Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Hydrochemical appraisal of groundwater evolution within the Lower Pra Basin, Ghana: a hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) approach

The most relevant controls on groundwater quality within the Lower Pra Basin in Ghana were assessedusing Q-mode hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA). The objective was to determine the chemical characteristics of the various water groups and subgroups responsible for the groundwater evolution and identify the groundwater recharge and discharge zones within the basin. The Q-mode HCA have characterized hydrochemical data from a total of sixty-eight (68) boreholes and two (2) streams within the b...

Origin of major dissolved ions in groundwater within the Lower Pra Basin using groundwater geochemistry, source-rock deduction and stable isotopes of 2H and 18O

Hydrochemical and stable isotopes (18O and 2H) analyses of groundwater samples were employed toestablish the origin of major dissolved ions in groundwater within the Lower Pra Basin. Results showed that, the major processes responsible for chemical evolution of groundwater include: silicate (SiO4)4- dissolutions, ion exchange reactions, sea aerosol spray and pyrite (FeS2) and arsenopyrite (FeAsS) oxidations. The groundwater is strongly acidic to neutral, with pH generally range from 3.5 to 7....

Hydrochemistry of groundwater in the Savelugu–Nanton District, Northern Ghana

Calcite (CaCO3), dolomite [CaMg(CO3)2], silicatedissolution, ion-exchange and reverse ion-exchangereactions are the predominant processes influencinggroundwater quality in the Savelugu–Nanton District. Themain objective of this study is to characterize groundwaterand delineate water–rock interactions responsible for thechemical evolution of groundwater in the District. Eighty-one (81) boreholes were sampled for quality assessment.Results showed that, the pH of the boreholes are slightly a...

Effect of Culture on Family Planning among Women of Child Bearing Age in Oloku Community

ABSTRACTContraception play an important role in the life of men and women and is viewed in the wider work context of sexual and reproductive health.Family planning is the arrangement, spacing and limited wishes and socio - circumstance of the parents. But due to their culture, people of Oloku do not always agree to family planning method.The reason for this work was to collect information relevant to the aim of study.Know factors which hinder knowledge and support of family planning, c...

World Environment Day-2018 Theme :Beat the Plastic Pollution

ABSTRACTPlastics are important for man use. It cannot be eradicated nor forbidden.Then how should we  go about the debris/waste of plastics? How can we  stop the   single-use method of plastic? Should we ignore and look for another alternative? These above are some of the questions we ask ourselves on daily basis TABLE OF CONTENTS          Title page         Acknowledgments         Abstracts         Literature review         Results         Recommendations         References

NUTRITIONAL EFFECT ON DRUG SENSITIVITY IN MALARIA USING CHLOROQUINE-SENSITIVE Plasmodium berghei- INFECTED MICE

ABSTRACTMalaria  is  entirely  preventable  and  treatable  vector-borne  disease  which  account  for  an estimated 219 million cases globally, killing about 660,000 people, mostly children under five years of  age. The synergistic effects of nutrition in malaria infection were observed in mice fed with different nutrients (protein, carbohydrate, and grower mash) compounded diets for eight weeks prior to infection. All the experimental mice were infected with plasmodium berghei. ...

EFFECT OF D-RIBOSE- L-CYSTEINE ON REDOX BALANCE AND INFLAMMATION IN PARADOXICAL SLEEP-DEPRIVED PREGNANT RATS

TABLE OF CONTENTSTITLE PAGECERTIFICATIONDEDICATIONACKNOWLEDGEMENTTABLE OF CONTENTLIST OF TABLESLIST OF FIGURESABSTRACTCHAPTER ONE  INTRODUCTION​​​​​​​​​​11.1 AIM OF THESTUDY​​​​​​​​​21.2 OBJECTIVES OF THESTUDY​​​​​​​​21.3 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS​​​​​​​​3CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW2.1 STRESS​​​​​​​​​​​4​2.1.1 TYPES OF STRESSORS​​​​​​​52.1.2&n...

Cytological Findings in Urine of Adult Residents of Urinary Schistosomiasis Endemic Community in Cross River State, Nigeria

Aims:  To  investigate  urinary  cytological  abnormalities  among  adult  residents  of  a  urinary schistosomiasis endemic community.  Study  Design:  Ethical  approval,  consent  from  the  village  Head/villagers,  parasitological  survey and cytological analysis of urine.  Place and  Duration  of  Study: Adim Community in Cross River State, Nigeria between May and November 2014 Methodology:  Urine  samples  from  160  sex  matched  adults  aged  18–8...

Knowledge of, Perception of, and Attitude towards Uterine Fibroids among Women with Fibroids in Lagos, Nigeria

Objectives. The study was to assess the level of knowledge of, perception of, and attitude towards uterine fibroids among women diagnosed with the condition. Methods. It is a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out among women diagnosed as having uterine fibroids in two gynaecological clinics in Lagos, Nigeria. Eligible women were recruited and a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect the required information. Statistical analysis of data was done using...

Cariostatic effect of conventional GIC versus composite resin [October 10, 2018]

Search result: Eight clinical studies to topics concerning orthodontic bonding, root- and tooth restorations were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate a higher cariostatic effect of GIC for orthodontic bonding and tooth restorations in permanent teeth. No difference was found for tooth restorations in primary teeth when compared to fluoride containing composite and root restorations.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systemati...

Coating of high-viscosity GIC [October 09, 2018]

Search result: Three prospective clinical controlled trials were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate that there may be a trend that coating can protect Fuji IX GP Extra against wear.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as the assessment of precision and internal va...

Cariostatic effect of conventional GIC versus compomers [October 09, 2018]

Search result: Five clinical trials were found and traced.Clinical outcomes: The results are conflicting or suggest no difference between conventional GIC and Compomers in regard to their anticariogenic effects after 3-4 years.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as the...

Cariostatic effect of resin-modified GIC (RM-GIC) versus compomers [October 08, 2018]

Search result: Twelve clinical trials were found and traced.Clinical outcomes: The overall results suggest no difference between RM-GIC and Compomers in regard to their anticariogenic effects.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as the assessment of precision and intern...

Antibacterial effect of GIC versus composite resin [October 08, 2018]

Search result: One clinical trial was found and traced concerning resin-modified GIC (RM-GIC).Clinical outcomes: The material was Fuji II LC (compared to: Tetric Flow and Helioseal F). No trials were identified comparing conventional GIC (C-GIC) with composite resin.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of...

Do patients, who have received polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) based sutures experience less, similar or more gingival inflammation than patients with polyamid (nylon) based sutures? [June 05,

Search result: No direct clinical data to the topic could be found.Clinical outcomes: However, one systematic review reported that ePTFE sutures cause clinically less inflammation than silk sutures in humans. One animal study (in rabbits) found less general inflammation from ePTFE sutures than Nylon sutures.[‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing cli...


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