Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

A Study Of Infection Prevention In Accident And Emergency Department Of Kampala International University Teaching Hospital In Ishaka Municipality Bushenyi District, Western Uganda.

AbstractA study was conducted in Kampala International University- Teaching Hospital accident andemergency department between July 2013 to October 2013 to assess the awareness and practisesof infection prevention amongst health care workers at their work place. The specific objectivesof this study were to assess the practices of the staff in emergency rooms on the standardprotocols observed in infections prevention, to identify the roles played by the administration ininfection control i...

Factors Affecting Provision Of Safe Water Supply In Kanyakwar Sublocation Kisumu Municipality Kisumu District Kenya

Table of ContentsDeclaration ......................................................................................................................................... iiDedication ......................................................................................................................................... iiiAcknowledgements ........................................................................................................................... ivList of Abbreviations ..............

Obstetrics Service Utilization By Women Of Reproductive Age In Tororo Main Hospital Tororo District

Obstetric care is a comprehensive program that involves coordinated approach to medical care and physiological support throughout the ante-partum, intra-partum and post-partum period. Its also defined as a dichotomous variable having once or more visits with a trained person during pregnancy and post partum period (Brown LD Catal 2010). The study was conducted in Tororo municipality, Tororo district Eastern Uganda about 300km from Kampala. The study assessed Obstetric service utilization...

Availability Of Cervical Cancer Screening Services In Bushenyi District( Rugazi Health Center Iv, Comboni Hospital, Kitagata Hospital And Kampala International University Teaching Hospital)

A cross-sectional study was done to find out the availability of cervical cancer screening services in Bushenyi district covering Rugazi Health centre IV, Comboni hospital, Kitagata hospital and Kampala International University Teaching hospital. 200 respondents comprised of women of childbearing age (15-49 years) attending antenatal care and those who had brought their children for immunization. 50 respondents were randomly sampled from each health unit. 50 health workers of different c...

To Establish The Causes Of Under-five Mortality At Kampala International Universtiy Teaching Hospital

Child mortality rate is the highest in low-income countries, such as countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (UNICEF 2012). In 2011, 6.9 million children under five died (UN 2012), down from 7.6 million in 2010, 8.1 million in 2009, and 12.4 million in 1990 (UNICEF 2011). About half of child deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. Reduction of child mortality is the fourth United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals: the goal is to reduce under-five mortality by twothirds between 1900 and 2015. O...

Is-covid-19-expanding-its-symptom-list-the-case-of-acute-acro-ischemia-and-skin-rash-10774

As the spread of SARS-CoV2 continues to increase globally, newer information gets reported every day. We are learning more and more about the presentation, symptoms and treatment of this infection. Earlier cardinal symptoms of COVID-19 had been fever, cough, and shortness of breath. New findings in its symptoms are now being reported some of which includes neurological symptoms, dizziness and diarrhoea. Of recent skin manifestations due to COVID-19 have drawn the attention of medical experts....

Assessing-the-perceptions-and-awareness-of-covid-19-coronavirus-in-cameroon-8236 (1)

Introduction: COVID-19 has become a global threat to the human population. The virus which originated from China in December, 2019 has swept across continents in the world. Cameroon has been one of the countries with a high infectious rate. Lack of awareness play a major role in the rise of COVID-19 cases. Studies have shown that there exist a strong correlation between the perception of a disease and a ready compliance to health recommendations.Objective: This paper studied the awaren...

From Ebola to COVID-19: Reshaping Funerals and Burial Rites in Africa?

The coronavirus health crises is really changing the way people say goodbye to their loved ones. This is because corpses of victims who died as a result COVID-19 disease are recognized to be highly infectious and contagious with a great risk of the virus being transmitted by direct contact with the dead bodies. Memorial services are not allowed to be carried out with the presence of the corpse that resulted from the disease. Safety precautions are ...

The Effects Of Pollution Its Prevention, And Challenges In Urban Environment: Case Study Of Kampala Central Division

ABSTRACT The research was conducted to study the effects of pollution its prevention, and challenges in urban environment in case study of Kampala central division The following forms of pollution were studied (Air, Water, and Land). Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms. Within the Kampala Central Division there are a good number human ...

The Implications Of Climate Change On Subsistance Crop Production, A Case Study Of Juba County, South Sudan

ABSTRACT Unlike many areas of the world where agricultural producers exhibit the physical, economic and social resources to moderate, or adapt, subsistence agriculture in the Juba County South Sudan is seem to be particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climatic variability. This is in part due to the fact that the majority of the population depends on rain-fed agriculture for their livelihood. J-\dapting to climate change in the subsistence agricultural sector is therefore very imperat...

Factors Responsible For The Ineffective Treatment Of Tuberculosis In Sheema District

ABSTRACTBackground: Tuberculosis is a chronic communicable disease caused by acid fast bacilliMycobacterium tuberculosis. The impact of tuberculosis in the developing world has beenmagnified in past 20 years by the emergence of HIV pandemic. The treatment of tuberculosis isbased on anti – tuberculosis drug combination therapy because the mycobacterium can easilybecome resistant to one drug.Objective: To determine factors responsible for the ineffective treatment of tuberculosis inSheem...

Drugs Use Practices In Northern Uganda Hospitals: A Case Study Of Gulu Regional Refferal Hospital

ABSTRACTBackground: Irrational use of medicines is a maJor problem worldwide. Studiesconducted in several countries, including Uganda, indicate that more than 50% of allmedicines used globally are used irrationally. Irrational use of medicines results inincreased risk of adverse reactions, wastage of the scarce resources, and development ofpreventable resistance of organisms to commonly used antibiotics. To be able designappropriate interventions, there is need to carry out drug use stu...

An Assessment Of Experiences Of Medical Interns At Kampala International University- Teaching Hospital.

BACKGROUND: Internship is an important program in the medical field, were new graduate doctors are mentored into the clinical fraternity. This study was intended to explore the good and challenging experiences interns face in Kampala International University- Teaching Hospital. This was in view of internship having been going on for the past couple of years and yet no research has been done to asses it Uganda. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted through a cross sectional survey, data w...

Prevalence Of Malaria Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care At Mukono Health Centre Four

ABSTRACTMalaria is a major public health challenge especially in the African region. It does not only affect maternal-child health but also hinders economic development where by a lot of money is wasted in combarting its prevalence hence this study will possibly be helpful to policy makers in different faculties of health as far as decision making is concerned.The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Malaria among pregnant women attending antenatal care at Mukono Health ...

Neuroprotective Mechanisms Of Garlic (Allium Sativum) In Modulation Of Hippocampus Function In Model Of Type Ii Diabetic Wist Ar Ra Ts

ABSTRACTHippocampus functions have been reported to be affected by diabetes mellitus. Studies suggestthat within diabetic rats, garlic (A.sativum) improves different forms of memory that depend onthe hippocampus. However, the neuroprotective mechanisms of garlic (A.sativum) extractpossibly mediated by the Na+/K+ ATPase, Ca2+ATPase and glutamine synthetase (GS) in thehippocampus of type II diabetic Wistar rats has not been fully demonstrated. Therefore, the presentstudy determined the e...


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