Medical & Health Sciences

Works Under Medical & Health Sciences

Knowledge and perception of vasectomy among male staffs of Novena University Ogume Delta State Nigeria

Background: Vasectomy is a simple effective and safe surgical procedure for permanent male fertility control. However, high acceptance rates of vasectomy have been reported in developed countries, while low acceptance rates have been reported in developing countries like Nigeria.  Objective: This study was designed to investigate the knowledge and perception of vasectomy among male staffs of Novena University Ogume, Delta State Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted amon...

Knowledge and Use of Antiretroviral Drugs in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS Amongst HIV Infected And Uninfected Patients in Okwe General Hospital, Asaba: A Case-Contro

Background: Perinatal transmission of HIV/AIDS also known as Mother to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS is the most prevalent source of pediatric HIV infection.  Objective: Therefore, this case-control study was designed to investigate the knowledge and use of antiretroviral drugs in prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV/AIDS amongst HIV infected and uninfected patients.  Settings: The study was carried out in Okwe General Hospital in Asaba.  Methods: A case-control study was con...

AWARENESS AND KNOWLEDGE OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS AMONG MOTHERS IN UKWUANI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, DELTA STATE

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is defined as a group of neurodevelopment disorders that are usually diagnosed in early childhood. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 192 women of reproductive age selected from three communities of Ukwuani Local Government Area. A semistructured questionnaire was administered to obtain information from respondents. Mean age of respondents was 57.9 ± 9.8 years, and 105 (54.70%) were married. More than half 108 (56.30%) of the respondents were aware of...

ASSESSING THE PREFERENCE OF ORTHODOX AND TRADITIONAL MEDICINE IN MALARIA TREATMENT AMONG ENERHEN COMMUNITY MEMBERS, DELTA STATE, NIGERIA

This study assessed the preference of orthodox and traditional medicine in malaria treatment among community members in Enerhen, Delta-state Nigeria. A cross-sectional study design was adopted for the study to assess 375 participants selected through systematic sampling in Enerhen community. Data was collected through a semi-structured questionnaire and was analyzed for descriptive statistics, chi-square and ANOVA test at p

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND USE OF NON-PRESCRIPTION DRUGS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN OKWE GENERAL HOSPITAL ASABA DELTA STATE, NIGERIA

Aim: The study was aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitude and use of non-prescription drug among pregnant women in Okwe General Hospital Asaba in Delta State. Study Design: The study was a descriptive cross sectional survey. Place and Duration of Study: Okwe General Hospital Asaba in Delta State, Nigeria. The study was conducted between June to July 2015 Methodology: A semi-structured questionnaire was used and administered to 103 randomly selected pregnant women at Okwe General Hospital ...

KNOWLEDGE OF PUBERTY, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AND SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG VERY YOUNG MALE ADOLESCENT STUDENTS’ IN SOUTH-SOUTH, NIGERIA

Aim: There is impassable knowledge on the transition between childhood and adulthood among adolescents. This study was designed to investigate the knowledge of puberty, sexually transmitted infections and sexual behaviour among very young male adolescent students in South-South, Nigeria. Study Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study was used. Place and Duration of Study: Agbor Metropolis in Delta State, Nigeria, between February to April 2015. Methodology: The study utilized both quantita...

Prevalence of neonatal jaundice in Eku Baptist Community Hospital in Delta State Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe prevalence of neonatal jaundice among newborn babies in Eku Baptist Community Hospital in Delta State was studied between January 2007 and May 2013. A total of 2,509 neonatal case folders were reviewed to determine the prevalence, pattern of occurrence, and associated risk factors of neonatal jaundice among the newborn babies aged between 1 and 28 days. Neonatal jaundice accounted for a total prevalence of 52. 6 in 1000 of the total number of cases reviewed.  There was significan...

