximation method, we study the implicit midpoint rule of a nonexpansive mapping T. We establish a strong convergence theorem for an iterative algorithm in the framework of uniformly smooth Banach spaces and apply our result to obtain the solutions of an accretive mapping and a variational inequality problem. The numerical example which compares the rates of convergence...

LIPIDS COMPOSITION IN THE EGG SHELL OF DOMESTIC FOWL

ABSTRACTPoultry eggs are eaten in most areas of the world with fewer social taboos associated with them than pigs and cattle. The most commonly used bird eggs are those from chicken. In Nigeria, the domestic foul dominates the poultry industry. Of the 120 million indigenous poultry population in Nigeria, the domestic fowl constitutes about 91 % of this. For this reason, the present work tried to evaluate the nutritional levels of the lipid composition of the free-range fertilize...

Antioxidant Defense System in a Germinating P.Vulgaris

Phaseolus vulgaris, Common Bean is a herbaceous annual plant grown worldwide for its edible dry seed (known as just "beans") or unripe fruit (green beans) and a member of the legume family Fabaceae.  They are quite popular amongst the natives because of its high protein, minerals and vitamins content (Gentry et al., 1999).The use of a wide range of chemicals to destroy pests and weeds is an important aspect of agricultural practice in both developed and developing countries but there is a wi...

A SURVEY OF NYMPHALID SPECIES OF BUTTERFLIES IN ABRAKA CAMPUS OF DELTA STAT-1

ABSTRACTNymphalid butterflies are excellent ecological indicator and portray a good picture of the ecological status of an area. Study on Nymphalid butterflies were carried out in the Delta state University, Abraka campus from five (5) different habitats (Grassland, Farmland, Riverside, Flowering shrub and Moderately disturbed habitat), for the period of four (4) months (May-August, 2015) using baited traps and Pollard sampling method. A total of 167 individuals of Nymphalid butterflies belon...

The Role of Transport in Quality Healthcare Delivery

ABSTRACTThis project seeks to link the role of transport to quality healthcare delivery. The main objective of the study was to assess the role of transport in quality healthcare delivery. A variety of primary and secondary data were employed to gather data to respond to the study research questions. The primary data for the study were collected from the respondents through questionnaire administration and oral interview conducted by the researcher. Descriptive statistics was adopted to analy...

The geochemical and mineralogical composition of the sediment penetrated by Tuma-1 in Chad (Bornu) Basin Northeastern Nigeria by XRF geochemical analysis

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 General Statement The Nigerian sector of  the Chad  Basin, known locally as the  Bornu Basin,  is one of  Nigeria’s inland basins occupying the northeastern part of the country. It represents about one-tenth of the total area extent of the Chad Basin, which is a regional large structural depression common to five countries, namely, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Niger, Chad, and Nigeria. The Bornu Basin falls between latitudes 110N ...

Interval Velocity Estimations from Seismic Reflection Data

ABSTRACTThe research project was carried out to study the estimations of interval velocity from seismic reflection data of the acoustic P waves inside the Earth using the method of time migration which is necessary for obtaining seismic images in regular Cartesian coordinates. The main goals of the research work were to develop algorithms to convert time-migration velocities to true seismic velocities, and to convert time-migrated images to depth images in regular Cartesian coordinates....

Microbial Analysis and Proximate Composition of Boiled and Fried Local Cheese (WARA)

Fried cheese locally called Wara gets spoiled when attacked by pathogenic bacteria, as a result of poor hygiene practice by the producer and handlers. Wara samples were bought in Ilesha at Atakumosa market square Osun-state. This research was designed to isolate and enumerate microorganisms using standard microbial methods, proximate composition and the nutritional composition of boiled local and fried cheese (wara). Proximate analysis was carried out to determine nutritional composit...

Evaluation of an improved inoculation technology using Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 on peat and charcoal for the cultivation of soy bean plant

Nutrient paucity in the soil poses challenge to global production of food. The use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers to boost crop yield is a recurrent farming practice, despite their unfavourable effects and hazard to the environment and human population. This study was aimed at developing an environmental friendly, low cost inoculation technology for the cultivation of soybeans. Laboratory approach was used in the production of the biofertilizer, which started with biochemical characterizat...


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