Natural & Applied Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Natural & Applied Sciences

Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons(PAHs) in Soils of Selected Farmland Cleared By Bush Burning

ABSTRACTPolycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons are some of the known organic pollutants resulting from incomplete combustion of organic matter. They have been found to be carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic. Much of the previous works on Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons have been on foods, water, dumpsites and on soil generally. However, this study focuses particularly on soils contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons as a result of a widely used agricultural practice of farmland clea...

Evaluation of Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Compositions of Leaves of Gingko biloba (Maiden Hair) Tree Found in Nigeria.

ABSTRACTGinkgo biloba (GB) leaves and extracts have been recognized worldwide for its renowned nutritional and medicinal properties. GB tree is highly grown and used in Asian and South American countries unlike Nigeria. In this study, we examined the nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of GB leaves (whole dried, and aqueous and ethanol extracts) grown in Nigeria. Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) method was used to determine the proximate and vitamin compositions wh...

PRELIMINARY DETERMINATION OF THE ACTIVE COMPONENTS IN BITTER LEAF ROOT (VERNONIA AMYGDALINA) EXTRACTS IN THE TREATMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS

ABSTRACT This research work is on the preliminary determination of active components in bitter leaf root (vernonia amygdalina) in the treatment of diabetes. Deficiency of hormone (insulin) causes diabetes mellitus, a disease due to too much of sugar being present in the blood. This is because without insulin in the body, the result is that sugar is extracted in the urine. Consequently, fat and proteins are readily converted to carbohydrates and finally, glucose eventually. The body re...

Application of Graph Algorithm in solving Network Routing Problem

SOURCE CODE INCLUDEDABSTRACTIn the fundamental operation in computer science, Graph algorithm is a great tool used to solve problems related to graph theory and this algorithms have wide applications in solving routing problems. For the purpose of this project four algorithms from the many types of graph algorithms were selected which are Dijkstra’s, Bellman-Ford, kruskal and prim’s Algorithm and it application in solving network routing problem was discussed and tested using a hypothetic...

Effect of Ocimum gratissimum in fresh tomato preservation

ABSTRACT The ability of leaf powder and leaf extract of Ocimum gratissimum plant to preserve tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum) from early spoilage was investigated in  this study. Mixed cultures of tomatoes purchased from a  retail outlet in Ogun, Southwestern Nigeria, were treated with  the powder  and  some  with  the  leaf  extract  of  Ocimum  gratissimum  plant  and  observed  for preservation or spoilage ...

On Application of Mathematical Modeling in the Spread of HIV/AIDS Epidemic

Mathematical models here serve as tools for understanding the epidemiology of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) if they are carefully constructed. The research emphasis is on the epidemiological impacts of AIDS and the rate of spread of HIV/AIDS in any given population through the numericalization of the Basic reproductive rate of infection (R0). Applicable Deterministic models, Classic Endemic Model (SIR), Commercial Sex Workers (CSW) model,...

Dynamic Buckling of a Clamped Finite Column Resting on a Non – linear Elastic Foundation

The analysis of the dynamic buckling of a clamped finite imperfect viscously damped column lying on a quadratic-cubic elastic foundation using the methods of asymptotic and perturbation technique is presented. The proposed governing equation contains two small independent parameters (δ and ϵ) which are used in asymptotic expansions of the relevant variables. The results of the analysis show that the dynamic buckling load of column decreases with its imperfections as well as with the inc...

UTILIZATION OF THE BIG 6 INFORMATION LITERACY MODEL IN THE ASSESSMENT OF INFORMATION LITERACY SKILLS OF POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE, BAYERO

                                                           ABSTRACT This research work tends to examine “THE UTILIZATION OF THE BIG 6 INFORMATION LITERACY MODEL IN THE ASSESSMENT OF INFORMATION LITERACY SKILLS OF POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE, BAYERO UNIVERSITY, KANO.”             The project has been sub-divided into five main phases (chapters) which determines...

A review of mortality differential

A REVIEW OF MORTALITY DIFFERENTIALS.Abere, OmotayoJohncally(johncally68@yahoo.com)Department of Actuarial Science & Insurance, University of LagosNigeriaMojekwu, Joseph Nnamdi (Corresponding Author)Department of Actuarial Science & Insurance, University of LagosNigeriaE-mail: jnmoje@yahoo.com Abstract.Introduction: Mortality differentials can be described as those determinants or indicators that measure relative differences in the timing of death between different groups. They measure...

Mycotoxins and food safety in developing countries

Fungi are ubiquitous plant pathogens that are major spoilage agents of foods and feedstuffs. The infection of plants by various fungi not only results in reduction in crop yield and quality with significant economic losses but also contamination of grains with poisonous fungal secondary metabolites called mycotoxins. There is an urgent need to address the food safety and International trade issues associated with mycotoxin contamination in Nigerian consumer goods and agricultural p...

Measures to be taken to prevent food poisoning

Food poisoning is a term applied to an acute intestinal disease acquired by the consumption of food or drinks (e.g. juice, water, wine). The toxic agents responsible for food poisoning include the following; microorganisms that occur naturally in humans, animals and/or the environment, naturally occurring toxins that occur in food naturally or produce toxins inside the food through normal biological processes. Food poisoning is often confused with food allergy and food adverse effects, ...

Food safety implications of vended food in nigeria

Street food vending is a common feature of most cities and towns in developing countries, Aside provision of ready-made instant meals at relatively inexpensive prices, teeming urban dwellers are attached to street foods because of its gustatory attributes. Street food vending makes up the significant proportion of informal sector of the economy of most developing countries. Street foods contribute to a significant number of food poisonings due to paucity of data deficiencies in knowled...

Antimicrobial activities of selected plants (bitterleaf, utazi, and bitterkola leaf)extracts against fish pathogenic bacteria

Aquaculture has been a growing activity for the last 20 years worldwide and this impressive development has been attended by some practices potentially damaging to animal health. The bacterial infections are considered the major cause of mortality in aquaculture. Among the common fish pathogens, A. hydrophila and Y. ruckeri as gram-negative and S. agalactiae, L. garvieae and E. faecalis as grampositive bacteria cause infectious diseases.

ENHANCING THE USE OF ICT IN TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

AbstractVocational and Technical Education is increasingly becoming individualised, customised and universally accessible. Its future is being shaped by current and emerging technologies that are drastically changing the way in which teaching and learning are experienced. Such changes are as a result of development in the field of educational technology to utilise project based learning, mobile learning devices, cloud computing, 3-D learning tools, blended learning and multifaceted technologi...

Determination of the cyanide content in some bitter cassava species in parts of Ohimini L.G.A of Benue State

This project work was carried out to determine the cyanide content in some bitter cassava species in parts of Ohimini L.G.A of Benue State and finding out the best method to considerably reduce the high content in the cassava.


31 - 45 Of 1932 Results