Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Texture Characterization of Stroke Lesions in Noncontrast Computed Tomography Images of Nigerian Patients

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to characterize stroke lesions and normal brain tissue in computed tomography (CT) images of Nigerian patients using statistical texture descriptors, and to identify the class of texture descriptor that is most suitable for computer-aided diagnosis of stroke. Non-contrast CT images of 164 stroke patients were obtained in contiguous slices from the base of the skull to the vertex from two private radiodiagnostic centres. Initially, two experienced radiologist...

Attitude and Practice of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Female Health Workers in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt Rivers State

ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to examine the attitude and practice of female health workers towards cervical cancer screening (CCS) in the university of Port Harcourt teaching hospital (UPTH), Rivers state. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. A sample size of 352 was used for the study. This sample size was approximately 40% of the target population. This sample was considered representative of the population with an accurate level of more than 97%. A self-structu...

Solid Dispersions Based on Peg 4000, Soluplus and Their Hybrids for Enhanced Delivery of Glimepiride

ABSTRACT The present study investigates the possibility of enhancing the solubility, and hence the bioavailability of poorly water soluble glimepiride via formation of polyethylene glycolpolyvinyl caprolactam - polyvinyl acetate grafted copolymer (Soluplus®) and PEG 4000 based solid dispersions by solvent evaporation technique.Different batches of glimepiride solid dispersions (SD) were prepared using solvent evaporation method with Soluplus® and PEG 4000 as polymer matrix at different rati...

Health-Related Quality of Life of Diabetes Mellitus Patients and Non- Diabetics in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Nigeria has the highest number of diabetics in Sub-Saharan Africa. As a chronic illness, diabetes mellitus (DM) places serious constraints on the people living with diabetes mellitus. The short-term and long-term complications affecting the physical, psychological and social functioning of diabetics can impinge on their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study assessed and compared the HRQOL of diabetic patients and non-diabetics in Port 12 Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. ...

Male Involvement in Family Planning in Some Selected Rural Communities in Enugu East Local Government Area in Enugu State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT Men involvement in family planning would increase its recognition, acceptance and practice by people especially within the rural communities. This is because in rural communities in Nigeria including Enugu, men are still the gate keepers in our families who control power and major decision making. Some of them decide whether their wives will practice family planning or not and the methods to be adopted. This implies the men seem to have the finally say on the number of children the f...

Epidemiological Pattern of Presentation of Paragonimus Infection in the Human Host in South East Nigeria and Their Correlative Sonographic Findings in Some Organs

ABSTRACT In a cross-sectional survey, 304 subjects whose sputum and faeces tested positive for paragonimus out of a total of 1125 from Amagunze, Lokpanta and Oduma which are areas known for the parasite endemicity in Southeast Nigeria were enlisted into the study. The liver, spleen, and kidney of these subjects were sonographically examined in order to characterize the sonographic features specific for paragonimus in these organs. A total number of 456 subjects were also enlisted as control. ...

Infant Care Practices Adopted by Mothers in the Rural Communities of Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State

ABSTRACT The study examined the infant care practices adopted by mothers in the rural communities of Udi Local Government Area of Enugu state. The objectives of the study were to determine the infant feeding, hygiene/cleanliness maintenance, umbilical cord care, warmth maintenance and health/care-seeking practices adopted by the mothers in the area as well as compare the adequacy of performances by the mothers across the different infant care practices and the association between their adopti...

Mineral Profile of Infant-Fed Composite Complementary Food Prepared from Miaze (Zea Mays), Soybean (Glycine Max) and Moringa Oleifera Leaves

ABSTRACT This study developed and evaluated infant – feed composite complementary food made from locally available foods which was fed to infants 6-12 months of age. Dried Moringa oleifera leaf was the fortificant. Yellow maize grains were fermented for 48h and oven – dried. Soybean seeds were boiled for 1h, dehulled and oven-dried. Moringa oleifera leaves were shade-dried. All the food materials were milled into fine flours. The proximate, energy, mineral and β-carotene contents of the ...

Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Properties of the Stem Bark of Detarium Microcarpum (Case Alpiniaceae)

TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE PAGE ... ... ... ... ... ... ... CERTIFICATION ... ... ... ... ... ... & DEDICATION ... ... ... ... ... ... ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ... .... ... ... ... ABSTRACT ... .... ... ... ... ... ... TABLE OF CONTENTS ... ... ... ... ... CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Aims of study ... .+. ,.. ... 1.2 Botanic Profile and Functional Properties of Deltrrrtin~ Micr-octrrprrm 1.3 Microorganisnl arid Diseases.. . ... ... ... ... . ,. 1.4 Phytochemicals ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1.5 Anti...

Prevalence and Treatment Outcome of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Eku Hospital, Delta State

Abstract This study was on prevalence and treatment outcome of pulmonary tuberculosis in Eku referral Hospital, Delta State. The objectives of the study were to find out the achievement of the state target within the five year period reviewed, ascertain the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in the hospital, during the period reviewed, and determine the treatment outcome of the patients within the period.A retrospective research design was employed for the study. The entire pulmonary tuberc...

Bioactivity-Guided Studies on the Crude Extract and fractions of Hibiscus Asper Hook F. (Malvaceae) Leaf

ABSTRACT The antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities of the leaf extract of Hibiscus asper Hook F. (Malvaceae) were investigated. Solvent extraction of the leaves yielded the crude methanol extract (CME), while solvent-guided fractionation of CME yielded a n-hexane fraction (HF), chloroform fraction (CF), ethyl acetate fraction (EF), acetone fraction (AF), butanol fraction (BF), methanol fraction (MF) and water fraction (WF). TheCME and the solvent fractions were subjected to phytochem...

Pharmacological Evaluation and Characterization of the Antiulcer Constituents of Stem Bark Extract of Bridelia Ferruginous Benth (Euphorbiaceous)

ABSTRACT Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenal mucosa. The search for an ideal antiulcer drug continues and has also been extended to medicinal plants. Bridelia ferruginea Benth (Euphorbiaceae) is a plant used in traditional medical practice in South West Nigeria. This study was aimed at evaluating the antiulcer activity and mechanisms of the extract of the stem bark and to isolate the bioactive constituents responsible for the antiulcer activity. Metha...

Ibom Cargo Seaport Terminal, Ibaka: A Study of Passenger Circulation and Safety

ABSTRACT AkwaIbom State, the Land of Promise and Fulfillment has over the years been confronted with the problem of rapid growing human and vehicular traffic congestion. This problem is largely caused by the rate of migration of people into AkwaIbom State. Infact recent statistics has it that over 2000 people enter AkwaIbom on a daily basis. This figure results to an estimated two hundred thousand people that move around AkwaIbommetropoly on a daily basis. This geometric increase in populatio...

Role of Poverty, Gender and Perception of HIV/AIDS on Students’ Sexual Risk Behaviour

ABSTRACT The study investigated the role of poverty, gender and perception of HIV/AIDS on students sexual risk behaviour. Participants were 600 students enrolled in different courses (NCE1-111) in College of Education, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria. The independent variables were poverty, gender and perception of HIV/AIDS, each having two levels, while the dependent variables was sexual risk behaviour measured with the sexual risk scale participants’ condom use and number of sexual partner...

Evaluation of Food Potentials of Tigernut Tubers (Cyperus Esculentus) and Its Products (Milk, Coffee and Wine)

ABSTRACT The food potentials of tigernut tubers (Cyperus esculentus) locally know as “aki awusa” in Igbo, ”aya” in Hausa and “ofio” in Yoruba were evaluated. The proximate composition of 100g of raw and processed tigernuts showed that moisture content of tigernuts ranged from 4.19 – 51.93 %, crude protein 2.61 – 10.12 %, ash 0.70 – 1.77 %, crude fibre 7.48 – 13.97 %, crude fat 10.79 – 32.06 %, and carbohydrate 22.73 – 56.85 %. Energy values ranged from 232.31- 487.15 K...


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