Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

ABH Prevalence, Cd4 and Cd8 Levels in Secretors and Non-Secretors of ABH Antigens Among HIV Positive Individuals in Abakaliki Area of South-East Nigeria.

ABSTRACT Sixty(60)patients (31 males and 29 females) with Human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disease attending Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital (EBSUTH) Abakaliki were used for the study. Sixty (60) age and sex matched apparently healthy individuals(34 males and 26 females) who were screened three months prior to study and then rescreened immediately the study started, served as the control group. Secretor status of the groups (test and control) were determined, using neutralization ...

Assessment of Haematological Parameters in Anti-Retroviral Therapy (Art)-Naïve HIV Positive Children in Enugu, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT The Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is one of the most important emerging infections of this century. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection causes the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) which is a systemic disorder characterized by deficiency in cellular immune responses. Haematological complications that accompanied HIV infections have been documented to be the second most common causes of morbidity and mortality in children. The haematological compli...

Knowledge and Attitude as Correlate of Adherence to Premarital Sickle Cell Screening Among Adult Students’ of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State.

ABSTRACT Premarital sickle cell screening is a test done to screen intending couples in order to determine their genotype before marriage. This study investigated the knowledge and attitude of adult students of Nnamdi Azikiwe University (NAU), Awka as correlate of adherence to premarital sickle cell screening. A cross sectional descriptive research design was used for the study. A sample size of 370 adult students was drawn from an estimated population of 10,400 through a proportional, strati...

Influence of Social Support and Gender on Depressive Symptoms Among Orthopaedic Patients

ABSTRACT The study examined the influence of social support and gender on depressive symptoms among orthopaedic patients. Three hundred (161 males and 139 females) patients of National Orthopaedic hospital, Enugu, aged 20 to 35 years (mean age = 23.90, SD = 2.70), participated in the study. Social Support was measured using Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, while depression was measured using Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Two-way analysis of variance sho...

Haemopoietic and Haematinic Property of the Leaf and Fruit Extract of Solanum Nigrum L (Spp Villosum) in Anaemic Albino Wistar Rats

ABSTRACT Anaemia is a global public health problem affecting both developing and developed countries with major consequences for human health as well as colonial and economic development. There is paucity of data on the use and type of medicinal plants that can be used to alleviate anaemia. Sequel to the fact that orthodox medicine can no longer give answers to our numerous different diseases in which anaemia is one of them. There is an increasing interest in the use of herbal products to sup...

Assessment of Biochemical Markers of Iron and Some Haematological Parameters on Blood Donors in Enugu State

ABSTRACT Iron deficiency is one of the most common of the nutritional deficiencies. The eventual consequence of iron deficiency is iron deficiency anemia; where the body stores of iron have been depleted and the body is unable to maintain level of hemoglobin in the blood. Blood donation leads to a substantial iron loss, as about 0.5mg iron is lost per each milliliter of blood donated. It is evident that haemoglobin level alone is inadequate for detecting blood donors with iron deficiency with...

Knowledge and Use of Glasgow Coma Scale for Neurological Assessment of Patients Among Nurses in The University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State.

ABSTRACT Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is a neurological assessment tool that gives a reliable, objective way of recording the level of conscious state of a person. Assessment of consciousness level is considered a primary action of health care practitioners, including nurses, who care for the patients with neurological or neurosurgical problems. Growing evidence suggests that problem is encountered when completing some aspect of the GCS with the potential for performing an incorrect assessment. T...

Antihyperlipidemic and Antioxidant Effects of Phaseolus Vulgaris Linn in Wistar Rats

ABSTRACT In this study, the antihyperlipidemic and antioxidants activities of the extract and fractions of Phaseolus vulgaris L. were evaluated. The crude extract (PVE) of dried pulverized plant material was obtained by maceration in methylene chloride/methanol (1:1) while the solvent fractions were obtained by successive solvent-solvent partition in separating funnel between the crude extract suspended in aqueous medium and solvents of increasing polarity to obtain the n-hexane fraction (PVH...

