Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

An Evaluation Of Brachiaria Grass Cultivars Productivity In Semi Arid Kenya

ABSTRACTThe scarce and low nutritive livestock forage resource base in semi arid Kenya limits livestock production in these regions. The major factor contributing to this situation is inadequate and erratic rainfall patterns accompanied by long dry spells often culminating into drought. To exploit the full potential of the ASALs for livestock production there is need to expand the forage resource base through introduction of climate smart forage species. This study was carried out to evaluate...

Level Of Awareness, Perception And Practice Of Conventional Preventive Measures For Computer Vision Syndrome Among University Students, Maseno, Western Kenya

ABSTRACTComputer vision syndrome (CVS) is a multi-factorial condition of the eye that results in symptoms of stress and eye discomfort among electronic device users. It causes considerable chronic vision-related morbidity and reduced work productivity. Ninety percent and 75% of computer users globally and in Africa, respectively, suffer from CVS. The risk factors for CVS include prolonged period of electronic device use, glare, refractive error, short viewing distance and inappropriate seatin...

Frequency Of Relapse Among Nigerian Children With Steroid Sensitive Nephrotic Syndrome

Abstract Background: The clinical course of steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) among Nigerian children has rarely been reported; this makes prognostication difficult. Objectives: The objective was to determine the frequency of relapses including frequent relapses (FR) and steroid-dependence (SD) in a cohort of Nigerian children with SSNS. A secondary objective was to identify clinical and demographic factors associated with relapse in these children. Methods: Medical records of...

Incidences And Severity Of Maize Ear Rot Causing Pathogens And Response Of Selected Maize Hybrids To Diplodia (Stenocarpella Spp.) In Selected Counties In Nyanza Region

ABSTRACTMaize (Zea mays) is a staple food grown in almost all agro-ecological zones in Kenya. The production output is very low (2.4 million tons annually) nationally. Nyanza region contributes about 5 million bags. This is not enough to feed its population of 5 million people. Maize ear rot disease contributes to low maize productivity in Nyanza, with annual lossess due to aar rot estimated at 18 percent. These pathogens are reported to lower the quality of the maize crop and produce mycotox...

A Review Of 10 Years Autopsy Of Children With Cardiovascular Disorders

SUMMARY Objectives: To review the prevalence and pattern of cardiovascular disorders in childhood autopsies in Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH). To also determine the frequency of associated extra cardiac complications and characteristics of children with cardiovascular diseases that died. Materials and Methods: The autopsy register of the department of Morbid anatomy for the years 1991 to 2000 in LUTH was retrospectively reviewed. Data extracted including age, sex, primary diag...

Effects Of Free Maternal Health Policy On Selected On Selected Maternal And Newborn Health Indicators In Gem Sub-County, Siaya County, Kenya

ABSTRACTIn Kenya, the maternal mortality ratio was 400/100,000 in 2013, about twice as high as the global maternal mortality ratio of 210/100,000. In Gem Sub-County, maternal mortality ratio is twice as high as the national maternal mortality burden.GemSub-County is also located in a region with a high burden of neonatal deaths. It has been documented that making maternal health services free can improve maternal and newborn health. The Government of Kenya introduced free maternal health poli...

Ecological Risk Assessment, Uptake Pattern Analysis And Depuration Studies Of Heavy Metals Using Selected Fish Species And Cultured Gill Epithelial Cells

Abstract Aquatic pollution by heavy metals remains a recurrent problem globally due to their persistence, toxicity and ability to accumulate in biological systems. This study investigated the pollution trend, ecological and public health risks associated with heavy metal pollution in the Lagos Lagoon as well as pattern of interaction among heavy metals that can be exploited for remediation of exposed aquatic organisms. Heavy metal content in surface water, sediment and biota were analyze...

Assessment Of Factors Influencing Jigger Infestation In Households With Primary School Going Pupils In Karungu, Migori County, Kenya

ABSTRACTJigger infestation is one of the parasitic Neglected Tropical Diseases that is caused by Tungapenetrans also known as Tungiasis. This causes debility in resource-limited countries such asKenya. This infestation is endemic in over 88 countries worldwide Kenya being one of them.Approximately 2.68 million people are infested with jigger in Kenya, of which 56% areschool going pupils. In Karungu Division, Migori County, jigger infestation is endemicamong school going pupils where its preva...

