Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

A Comparative Study Between Computed Tomography And Magnetic Resonance Imaging In The Diagnosis Of Brain Tumor Using National Hospital, Abuja As Case Study

This study sought to equip clinician’s on the imaging modality of choice between CT and MRI in the diagnosis of brain tumor. The comparison of the two imaging modalities was accessed using biopsy as goal standard. This research study involved 40 patients who underwent CT, MRI and biopsy one at a time in National hospital, Abuja. Data were collected via secondary source using patient’s folder; hospital records. The result revealed that MRI which has an accuracy, sensitivity and specificity...

An Assessment Of Medical Radiography Awareness Among Science Secondary School Students: A Case Study Of Kogi State Secondary Schools

This study was designed to survey the level of Medical Radiography awareness and perception and career decision of the science secondary school students in Kogi State and the primary factors determining their career choice. The study was a cross-sectional survey. Respondents in this study included all consenting male and female science based science senior secondary school students (SSS I-III) in Kogi State and 13 schools were involved in this study. A total of 620 copies of the questionnaire...

Assessment Of Computed Tomography Referrals. A Case Study Of University Of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu.

 Despite its clinical application, computed tomography scan is not readily available in developing countries, like Nigeria. Some patients who require CT examination are either managed blindly, or do not present for it at the appropriate time. This study assesses the referral pattern, indications and results of CT referrals, as they are obtained in University of Nigeria Teaching hospital Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu. Retrospectively recorded data of all patients who presented for CT scan between M...

Assessment Of Knowledge And Attitude Of Undergraduate Radipography Students Towards Entrepreneurship: A Casestudy Of University Of Nigeria Enugu Campus

Entrepreneurship increases  the  capital output  and income  of a nation  and it  is  accompanied  by   growth  and  increased output  which  allow  more  wealth  to be   distributed   by the  various  participants.  This study sought to determine the knowledge and attitude of undergraduate radiography student towards entrepreneurship. The survey study 189 undergraduate Radiography student...

Awareness/Practice Of Ethical Code Of Patient Rights Among Practicing Radiographers In Enugu Metropolis

This research was done to ascertain how aware radiographers are about the ethical code of patient rights and to access the reasons; if any for the abuse of ethical code of patient right by practicing radiographers. Result shows that there is good ethical conduct among practicing radiographers and all the practicing radiographers are aware of ethical code of patient rights.  Most of the radiographers that abuse ethical code of patient’s rights are those who have never had any course in ...

Causes Of Repeats In Paediatric Radiography In Three Tertiary Hospitals In Enugu Metropolis

Paediatric radiography comes with many challenges, unlike in adult’s radiography; children cannot always understand and comprehend a change of environment and cannot obey radiographer’s instruction which may result in repeat cases. Children are more radiosensitive than adults and have a longer life expectancy over which they may develop cancer from exposures to ionizing radiation due to high level of repeats. This is a cross sectional study aimed at determining: the factors that lead to r...

Challenges Associated With Spinal Trauma Cases In Radiography. A Case Study Of University Of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), National Othorpedic Hospital Enugu (NOHE) And Enugu State Univer

This research work was aimed at assessing the challenges that are associated with spinal trauma cases in radiography using UNTH, NOHE and ESUTH as case study.It is a non experimental, questionnaire based research. A total of 48 questionnaires were filled and returned and the respondents were radiographers including interns and youth corpers.This result of the research showed various challenges that radiographers encounter while examining patients with spinal trauma. Some of the challenges inc...

Comparison Of The Efficacy Of Bowel Preparation Regimens For Intravenous Urography In Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki And Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu

This work is a comparison of the efficacy of bowel preparation regimen used in two teaching hospitals: Imo State University Teaching Hospital Orlu and Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki. It is geared towards finding out the cause of poor visualisation of the renal tract after bowel preparation, to find a permanent solution to waste of time and resources for both the patient and the hospital. With the results obtained there will be a better visualisation of the renal tract in an IVU investig...

Analysis Of The Common Ultrasound Findings In Patients With Pelvic Pain

This research is aimed at assessing the common ultrasound findings in patient with pelvic pain. A retrospective study was done in Enugu scan centre, Ket, life chart and St.Michael diagnostic centres in Enugu. 1044 patients were scanned for pelvic pain from September 2010 to September 2011. The sonographic report showed that 442(42.34%) had uterine pathologies, 332(31.80%) had ovarian pathologies, 108(10.34%) had colon pathologies, 95(9.10%) had bladder problems and 67(6.42%) had prostate path...

ROLE OF HEALTH EDUCATION IN IMPROVING MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH CARE DELIVERY IN STATE AND PRIVATE HOSPITALS IN ABEOKUTA

ABSTRACTBringing to a layman’s understanding the ideas, issues and concepts of important healthy living conditions and strategies is no doubt an ever impressive and effective pattern of solving health related issues especially in developing countries like Nigeria.In this part of the world, complications and deaths arising from poor health education awareness has been tremendously on the increase until lately when sensitization campaigns and proper health education on killer diseases and rel...

Assessment Of The Awareness Of Screening Mammography Among Women Of Child Bearing AGE (A Case Study of Female Secondary School Teachers in Government Owned Secondary Schools in Isiala Ngwa So

This research was done with the aim of assessing the level of awareness of women of child bearing age (20 – 55 years) in Isiala Ngwa South Local Government Area of Abia state, Nigeria, about screening mammography. This was in view of the increased incidence and mortality among women with breast cancer. Self-administered questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection. 123 female secondary school teachers were recruited for the study; however 117 respondents completed and return...

Assessment Of The Knowledge And Attitude Of Radiographers Towards The Adoption Of ‘Red Dot’ System Practice In Accident And Emergency Radiological Cases. (A Case Study Of The Three Tertiary H

This study sought to determine radiographers’ knowledge of red dot system in Nigeria; to determine if there is any factor (s) that militates against the adoption of the red dot system practice in Nigeria and to find out the attitude of Nigerian radiographers towards the adoption of the red dot system practice. The survey study involved 46 radiographers working in the three tertiary hospitals in Enugu, Enugu state. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire which in addition to demo...

Assessment Of The Knowledge Of Utilization Of Brain CT By Physicians In Management Of Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) Complication: A Case Study Of UNTH

This study sought to ascertain the knowledge of utilization of brain CT in management of sickle cell disease.  It also assessed doctors; their knowledge of SCD possible brain complications, and established the need for enlightenment in the indispensable role of CT in management of SCD patients.  The survey study involved 222 medical doctors in UNTH.  Data was collected using a structured questionnaire which in addition to demographic data collected information on knowledge of t...

Evaluation Of Challenges Encountered By Newly Qualified Radiographers In Their Early Clinical Practice

This research was performed to obtain consensus of opinion on the new radiographers’ challenges in early practice in order to ascertain their level of proficiency, improve alignment between education curriculum and workplace requirements, and to improve condition of practice.Method: sixty-one respondents were surveyed (18 new and 43 old radiographers ). The questionnaire assessed the new radiographers’ challenges against a number of items derived from published radiography standards by th...

THE EFFECTS OF LOW DOSE X-RAY ON THE EPIDIDYMA SPERM CELLS OF RATS

ABSTRACT This study examines the effects of low dose x-rays on the pH, sperm count, and sperm motility of the epididymal sperm cells of wistar rats. An experimental survey (case control study design) was adopted and a purposive sampling technique was used to select the species of mammals used for the experiment while a convenient sampling technique was used to select a nearby animal farm and a simple random technique was used to select the population of the male rats used. The population...


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