Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Factors Influencing Classroom Learning as Perceived by Students in Two Selected Nursing Schools in Enugu Metropolis

ABSTRACT This research assessed factors influencing classroom learning as perceived by students in two selected Nursing schools in Enugu Metropolis. The research specifically assessed the student nurses perception of student factors, teacher factors, the factors in the learning, environmental factors, family factors and institutional factors influencing classroom learning as well as difference in the perception of male and female student nurses in relation to factors influencing classroom lea...

Pharmacological Assessment of Lupinus Arboreus Sims (Fabaceae) Methanol Extract and Three Active Constituents for Antinociceptive and Anti-Inflammatory Effects

ABSTRACT The methanol extract and chemical constituents of Lupinus arboreus leaf were investigated for antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities. The study was by experimental design. the extract was partitioned to yield hexane, ethylacetate, and methanol fractions. Phytochemical tests were done on the extract and fractions. Acute toxicity test (LD50) was carried out on crude methanol leaf extract (CME). Extract hexane fraction (HEF), ethylacetate fraction (EAF) and methanol fraction (...

Assessment of Professional Self-Concept of Nursing Students in Enugu State

ABSTRACT The study assessed the professional self-concept of nursing students in Enugu State. This research specifically assessed the student nurses view of themselves as professional nurses to-be, the professional self-concept of nursing students in their different schools of nursing, the level of professional self-concept of nursing students, professional self-concept had by nursing students in university and hospital-based training, the professional self-concept of male and female nursing ...

Effect of Controlled Fermentation of Some Traditional Foods on the Glycaemic Response of Diabetic Adult Rats

ABSTRACT Effect of controlled fermentation with Candida tropicalis on glycaemic index of cassava, maize and sorghum flours and blood glucose response, protein utilization, mineral and vitamin bioavailability of their blends in diabetes induced adult rats was studied. Candida tropicalis was isolated and used in semi-solid state controlled fermentation of the starchy foods at 0, 24, 48 and 72h. Physicochemical composition of the fermented starchy flours and two under-exploited unfermented legum...

Burden of Burns Treatment as Perceived by Patients and Care Givers at the National Orthopaedic Hospital Enugu

ABSTRACT This study aimed at determining the burden of burns treatment as perceived by patients and care givers of under-aged patients at the National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu. Four objectives and three hypotheses guided the study. A descriptive cross sectional survey design was used for the study. Forty five (45) patients and twelve (12) care givers of under-aged burn patients were studied. The data were collected with two questionnaires adapted from Kildal (2008) - one for adult burn pat...

Conference Centre for the University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State (The Study of Green Architecture)

ABSTRACT Conference centers are places where people with the same aims/objectives convene together to make decisions, suggestions, dialogue etc. It is a very vital facility every school should have. Currently the University of Uyo has no such facility. In an attempt to design an outstanding conference centre with the increasing awareness of environmental problems, people are coming up with new ways to solve or decrease environmental degradation. One of the ideas is that of Green Architecture ...

Physico – Chemical Evaluation of Water from Different Sources Commonly Consumed in Enugu Metropolis Southeast Nigeria

ABSTRACT Evaluation of physico-chemical substances in different water commonly used in Enugu metropolis were carried out between December, 2011 and November, 2012 to ascertain their respective concentrations. The work which is a survey study, would help to reveal the level of contamination if any, and to authenticate, if the water samples are safe for drinking purposes. The water samples consisted of bottled water, satchet water, tap water and well water. The pH, lead, zinc, copper and nitrat...

Potential for the Prediction of Prostate Cancer Risk Using Haplotypes of Exon1 Of Klk2 Gene

ABSTRACT Prostate cancer is the third most common cancer in Nigeria and the most underscreened cancer in Nigeria. It is the commonest type of cancer in men of African origin. Most prostate cancer cases in Nigeria are detected at the metastatic stage. The daily pick up of new cases is on the increase especially in tertiary hospitals with most men having advanced and high grade disease high who never gone for medical treatment. PSA testing lacks the ability to characterize prostate disease mole...

Sonographic Assessment of Urolithiasis in University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT Background. The prevalence of urolithiasis varies according to geographic areas. Urolithiasis is the third most common urological disease with many complications including renal failure. The prevalence is on the rise in Nigeria due to several epidemiological factors including high environmental temperature. There is paucity of documented scientific study on the prevalence of urolithiasis in the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital within the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. Objec...

Economic Burden, Payment Strategies and Payment Coping Mechanism Among Type2 Diabetic Patients Attending a Tertiary Health Institution in Abia State, South East Nigeria

ABSTRACT Diabetes is a chronic life- long illness that affects the quality of life, requiring close monitoring and control. Diabetics have high risk for high economic burden (direct and indirect health costs) and catastrophic expenditure where healthcare costs are paid out of pocket. This study determined the economic burden and assessed the payment strategies and payment coping mechanisms of type 2 diabetic patients attending Out- Patient Department of Federal Medical Centre (FMC) Umuahia, A...

Assessment of the Nutritional Status, Care and Support of People Living with Hiv/Aids in Nsukka Local Government Area, Enugu State

ABSTRACT The nutritional status, care and support of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHIV/AIDS) in Nsukka L.G.A of Enugu State was studied at Bishop Shanahan Hospital. The hospital is a HIV counseling and testing (HCT) centre. Descriptive and laboratory analysis were adopted for the study. A total of two hundred and forty three respondents only constituted the sample for the study. Questionnaire, anthropometry, biochemical tests and proximate analysis of foods eaten by PLWHIV/AIDS were the ins...

Prevalence of Risk Factors Associated with Cardiovascular Diseases Among Adults Working in Federal Government Establishments in Umuahia, Abia State Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study assessed the prevalence of risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases among adults working in Federal Government Establishments in Umuahia Abia state, Nigeria. Two hundred adults randomly selected in the establishments participated in the study. Intervieweradministered questionnaire was used to obtain information on respondents’ socio-economic characteristics, food frequency and some lifestyle practices. The anthropometric measurements of the respondents were t...

Predicting Intestinal Permeation of Drugs Through Neural Network Analysis Based on Five Molecular Descriptors

ABSTRACT The oral route is generally preferred for drug administration because of its ease and good patient compliance. In the search for new drugs for oral administration a major problem encountered is obtaining drug structures which, as well as being potent in viiro, possess favourable pharmacokinetic profiles which enable them to pass easily through the relevant body membranes, especially the gastrointestinal epithelia to effect their action. However, many of the compounds derived from com...

Assessment of Staphylococcal Nosocomial Infections in National Orthopedic Hospital, Enugu

ABSTRACT In a comprehensive work to assess staphylococcal nosocomial infections in patients in National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu (NOHE), Nigeria and to assess the possible contribution of healthcare workers and fomites, a study was carried out between May 2013 and June 2014. This involved the analysis of a total of 578 samples, 200(35%) comprising of 100 in-patients and 100 healthcare workers ) and 378 samples collected from different fomites within the theatre/ wards. Human samples (wound...

Factors Restraining Choice of Nursing as a Career Among Male Sssiii Students in Enugu Urban

ABSTRACT The various institutions offering nursing programmes have continued to witness very low male enrollment while female enrollment continue to increase. This situation created the problem of sex stereotype, gender bias and lack of professional autonomy which could have been addressed if men were well represented in nursing profession. This work therefore was aimed at determining the factors restraining choice of nursing as a career among male SSSIII students in Enugu Urban. The specific...


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