Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

The Relevance Of Agroforestry Practices In Kalungu Sub County, Masaka District, Central Uganda

ABSTRACT Agroforestry practices and technologies have been developed as one way of solving the problems of land and forest degradation and the resultant problems of poverty and food insecurity in the rural areas of most developing countries, Uganda inclusive. This dissertation was an effort which was undertaken to assess the importance of Agroforestry practices and technologies in Kalungu sub county, Masaka District, Central Uganda and their contribution towards improving the welfare an...

The Implications Of Urbanisation On The Environment -A Case Study Of Kyenjojo Town Nyantungo Sub~ County

ABSTRACT The study about the implications of urbanization on the environment aimed at finding out the factors for the development of Kyenjojo town the implication of the development of the town on the environment, measures employed to solve the environmental problems. The methods used to collect the data included observation, photographing, questionnaires, interviewing and review of already existing related literature. It was found out that a combination of factors led to the developmen...

A study on the impact of cohabitation among undergraduate students in kampla international university-western campus.

AbstractCohabitation is when people live together in an emotional and or physically intimate relationship. The West Encyclopedia of American Law defines the term as couples who are not married while Abubakar et al., (2008) defines cohabitation as simply the act of a man and woman living together and having a sexual relationship without being married. Prior to 1970, cohabitation was illegal and even considered as a taboo in most states (Popenoe et al., 1999). Today, the practice has become...

Knowledge Of Mothers On Oral Rehydration Salt Therapy (Use) In Children Under Five Years With Diarrhea In Mulago Hospital

ABSTRACTBackground:Globally, diarrheal disease is one of the leading causes of worldwide childhood morbidity andmortality resulting into 1.4 to 2.5 million deaths annually. Loss of intestinal fluid caused bygastroenteritis may lead to severe hypovolemia, shock and death particularly in children youngerthan five years of age (WHO, September 2012).A descriptive and cross-sectional study was done and it employed both qualitative andquantitative methods of data collection among caretakers of...

Toxicity Study Of Two Herbs Used By Traditional Healers Of Rukararwe To Treat Herpes Zoster In Hiv Patients

ABSTRACTBackgroundDespite the fact that herbal medicines are used by 80% of the World's population (WHO, 2002)and are the main source of health care in the rural communities and the most preferred form oftreatment of HIV-related symptoms (Orisatoki and Oguntibeju, 20 I 0), less than I 0% of herbalproducts in the world market are tru ly standardized to a known active and/or toxic components(Winston et al. , 2007). Study carried out in Western Uganda reported 32.8% of same-day use ofherbal med...

The Prevalence Of Head Injury In Patients On Surgical Ward At Kampala International University Teaching Hospital In Bushenyi District.

ABSTRACTIntroduction: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a significant public health problem worldwide and is predicted to surpass many diseases as a major cause of death and disability by the year 2020. Despite the growing burden of injuries, there are still limited primary epidemiologic data to guide health policy and health system development. This research study was meant to reveal the prevalence of head injury and associated risk factors among patients admitted on t...

Rational Prescribing Of Arvs Among Pregnant Hiv Women Attending Selected Health Institutions, In Bushenyi District, Uganda.

ABSTRACT.Irrational prescribing of ARVs to HfV pregnant women is a major problem of poor controlof HIV/AIDS all over the world. The researcher assessed the rational prescribing ofARVs and identified factors which contribute to poor prescribing skills and adherence tothe National guidelines.A retrospective cross sectional approach was used in studying a sample of pregnantHIV women attending different health institutions in Bushenyi District as from 1stJanuary 2008 to 31 st December 2009.T...

Acute Toxicity And Histological Sudy Of Nalongo's Renal/Hepatic Disorder Potion In Rats

ABSTRACTThe history of use of herbal medicine dates back to more than 4000 years. A wide range of plantshave been utilized for treatment of multiple disorders of the liver. The utilization has been asextracts of single plants and also compound preparations of more than one-plant type. Herbalmedicine has been categorically employed for a variety of medical problems and modern trendshave helped in extracting the active ingredients which have been classed into many chemicalgroups such as al...

Attitudes And Practices On Breastfeeding Among Mothers Seeking Medical Care At Mandera District Hospital, Mandera District, North Eastern Kenya

AbstractExclusive breastfeeding is defined as the practice of giving a child milk and milkalone without any food supplement for the first six months of life. Though there hasbeen an adequate intervention to scale up exclusive breastfeeding, there stillremains a big gap to overcome in the adaptation of exclusive breastfeedingincluding cultural barriers, knowledge gaps and attitudes.A cross sectional retrospective study was conducted at Mandera Hospital, Kenya todetermine the knowledge, ...

Prevalance Of Side Effects Of Typical Antipsychotic Medications Among Patients Admitted To The Psychiatry Unit Of Kampla International University Teaching Hospital, Uganda

AbstractAntipsychotic medications are used to treat certain mental disorders according to the indicationsof a given antipsychotic. These medications are associated with several side effects. The use ofantipsychotic medications therefore, entails a difficult trade-off between the benefit of alleviatingpsychotic symptoms and the risk of troubling, sometimes life-shortening adverse effects.(MichaelD, 2011)A cross sectional study was conducted at the psychiatric department to determine the p...

Determinants Of Access To Skilled Birth Attendants By Women In Galkacyo District, Somalia

Globally  over half million women of reproductive age (15-49  years) die every year as result of pregnancy and childbirth complications, and 300 million women endure from debilitating injuries. The lack of availability and access to basic and obstetric emergency care is a major cause of the high levels of maternal mortality and morbidity in Somalia. Barriers to accessing skilled birth attendant services are many as reflected, in Somalia only one out of 6 women receive the app...

Relationship Between Access To Reproductive Health Information And Risky Sexual Behaviours Among Secondary School Adolescents In Kiambu County, Kenya

Reproductive health information is critical to adolescents in empowering them make sexual and reproductive health decisions. Studies have shown that adolescents in secondary schools lack adequate, accurate and age appropriate reproductive health information; though faced with unique sexual and reproductive health needs, making them vulnerable to risky sexual activities and behaviours. The study aimed to determine the relationship between access to reproductive health information and ris...

Occupation Health Risks Associated With Garbage Recycling At Dandora Dumpsite, Nairobi County, Kenya

Increased huge waste volumes are now a common phenomenon in many major world cities. This has resulted in management crisis due to costs and lack of disposal sites.  Most have resulted to recycling which exposes the workers to diverse health risks in the process of manual sorting out, scheming and separation of wastes. Kenya has no policies or guidelines addressing health issues in recycling work yet the national burden of occupational diseases and injuries remain unknown. Cases ar...

Influence Of Menopause On Work Productivity Among Health Workers In Public Hospitals In Kiambu County, Kenya.

Menopause is a normal process in women marked by a reduction in estrogen and progesterone levels and eventual cessation of menstruation. Despite many studies on menopause, influence of menopause on work productivity and performance are poorly documented. The main objective of the study was to examine the influence of menopause on work productivity among health workers in public hospitals in Kiambu County. The specific objectives were to (i) To determine menopausal symptoms presented by ...


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