Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

RADIOGRAPHIC DETERMINATION OF SEX DIFFERENCES IN ISCHIOPUBIC MEASUREMENT

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out to determine and compare the pubic length, ischial length and ischiopubic indices among the people of Enugu State of Nigeria. Anterioposterior radiographs of 94 adult pelvis (of age range, 18-70 years) were evaluated. Ninety four of the radiographs (50 males and 44 females) were those from Enugu state of Nigeria. The morphological   measurements were pubic length, ischial length and ischiopubic index. The mean values of pubic length, ischial length and i...

THE ROLE OF NITRIC OXIDE IN THE IMMUNE SYSTEM

ABSTRACTNitric oxide is produced in high amount from the break down of arginine by a group of enzyme called nitric oxide synthase. Nitric oxide is an intercellular messenger that has been recognized as one of the versatile player in the immune system. Cells of the innate immune system such as macrophages, neutrophil and natural killer use pattern recognition receptors to recognize the molecular patters associated with pathogens. The specific role nitric oxide plays depend on the place of its ...

THE CAUSE OF INFERTILITY AMONGST WOMEN OF CHILD BEARING AGE

ABSTRACTThe World Health Organization (WHO) has defined infertility as a failure to conceive over 12 months of exposure which is a good practical guide to management, and leaves a longer term residual incidence of infertility of 10–15%. Epidemiological data suggest that approximately 80 million people worldwide are infertile. WHO indicates the highest incidence in some regions of Central Africa where the infertility rate may reach 50%, compared to 20% in the Eastern Mediterranean region, an...

Assessment Of The Level Of Practice Of Personnel Radiation Monitoring In Diagnostic Radiology Centres In Lagos State

To assess the level of practice of personnel radiation monitoring in diagnostic radiology centres in Lagos State.INTRODUCTIONIonizing radiation has been employed in the diagnosis of various diseases and treatment since its discovery in 1895 by Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen1. There are many types of ionizing radiation available for either treatment or diagnosis worldwide. Despite wide radiation applications in medicine, it can be hazardous if not properly handled. After interaction of ionizing radiat...

PUBLIC AWARENESS OF THE HEALTH EFFECT OF RADIATION EMITTED FROM TELECOMMUNICATION MAST

This study proposes to research the awareness of the public on the health effect of radiation emitted from telecommunication mast. Since the major effect of this radiation emitted from telecommunication mast is stochastic on living cell, more attention will be paid on mast located in residential and school premises where children and youth are predominant.LIST OF TABLESTable 1: Classification of gender………………………………………..……42Table 2: Educational Statue ………...

EFFECT OF LISINOPRIL AN ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME(ACE) INHIBITOR ON SPERMATOGENESIS IN RATS

OVERVIEWThe role of ACE inhibitors (Lisinopril) in reproductive function remains controversial. Some benefits seem to be derivable even in non-hypertensive males with low doses. This study was done using rat model to establish this fact. Male rats were divided into different groups to receive different doses of lisinopril. A control group received no drugs. The mean arterial pressure fell the most with 5mg of lisinopril. The greatest increase in sperm count and motility was recorded for this ...

Patients Perception Of Care During Hysterosalpingography; A Case Study Of Unth And Hansa Clinic

DEDICATIONACKNOWLEDGEMENTLIST OF TABLETable 1: Presentation of age of the respondentsTable 2: Distribution of educational background of the respondentsTable 3: Response on reception into radiology dept.Table 4: Response on waiting time before HSG exam was conducted.Table 5: Response on waiting time after the HSG examTable 6: Response on explanation for the delayTable 7:  Response on the attention receivedTable 8: Response on awareness of the complications involvedTable 9: Response on the...

PATTERN OF FINDINGS IN MRI STUDIES OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM IN PORT-HARCOURT URBAN

ABSTRACTMagnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has been hailed by many a finding as the imaging modality of choice in the diagnosis of both focal and non-focal neurological disorders. And for this reason, it has increasingly the first modality of recourse for almost any disorder of the CNS where it is available. However, prognosis of central nervous system diseases is poor in the third world countries such as Nigeria because it is not known/documented, the pattern of occurrence of findings in MRI o...

ELDERLY PEOPLE SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO HAVE CARDIAC SURGERIES IF THEY WANT TO, BUT ONLY AFTER THEY ARE INFORMED ON THE POTENTIAL RISKS

The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood to the body. The heart is at the centre of the circulatory system. This system consists of a network of blood vessels, such as arteries, veins, and capillaries. These blood vessels carry blood to and from all areas of the body.OUTLINES1. INTRODUCTION2. THE HEART2.1 ANATOMY OF THE HEART2.2 CHAMBERS OF THE HEART2.3 THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE HEART2.4 THE LEFT SIDE OF THE HEART2.5 THE SEPTUM OF THE HEART2.6 THE HEART VALVES3. CARDIAC...

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF PREGNANT WOMEN TOWARDS ROUTINE ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN ENUGU URBAN USING UNTH AND PARKLANE HOSPITAL

ABSTRACT This study aimed at finding out the knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women towards routine sonography.       A prospective cross sectional Survey method was adopted. The data was collected through self-administered among 180 respondents and 176 were returned duly completed. The data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics.       The present study shows that most of the women who present for antenatal care have gen...

EVALUATION OF AMINO ACID AND SENSORY QUALITY OF PEAGON PEA-MILLET FLOUR

ABSTRACT  The most important single factor affecting the efficiency of protein utilization is the profile of digestible essential amino acids entering the small intestine. Assuming a constant ideal amino acid profile of absorbed protein the requirements of all amino acids can be calculated when the requirement of one individual amino acid has been determined. In non-ruminants, the supply will be greatly influenced by the diet, but less so in ruminants due to the rumen microbi...

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF MAMMOGRAPHIC SCREENING AMONG FEMALE STAFF OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, ENUGU CAMPUS

ABSTRACTThis research was carried out to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Mammographic Screening among Female Staff of University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus (UNEC) in view of the low record of this population at the mammographic Unit of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla. Both academic and non-academic female staff within the age range of 35-64 employed by the University of Nigeria constituted the population of this study. Quota sampling technique was employ...

IDENTIFYING THE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE ATTITUDE OF RADIOGRAPHERS TO THEIR PROFESSIONAL BODY

ABSTRACTA professional association is usually a nonprofit organization seeking to further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession and the public. The roles of these professional associations have been variously defined. Activities and events organized by these organizations facilitate better interaction amongst members while at the same time providing opportunities for promoting and identifying common professional or industry interests. Association of ...

EVALUATION OF THE DIAGNOSTIC YIELD OF MRI IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF BRAIN TUMOUR

ABSTRACTThe aim of this research is to evaluate the diagnostic yield of MRI in the diagnosis of Brain tumour, at National Hospital, Garki Abuja. It is a retrospective study, which evaluated the diagnostic yield of MRI in the diagnosis of Brain tumour, the sensitivity, Specificity, and accuracy of the Imaging Procedure in the Management of Brain tumour. The study also showed the male and female distributions of brain tumour cases in the period of February 2009 and March, 2012. A total number o...

EVALUATION OF RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT IN A TERTIARY INSTITUTION IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACTRadiological Equipment Maintenance (REM) has been described as an integral component of Quality Assurance (QA) for the Radiological Equipments (REs). This is vital as it keeps the RE in optimum condition to aid clinicians in diagnosis.The University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, which is a tertiary health institution centrally located to attend to the health needs of the masses especially in the South-East and South-South regions of Nigeria was understudied...


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