Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Pulp response conventional GIC versus Calcium hydroxide (CaOH) cement [November 13, 2015]

Search result: Three clinical trials with a laboratory component were found.Clinical outcomes: There appears to be no difference in the pulp response between conventional glass-ionomer cement (C-GIC) and CaOH-cement (CaOH is considered to be the gold standard in pulp treatment due to its high tissue supporting properties. Lack of difference between C-GIC and CaOH suggest high bio-compatibility of C-GIC concerning pulp tissue).State of evidence and recommendations: The curr...

Survival rate of restorations with GIC cavity liners versus GIC restorations [November 09, 2015]

Search result: One clinical trial was found.Clinical outcomes: There appears to be no difference in the success rate of both types.State of evidence and recommendations: The current level of clinical evidence to this topic appears to some extent contradictory and may still be limited in quantity and quality. Thus more trials are needed in order to confirm the current results.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches o...

Survival rate of restorations with GIC cavity liners versus restorations with no-GIC liners [November 09, 2015]

Search result: Five clinical trials were found.Clinical outcomes: There appears to be no difference in the survival rate of both types of restorations. Post-operative sensitivity appears to be reduced for a short-time period after restoration placement when a GIC liner is used.State of evidence and recommendations: The current level of clinical evidence to this topic appears to some extent contradictory and may still be limited in quantity and quality. Thus more trials are need...

Failure rates of direct composite versus GIC/Composite sandwich restorations [November 05, 2015]

Search result: Four clinical trials were found. The limited number of clinical trials is surprising considering that the topic of GIC/Composite sandwich restorations was very popular 20 years ago. However, the bulk of research studies appeared to be limited to a very large number of laboratory (in-vitro) trials, only. Although important to clarify material characteristics, laboratory trials are unable to provide information how well these restorations really perform in the&nbsp...

Etch-rinse systems with and without selective enamel etching [November 02, 2015]

Search result: Three clinical trials were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate that additional selective enamel etching does not improve the clinical performance of restorations.State of evidence and recommendations: The current level of clinical evidence to this topic appears to some extent contradictory and may still be limited in quantity and quality. Thus more trials are needed in order to confirm the current results.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searc...

Selective enamel etching effect on clinical performance of selfetch / self-adhesive systems [November 02, 2015]

Search result: Eleven clinical trials were found.Clinical outcomes: Minor or no improvements are reported when selective enamel etching was used. Selective enamel etching may not pose a hazard in terms of postoperative hypersensitivity.State of evidence and recommendations: The current level of clinical evidence to this topic appears to some extent contradictive and may still be limited in quantity and quality. Thus more trials are needed in order to confirm the current results...

Advantages of Self-etch versus Etch-and-rinse systems [October 28, 2015]

Search result: Eight articles reporting on 4 clinical trials after different follow-up periods were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in retention and anatomic form of restorations after 1 – 3 years. Marginal adaptation appears to be superior for etch-and-rinse systems after 1 – 2 years and no difference was found after 3 years. Marginal discoloration is significantly more observed for (1-step) self-etch systems. Post-operative sensitivity was the ...

Resin infiltration to stop carious lesion progression [October 28, 2015]

Search result: Eight clinical studies were found.Clinical outcomes: The results suggest efficacy of resin-infiltration technique to stop caries progression and to improve aesthetic appearance of white spot lesions (WSL). However, discomfort levels appear to be higher than with other noninvasive interventions.State of evidence and recommendations: The quality of the existing evidence requires further assessment.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s...

Anticaries effect of CPP-ACP [October 23, 2015]

Search result: 21 clinical studies were found. In-situ studies, as well as studies including ACP/casein materials not covered by the Recaldent technology were not included.Clinical outcomes: The results regarding the clinical efficacy of CPP-ACP in the prevention and treatment of dental caries, i.e. slowing the progress of early caries lesions/white spot lesions appears to be contradictive and no conclusive statement can yet be made based on the available evidence.State of evid...

GIC versus RM-GIC as fissure sealant [October 20, 2015]

Search result: Only one clinical study was found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the caries preventive effect between both materials as fissure sealants in permanent teeth. The retention rate of RM-GIC in pits and fissures was higher than for conventional GIC.State of evidence and recommendations: The quality of the existing evidence requires further assessment.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches ...

Fluoride release of resin-modified GIC versus fluoride containing composite resin [October 20, 2015]

Search result: Only two clinical studies were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate that GICs release more fluoride under clinical conditions than fluoride containing composite resin.State of evidence and recommendations: The quality of the existing evidence requires further assessment.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but ...

Fluoride release of resin-modified GIC versus Compomers [October 16, 2015]

Search result: Two clinical studies were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate a higher fluoride concentration in plaque surrounding teeth that were either bonded or restored with resin-modified GIC than with compomer.State of evidence and recommendations: The quality of the existing evidence requires further assessment.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews o...

Longevity of conventional GIC versus compomers in primary teeth [October 16, 2015]

Search result: Four clinical studies concerning restorations were found..Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the success rate between both types of material if high-viscosity GIC was compared against Compomers.State of evidence and recommendations: The quality of the existing evidence requires further assessment.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overvi...

Survival rate of ART restorations with high-viscosity GIC versus conventional RM-GIC [October 12, 2015]

Search result: Only two clinical studies concerning restorations were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the survival rate after 12 and 24 months.State of evidence and recommendations: The quality of the existing evidence requires further assessment.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the num...


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