Chemical Composition of Some Lesser-Known Wild Fruits and Vegetables Consumed in Ayamelum Local Government Area of Anambra State

ABSTRACT The study identified some edible fresh wild green leafy vegetables and fruits and determined their nutrients, antinutrients and food toxicants content. The proximate, micronutrients, antinutrients and food toxicants contents of these fruits (Olax viridis (“Osenga”), Gongronema species (“Aado”), Ficus carpensis (“Akankolo”), Napoleona/imperialis (“Ukpodikili”), Afromonum species) (“Okwocha”) and vegetables Vitex doniana (“Uchkulu”) and Ficus carpensis) were det...

Assessment of Prostate Volume and Prostate Specific Antigen Among Apparently Healthy Adult Males in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study was aimed at establishing a relationship between prostate volume (PV) and prostate specific antigen (PSA).This was a cross-sectional survey design involving 500 asymptomatic male subjects aged 30-45 years in Port Harcourt, South-South, Nigeria between January, 2014 and October, 2015. This was conducted with a view to establish the basis for inferences when screening the populations for benign prostatic hyperplasia and other prostatic pathologies such as prostatitis and pro...

Socio-Demographic Differences in Multiple Risk Taking Behaviour Pattern Among Secondary School Adolescents in Enugu Urban.

ABSTRACT The study determined the socio demographic differences in multiple risk taking behaviour patterns among secondary school adolescents in Enugu urban. Six (6) objectives and five (5) hypotheses were set to guide the study. Relevant literatures were reviewed to enhance the theoretical background of the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. A sample size of 422 respondents, who met the inclusion criteria, was used for the study. A convenience sampling technique was ...

Biometry of the Corpus Callosum in an Adult Nigerian Population Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging

ABSTRACT This was a prospective cross-sectional survey study conducted in the Radio diagnostic Department of National Hospital Abuja from June 2013 to January 2014 on 210 cases (111 males and 99 females). The specific objectives were to determine the: (i) biometric values of corpus callosum in an adult Nigerian population, (ii) differences in corpus callosal biometry among different sexes and (iii) relationship between age, body mass index and corpus callosal biometry.The following findings w...

Effect of Ivermectin Intake On the Nutritional and Health Status of School Children in Onchocerciasis Endemic Communities of Ebonyi State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study assessed the nutritional and health status of school-aged children (5-12 years) in onchocerciasis endemic communities of Ebonyi State and determined the effect of Ivermectin intake on haemoglobin and parasitic load of the children. The study was conducted in Ebonyi State of Nigeria. A multi stage random sampling technique was used in selecting respondents for the study. A total sample of 360 school aged children aged 5 – 12 years (made up of 194 males and 166 females) par...

Antidiabetic Potentials of Lipospheres Encapsulating Anogeissus Leiocarpus Dc Guill & Perr Root Bark Methanol Extract

ABSTRACT The study was aimed at evaluating the antidiabetic potentials of Anogeissius leiocarpus DC Guill and Perr root bark methanol, ethanol and ethanol plus trona extract; and preparing, characterizing and evaluating lipospheres as drug delivery system loaded with A.leiocarpus root bark methanol extract. 400 mg/kg of methanol,ethanol and ethanol plus trona extracts of the A.leiocarpus root bark extracts were used in preliminary evaluation of antidiabetic effect of this plant root bark extr...

Selenium, Zinc and Iron Status of Pregnant Women and Zinc Content of Selected Traditional Foods in Obio-Akpor L.G.A Rivers State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT The study was designed to have both survey and biochemical components. Three communities were selected randomly from twelve communities in Obio-Akpor local government area. The sample size was calculated using the maternal mortality ratio for pregnant women in Nigeria which was 30%. Two hundred pregnant women were purposively selected from health care centers, public and private clinics providing ante-natal care and from traditional birth attendants and local delivery homes. The surv...


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