Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

SICKLE CELL DISEASE

PREFACESickle cell disease is a disorder that affects the red blood cells, which use a protein called haemoglobin to transport oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Sickle cell disease is inherited from parents who are AS. This means that a child cannot inherit the disease unless the parents pass down a detective copy of the gene. Unlike normal red blood cells, which can live for 120 days, sickle - shaped cells live only 10 to 20 days. Sickle cell anaemia is mostly dominated in Afric...

APPRAISAL OF CARE BY RADIOGRAPHERS ON PATIENTS UNDERGOING RADIOTHERAPY

ABSTRACTThis study assessed the patient care given by therapy radiographers to patients undergoing radiotherapy in the radiotherapy unit of University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu.  It is a descriptive cross sectional study, with the use of questionnaire to obtain information from the patients and radiographers.  A total of 60 patients and 10 radiographers were targeted for the study, out of the 60 questionnaires distributed for the patients, 40 were completed, w...

ASSESSMENT OF ADEQUACY FILLING OF RADIOLOGY REQUEST FORM BY REFERRING CLINICIANS

ABSTRACTAn inadequately filled radiology request form (RRF) is a common problem faced by both radiologists and radiographers. The study was designed to objectively assess the adequacy of filling of radiology request forms from two hospitals in Enugu metropolis: University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, UNTH) Ituku-ozalla and Enugu State Teaching Hospital, (ESUTH) Parklane Method; Radiological request forms were collected from the archiving shelves and analyzed using criteria about patient...

Dietary Pattern and Nutritional Status of In-School Adolescents in Abeokuta South and Abeokuta North Local Government Areas of Ogun State Nigeria

ABSTRACTAdolescents are considered as a nutritionally vulnerable subgroup. A rapid growth rate combined with marginal nutrient intakes increases the risk of nutritional deficiencies in this population. Poor nutritional status in adolescence compounds the risk of adolescent pregnancy and it is an important determinant of health outcomes at a later stage of life. A knowledge of an healthy dietary pattern in adolescence is an Investment in Present and Future Health. The objective of this study w...

Assessment Of Accident And Emergency Radiography Practices In Public Hospitals In Enugu Urban

This is a prospective non experimental survey study design aimed at describing accident and emergency radiography practices in public hospitals in Enugu Urban. The questionnaires for the study were distributed among radiographers in some public hospitals in Enugu Urban. The objectives and purpose of the research were explained by the researcher. Medical radiography plays a very vital role in the diagnosis, intensive care and good management of patients in accident and emergency unit. Some of ...

ASSESSMENT OF HOMOGENEITY OF X-RAY BEAM PRODUCED BY X-RAY MACHINES WITHIN ENUGU METROPOLIS

INTRODUCTIONA homogeneous x-ray beam can be defined as a beam that contains photon of only one energy as compared to heterogeneous x-ray beam containing several photons of energies1. When a homogeneous x-ray beam passes through a medium, its intensity falls exponentially with the distance covered. Raising the tube current will increase the intensity of the X-ray beam and no change in the homogeneity of the X-ray beam. Increasing the beam filtration will reduce the intensity of the X-ray beam ...

Assessment Of Awareness Of Radiation Hazards Associated With Air Travel Among Air Travel Users In Enugu Metropolis

Aim: To determine the level of awareness of the passengers of aircrafts on the health hazards associated with air travel in the Akanu Ibiam Airport, Enugu where the research was carried out.The study also sought to determine the relationship between the respondents’ level of education and their awareness of the health hazards associated with increased cosmic radiation dose. Finally, the researcher sought to determine the relationship between the respondents’ knowledge of the health r...

CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION: COMPLIANCE OF RADIOGRAPHERS IN SOUTH-EAST NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe research continuing profession education: compliance of radiographers in south-east Nigeria is aimed at assessing the compliance of radiographers towards seminars, workshops, post-graduate education and conferences. It also assess factors that affects their compliance. A survey research was used with a well structured questionnaire which is distributed to cover post NYSC practicing radiographers in south-east Nigeria. 62 sample size was obtained from a total number of 73 post NYSC...

