Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

DISCUSS THE CAUSE AND THE EFFECT OF A MAN MADE INDUCED CHEMICAL POLLUTION PROFFER THE ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES TO CONTROL THE PROBLEM

WHAT IS POLLUTION Pollution is the contamination of harmful substance to the environment. It is the introduction of contaminant into the natural environment that causes adverse change.  Pollution can take a form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. The components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or non point source pollution.FORMS OF POLLUTIONSAir polluti...

Antimicrobial activities of Azadirachta indica (Neem) extracts on selected pathogenic bacteria.

ABSTRACTThe use of medicinal plants is a universal phenomenon. Every culture on earth has relied on the huge variety of natural chemistry found in healing plants for their therapeutic properties. All drugs of the past were substances with a particular therapeutic action and they were extracted from plants. Thus, medicinal plants may be define as, any plant that may have medicinal use. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of Neem (Azadirachta indica) by...

CAUSES, MANAGEMENT SYMPTOMS, TREATMENT, PREVENTION OF PROSTATE CANCER

ABSTRACT Prostate cancer is the form of cancer that develops in the prostate.  It lead to increased death rate yearly although its specific causes are age, genetic with some environmental factors such as toxins chemical and industrial product.  The symptoms are painful and frequent lamination, painful ejaculation of blood in the urine, weakness in legs and difficult in walking.  The easiest and inexpensive way to reduce the risk of prostate cancer is by eating healthy food...

SICKLE CELL DISEASE

PREFACESickle cell disease is a disorder that affects the red blood cells, which use a protein called haemoglobin to transport oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Sickle cell disease is inherited from parents who are AS. This means that a child cannot inherit the disease unless the parents pass down a detective copy of the gene. Unlike normal red blood cells, which can live for 120 days, sickle - shaped cells live only 10 to 20 days. Sickle cell anaemia is mostly dominated in Afric...

THE ROLE OF NITRIC OXIDE IN THE IMMUNE SYSTEM

ABSTRACTNitric oxide is produced in high amount from the break down of arginine by a group of enzyme called nitric oxide synthase. Nitric oxide is an intercellular messenger that has been recognized as one of the versatile player in the immune system. Cells of the innate immune system such as macrophages, neutrophil and natural killer use pattern recognition receptors to recognize the molecular patters associated with pathogens. The specific role nitric oxide plays depend on the place of its ...

ROLE OF HEALTH EDUCATION IN IMPROVING MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH CARE DELIVERY IN STATE AND PRIVATE HOSPITALS IN ABEOKUTA

ABSTRACTBringing to a layman's understanding the ideas, issues and concepts of important healthy living conditions and strategies is no doubt an ever impressive and effective pattern of solving health related issues especially in developing countries like Nigeria.In this part of the world, complications and deaths arising from poor health education awareness has been tremendously on the increase until lately when sensitization campaigns and proper health education on killer diseases and ...

INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND SELF – ESTEEM ON DEPRESSION AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS

ABSTRACTThis study investigated influence of gender and self-esteem on depression among diabetic patients. One hundred and thirty (130) diabetic patients (77 with low self-esteem and 53 with high self-esteem) were used. Males and females were 65 each. Self-rating depression scale Zung (1965) and index of self-esteem Hudson (1982) were used. A 2x2 factorial design was adopted while two way ANOVA statistics was used for data analysis. Gender was found to significantly influence depression among...

THE EFFECT OF ABORTION ON FEMALES

ABSTRACTIn medicine, an abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (the fetus, fetal membranes, and placenta) from the uterus. It is the loss of a pregnancy and does not refer to why that pregnancy was lost. It is the expulsion from the uterus of the products of conception before the fetus is viable. An estimated 44 million abortions are performed globally each year, with slightly under half of those performed unsafely (Sedgh et al., 2012). For most women, the decision to en...

THE CAUSE OF INFERTILITY AMONGST WOMEN OF CHILD BEARING AGE

ABSTRACTThe World Health Organization (WHO) has defined infertility as a failure to conceive over 12 months of exposure which is a good practical guide to management, and leaves a longer term residual incidence of infertility of 10–15%. Epidemiological data suggest that approximately 80 million people worldwide are infertile. WHO indicates the highest incidence in some regions of Central Africa where the infertility rate may reach 50%, compared to 20% in the Eastern Mediterranean region, an...

STRATEGIES PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF REFUSE MANAGEMENT A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU METROPOLIS

INTRODUCTIONA clear environment promotes health and esthetics living man has consistency struggled throughout the ages to keep his environment clean. Generally the task of maintaining a heating environment through good sanitary disposal or waste has a become increasing difficult in west Africa and  most developing countries of the world. This is due to such factors as population explanation rapid urbanization, industrialization increased use prepared (package products, changing lifestyle...

HORMONAL CONTROL OF REPRODUCTION

TABLE OF CONTENTS   1.        INTRODUCTION 2.        TYPES OF ENDOCRINE GLAND 3.        REPRODUCTION AND ENDOCRINE CONTROL 4.        EFFECTS ...

FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR INFERTILITY AMONGST WOMEN OF CHILD BEARING AGE IN DELTA STATE

ABSTRACT Background Infertility is a major medical condition that affects many married couples in Delta State and as such associated with several social meanings. This study therefore explored community's perception of childbearing and childlessness in Delta State. Methods The study was exploratory and ...

PATTERN OF FINDINGS IN THE ECHOCARDIOGRAM OF HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS IN CONQUEST MEDICAL IMAGING CENTRE ENUGU

ABSTRACTBackground: Echocardiography has become and important tool in medical imaging. It is used in the confirmation of heart diseases especially hypertension, in Nigeria major cities using conventional echocardiography done with transoephageal echocardiography.Aim: To describe the pattern of finding in echocardiogram of hypertensive patients in Conquest Medical Imaging Centre, Enugu.Patient and method: a retrospective study of reports of patients who underwent echocardiography in Conquest M...

PERSONNEL RADIATION MONITORING IN SOUTH EASTERN NIGERIA

INTRODUCTIONIonizing radiation has been employed in the diagnosis of various diseases and treatment since its discovery in 1895 by Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen1. There are many types of ionizing radiation available for either treatment or diagnosis worldwide. Despite wide radiation applications in medicine, it can be hazardous if not properly handled. After interaction of ionizing radiation with biological tissues through various mechanisms, the ions produced by such interactions can affect normal ...

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTRINSIC MOTIVATION AND INTENTION TO BE PHYSICALLY ACTIVE OUTSIDE SCHOOL BY SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN IJEBU-ODE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE

ABSTRACTThis study examined the relationship between intrinsic motivation and intention to be physically active outside school bysecondary school students in Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area of Ogun State. The target population of the study comprised all secondary school students in Ijebu-OdeLocal Government Area of Ogun State. However, simple random sampling technique was adopted in selecting two hundred and fifty (250) students in ten(10) publicand private secondary schools from the study ar...


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