Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Parasite Diversity and Health of Oreochromis Mossambicus and Labeo Rosae From Loskop Dam, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

Land-use activities occurring in the upper catchment of the Olifants River System affect the water quality of Loskop Dam. Such activities lead to water pollution and that affect the health of fish and other aquatic organisms. The aim of the study was to determine the health status of Loskop Dam by assessing the health and parasites of Oreochromis mossambicus and Labeo rosae as biological indicators. The selected fish species were examined during summer (March) and winter (June) 2018. The...

A Study on Management of Healthcare Waste in Health Care Facilities in Nakuru East Sub-County, Nakuru County

ABSTRACTThe proper handling of medical wastes is very imperative. There are defined set rules for handling medical wastes, unfortunately, laxity and lack of adequate training and awareness in the execution of these rules leads to injuries and diseseses spread by improper handling of these wastes. The study conducted was on management of healthcare wastes in health care facilities in Nakuru east sub-county, Nakuru county. Objectives of the study were to identify major types of wastes generated...

Knowledge and Attitude of Patients Towards the Privacy and Confidentiality of Their Health Information Attending the Medical Outpatient (MOP)

INTRODUCTION1.1      Background to the StudyPeople generally assume all communications between them and their doctor or other health professionals will remain private ,and the law generally reflects this expectations .If it were not so, some people might feel reluctant to seek medical treatment, patients may be less honest in describing their ailments , patients may give inaccurate or incomplete information in their medical histories, ask their physician not to record embarrassing informat...

Effect of Improper Documentation of Health Records

ABSTRACTDocumentation in medical record is the basis for communication between health professionals which inform the care provided, the treatment rendered, care planned and the outcome of that care as a continuous and existing record. Health information documentation is a document about healthcare services that is provided to an individual patient. If documentation doesn’t give a clear presentation of a patient’s history, it is termed improper documentation. Thus, this study aims to deter...

Theoretical Underpinning of Alcohol Use and Misuse in the UK

Abstract Alcohol use and misuse is one of the serious epidemics confronting public health institutions around the world, in recognition of its damaging effect to health. This study therefore considers the influence of alcohol in the UK. It uses three theories of addiction which include psychopathology theory, learning behaviour theory and WHO biopsychosocial theory to evaluate the impact of alcohol consumption. It finds that young adults in the UK are vulnerable to alcoholic consu...

ECOGENOTOXICOGICAL ASSESSMENTS OF SOME SELECTED FISH SPECIES FROM APODU RESERVOIR, MALETE, NORTH CENTRAL, NIGERIA

Increased agricultural and domestic activities around and within aquatic ecosystem could poseserious threats to the habitat quality and ichthyofauna diversity. Nigeria is a country notablefor the alarming rate of water pollution. On the other hand, increased human populace aroundthe Apodu Reservoir has led to an intensifying rate of pollutants’ influx into the water body.To date, there is limited information on the habitat quality and associated genotoxic effectsof pollutants on physiology...

Knowledge attitude and practice of dietary habits as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in adolescents of surulere local government Lagos Nigeria

CHAPTER  ONE                                                 INTRODUCTION OVERVIEW Rapid  changes  in  demography  and  social  and  economic  development  play  an  important  role  in  the  emergence  of  noncommunicable  diseases  (NCDs)  as  a  public&n...

THE GEOMETRY OF THE PTERION OF DRY ADULT NIGERIAN SKULLS

ABSTRACT The pterion is a point of confluence of the sutural parts of the frontal bone, parietal bone, greater wing of sphenoid bone, and squamous part of the temporal bone. It is classified into four types: spenoparietal, frontotemporal, stellate, and epipteric. This study highlighted the morphology and location of the pterion of adult Nigerian skull in comparison to other populations. A total of 50 dry skulls were used from the Departments of Anatomy of five federal institution...

EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF Cola nitida ON NORMAL DEVELOPMENT OF DISTAL GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

Background: Normal and abnormal development of anorectum is still under debate. Etiology of abnormal development of anorectum is poorly understood. Caffeine is a vasoconstrictor that has been implicated in abnormal anorectal development and is a major constituent of Kola nut (Cola nitida). It is consumed heavily by pregnant women in Nigeria to control vomiting. Objectives: We examined the teratogenic effects of oral administration of aqueous extract of Cola nitida (AECON) on foetal growth an...

Coagulation as a means of water treatment

TABLE OF CONTENTCover Page - - - - - - - - - -            1Table of contents - - - - - - - - -              2Abstract - - - - - - - - - -             3Introduction - - - - - - - - - -    5Water Treatment - - - - - - - - - -             7 What are Coagulants - - - - - - -            -             8Inorganic Coagulants - - - - - - - -              8Organic Coagulants - - - - - - -            -           -           10Coagula...

AVIAN INFLUENZA H7N9: A POTENTIAL PANDEMIC THREAT

SUMMARYAvian influenza H7N9 virus is a single stranded, negative sense, enveloped and segmented RNA virus that belongs to the Orthomyxoviridae family. This virus first appeared in march 2013 and it models a pandemic threat to man because of the segmented nature of its genome which makes the virus prone to mutations. This virus if not properly managed may acquire the gene for sustained human to human transmission and pandemic, hence close monitoring and surveillance of the virus is imperative....

NUTRITIONAL EFFECT ON DRUG SENSITIVITY IN MALARIA USING CHLOROQUINE-SENSITIVE Plasmodium berghei - INFECTED MICE

                     ABSTRACT Malaria  is  entirely  preventable  and  treatable  vector-borne  disease  which  account  for  an estimated 219 million cases globally, killing about 660,000 people, mostly children under five years of  age. The synergistic effects of nutrition in malaria infection were observed in mice fed with different nutrients (protein, carbohydrat...

Identification and Evaluation of Immuno-modulatory Properties of Prebiotics Extracted from Vernonia amygdalin

ABSTRACT Vernonia amygdalina leaves, commonly called bitter leaf is widely consumed in Africa especially in Nigeria. The leaf extract has been reported to have prebiotic potentials but limited information is available on the immune-modulatory effects. This study evaluated the immuno-modulatory properties of the leaf extract and identified the prebiotic components. The aqueous extract was separated into fractions by Liquid-liquid fractionation and the prebiotic compounds were iden...

PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND IN VIVO ANTIMALARIAL ACTIVITY OF THE METHANOL LEAF EXTRACT OF TAPINANTHUS DODONEIFOLIUS (DC) DANSER GROWING ON VITEX DONIANA

Malaria is a major public health problem in the world especially in Africa, with an estimated two million children and pregnant women worldwide dying of malaria yearly, primarily because of Plasmodium falciparum and its complications. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the methanol leaf extract revealed the presence of triterpenoids, saponins, tannins, terpenoids, flavonoid, cardiac glycoside, carbohydrate and alkaloids. The in vivo antimalarial activity of the crude methanol leaf ext...

Local Responses to Global Ecological and Environmental Challenges

Since the late 90s, the Niger Delta of the Federal Republic of Nigeriahas been faced with many ecological threats. These include choleraoutbreak, Lassa fever, oil spillage, black soot and flooding, among others.However, this essay focuses on black soot, oil spillage and flooding inthree communities in Rivers State, one of the six states in the Niger Delta.These communities are most affected among the state's total of over onehundred. Their names are Aluu, Rumuolumeni, and K-Dere communities.


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