Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Prevalence Of Schistosomiasis In Children Under Six Years In Two Endemic Communities Along The Weija Lake

ABSTRACT Introduction: Schistosomiasis, a neglected tropical disease, often endemic in areas with poor sanitation, is known to cause physical and mental defects in children and adults alike. Consequently, a number of strategies with much emphasis on drug administration for morbidity control have been put in place to combat schistosomiasis in Ghana and the world at large. Unfortunately, children under six years have been excluded from chemotherapy for several years and it is in recent t...

Performance of Community Health Workers in the Community Health Worker Programme in Upper Manya Krobo Distrct of Ghana: Role of Health Sector and Community

ABSTRACT Background: The Alma-Ata declaration of 1978 promoted broader use of Community Health Workers (CHWs) to provide certain interventions and promote health behaviours at the community level. The Government of Ghana in 2016 launched the new Community Health Worker Program (CHWP). This was followed by recruitment, training and deployment of 20000 CHW to Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) zones. Since the programme inception, the performance of CHWs and the possibil...

Surviving Cervical Cancer: Experiences Of Women In The Accra Metropolis

ABSTRACT Studies from other countries have provided evidence that women with cervical cancer encounter physical, psychological and social consequences. However, in Ghana, not much is known about the experiences of such women. Thus, the study explored the physical, psychological, social and spiritual well-being of women with cervical cancer in the Accra Metropolis, using the Quality of Life Model Applied to Cancer Survivors as an organising framework to understand their survival expe...

An Exploratory Study Into The Usefulness Of The District Health Annual Report To The Dhmt* In The Management Of The District Health System

INTRODUCTIONFor a developing country like Ghana, which has chosen the PHC strategy to achieve health for all by 2000 AD, the management of the district health system is understandably of vital importance. The government's support of its health policy is shown in its decentralization moves on the past few years. In 1995, not only personnel, but now, the financial administration has been brought to the district level. Health managers and teams therefore now bear the responsibility of managing t...

Knowledge And Beliefs Of Gynaecological Cancer Among Women Visiting Battor Catholic Hospital

ABSTRACT Introduction: Globally, every two minutes at least one woman dies from gynaecological cancer and out of these deaths about 80% are from developing countries.one major problem in developing countries especially sub-Saharan African is inadequate knowledge about gynaecological cancer. This study seeks to find out the knowledge women have about gynaecological cancer and the inaccurate data on gynaecological cancer by assessing knowledge and beliefs women visiting the Battor Catholi...

HIV, HBV, HCV AND SYPHILIS INFECTIONS AMONG BLOOD DONORS IN KOFORIDUA, GHANA

ABSTRACT Background: HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infections can be transmitted from person-to person through parenteral administration of blood or blood products. These infections among blood donors are of public health concern because of their prolonged viraemia and carrier of latent state. This study determined the prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV, and Syphilis infections, and associated factors among blood donors in Koforidua.  Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted at St Josep...

Impact Of Allelic Polymorphisms In Pfama1 On The Induction Of T-Cell Responses In Malaria Endemic Communities In Ghana

ABSTRACT The eradication of malaria requires a combined effort involving all available control tools, and these efforts would be complemented by an effective vaccine. An effective malaria vaccine should be capable of inducing protective immune responses against variant forms of the parasite and in a genetically diverse population. Allelic polymorphisms in antigens that are targets of protective immune responses are a major drawback to vaccine development. This study investigated the inf...

A Study On The Knowledge And Practices Of Childhood Diarrhoea Diseases Management Among Mothers In The Wa District, Upper West Region. Ghana

ABSTRACTThis study was undertaken in the Wa District of the Upper West region of Ghana during the period of 5th April to 15th May 1997 in six (6) sub-districts.The study was to answer the following question:“ What level of knowledge do mothers in the Wa District have about diarrhoea, it’s causes, effects, appropriate home treatment and prevention, and what they practice during episodes of diarrhoea among young children”There have been concerns expressed at the district and region...

Cadmium, Arsenic And Lead Levels In Persons With Chronic Hepatitis B In The Ejura-Sekyedumase District, Ghana.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) increases the risk of liver dysfunction and leads to complications such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The rate of progression of CHB to these complications is attributed to hepato-toxicants, including heavy metals. Some heavy metals such as selenium and zinc have hepatoprotective benefits. However, others such as cadmium, arsenic and lead are hepatotoxic. The aim of this study was to measure the levels of cadmium, arsen...

Timeline of the Biggest Pandemics in History

IntroductionA pandemic (from Greek πᾶν, pan, "all" and δῆμος, demos, "local people" the 'crowd') is an epidemic of an infectious disease that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple continents or worldwide, affecting a substantial number of people. A widespread endemic disease with a stable number of infected people is not a pandemicA pandemic is the global outbreak of a disease. When an epide...

Preferences of Bangladeshi Anatomists on the use of Different Styles of Presenting Embryology Illustrations in Powerpoint Slides.

ABSTRACTBackground: Embryology is a visual subject that relies heavily on illustrations in understanding the subject, as most of the structures are not seen by naked eyes. Embryology lectures have mostly delivered using PowerPoint slides to show the microscopic structures involved during various stages of development. However, the styles of projecting the illustrations on PowerPoint slides differs greatly among the teachers. This different style of presentation is the deciding ...

Effectiveness of Different Ways of Presenting Neuroanatomy Illustration in Powerpoint Slides on Nursing Student’s Short-term Learning Memory

ABSTRACTIntroduction: Neuroanatomy is considered as difficult subject as it consists mostly of complicated microscopic structures. However, understanding of the subject structure is very important for nursing students to know its functions and dysfunctions for enhancing nursing practices. To date, teaching neuroanatomy relies heavily on illustrations and the most common way is by using PowerPoint slides, but teachers are often faced with dilemma on how to use illustrations effe...

Assessing the Disparities of Data in Monthly Returns Midwife's (Form A) in the PRU East District

ABSTRACTBackground: Midwife returns form A is the standard operational reporting format used in Ghana Health Services (GHS) and World Health Organization (WHO) globally to report on maternal and child health care activities. However, it is common to observe that data generated by health care providers in the health facilities and at community outreach services have gaps either left. The aim of the study was to improve maternal and child health care dataMethods: A cross-sectional descri...

The Prevalance Of Syphilis Among Hiv/Aids Patients Attending Out Patient Clinic At Bududa Hospital In Bududa District

ABSTRACTThis study was under taken to assess the prevalence of syphilis among HIV/AIDS patientsattending Outpatient clinic at Bududa Hospital. The study was carried out in Uganda at BududaHospital, Bududa district 20 kms from Mbale Town. It was a cross-sectional laboratory studydone to show the prevalence of syphilis among HIV/AIDS patients.A total of 64 participants including both male and females who attended Outpatient clinic atBududa Hospital and consented were enrolled in the study...

Factors Affecting Exclusive Breast Feeding At Galkaio General Hospital, Galkaio District, Mudug Region, Puntland_Somalia

AbstractExclusive breastfeeding refers to the percentage of children less than six months old who are fedbreast milk alone (no other liquids) in the past 24 hours(WHO, 2013), which provides the onlyperfect nutrients for babies, protect them against infections and it lays the foundation of theirbreathing psychological development(Berlin, 2005).A cross sectional study was conducted at Galkaio General Hospital, Galkaio district, Mudugregion, Puntland_somalia. To determine the practices of ...


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