Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Prevalence And Risk Factors Associated With Malaria Among Pregnant Women Presenting At Saint Kizito Hospital Matany

ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) is a major public health problem in endemicareas of sub-Saharan Africa and has important consequences on birth outcome. Because MiP isa complex phenomenon and malaria epidemiology is rapidly changing, additional evidence isstill required to understand how best to control malaria.OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to find out the prevalence and risk factors associatedwith malaria amongst pregnant women who presented from July 2013 to July ...

Factors Associated With Low Male Involvement In Maternal Child Health Service Utilization In Iganga Municipal Council

ABSTRACTMale involvement is necessary for the increase in the utilization of maternal child health servicesby the mothers and the pregnant women. The aim of the study was to establish the factorsassociated with low male involvement in maternal and child health services in Igangamunicipality. It also was aimed aimed at establishing whether economic, socio-cultural factors,lack of knowledge and the level of male involvement in Iganga municipality are responsible forlow male involvement in ...

A Study To Assess The Atittude Of Healthcare Workers To Infection Prevention And Control In Kampala International University Teaching Hospital, Uganda

ABSTRACTIntroductionWith high prevalence of infectious diseases such as; HIV, HBV, HCV among others; especially insub-Saharan Africa, health workers find themselves at the brunt of acquiring these diseaseswhile they are working. In order to ensure safety within the auspice of their work, infectionprevention and control policies implementation as regards to accidental exposure to bloodborneviruses are therefore vital. Prevention of blood exposure, through safer practices, barrierprecautio...

Assessment Of Rational Prescribing In General Outpatient Department Of Kampala International University Teaching Hospital, Western Uganda

ABSTRACT. Prevention of irrational use of medicines may reduce healthcare costs and potentially save I ives. In line with World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation, a retrospective, cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out to obtain information on prescribing in the general outpatient department of Kampala International University Teaching Hospital in Ishaka-Bushenyi, Uganda. A sample of 884 prescriptions was selected by systematic random sampling using an interval of ...

Knowledge And Attitude Towards Female Genital Mutilation Among The Residents Of Eldas Division, Eldas District, Wajir County (Kenya)

AbstractThe objective of the study was to assess the perception of FGM among the residents of EldasDivision, Wajir County, Kenya.It was a cross-sectional study carried out in the study area and one hundred respondents wereinterviewed and the majority (38%) were in the age group between 16-20 years with 56%%married and the major religion being Islam.The study finding shows that 78% of the respondents have heard messages against FGM and that health workers are the least source of informatio...

Determining The Effects Of Small Scale Gold Mining On The Surrounding Community’s Welfare, The Case Study Of Mugusu Sub County, Geita District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Artisanal and Small Scale Gold Mining is considered to be the most appropriate means of improving local communities’ livelihood. Particular emphasis was directed to the existing Mugusu small scale mining situated in Mugusu village in Geita district. The study focused on the operational practices of the existing gold mining, the pertaining problems and how various parties have resorted in addressing the emerged conflicts. The study was guided by four specific objectives namely...

Assessment Of The Health Outcomes Associated With Unsafe Abortion Among Teenagers In Kamuli Mission Hospital

ABSTRACT Abortion remains a major global health issue, approximately 44 million of the 210 million pregnancies that occur each year-end in induced abortion, and almost half of them(4.9%) are estimated to be unsafe. Unsafe abortion is highly prevalent in countries with restrictive abortion laws, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. Comprehensive access to effective contraception and sex education are effective means of reducing induced abortion, and less restrictive comp...

Effects Of Poor Water Supply To The Community Of Kamuda Sub-County, Soroti District, Eastern Uganda

ABSTRACT This study was carried to investigate the effects of poor water supply to the community of Kamuda Sub-County, Soroti District, Eastern Uganda. Data was collected through the use of questionnaires accompanied by observation and questionnaires. The study involved a sample of 50 respondents; these were all involved in different activities at different levels. The study further revealed 40% access water through wells implying that it was the common source of water around, 15%...

Prevalence And Characterization Of Dyspepsia Among College Students Of Kampala International University Western Campus

ABSTRACT Introduction: Dyspepsia is relatively non-specific, and includes general abdominal discomfort, early satiety and bloating. Patients often ignore the condition and not present to clinic until more severe symptoms manifest, such as belching, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and pain(Mahadvera , 2010). With a global prevalence of uninvestigated dyspepsia tending to be as low as 7% and as high as 45%.(Shaib ,2004). Methodology: This was a cross sectional study, which was exploratory an...

Awareness Attitude Beliefs And Practices Of Family Planning In Ishaka Division

AWARENESS, ATTITUDE, BELIEFS AND PRACTICES OF FAMILY PLANNING IN ISHAKA DIVISION. Family planning encompasses the different ways and methods people use to plan for their family size. It goes beyond birth control to refer to a variety of issues that influence their choice of family planning, including awareness, attitudes and beliefs towards family planning. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey, done to assess the awareness attitudes, beliefs and practices of family plannin...

Comparative Pharmacopoeial Analysis Of Three Brands Of Lidocaine 2°/O Injection Available In Uganda Pharmacies

ABSTRACTBackground: Lidocaine, is an important anesthetic and anti-arrhythmic drug, widely used in medicine,at the same time a danger. The impurity 2, 6-xylidine is the starting material for its manufacture,degradation product of lidocaine on storage and metabolite when administered. This study seeks toidentify 3 brands of lidocaine in Uganda Pharmacies, assess level of impurity and drug content by acomparative pharmacopoeial chemical analysis.Aim: To do a comparative pharmacopoeial ana...

Factors Contributing To The High Stress Level Among Undergraduate Medical Students Attending Kamapala International University - Western Campus

TABLE OF CONTENTSTable of ContentsDECLEARATION ................................................................................................................................................... 2DEDICATIONS ..................................................................................................................................................... 3ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ........................................................................................................................

Assessment Of The Quality Of Information Given To Patients Before Obtaining Informed Consent For Surgical Procedures At Kampala International University Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACTIntroduction - Informed consent is the process by which the health care provider disclosesappropriate information to a competent patient so that the patient can make a voluntary choice toaccept or refuse treatment (Appelbaum, 2007). . It is the fundamental mechanism whereby thephysician informs the patient about the options for the diagnosis and treatment of the patient'sillness (Bhurgri & Qidwai, 2004).The informed consent process should be seen as an invitationfor the patie...

Assessment Of Antibiotic Sensitivity Patterns Of Salmonella Typhimurium, Pseudomonas Aeru'ginosa, Klebsiella Pneumoniae Isolates From Barn Swallow Droppings In Ishaka Town, Bushenyi District,

ABSTRACT Introduction: It has been reported that the main factors behind the emergence of drug resistance is the use and misuse of antimicrobial drugs during the past few decades, but there is also the aspect of epidemic spread of drug-resistant bacteria as a factor. This has caused a major concern with serious implications in human and animal health. It's noted that as much as man's action contribute to the development of antimicrobial drug resistance, it is also seen with domestic ...

Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Emergency Contraception Among Female Students At Kampala International University-Western Campus

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the general knowledge, attitude and practice of Emergency Contraception (EC) among female students at Kampala International University-Western Campus. METHOD: A questionnaire was constructed to assess knowledge, attitudes and practice of EC. There were 217 female students approached and each filled a questionnaire which was used to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of EC. RESULTS: 67% of the female students knew ...


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