Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Association Between Complementary Feeding and Growth of Infant in Onitsha Anambra State

ABSTRACT The study examined the association between complementary feeding and the growth of infants in Onitsha, Anambra State. The objectives were to identify the types of complementary feeds mothers give their babies in Onitsha, determine the differences in the weight of infants fed with different types of complementary feed, determine the differences in the length of infants fed with different types of complementary feed and determine the difference in the weight of infants introduced to co...

Characterization of Thyroid Benign Nodules using Ultrasonography and Scintigraphy

Abstract Recently in Sudan there is a noticeable increase of thyroid diseases, which is related to several factors. There are several investigations tools and methods used to assess thyroid disorders; hence the main objective of this study is to characterize thyroid benign nodules using Ultrasonography and Scintigraphy.This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted mainly in the Radiation and Isotopes Centre of Khartoum and Nilein Medical Diagnostic Center, Academy Charity Teaching Hos...

Evaluation of N- Hydroxymethyl Chlorphensin Carbamate and Ethionamide as Potential Prodrugs

ABSTRACT Chlorphensin carbamate is a centrally acting muscle relaxant, insoluble in water, readily absorbed from the gastro-inteatinal tract, when administered orally and highly metabolished. The mechanism of action is by depressing spinal polysynaptic reflexes. Neuronal conduction, neuromuscular transmission and muscle excitability are not depressed except after nearly lethal doses. This action led to its characterisation as inter-neuronal blocking agent and therefore used to relief symptoma...

Analysis of Job Satisfaction of Professional Nurses in Public and Private Sectors in Anambra State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study investigated the job satisfaction of professional nurses in public and private health sectors in Anambra State. A survey design was employed and a study population of 5903 comprising all professional nurses in private and public hospitals was used. Proportionate stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting a sample of 375 nurses for the study. Instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard d...

Attitude and Compliance with Surgical Aseptic Standard Among Theatre Workers in Tertiary Health Institutions in Enugu State

ABSTRACT Surgical aseptic technique is the application of those strict principles and procedures aimed at preventing the invasion of surgical sites by micro organisms. Prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) has become a priority worldwide. Approximately 50,000 deaths are estimated to occur annually across Europe, as a consequence of surgical site infection. In some university teaching hospitals in Nigeria, the rate of SSI ranges from 10 to 20%. This was linked to non compliance with stan...

Knowledge and Practice of Foot Self-Care and Assessment of Footat-Risk Among Adult Diabetic Patients Attending Two Teaching Hospitals in Enugu State

Abstract 12 Diabetic foot ulcer which occurs as a result of poorly managed diabetes mellitus constitutes an increasing public health problem especially to those living in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study assessed the knowledge, practice of foot self-care and foot-at-risk of ulceration, among adult diabetics being managed at two teaching hospitals in Enugu State, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive cross sectional survey design. 202 and 112 patients respectively were proportionately and pur...

Assessment of Terminally Ill Patients’ Perception on Communication of Prognostic Information by Healthcare Providers in University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla.

ABSTRACT This study investigated terminally ill patients’ opinion on communication of prognostic information by healthcare providers. It specifically determined the views of terminally ill patients on what healthcare providers communicated to them about their prognosis; which of the healthcare providers that communicates prognostic information to terminally ill patients; the condition under which healthcare providers communicate prognostic information to terminally ill patients and ascertai...

Evaluation of Anti-Ulcer Properties of Methanol Extract of Terminalia Superba Engl. & Diels (Combretaceae) Stem Bark

ABSTRACT Terminalia superba Engl. & Diels (Combretaceae), is a member of the genus Terminalia that comprises around 100 species distributed in tropical regions of the world. In Africa it is found along the coast of west and central Africa. It has different uses in traditional medicine such as antimalarial, anti-diabetic, anti-fungal, and anti-hypertensive in the areas where it is found. Most of these uses are yet to be scientifically investigated. The powdered stem bark of Terminalia superba ...

Physicochemical Study of the Interaction of Some Water Soluble Vitamins with Veegum

ABSTRACT. The interact ion of some water soluble vitamins -thiamine hydrochloride, riboflavin, nicotinarnide, pyridoxine hydrochloride and ascorbic acid with a xmntnlorillonite clay (Vecgum) has been investigated. The data obtained from the interactive studies fitted well on the isothermal equilibrium adsorption-tikc plots. Th3 results were analyzed using the Langmuir's equatim The Langmuirs p!3t yiclded reasonable linearity fiom which interactive constmts were ca!cc!atx!. The theoretical max...

Characterisation and Application of Grewia Gum in Tabletting

CONTENTS Page Title page ... . . . .-. I. Certification ..- ... . . . ... Dedication ... ... ..I ... Ack nowledgemen t ... -.. . . Abstract ... . ... I.. Contents ... -.. ... ..* CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION . . . . 0 0 1.1 Plant Gums -.. .-. ... 1.2 Sources of Plant Gums . . . ... 1- 3 Classification of Plant Gums *.- 1.4 Extraction and purification of Plant Gums 1.5 Cmposition and Structure of Plant Gums 1.6 Analysis of Plant ems .. . ..- 1.6.1 Qualitative Analysis ... .-. 1.7 Physic-chemical Pro...

Evaluation of Three Selected Therapeutic Exercise Protocols in Retraction of Abdominal Muscles and Resolution of Diastasis Recti Abdominis in Postpartum Women

ABSTRACT This study was undertaken to evaluate isotonic, isometric and isotonic/isometric combination exercises in the retraction of abdominal muscles,and to assess the effectiveness of isometric contraction in resolving diastasis recti abdominis in postpartum women. A total ofninetywomenof four to eight weeks postpartum who consented to the study were randomly selected. They comprised respectivelyof 29 (32.2%) primigravids and 61 (67.8%) multigravids with the mean age of 32.59±5.79 years.A ...

Pathogenesis of a Local Nigerian Velogenic Newcastle Disease Virus Infection in Vaccinated and Unvaccinated Chicken Layers

ABSTRACT Velogenic Newcastle disease (VND) has been very much associated with drop in egg production and the production of poor quality eggs. The aim of this project was to study the pathological, biochemical and haematological changes that led to the poor egg production and quality. Two hundred and forty Isa-Brown pullets were purchased from Zartech, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria at day old. They were reared to point of lay. At 16 weeks of age they were divided into two groups of 120 layers eac...

Breast Cancer Awareness and Practice of Breast Self-Examination Among Rural Women in Umuowa, Orlu Local Government Area Imo State

ABSTRACT Breast cancer is said to be the commonest cancer and the most lethal malignancy in women across the world. Most of the cases are brought late to the hospital when the conditions are severe with multiple nodal involvements and poorer clinical pathological prognostic outcome. If braest changes are detected early and treatment commenced early enough, the survival rate of breast cancer wii be increased. The purpose of this study was to investigate the breast cancer awareness and practice...

Caregivers’ Knowledge and Involvement in the Prevention and Management of Relapse in Schizophrenic Patients at Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital New Haven, Enugu State

ABSTRACT Schizophrenia the most common type of mental illness affecting approximately 1% of the world population is often accompanied by relapse even while on treatment. This study assessed Caregivers’ knowledge and involvement in the prevention and management of relapse in Schizophrenic patients of Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital Enugu. A descriptive cross sectional design was adopted. A sample of 197 participants was used. 43-item questionnaire developed by the researcher was used for d...


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