Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Prevalence Of Pneumonia In Children Aged Five Years Of And Below In Ishaka Adventist Hospital, Uganda

Abstract Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung-affecting primarily the alveoli. It presents with cough, chest pain and difficulty in breathing. It is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly other microorganisms, certain drugs and other conditions such as autoimmune diseases. It is the leading cause of mortality in children under age of five, contributing 19% of the total deaths and 70% of which occur in sub Saharan Africa. Low socio economic s...

Assessment Of The Quality And Dissolution Profiles Of Branded Fixed Dose Artemetherilumefantrine Tablets Sold At Pharmacies In Kampala- Uganda

ABSTRACTThis study was done to evaluate the physicochemical properties, quality control parameters andthe dissolution profiles of circulating samples of artemether/lumefantrine sold at Pharmacies inKampala. The physicochemical parameters and assay of thirteen ( 13) brands of the productswere assessed through the evaluation of uniformity of tablet weight, friability test, disintegrationtest and assay of active pharmaceutical ingredients according to established methods.The dissolution rat...

Prevalance And Risk Factors Of Urinary Tract Infections Among Pregnant Mothers Attending Antenatal Care At Kampala International University Teaching Hosipital

Background: Urinary tract infections represent the most common bacterial infection in pregnancy. Screening for and treatment of UTI in pregnancy has become a standard of obstetric care and most antenatal guidelines include routine screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria. The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalance and risk factors of Urinary Tract Infections among pregnant mothers attending antenatal care at Kampala International University -Teaching Hospital. Materials a...

Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices Study Of Females In Child Bearing Age Towards Family Planning In Mayuge Town Council

Uganda has a population of approximately 29.6 million people, of which almost 6 million are women of reproductive age (15-49 years) (Uganda Bureau of Statistics [UBOS], 2007). The annual growth rate is approximately 3.2 percent (UBOS, 2006), and the total fertility rate (TFR) (measured in the 2006 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey [UDHS]) remains high at 6.7 children per woman. As a result, Uganda is the third fastest growing country in the world (United Nations Population Division [...

Assessing The Impact Of Agriculture On Protected Areas, A Case Study Of Arusha Natonal Park- Arusha- Tanzania

ABSTRACT A study on assessing the impacts of agriculture on protected areas was carried out in Arusha National Park in Tanzania. The variables considered include identifying the factors influencing agriculture around Arusha National Park (ANAPA) and major type of agriculture activities carried out, examining the impacts of these activities on ANAPA and identify the effort of local community and NGOs and National Park Authority to address these effects of agricultural activities on ANAPA...

Factors Influencing Hiv Counseling And Testing Among Partners To Women Attending Antenatal Clinic At Kampala International University Teaching Hospital,Bushenyi, Uganda.

Men’s role in HIV prevention is pivotal to changing the course of the epidemic. When men Participate in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) programs, their knowledge of HIV increases, their behaviour becomes supportive, and their receptiveness to HIV testing increases. The main aim of this study was to establish the factors influencing HIV counselling and testing among partners of women attending Antenatal Clinic at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital, Bus...

Factors Affecting Adherence To Anti-retroviral Drugs (Arvs) Among Hiv/Aids Patients Attending Kawolo Hospital Hiv Art Clinic: Buikwe District Uganda

This study was set to examine factors affecting adherence to ARVs among HIV/AIDS patients attending Kawolo Hospital HIV Clinic Buikwe District. Adherence is an indication of the degree to which patients follow advice regarding the long term treatment (Hsu, 2005).Adherence involves a mutual decision making process between the patient and the health care provider. In adherence, therefore, the patient plays an active role in the decision and commitment to follow the prescribed regimen (Popu...