Assessment Of Different Methods Of Sterilization Of HSG Equipment In Radiology Departments In Enugu Urban

This study, Assessment of different methods of sterilization of HSG equipment in Radiology Department in Enugu Urban, was done using questionnaire and interviews methods of data collection. The main purpose of the study was to determine different methods of sterilizing equipment used during HSG procedures in our locality, to assess if attention is given to monitoring of methods used for sterilization of HSG equipment in our locality and to compare the different methods of sterilizing HSG equi...

A SURVEY OF THE ORTHOPEDIC SURGEONS’ OPINION ON THE ROLE OF LUMBOSACRAL X-RAY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS WITH LOW BACK PAIN

ABSTRACTThis study involved the orthopedic surgeons in Government Hospital in Enugu urban. The sampling technique used, being purposive sampling. A population of twenty (20) orthopedic surgeons was used and this included only senior registrars and consultant orthopedic surgeons. The source of data was primary, collected from orthopedic surgeons working at University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) and National Orthopedic Hospital (NOHE), Enugu. All data were from self administered semi-st...

Assessment Of Paediatric X-Ray Examination Practices In Two Tertiary Health Institutions In Enugu Metropolis

Justification and optimization are the key principles in the protection of patients exposed to ionization radiation from diagnostic purposes. This is more important in the imaging of children because they are more susceptible to the effect of ionizing radiation and they have longer life expectancy compared to adults. As a result of this, there is also recent requirement for diagnostic radiology department to demonstrate compliance with these principles. A study was carried out to assess and c...

ASSESMENT OF ETHICAL PRACTICE AMONG RADIOGRAPHERS PRACTICING IN UNTH ENUGU, NAUTH NNEWI AND FMC OWERRI

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to assess ethical practice among radiographers practicing in UNTH Enugu, NAUTH Nnewi and FMC Owerri. The study was carried out using a non-experimental prospective design, using a sample size of 40 radiographers from the three hospitals. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire containing 23 items. The results show that more than half of the respondents, represented by 56.4% attach a strong importance to ethical conduct, most explain the examination...

ASSESSING RADIOGRAPHER’S CONCEPT ON THE PROSPECTS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL VENTURE IN RADIOGRAPHY

ABSTRACTThe research work was carried out to ascertain how knowledgeable Radiographers are on the prospects of entrepreneurial venture in the field of Medical Imaging, the  challenges facing some of them from setting up their own Radiodiagnostic centre. It was carried out amongst practising Radiographers within Enugu Metropolis. Data was collected using questionnaire that were distributed to the Radiographers. Tables, frequencies and Percentages and a Bar chart was used in the analysis. ...

Assessment of knowledge, attitude and perception of radiographers towards research (a case study of radiographers in fct Abuja and Enugu metropolis

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude and perception of radiographers towards research. Data was collected from radiographers between the months of March and June 2012 at 10 different hospitals within the FCT Abuja and 4 institutions in Enugu Metropolis including university of Nigeria Enugu campus. Subjects voluntarily completed a structured questionnaire assessing demographic characteristics, radiographer’s knowledge of research, interest in research and facto...

ASSESSMENT OF RADIOGRAPHER’S KNOWLEDGE IN THE MANAGEMENT OF X-RAY EQUIPMENT FAILURE IN SOUTH EASTERN NIGERIA.

ABSTRACTIt has been observed that during x-ray equipment failure, radiographers seem not to know what to do, there is usually a display of distress observed by radiographers and an immediate call for the services of a technician is made by the radiographers. This work is aimed at assessing the knowledge of radiographers in knowing their equipments, knowing what they do when an equipment fails, assessing their capability in fixing simple faults and assessing their knowledge on quality assuranc...


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