Natural & Applied Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Natural & Applied Sciences

An Investigation On The Effects Of Tenolam On Kidney Function In Hiv Positive Patients

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out to determine the effect of Tenolam drug on kidney function in HIV positive patients at Nkayi District Hospital. The study was done from June 2016 to October 2016. This was done by analysing the change in urine protein concentration after the patients were given the drug. A total of thirty individuals were recruited in the study, fifteen females and fifteen males. Age, gender and CD4 counts of the patients were recorded before tenolam administration. Each pati...

Detection Of Limestone Deposits In The Nyanda Mountain Range, Masvingo, Using Ground Magnetic Geophysical Survey

ABSTRACTGeophysical survey techniques have successfully been applied to near-surface limestone detection in karstic terrains. A magnetic geophysical survey to delineate the karstic structure of the Nyanda Mountains, Masvingo, was carried out in the interest of mapping out limestone deposits required for cement production. The magnetic-total-field-anomaly maps helped reveal the metamorphic and sedimentary units in the study area. Although only part of the mountain range was surveyed for this p...

Investment And Accounting Management System

ABSTRACTThe core aspect behind developing Investment and Accounting Management System was a result of inefficiency of the manual system that was used at the organization. The main aim was to develop a computerized system that will curb the problems currently encountered by using the existing manual system by integratinginformationsystemsprocess. The instruments which were used to come up with the system include MySQL database, Adobe dreamweaver 6, javascript and xampp. Various feasibility stu...

Econet Base Station Fault Monitoring and Planned Maintenance Scheduling System

ABSTRACTThe manual Fault Monitoring System lacks immediate retrieval of information such as base station fault history and diagnosis , the system lacks prompt updating for example system user status, when schedules to maintain base station changes; the system does not produce reports which assist management in decision making. The analysis phase saw the researcher using various data gathering methodologies which included observations, questionnaires and interviews among others. From the analy...

Development of a Crime Mapping, Analysis and Prediction Tool for Windhoek

AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the conceptual, technical and human aspects of how the Namibian Police Force can adopt the use of crime maps in its operations and reap the benefits thereof. Another aim was to find out how GIS information can be integrated with crime data to help in the analysis of crime and in understanding crime patterns. Interviews were conducted with various units of the Namibian Police Force. The findings of the interviews were combined with knowledge...

Analysis Of Mutation Rate Of 17 Y-Chromosome Short Tandem Repeats Loci Using Tanzanian Father-Son Paired Samples

ABSTRACTIn the present study, 100 unrelated father-son buccal swab sample pairs from consented Tanzanian population were examined to establish mutation rates using 17 Y-STRs loci DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a, DYS385b, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, and Y-GATA-H4 of the AmpFlSTRYfiler kit used in forensics and paternity testing. Prior to 17 Y-STRs analysis, father-son pair biological relationships were confirmed using 15 autosomal S...

Asymptomatic Malaria In Pregnancy: Prevalence Of Peripheral Parasitemia And Anemia, In Kinshasa, Democratic Republic Of The Congo

ABSTRACTBackground: Malaria infection in pregnancy is an enormous public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. In areas of high malaria transmission, P. falciparum infection during pregnancy is usually characterized by malaria related anemia in the mother and placental malaria. This situation has been associated with poor pregnancy outcomes across many populations. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of asymptomatic P. falciparum infection and its relation with anemia in healthy...

Evaluation Of Safety And Quality Of The Lake Victoria Sardines Along The Value Chain

ABSTRACTQuality deterioration of Lake Victoria sardines is one of the most common claims from the final consumers which causes the change of use from human food to animal feed. Evaluation of post-harvest loses of Lake Victoria sardine was done by using three different methods, which are chemical laboratory analysis, microbial analysis and sensory evaluation. In this study it was shown by significant increase in total bacteria count seen from all samples taken along the steps of the value chai...

The Potential Role Of Underutilized Vegetables In Improving Food And Nutrition Security In Tanzania

ABSTRACTUnderutilized indigenous vegetables from Morogoro and Kilimanjaro regions were investigated. Out of these, four underutilized vegetables (UVs); Sunga (Launea cornuta), Kikundembala (Vigna vexillata), Mokiki (Momordica foetida) and Inyiri (Basella alba) were identified, collected and studied. The overall objective was to identify and analyze safety and nutritional excellence of the identified UVs used as food and claimed to be remedy to the sick. Primary data was collected using a chec...

Mosquito Abundance And Molecular Detection Of Arboviruses In Kyela District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTArboviruses belong to various families of viruses that are transmitted by arthropods, mainly mosquitoes and ticks causing clinical disease symptoms in humans ranging from febrile illnesses to hemorrhagic fevers. A systematic vector surveillance spanning two months and covering five sites in Kyela district was carried out in order to determine mosquito abundance and evaluate the potential role of Aedes spp in arbovirus transmission in the study area. Mosquitoes were collected, identifi...

Prevalence And Related Risk Factors Of Porcine Cysticercosis And African Swine Fever In Selected Urban/Peri-Urban Areas Of Morogoro, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThis study was carried out to estimate the prevalence and related risk factors of porcinecysticercosis (caused by Taenia solium) and African swine fever (ASF) in domestic pigs,and assesses the state of pork inspection in urban/peri-urban areas of Morogoro region,Tanzania, between November 2010 and January 2011. A two stage random sampling wasemployed. A total of 260 live pigs were tested serologically. Serum samples were testedfor the presence of circulating parasite antigen using a m...

Contamination Health Risks Of Parasitic Helminths Associated With Reused Wastewater For Vegetable Irrigation In Mbeya, Tanzania

ABSTRACTReuse of wastewater for vegetable irrigation is common in developing countries due to its accessibility and being rich in fertilizing elements thus improving crops yield. Regardless of these advantages, the practice plays an important role in transmission of intestinal parasitic helminths to vegetable consumers. This study was conducted to assess farmers’ awareness, perceptions, managerial and consumption practices regarding vegetables irrigated with reused wastewater on health risk...

Investigating The Perfomance Of Lateral Flow Devices In Diagnosis And Genetic Characterization Of Foot And Mouth Disease Virus In Tanzania

ABSTRACTA study on rapid detection and diagnosis of foot and mouth disease (FMD) field outbreaks was carried out in field settings using a Svanodip® foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV)- antigen (Ag) test lateral flow device (LFD) in Serengeti and Ngorongoro districts of Tanzania. Epithelial tissues from cattle (n=80) were collected from different villages and tested at penside using Svanodip® FMDV-antigen test to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of LFDs relative to gold standard rev...

Application Of Social Media Analytics To Business Intelligence In Namibia

AbstractKeywords: social media, analytics, framework, NamibiaSocial media use within the business and branding spheres has exploded globally over the past few years. While Namibian SMEs are actively involved in social media marketing, there is a lack of deeper knowledge of audience analysis, campaign analytics and proper strategic planning for full benefit extraction. This is compounded by the relative lack of locally produced and published research within the field of social media that expli...

Prevalence And Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa In Clinical Isolates: A Case Study Of Bulawayo Metropolitan Province.

ABSTRACTPseudomonas aeruginosa is gram negative bacterium which causes nosocomial infections in patients and is highly resistant to most antibiotics as it possess numerous mechanisms of resistance. These mechanisms possessed by P. aeruginosa make it difficult to treat in infections thus being of medical concern. A study was carried out to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of P. aeruginosa isolated from wound pus and urine samples. A total of 1200 primary cultured...


76 - 90 Of 4854 Results