Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Pediatric imaging unattractive specialty in Radiography

ABSTRACTRadiological imaging is extremely valuable as a diagnostic tool in the pediatric population, but it comes with a number of distinct challenges as compared to the imaging of adults. This is because of the following: It requires dedicated imaging protocols to acquire the images, there is need for sedation or general anesthesia for longer procedures such as MRI, specific training is required for the healthcare personnel involved, thorough knowledge and expertise should be applied for eva...

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF RADIATION PROTECTION MEASURES IN GOVERNMENT OWNED HOSPITALS AND PRIVATE DIAGNOSTIC CENTERS IN ENUGU

ABSTRACTThis research work tends to assess “Comparative Analysis of Radiation Protection Measures in Government Owned Hospital and private Diagnostic Centers in Enugu”. The objectives of this research study includes: to investigate the effectiveness of radiation shielding by both government hospitals and private diagnostic centers while using it in medical practice. To examine the extent of exposure of radiation by government hospitals and private diagnostic centers. The researcher made u...

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE SPECTRAL SENSITIVITY OF MAMMOGRAPHY FILMS USED IN ENUGU METROPOLIS

ABSTRACTFilm sensitometry has become a valuable tool of determining the sensitometric parameters of films and film-screen performance. But in our locality, there seems to be no accurate data of sensitometric parameters of mammography films. This study compared the sensitometric parameters such as relative speed, maximum density, base plus fog density and average gradient (film contrast) of Begood and Agfa (HDR-C) mammography films.An experimental research design was adopted and two films Bego...

Knowledge on the health implications of skipping breakfast and the attitude towards the intake of breakfast among undergraduates in babcock universit

Abstract:Breakfast is the most important food in the morning, but often missed and skipped by students. The major objective of this study was to analyze the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the breakfast habits on undergraduate students with special reference to Babcock University. Similarly, the study was to find out the breakfast food intake patterns of students and its impacts on their academic performance. The nature of the study was quantitative in nature and Population was the ...

Knowledge, attitudes, perception and barrier of e-Health medical record keeping as against the hand written medical record keeping in lagos state teaching hospital

ABSTRACT The adoption and promotion of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), including Electronic Health Records (EHR) system, in healthcare delivery is growing rapidly in most developing countries including Nigeria. The aim of this study is to evaluates the attitude, perception and barrier of implemented EHR at Lagos state university teaching Ho...

COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF THE LEVEL OF JOB SATISFACTION AMONG RADIOGRAPHERS AT STATE AND FEDERAL TEACHING HOSPITALS IN SOUTH EAST, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThis study is aimed at comparatively evaluating the level of job satisfaction among radiographers at state and Federal Teaching Hospitals in South-East Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey of fifty-two (52) radiographers working at state and Federal Teaching Hospital in South-East Nigeria was conducted. The result indicates that most radiographers in both state and Federal Teaching Hospitals agree that they are generally satisfied with their jobs, slightly higher in State than in Federal...

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE LEVEL OF HYGIENE PRACTICES IN ULTRASOUND LABORATORIES IN GOVERNMENT HOSPITALS AND PRIVATE CLINICS IN ABAKALIKI METROPOLIS

ABSTRACT  Government Hospitals and Private Clinics in Ebonyi State were compared for self-reported differences in the levels of hygiene practices, the standard and methods of cleaning transducers used for cavities and fluid surfaces, comparison of the standard of design and setting of ultrasound laboratories. Hand hygiene practices were also assessed and the specific regulatory guidelines for infection control in ultrasound laboratory. The research was a non-experimental cross-secti...

COMPLIANCE TO SAFETY HYGIENE PRACTICE: PERCEPTION OF RADIOGRAPHERS IN SOUTH EAST STATES OF NIGERIA.

ABSTRACTThis research project was designed to assess perception of radiographers on compliance to safety hygiene practice in the radiology department. It also aim to evaluate the cases of nosocomial infection in the department and assess the standard of hygiene condition obtained from the department. Seven hospital were selected UNTH,NOHE ESUTH,FMC Owerri ,FMC Umuahia, NAUTH ,FMC Abakiliki. The increasing low compliance rate observed by the researcher during his clinical posting in some radio...

ESTABLISHMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF A PRIVATE RADIO-DIAGNOSTIC CENTRE IN ONITSHA, ANAMBRA STATE PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS.

ABSTRACT This study was done to determine the problems and prospects of establishing and managing a private radio-diagnostic centre in Onitsha, Anambra state. It was carried out in the 42 diagnostic centers with private hospitals inclusive that have a radio-diagnostic unit. A survey type of design was used for the study, the source of data collection was a primary one. A total of 55 questionnaires were distributed to the proprietors of the centers and 52 questionnaires duly filled and returne...

ROLE OF HEALTH EDUCATION IN IMPROVING MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH CARE DELIVERY IN STATE AND PRIVATE HOSPITALS IN ABEOKUTA

ABSTRACTBringing to a layman's understanding the ideas, issues and concepts of important healthy living conditions and strategies is no doubt an ever impressive and effective pattern of solving health related issues especially in developing countries like Nigeria.In this part of the world, complications and deaths arising from poor health education awareness has been tremendously on the increase until lately when sensitization campaigns and proper health education on killer diseases and ...

EVALUATION OF PATIENT AWARENESS TO THE SIGNIFICANCE OF X-RAY EXPOSURE INDICATOR LIGHT (A CASE STUDY OF THE TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN ENUGU)

ABSTRACTRadiological workers appreciate the concept of radiological protection of patient in theory due to its benefits of avoiding radiation induced genetic and somatic effects. However, they tend to neglect the practical aspect of the topic thus, leading to large number of patient entering into the radiological diagnostic room without been called, thereby interrupting the radiological diagnostic process. This work is therefore geared towards evaluating patient’s awareness to the significa...

EVALUATION OF RADIOGRAPHERS KNOWLEDGE AND MANAGEMENT OF UNCONSCIOUS PATIENTS IN ENUGU METROPOLIS

ABSTRACTThe study was undertaken to assess radiographers’ knowledge of management of unconscious patients and their response to unconscious patients in teaching hospitals as well as National Orthopeadic hospital Enugu. A population size of forty radiographers was studied. The sampling techniques used was convenience sampling. That was collected using self administered structured questionnaires. Data collected showed that 42.5% of the radiographers in the studied areas showed competence in t...

EVALUATION OF THE ATTRACTORS AND DETRACTORS OF RADIOGRAPHY AS A CAREER CHOICE IN THREE TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN SOUTH-EAST AND SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA.

ABSTRACT In Nigeria today, admission into radiography is competitive relative to what it used to be. Many students from other discipline are craving to change to radiography, those that are already in the course are not planning to leave and people that did not qualify for the programme course are struggling to enter at all cost.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current attractors and detractors of radiography as a career choice among radiography students in South-East and So...

INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND SELF – ESTEEM ON DEPRESSION AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS

ABSTRACTThis study investigated influence of gender and self-esteem on depression among diabetic patients. One hundred and thirty (130) diabetic patients (77 with low self-esteem and 53 with high self-esteem) were used. Males and females were 65 each. Self-rating depression scale Zung (1965) and index of self-esteem Hudson (1982) were used. A 2x2 factorial design was adopted while two way ANOVA statistics was used for data analysis. Gender was found to significantly influence depression among...


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