Salient Experiences And Opportunities Of Hiv Discordant Couples: A Case Study Of Mjap-mbarara Municipal Council Clinic

The study was aimed at assessing the salient experiences and opportunities couples living in HIV-sero discordant go through. A qualitative phenomenological study design was employed. Purposive sample of 8 couples were interviewed and data collected was by in-depths interview. Data analysis was done using thematic content analysis. The Developmental-contextual model was adapted & modified to direct the study. The study showed that HIV-discordant couples go through a lot of difficulties i...

The impacts of stone quarrying to the local community and the surrounding environment. A case study of nakisunga sub-county, mukono district.

ABSTRACT In Uganda, especially in Nakisunga Sub-county, the stone quarrying industry has grown rapidly in recent years due to the construction boom in urban areas. It is one of the sources of income as well as environmental problems. Even though a number of control measures were introduced, putting them into practice was far below expectations and stone quarrying activities continued to cause serious environmental problems in the area. This study was therefore carried out with the main ...

Factors Affecting Medical Waste Disposal At Ishaka Adventist Hospital, Bushenyi District

ABSTRACT Healthcare institutions/facilities generate different types of infectious and/or hazardous medical waste from different department in the hospital that poses enormous risk to patients, healthcare providers, waste pickers, and the community at large, if their disposal is not comprehensively and scientifically managed, about 5.2 million people (including 4 million children) die each year from waste related diseases and the hazards of exposure to hospital waste. The study purpose...

The Impact Of Improper Solid Waste Management In Icahama Township Authority, Kaiiama Distr1ct Tanzania

ABSTRACT As urbanization continuous to grow rapidly, the management of solid wastes is becoming a major public health arid environmental concern in urban areas of many developing countries. Pepple in Kahama Township generate solid wastes, and the way it is handled is not proper. It is on the view of the fact mentioned above, that this research was undertaken to investigate the impact of improper solid waste management on the community of Kahama Township. The researcher examined this by ...

Investigation Of Antibacterial Activity, Phytochemical Screening And The Extractive Value Of Different Solvents On Lawson/A Inermij(Henna) Plant Leaf Extract

ABSTRACT.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity, to determine the mostefficiency extractive solvents and phytochemical profile of Hot water, Methanol alcohol andLemon juice extract of Lawsonia inermis (henna) leaf.The plant attracted the attention of researchers because of its use as anti-infective agent.The oily and alcoholic extracts of the plant Lawsonia inermis dried powdered leaves wereseparately obtained by maceration, while the aqueous was obtained b...

Factors Affecting The Utilization Of Obstetric Care Services By Mothers Of Reproductive Age (15- 49) In Ishaka Town Council Bushenyi District, Uganda.

ABSTRACTBackground: The utilization of obstetric services during labour, delivery and postpartum periodis very important to save women’s and children’s lives (WHO, 2012). Utilization of ObstetricServices in Uganda is very low with only a third of the deliveries being conducted undersupervision of trained health personnel. However these rates remain significantly low despite theassociated benefits. Consequently maternal and infant mortality rates are unacceptably high at1000/100,000 ...

The Role Of Government Policies Towards Soils, Wetlands And Forests Conservation A Case Study Of Bunyarugulu In Ruburizi District

ABSTRACT The study was conducted in the two constituencies, Katerera and Bunyaruguru that make up Rubirizi district. An investigation was conducted to assess the role of government policy relating to soils, wetlands and forest conservation. The study executed six specific objectives but the general objective was to find out how the government has involved the local people at policy and decision making levels nsed in conservation of soils, wetlands, forests and to examine the importance ...

Assessment Of Childhood Immunisation Practices Among Parents In Arapai Subcounty, Soroti District-Uganda

ABSTRACT Aim The study aimed to assess childhood immunisation practices among parents in Arapai subcounty, Soroti district-Uganda. Methods A cross-sectional study design was used in which 114 parents and caretakers were recruited into the study using simple random sampling technique. Both male and female respondents were recruited. A questionnaire was used to collect data about childhood immunization practices. Results From data collected, 72.8% of the respondents were female while 2...


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