Prevalence of Physical Hazards in Public Primary Schools in South-West Nigeria

Abstract: Aim: Physical hazards (PHs) in the school environment compromise health of primary school children worldwide. Thus the study investigated the prevalence of physical hazards in public primary schools in South-West Nigeria. Methods: The study was a cross-sectional survey that involved the selection of 456 teachers from 30 selected Public Primary Schools using a 4-stage random sampling technique. Data were collected through an observational checklist and a semi-structured questionnaire...

TOXIN ASSOCIATED WITH DIARRHEAL DISEASES

INTRODUCTION Toxins are poisonous substances produced within living cells or organisms and can include various classes of small molecules or proteins that cause disease on contact. The severity and type of diseases caused by toxins can range from minor effects to deadly effects. The organisms which are capable of producing toxins include bacteria, fungi, algae, and plants. Some of the major types of toxins include, but are not limited to, environmental, marine, and microbial toxin...

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Dabiri Damilare Premium 70 PAGES (11079 WORDS) Public Health Seminar 2 Views
The Role of Mobile Phones in Spread of Pathogenic Bacteria among Food Vendors and Vended Food Sold In Lagos State

Abstract  Food vendors are important in every socio-economic sector in developing countries, providing ready-to-eat food to the populace and in the process, they transmit pathogenic organisms to the food being sold. However, a very important but neglected source of these pathogenic bacteria is the phone handled by the food vendors.This study is aimed to ascertain if the phone handled by the food vendor could be a potential source of dissemination pathogenic bacteria to the vended food ...

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Dabiri Damilare Premium 68 PAGES (12157 WORDS) Public Health Project 3 Views
Weight changes and histomorphological effects of marijuana on the brain of adult wistar rats

ABSTRACT The present study was conducted in Ekpoma, headquarters of Esan West Local Government area of Edo state. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of marijuana on the heart of wistar rats.  The study involved twenty four growing wistar rats having weights between 250g-275g divided into 4 groups; control and groups 1-3, comprising of 6 rats each. The control group received only grower’s mash and distilled water while groups 1, 2 and 3 received 0.02mg/kg body weight...

Antimicrobial, Phytochemical and Proximate Analysis of Four Nigerian Medicinal Plants on some Clinical Microorganisms

The increasing incidence of resistance to antibiotics among bacteria currently poses serious clinical and public health threat and has propelled efforts for newer alternatives to alleviate the problem. Extensive search and testing for different plants with potentials for antimicrobial properties is presently considered one of the most feasible options as substitutes to the current regimen of antimicrobials. We tested the antibacterial characteristic and the phytochemical composition of four c...

Phytochemical and Proximate

The purpose of this present study of seven Nigerian medicinal plants is to ascertain the medicinal, phytochemical and proximate constituents of the plants. The plants are .Acacia albida Del,   Anchomanes difformis Engl,   Boscia senegalensis,   Bridelia ferruginea Benth,  Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq,  Indigofera arrecta   Hochst   and  Moringa oleifera Lam

Comparative Study of the Antibacterial and antifungal Spectrum, Phytochemi

 Piliostigma reticulatum plant found in West Africa. It is an Evergreen shrub with a twisted bole to 9 m high, with a bushy spherical canopy. Bark dark grey to brown, fibrous and corky, slash dark red. Leaves large, thick, leathery, grey-green, 6-12 cm long, Fruit large, long, straight, undulate or twisted and hard, either glabrous or sparsely pubescent, brown, indehiscent, up to 25 cm long, 5 cm wide. Alchonea laxiofolia is a Deciduous, erect to straggling shrub 7m tall. Two extracting solv...

ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CRUDE ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACTS OF ANISOPUS MANNI

 Anisopus mannii(Asclepiadaceae) –is a glabrous twining shrub, strong climber with greenish flower in globose, lateral umbelliform cymes it is widely used as an anti-diabetic agent in Northern and southern Nigerian traditional medicine, Studies were conducted to determine the phytochemical constituents of leaf and bark ethyl acetate extracts of Anisopus mannii and to evaluate its antimicrobial activity, using the agar well diffusion technique using standard phytochemical analysis procedure...


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