Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Assessment of Tinea Infections Among Primary School Children in Aninri Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria

Abstract Tinea infection is a common fungal infection that affects the superficial keratinized tissues of the body (skin, hair and nails). This study assessed tinea infections among primary school children in Aninri Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria. Seven primary schools were selected for the study. Ethical approval was obtained from the Education and Health Departments of Aninri Local Government and informed consent also obtained from the parents of the pupils. A researcher-deve...

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Patient Teaching Among Nurses Working in Tertiary Health Institutions in Enugu

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of patient teaching among nurses working in selected tertiary health institutions in Enugu. The objectives of the study were to determine the nurses’ knowledge of patient teaching, attitude towards patient teaching and practice of patient teaching. A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was used for the study in two tertiary health institutions in Enugu. Simple random sampling technique was used to se...

Prevalence of Congenital Colour Vision Deficiency in Nigerians Living in Ugep, Cross River State

ABSTRACT Colour vision deficiency and colour blindness are synonymous terms describing poor colour discrimination by the visual senses. Congenital colour vision defects are common, x-linked inherited, non-progressive and untreatable disorders. Elsewhere, screening for these disorders are an established practice so that those affected can be advised about occupational preclusions. However, population-based study on the broader impact of colour vision defects is limited. A descriptive crosssect...

Immuno-Pathological Markers in Hiv/Aids Infection

ABSTRACT The AIDS pandemic and discovery of HIV, has produced a cohort of patients that thrust immunodeficiency and its associated infections into the lime light. Some opportunistic infections are indicators of HIV infection and are termed AIDS defining illnesses by the center for disease control and prevention. This study assesses the relationship between markers of HIV disease progression (AIDS defining illnesses) and CD4 lymphocyte count. Sputum samples of 234 HIV positive patients were an...

Maternal Health Care Seeking Behaviour and Pregnancy Outcome in Udi and Abia Communities Enugu State

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the maternal health care seeking behaviour and pregnancy outcome of pregnant women in two rural communities in Enugu State. The objectives of study were to: (i) determine the gestational age at which pregnant women book for Antenatal Care(ANC) in Udi and Abiacommunities, (ii)determine how often pregnant women attend Antenatal Care(ANC)during the third trimester, (iii) ascertain the facilities utilized by pregnant women with complications for c...

Estimation of Ocular Axial Length Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technique Among Adults in Jos Metropolis, North-Central Nigeria.

ABSTRACT The purposes of this study are to generate an indigenous normogram for ocular axial lengths in a Nigerian population, determine whether there are differences in axial lengths between the right and left eye and among different adult age groups. The study will also determine whether there are differences in axial lengths between males and females and possible racial differences between Nigerians and Caucasians. This prospective, cross sectional study involving one hundred (100) Nigeria...

Sustained Release Solid Lipid Nanoparticles Formulation of Lumefantrine and Ciprofloxacin

Title Page --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- i Certification --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ii Dedication --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- iii Acknowledgment --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- iv Table of contents --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- vi Abstract --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- xii List of tables--- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- xvii List of figures--- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- xviii CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION --- --...

Investigating the Services and Practices of Traditional Birth Attendants in Maternal and Neonatal Health Care in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area, Bayelsa State

ABSTRACT Traditional Birth Attendants are traditional, independent non-formally trained and community based provider of care during pregnancy, labour and post partum period. Despite the important role TBAs play, some of their services and practices are very crude and ineffective. This analytical descriptive survey was therefore carried out to investigate the services and practices of TBAs in selected communities of Southern Ijaw local government area of Bayelsa State. The study population com...

Production, Characterization and Application of Multiple Modified Maize Starches in the Formulation of Oral Solid Dosage Forms of Gentamicin Sulphate

ABSTRACT Modified and unmodified starches in current use have limited applications in pharmaceutical industries. Extending the modification beyond the existing level may increase their applicability in dosage forms design especially for gentamicin sulphate, a difficult to formulate broad spectrum antibiotic for oral administration. In this research, maize starch was chemically modified to three levels (primary, secondary and tertiary) using pre-determined optimal conditions and established mo...

Hemostatic and Hematological Studies of Aqueous Extract of Bidens Pilosa in Wistar Rats

ABSTRACT Bidens pilosa L. (Asteraceae) also known as hairy beggar ticks, common names include; ‘Ogwunma’; 'Gyeya'(Igbo, Birom, Nigeria) and is one of the medicinal plant species worldwide. Among the Birom tribes in Plateau State, Nigeria Bidens pilosa is used as vegetable to prepare the local delicacy called ghote and also the sap from crushed leaves is used to speed up clotting of blood in fresh wounds. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of Bidens pilosa l...

Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Studies of Annonasenegalensispers. (Annonaceae) Stem Bark.

Abstract The study was carried out to determine pharmacognostic standards, phytochemical constituents, evaluate the antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities of the extract and fractions of Annona senegalensis Pers. (Annonaceae) by employing both the in vitro and in vivo experimental models. The acute toxicity tests result showed the drug is safe at 5000mg/kg doses. The effect of DPPH free radical scavenging, ABTS radical scavenging, Hydroxyl radical scavenging, Hydrogen peroxide scavenging...

Assessement of Learning Styles of Undergraduate Nursing Students of University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus (Unec), Enugu State.

ABSTRACT The present study assessed the learning styles of students’ nurses (diverger, assimilator, converger and accommodator) as identified through Kolb’s Learning Styles Inventory and some demographic variables. A total of 310 students nurses who met the inclusion criteria were involved in this study and completed the LSI and demographic questionnaire. Descriptive statistics using frequency, percentages mean and standard deviation were computed for the demographic variable while infere...

Perception of Factors Responsible for Delay in Successful Completion of Postgraduate Programme in Nursing Sciences Department, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus.

ABSTRACT There is increased demand for nurses with higher degree to man the existing Department of Nursing to meet both the National University Commission and the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria student teacher ratio of 1:10 and 1: 6 for basic and post basic Nursing programmes. However, the completion rate required to meet these demand is low. This study was conducted to determine the perceived factors responsible for delay in successful completion of postgraduate programme in Depart...

Evaluation of Beta-Carotene, Iron and Other Micronutrient Status of Rats Fed Sun or Shade-Dried Fluted Pumpkin (Telfaria Occidentalis) Leaves and Its Product, the Leaf Curd

ABSTRACT The study examined the nutrient composition of shade and sun-dried fluted pumpkin leaf and the curd produced from the leaf. The effects of the processed leaves and the curd on beta carotene, iron, ascorbate, zinc, copper and calcium status of rats were evaluated. Fluted pumpkin leaf was divided into four (4) portions. One was shade-dried, another was sun-dried and the other was used to produce leaf curd. The last portion was not processed and served as the control. All the processed ...

Effects of Oral Administration of Leaf Extract of Uvaria Chamae (Mmimi Ohia) in Albino Wistar Rats

ABSTRACT Uvaria chamae P. Beauv is known to have various medicinal and therapeutic properties. The Biochemical and toxicological effects of the leaf extract were assessed in this study using Albino wistar rats. Acute toxicity test was performed on the rats to determine the LD50.Sub acute toxicity test was also carried out by oral administration of different doses of ethanolic extract of U. chamae leaf (EEUC) on different groups of rats for thirty (30) days. Twenty (20) male albino wistar rats...


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