Determinants Of Vaccine Uptake Among Children Under 23 Months In Functional Community Units In Mukuru Kwa Njenga Settlement In Nairobi Citycounty, Kenya

ABSTRACTImmunization alone averts 2-3 million deaths annually. Immunization coverage of above 80% is need for herd immunity. Kenya’s immunization coveragefor childhood vaccines is at 68%, which is below herd immunity levels and continues to experience decline trajectory. Vaccine coverage is not uniform across the regions in the country and varies by type of vaccine. Urban informal settlements experiences low coverage, which leaves many children at risk of vaccine preventable diseases.The ma...

Factors Influencing Compliance To Mass Drug Administration For Schistosomiasis In Primary Schools Along The Shores Of Lake Victoria, Kenya

ABSTRACTSchistosomiasis is endemic in Kenya along the Coast, Lower Eastern, and the Lake Victoria Basin. Its prevalence ranges from 5% to 100% and is highest along the shores of Lake Victoria, with those most at risk aged between 5–14 years. To control this menace and eventually eliminate it, praziquantel distribution using mass drug administration (MDA) strategy was for the first time done in the year 2011 in targeted areas in western Kenya, with low compliance levels registered in most sc...

Socio-Demographic Factors,Knowledge And Attitudeas Determinants Of Utilization Of Antenatal Care Services Among Pregnant Women In Gesusu Hospital, Kisii County, Kenya

ABSTRACTPregnancy-related complications contribute to more than half of deaths among women annually. The study exploredsocio-demographic factors, knowledge and attitude as determinants of antenatal care services utilization among pregnant women in Gesusu Hospital, Kisii County, Kenya. The specific objectives were: to examine the relationship of socio-demographic factors and utilization of antenatal care services in Gesusu Hospital; to evaluate how knowledge on antenatal care among pregnant wo...

Assessment Of Knowledge On Malaria Epidemic Monitoring Indicators Among Health Care Providers In Greater Nyando Sub-Counties

AbstractMalaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by Plasmodium parasites. Epidemics occur in areas where most of the conditions for malaria transmission are present, contributing to over 90% of the estimated 650 million clinical malaria cases reported annually in the world, and approximately 41% of the world’s population which is at risk of contracting malaria. Detection by health care workers of a malaria epidemic depends on knowledge on malaria monitoring indicators that include vulnera...

Factors Influencing Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence In Adult Hiv Positive Patients Attending Kendu Sub County Hospital, Kenya

ABSTRACT Adherence to ART is a patient's ability take the prescribed medication and advises accordingly. Factors influencing adherence vary across different settings. Sustaining adherence presents a significant challenge at Kendu sub county hospital as evidenced by the defaulters’ rate (3 in 10) and high viral load (5 in 10) patients on ART treatment. This study determined factors influencing ART adherence in adult patients on care at Kendu sub-county hospital. The study determined the infl...

Socio-Demographic, Environmental And Technical Factors Influencing Use Of Bed Nets Amongst Residents Of Meibeki Location

ABSTRACTMalaria is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Africa. In Kenya, malaria is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality, accounting for 30-50% of all out patient attendance and 20% of all admissions to health facilities. The Kenyan government encourages strategies such as; Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS), prompt treatment to confirmed malaria cases, clearing of bushes around residential places and use of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLITNs) in malaria pro...

Cyclosporine In The Treatment Of Childhood Idiopathic Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome: A Single Centre Experience In Nigeria

Abstract Introduction: Children with steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome usually require treatment with second-line agents and calcineurin inhibitors such as cyclosporine are now recommended as initial therapy. These agents only recently become available in our environment and their impact on care is unknown. We reviewed the short-term treatment outcomes of their use in comparison with previous outcomes. Methods: Medical records of children managed for idiopathic steroid resistant nephro...


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